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than six years, or to a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than two thousand dollars, in the discretion of the court.

267. If any person or persons within this State shall hold any secret or public meeting, or unite with or belong to any secret club or association known by him or them to be intended to effect, promote, or encourage the separation or secession of this State from the Government or Union of the United States, every such person, upon convict tion thereof, shall be sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for a term not less than two nor more than six years, or to a fine of not less than five hundred or more than three thousand dollars, at the discretion of the court.

268. If any person shall conspire or combine with others to levy war against this State, or to give aid or comfort to the enemies thereof, whether foreign or domestic, within this State or elsewhere, and be convicted thereof, he shall be sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for not less than two years nor more than six years, or to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, at the discretion of the court.

269. If, with intent to promote rebellion or war against this State, or to give aid and comfort to the enemies thereof, any person shall attempt to burn or destroy any bridge, ferryboat, viaduct, culvert, structure, rails, or other property belonging to or being part of any highway or railroad, or any engine, car, vehicle, or other property, either belonging to or used or employed upon any railroad within this State; or if any person or persons shall attempt or conspire with others to destroy any dam, lock, abutment, towing path, waste weir, or feeder of any canal, or any boat, vessel, or other property belonging to or used or employed thereon within this State, every person so offending, upon conviction thereof, shall be sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for a term not exceeding three years, nor less than one year, or fined in a sum not more than two thousand nor less than five hundred dollars, in the discretion of the court.

270. If any person or persons shall wilfully attempt or conspire to betray, yield, or deliver to any person or persons in rebellion against the government of this State, or to their emissaries, aiders, or abettors, any ship, vessel, or steamboat within this State, every person so offending shall, upon conviction thereof, be sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for a term not exceeding three years nor less than one year, or fined in a sum not more than two thousand nor less than five hundred dollars, in the discretion of the court.

271. If any person, within this State, shall seduce, entice, or persuade any other person to commit any one of the offences prohibited by sections 264 to 270, inclusive, and such offence be committed, the said person who so seduced, enticed, or persuaded shall, on conviction, be sentenced to suffer such punishment as the person committing said offence would be liable to suffer as a punishment for the crime so committed by him.

272. If any person within this Staty shall attempt to seduce, entice, or persuade any other person to cominit any of the offences prohib). ited by said sections, though such offence has not been committed, and shall be convicted thereof, he shall be sentenced to confinement in the penitentiary for not less than two years nor more than four years, or to a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than two thousand dollars, in the discretion of the court.

PUBLIC STATUTES OF MASSACHUSETTS.

[Edition of 1882.]

OFFENSES AGAINST THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE COMMONWEALTH.

SECTION 1. Treason against this Commonwealth shall consist only in levying war against the same, or in adhering to the enemies thereof, giving them aid and comfort.

SECTION 2. Whoever commits treason against this Commonwealth shall be punished by imprisonment in the State prison for life.

SECTION 3. Whoever, having knowledge of the commission of treason, conceals the same, and does not as soon as may be disclose and make known such treason to the governor, or to one of the justices of the supreme judicial court or superior court, shall be adjudged guilty of the offence of misprision of treason, and be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the State prison not exceeding five years, or in the jail not exceeding two years.

SECTION 4. No person shall be convicted of treason but by the testimony of two lawful witnesses to the same overt act of treason, whereof he stands indicted, unless he confesses the same in open court.

GENERAL STATUTES OF MICHIGAN.

CHAPTER 316. OFFENSES AGAINST THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE STATE.

9072. Every person who shall commit the crime of treason against this State shall suffer the punishment of death for the same.

9073. If any person who shall have knowledge of the commission of the crime of treason against this State shall conceal the same, and shall not, as soon as may be, disclose and make known such treason to the governor thereof, or to some judge of a court of record within this State, he shall be adjudged guilty of the offence of misprision of treason, and shall be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the State prison not more than five years, or in the county jail not more than two years.

STATUTES OF MINNESOTA.

[Edition, 1894.]

TREASON. § 6318. “ Treason" defined.—Treason against the State consists in

1. Levying war against the State within the same; or

2. Adhering to the enemies of the State while separately engaged in war with a foreign enemy, in a case prescribed in the Constitution of the United States, or giving to such enemies aid and comfort within the State or elsewhere.

§ 6319.-Same- Punishment. Whoever commits treason against this State shall be punished by imprisonment in the State prison for life.

§ 6320. Misprision of treason, how punished.—Whoever, having knowledge of the commission of treason, conceals the same, and does not, as soon as may be, disclose and make known such treason to the governor or one of the judges of the supreme court, shall be adjudged guilty of the offense of misprision of treason, and be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the State prison not exceeding five years, or in the common jail not exceeding, two years.

REVISED CODE OF THE STATUTE LAWS OF MISSISSIPPI.

[Edition 1880.]

TREASON. $ 2965. Levying war against this State, or adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort, shall be deemed and adjudged treason against this State, and shall be punished with death upon conviction thereof.

$ 2966. No person shall be convicted of treason against this State, unless upon the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on his own confession in open court.

PENAL CODE OF MONTANA.

TITLE III._OFFENSES AGAINST THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE STATE.

SEC. 50. Treason against this State consists only in levying war against it, adhering to its enemies, or giving them aid and comfort, and can be committed only by persons owing allegiance to the State.

and punishment of ion of treason senting to or pa Statė prison

SEC. 51. Misprision of treason is the knowledge and concealment of treason, without otherwise assenting to or participating in the crime. It is punishable by imprisonment in the State prison for a term not exceeding five years.

COMPILED STATUTES OF NEBRASKA, 1899.

TREASON.

PROVISIONS OF CONSTITUTION.

Sec. XIV. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying war against the State, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

PROVISIONS OF CRIMINAL CODE.

SEC. 22. (Treason.) Any person or persons residing in this State, who shall levy war against this State, or the United States of America, or shall knowingly adhere to the enemies of this State, or the United States, giving them aid and comfort, shall be deemed guilty of treason against the State of Nebraska, and shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary during life.

SEC, 23. (Accessories.) Any person or persons residing within this State, who shall surrender or betray, or be in any way concerned in the surrendering or betraying any military post, fortification, arsenal, or military stores of this State, or the United States, into the possesşion or power of any enemies of either, or shall supply arms or ammunition or military stores to such enemies, or who shall, unlawfully and without authority, usurp possession and control of any such military post, fortification, arsenal, or military stores, or having knowledge of any treason against this State, or the United States, shall wilfully omit or refuse to give information thereof to the governor, or some judge of this State, or to the President of the United States, shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than ten years nor more than twenty years.

PUBLIC STATUTES OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.

CHAPTER 279.—TREASON AND MISPRISION.

SECTION 1. If any person owing allegiance to this State shall levy war or conspire to levy war against it, or shall in any way give aid and comfort to the enemies of this State, and shall be convicted thereof, either upon confession in open court or by the testimony of two or more witnesses to the same overt act of treason of which such person may be indicted, he shall be adjudged guilty of treason, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding twenty-five years.

SEC. 2. If any person shall know that any other person has committed, or is intending to commit, treason, and shall not give information thereof forthwith to the governor or to some justice of the peace, he shall be adjudged guilty of misprision of treason, and shall be imprisoned not exceeding seven years, or be fined not exceeding two thousand dollars.

SEC. 3. No person shall be tried for treason, or misprision of treason, unless the indictment therefor is found within two years next after the commission of the offense.

REVISION OF THE STATUTES OF NEW JERSEY.

[Edition, 1877.]

CRIMES WHICH INVOLVE INJURY TO PUBLIC SAFETY.

[Page 226.]

1. That if any person or persons, owing allegiance to this State, shall levy war against it, or shall adhere to its enemies, or to the enemies of the United States, by giving them aid or comfort within this State or elsewhere, or by giving them advice or intelligence by letters or writing of any kind, or by messages, words, signs, or tokens, or in any way whatsoever within this State or elsewhere, or by procaring for, or furnishing to them, money, or any kind of provisions, arms, or warlike stores within this State or elsewhere, or by bribery, or for reward, or promise thereof, or through favor, partiality, or treachery, yielding or surrendering to them, any town or fortress, castles, garrisons, troops, militia, citizen or citizens of this State, or of the United States, or any ship, boat, or vessel of this State, or of the United States, or by giving them aid and comfort in any other way, and shall be thereof convicted or attainted on confession in open court, or on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act of the treason whereof he, she, or they shall stand indicted, such person or persons shall be adjudged guilty of treason, and shall suffer death.

2. If any person or persons having knowledge of the commission of any of the treasons aforesaid shall conceal and not, as soon as may be, disclose and make known the same to the governor of this State, or to some one of the justices of the supreme court thereof, or to some one of the justices of the peace in and for any of the counties of this State, such person or persons, on conviction, shall be adjudged guilty of misprision of treason, and shall suffer imprisonment at hard labor for any term not exceeding seven years or be fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, or both, at the discretion of the court before whom such offender or offenders shall be convicted.

3. In all cases wherein heretofore any person or persons would have been deemed or taken to have committed the crime of petit treason, such person or persons shall be deemed and taken to have committed the crime of murder only, and shall be indicted and prosecuted to final judgment accordingly, and the same punishment, and no other, shall be inflicted as in case of murder.

4. If any person owing allegiance to this State shall by speech, writing, open deed or act, advisedly and wittingly maintain and defend the authority or jurisdiction of any foreign power, potentate, Republic, King, State, or nation whatsoever, in and over this State or the people thereof, such person so offending shall, on conviction, be punished by fine or imprisonment, or both, or by fine or imprisonment at hard labor, or both, the fine not to exceed four hundred dollars nor the imprisonment the term of one year.

5. If any person or persons shall, within this State, get up or enter into any combination, organization, or conspiracy, with the intent and purpose of making or attempting to make a hostile invasion of any other State or Territory of the United States, or shall engage in plotting or contriving any such invasion; or shall knowingly furnish any money, arms, ammunition, or other means in aid of such object, or shall in any way knowingly and willfully aid, abet, or council any such combination, organization, or conspiracy, or any such hostile invasion, such person or persons shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction, be punished by fine or imprisonment at hard labor, or both, the fine not to exceed one thousand dollars and the imprisonment not to exceed the term of ten years.

6. If any person or persons having knowledge of the commission of any of the misdemeanors aforesaid shall conceal, and not, as soon as may be, disclose and make known the same to some one of the justices of the peace of the county where the said misdemeanor was committed, he or they shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction, be punished by fine not exceeding four hundred dollars or by imprisonment at hard labor not exceeding one year, or both.

S. Doc. 173- 3*

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