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the provisions of the said act, have become forfeited to the United States, since the first day of July, eighteen hundred and twenty, and which have not been sold, shall be permitted to redeem the same at any time previous to the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, on paying the amount of the purchase money due, exclusive of interest, with a deduction of thirty-seven and a half per centum.(1)

If the legal holder of any certificate of further credit extended to purchasers of public lands by act 2d March, 1821, shall, previous to the fourth day of July, eighteen hundred and twenty-seven, discharge the amount due on such certificate, by relinquishment, or payment, or both, such holder shall be entitled to a remission of all interest due thereon at the day of such discharge, together with a deduction of thirty-seven and a half per contum on the amount actually paid in cash.(2)

1270. In all cases where public lands have been purchased, on which a further credit has not been taken under the provisions of the act of the sec. ond of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, and have re. verted, or are liable to revert, to the United States, for failure to pay the purchase money, or have been sold by the United States by reason of such failure to pay, and in all cases where one-twentieth of the purchase money shall have been deposited and forfeited to the United States, it shall be the duty of the register of the land office, where the purchase or deposite was made, to issue, upon application, to the person, or persons, legally entitled to the benefit of the payments made previous to such reversion or sale, his, her, or their legal representatives or assigns, a certificate for the amount so paid, and not refunded, which shall be received and credited as cash in payment of any public land that has been heretofore, or may hereafter be, sold by the United States, in the state or territory in which such original purchase or deposite was made.(3)

1271. The commissioner of the general land office shall prescribe the form of such certificates, which shall, in every case, specify the tract or tracts of land so reverted or sold, the amount paid, date of payments, and by whom made ; the register issuing such certificates, shall keep a record of the same, and forward to the general land office, at the close of each month, an abstract of the certificates issued during the month ; and for each certificate, the officer issuing the same shall be entitled to receive, from the applicant, the sum of fifty cents.(4)

1272. The said certificates, when received in payment for lands, shall be entered in the books of the land office, where received, and transmitted with the accounts of the receiver of the public moneys, to the general land of fice, in such manner as the commissioner of said office shall prescribe ; and if, upon comparison of the original with the returns from the office whence any certificate issued, it shall appear to the satisfaction of the said commis. sioner, that such certificate has been issued and duly paid, according to the true intent and meaning of this act, the same shall be passed to the credit of the person paying the same as so much cash.(5)

1273. For any moneys forfeited, on lands sold at New York or Pittsburgh, the certificate shall be issued by the secretary of the treasury; which certificate shall be received in payment for lands at any of the land offices of the United States, as the certificates issued in conformity to the fore. going provisions of this act are made receivable.(6)

(1) Act 4th May, 1826, sec. 2.
(2) Ibid. sec. 3.
(3) Act 230 May, 1828, sec. 1.

(4) Ibid. sec. 2.
(5) Ibid. sec. 3.
6) Ibid, sec. 4.

1274. In no case, shall a certificate be issued to any person, except to the person who originally forfeited the lands, or to his heir or heirs ; nor shall a grant issue, or the lands purchased with any scrip be transferred, until six months after the certificate shall have been deposited in the office.(1)

1275. If any tract of land returned as sold to the general land office, shall have been paid forin forged or altered certificates, such sale shall be void, and the land subject to be sold again, at public or private sale, as the case may be ; and in case any such forged or altered certificate shall be receive ed upon any debt for land heretofore sold, or in part payment of any tract of land that may be hereafter sold, it shall be the duty of the commissioner of the general land office, by advertisement, or in such other manner as he shall direct, to give notice thereof to the person making such pay. ment; and if, within six months after notice, such person shall not pay into the proper land office the amount so falsely paid, the tract of land upon which such payment was made, shall, with all money actually paid thereon, be forfeited to the United States.(2)

1276. Where two or more persons have become purchasers of a section or fractional section, the register of the land office for the district in which the lands lie, shall, on application of the parties, and a surrender of the ori. ginal certificate, issue separate certificates, of the same date with the origi: nal, to each of the purchasers, or their assignees, in conformity with the division agreed on by them: Provided, That, in no case, shall the fractions so purchased be divided by other than north and south, or east and west lines ; nor shall any certificate issue for less than eighty acres.(3)

1277. All purchasers, their heirs, or assignees of such of the public lands of the United States as were sold on a credit, and on which a further credit has been taken, under any of the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public lands, and which lands have reverted to the United States, on account of the balance due thereon not having been paid or discharged agreeably to said relief laws, such persons may avail themselves of any one of the three following provisions contained in this section, to wit: First, They shall have a right of pre-emption of the same lands, until the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their paying into the proper office the sum per acre therefor, which shall, at the time of payment, be the minimum price per acre of the public lands of the United States, in addition to the amount heretofore paid thereon, and forfeited : Provided, That the price, including what has already been paid, and the amount to be paid, shall not, in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per acre: Second, they shall have the right of completing the payment of said lands, by pay. ing the balance of the principal debt due thereon, in cash, subject to a deduction of thirty-seven and a half per cent., as heretofore, at any time previous to the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one : Third, They shall have the right, within nine months from the passage of this act, in all cases where the price for which said lands were sold did not exceed two dollars and fifty cents per acre, to draw scrip for the amount paid thereon, in the manner prescribed in the act, approved the twenty-third day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, entitled, “An act for the relief of purchasers of public lands that have reverted for nonpaymen of the purchase money;" and which scrip shall be receivable in the same manner as directed by said act, except only that it shall not be taken in payment for lands hereafter bought at public sale.(4)

1278. All purchasers, their heirs, or assignees, of such of the public lands

(1) Act 23d May, 1828, sec. 5. (2) Ibid. sec. 6.

(3) Ibid. sec. 7.
(4) Act 31st March, 1830, sec. 1.

of the United States as were sold on credit, and which lands have, by such persons, been relinquished under any of the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public lands, and the amount paid thereon applied in payment of other lands retained by them, and which relinquished lands, or any part thereof, may now be in possession of such persons; or in case the certificate of purchase, and part payment of said lands, has been transferred by the persons now in possession of said lands, or part thereof, or the persons un. der whom the present occupants may hold such possession, to some other person not in possession thereof, and the payment made thereon applied by such other person, or his assignee, in payment for land held in his own name: In either case, the persons so in possession, shall have the right of pre-emption of the same lands, according to the legal subdivisions of sections, not exceeding the quantity of two quarter sections, in contiguous tracts, until the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their paying into the proper office, the sum per acre therefor, which shall, at the time of payment, be the minimum price per acre of the United States' public lands; and in addition thereto, the same amount per acre heretofore paid thereon, and applied to other lands, subject to a deduction of thirty. seven and a half per cent., on the last mentioned sum: Provided, That the sum to be paid shall not, in any case, exceed three dollars and fifty cents per acre: Provided also, That such persons only shall be entitled to the bene. fits of this section, who shall apply for the same, and prove their possession, to the satisfaction of the register and receiver of the district in which the land may lie, in the manner to be prescribed by the commissioner of the general land office, within nine months from the passage of this act; for which, such register and receiver shall each be entitled to receive from such applicants, the sum of fifty cents each: And provided further, That the provisions of this section shall not extend to any lands that have, in any manner, been disposed of by the United States. (1)

1279. On failure to apply for, and show a right of pre-emption, under the second section of this act, within the time allowed therefor; and also on failure to complete the payment on any of the lands, agreeably to the provisions of this act, within the period allowed for that purpose, in either case, the whole of such lands shall be forthwith offered for sale without delay.(2)

1280. All purchasers, their heirs or assignees, of such of the public lands as were sold on a credit for a less price than fourteen dollars per acre, and and on which a further credit has been taken under any of the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public lands, and which lands have reverted to the United States on account of the balance due thereon not having been paid or discharged, agreeably to said relief laws, shall be entitled to patents, without further payment, in all instances where one dollar and twenty-five cents, or a greater sum, per acre, shall have been paid; or where payment to that amount shall not have been heretofore made, such purchasers, their heirs or assignees, shall have the right of pre-emption until the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, by paying into the proper land office such sum in addition to the amount heretofore paid, as will, to. gether, amount to the minimum price of the lands of the United States at the time of such payment.(3)

All such occupants of relinquished land as are contemplated and described in the second section of the act 31st March, 1830, to which this is a supplement, as are in possession of land which was sold on credit for a less sum than fourteen dollars per acre, shall have the right of pre-emption of the

(1) Act 31st March, 1830, sec. 2. (2) Ibid. sec. 3.

(3) Act 25th Feb, 1831, sec. 1.

same lands, according to the legal subdivisions of sections, not exceeding the quantity of two quarter sections, in contiguous tracts or contiguous to other lands held by such occupants respectively, until the fourth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their paying into a proper of. fice for all land originally sold for a price not exceeding five dollars per acre, one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre; and for all lands which originally sold for more than five dollars, and not exceeding fourteen dollars per acre, the amount of the first instalment heretofore paid ; such occupants first proving their possession, respectively, in conformity to the provisions of the said act, to which this is a supplement, in the manner which has been prescribed by the commissioner of the general land office, pursuant to the provisions thereof : Provided, however, That in all cases where proof of possession has been already made under said recited act, proof shall not again be required, unless the applicant choose to take other land than that to which such proof applies.(1)

The provisions of this act shall extend to all town property of which the government has been proprietors, and not subsequently sold, when full payment has not been made : Provided, The original purchasers, or their assignees, pay into the proper land office, on or before the fourth of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, one half of the original purchase money without interest.(2)

1281. In all cases where public lands have been purchased, on which a further credit has been taken under the provisions of the act of the second March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, or under any other act of congress granting relief to the purchasers of the public lands, and have reverted to the United States for failure to pay the purchase money, or have been sold by the United States by reason of such failure to pay, it shall be the duty of the register of the land office where the purchase was made, to issue upon application, to the person or persons legally entitled to the benefit of payments made previous to such reversion or sale, his, her or their legal representatives or assigns, a certificate for the amount so paid and not refund. ed, which shall be received and credited as cash in payment of any public lands that may hereafter be sold by the United States, in the state or territory in which such original purchase was made.(3)

1282. It shall be the duty of the commissioner of the general land office and of the registers as aforesaid, to conform to, and be governed by, the provisions of the act aforesaid, to which this is an amendment, passed the twenty-third day of May, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, as aforesaid.(4)

1283. Where the lands have been relinquished to the United States under the provisions of the act of second March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, as aforesaid, or other acts of congress, and the money paid thereon has, in part, been applied in the payment of other lands, if the pay. ment so made on lands retained be less than the amount paid on the relin. quished lands when such excess exceeds the sum of ten dollars, it shall be the duty of the register of the land office where the transfer of payment was made, to issue a certificate for such excess to the person or persons entitled thereto, and in the manner pointed out in the first section of this act; which certificate shall be received in payment of the purchase of the public lands as pointed out in said section.(5)

1284. On proof being made, satisfactory to the secretary of the treasury,

(1) Act 25th Feb. 1831, sec. 2.
(2) Ibid. sec. 3.
(3) Act July 9th, 1832, sec. 1.

(4) Ibid. sec. 2. (5) Ibid. sec. 3.

that any certificate issued under this act, or that has been, or may be, issued under the said act of the twenty-third of May, Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, has been lost or destroyed by accident, he is hereby authorized to issue to the legal owner thereof, a duplicate of such original certificate, which shall be, in all respects, as available to the owner, as the original certificate would have been.(1)

1285. In all cases where patents for public lands have been or may here. after be issued, in pursuance of any law of the United States, to a person who had died, or who shall hereafter die, before the date of such patent, the title to the land designated therein shall enure to, and become vested in, the heirs, devisees, or assignees of such deceased patentee, as if the patent had issued to the deceased person during life; and the provisions of this act shall be construed to extend to patents for lands within the Virginia Military District in the State of Ohio.(2)

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Apportionment of lands to officers Restriction on the issue of patents
and privates
1286 in certain cases

1295 Secretary at war to determine who Secretary at war to designate fifty

are entitled to lands, and to what quarter townships, &c. for satisquantity

1287 fying warrants Secretary to issue warrants for lands, Such townships to be divided into &c. 1288 lots of 100 acres how

1297 Lands to be surveyed, how grant Warrants to be located on such lots,

1289 when-patents to be issued 1298 Lands unlocated released from re. Provision where more than one ap

servation_claims barred, when 1290 plication is made for the same Extension of time for registry of tract

1299 warrants 1291 Tracts to be advertised

1300 Confirmation of survey of lands al Surveys to be deemed conclusive 1301 lotted

1292 Further extension of time for locat Location of warrants, where made 1293 ing warrants

1302 Certificates of registry of warrants

to be issued in certain cases 1294

ed

Art. 1286. Congress will make provision for granting lands in the fol. lowing proportions, to the officers and soldiers who shall so engage in the service, and continue therein to the close of the war, or until discharged by congress, and to the representatives of such officers and soldiers as shall be slain by the enemy.(3)

Such lands to be provided by the United States, and whatever expense shall be necessary to procure such land, the said expense shall be paid and

(1) Act July 9th, 1832, sec. 4. (2) Act 20th May, 1836.

(3) Resolution 16th Sep. 1776.

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