« AnteriorContinuar »
INITIATIVE, REFERENDUM, AND RECALL: A RESUME OF STATE PROVISIONS
This report summarizes constitutional and statutory provisions which permit the voters of a given State to take direct popular political action; i.e., to conduct initiative, referendum, and recall elections whenever it has been demonstrated that sufficient popular support exists for such action.
Specifically, initiative refers to the process whereby voters may propose laws and/or constitutional amendments and enact them independent of the legislature; referendum is the process whereby voters may express their judgment on measures enacted by the legislature; and the recall permits voters to express their views on retaining or removing an elected official from office.
This report discusses only those provisions which permit these actions to be taken at the statewide level. Several additional States permit such activity at the local or municipal level; however, due both to their volume and their limited applicability, such statutes have not been included in the
The following depicts in chart form which States have adopted
Unless otherwise indicated, references are to the Alaska Constitution of 1959 and to the Alaska Statutes Annotated (August 1971 main volume and October 1975 Supplement).
Statutes Yes (Const., Art. XI, §1; Stats., $15.45.010).
Signatures required on petition - 10% of total vote in preceding general election, of persons resident in at least two-thirds of the election districts of the State (Const., Art. XI, §3; Stats., $15.45. 140).
Filing provisions - With Lieutenant Governor, at any time (Const.,
Vote necessary for adoption - majority of votes cast on the proposition (Stats., $15.45.220).
Effective date of law 90 days after certification by Lieutenant Governor of results of vote (Stats. $15.45.220).
Amendment or repeal by legislature after approval by voters -
Availability of information to voters - Display by election boards of copies of the proposal in voting rooms (Stats. $15.45.200).
Restrictions on the initiative No revenue measures, appropriations, acts affecting the judiciary, local or special legislation, or laws necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health or safety (Const. Art. XI, §7).
On statutes enacted by the legislature Yes (Const., Art. XI, §1;
Signatures required on petition See "Initiative," supra (Stats., $15. 45.370).
Filing provisions - With Lieutenant Governor within 90 days after adjournment of legislative session (Stats., $$15.45.260, 15.45.370). Preliminary filing before soliciting signatures Yes (Stats., §§ 15.45. 260-15.45.310).
Form and contents of petition specified by law
Yes (Stats., $15.45.
Vote necessary for approval or rejection - Majority of votes cast on the proposition (Stats., $15.45. 440).
Statute voided if majority vote rejects 30 days after certification of result of vote by Lieutenant Governor (Stats., §15.45.440).
Availability of information to voters display by election boards of copies of the statute in voting rooms (Stat., $15.45.430).
Restrictions on the use of the referendum Not against revenue measures, appropriations, local or special laws, or emergency legislation necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety (Const., Art. XI, §7; Stats., §15.45.250).
Amendment or repeal by legislature after approval by voters