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nor more than one year, or be punished by both such fine and imprisonment.

SEC. 5398. Every person who knowingly and willfully obstructs, resists, or opposes any officer of the United States in serving or

attempting to serve or execute PAR. 2. To prevent the insular any mesne process or warrant, or government, or any provincial or any rule or order of any court of municipal government, or any the United States, or any other public official from freely exercis- legal or judicial writ or process, ing its or his duties or the due or assaults, beats, or wounds any execution of any judicial or ad officer or other person duly auministrative order.

thorized in serving or executing any writ, rule, order, process, or warrant, shall be imprisoned not more than twelve months, and fined not more than three hundred dollars.

SEC. 5399. Every person who corruptly, or by threats or force, endeavors to influence, intimidate, or impede any witness or officer in any court of the United States in the discharge of his duty, or corruptly, or by threats or force, obstructs or impedes, or endeavors to obstruct or impede, the due administration of justice therein, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not more than three months, or both.

SEC. 5407. If two or more persons in any State or Territory conspire for the purpose of impeding, hindering, obstructing, or defeating in any manner the due course of justice in any State or Territory, with intent to deny to any citizen the equal protection of the laws, or to injure him or his property for lawfully enforcing, or attempting to enforce, the right of any person, or class of persons, to the equal protection of the laws, each of such persons shall be punished by a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment with or without hard labor, not less than six months nor more than six

years, or by both such fine and

imprisonment. PAR. 3. To inflict any act of Sec. 5518. If two or more perhate or revenge upon the person sons in any State or Territory conor property of any official or spire to prevent, by force, intimi. agent of the insular government dation, or threat, any person from or of a provincial or municipal accepting or holding any office, government.

trust, or place of confidence under
the United States, or from dis-
charging any duties thereof; or to
induce by like means any officer
of the United States to leave any
State, district, or place where his
duties as an officer are required
to be performed, or to injure him
in his person or property on ac-
count of his lawful discharge of the
duties of his office, or while en-
gaged in the lawful discharge there-
of, or to injure his property so as
to molest, interrupt, hinder, or
impede him in the discharge of
his official duties, each of such
persons shall be punished by a
fine of not less than five hundred
nor more than five thousand dol-
lars, or by imprisonment, with or
without hard labor, not less than
six months nor more than six
years, or by both such fine and

imprisonment. PAR. 4. To inflict, with a politi- SEC. 5508. If two or more percal or social object, any act of hate sons conspire to injure, oppress, or revenge upon individuals or threaten, or intimidate any citizen upon any class of individuals in the in the free exercise or enjoyment islands.

of any right or privilege secured Par. 5. To despoil, with a polit- to him by the Constitution or laws ical or social object, any class of of the United States, or because persons, natural or artificial, a mu- of his having so exercised the nicipality, a province, or the in- same; or if two or more persons sular government or the Govern- go in disguise on the highway, or ment of the United States, or any on the premises of another, with part of its property.

intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege so secured, they shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars and imprisoned not more than ten years; and shall, moreover, be thereafter ineligible to any office, or place of honor, profit, or trust created by the Constitution or laws of the United States.

SEC. 6. Any person guilty of SEC. 5519. If two or more persedition as defined in section 5 sons in any State or Territory conhereof shall be punished by a fine spire, or go in disguise on the highof not exceeding five thousand way or on the premises of another, dollars and by imprisonment not for the purpose of depriving, exceeding ten years, or both. either directly or indirectly, any

person or class of persons of the equal protection of the laws, or of equal privileges and immunities under the laws; or for the purpose of preventing or hindering the constituted authorities of any State or Territory from giving or securing to all persons within such State or Territory the equal protection of the laws; each of such persons shall be punished by a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment, with or without hard labor, not less than six months nor more than six years, or by both such fine and imprison

ment. (Sections 5 and 6 of the act of the Philippine Commission No. 292 are reenactments, with modified penalties, of articles 236 and 237 of the reform penal code of Spain, in force in the Philippines at the time of the transfer of soyereignty. Said articles of the Spanish code are as follows:

“ART. 236. Those who shall rise publicly and tumultuously in order to attain by force or outside of legal methods any of the following objects are guilty of sedition:

“1. To prevent the promulgation or execution of laws, or the free holding of popular elections in any province, circumscription, or electoral district.

“2. To prevent any authority, corporation, official, or public officer from freely exercising his duties or the execution of his official or administrative orders.

“3. To wreak any deed of hate or revenge upon the person or property of any authority or its agents.

“4. To wreak, with a political or social object, any deed of hate or revenge upon individuals or upon any class in the State.

“5. To despoil, with a political or social object, any class of persons, the municipality, the province, or the State of all or any part of their property, or to lay waste or destroy such property.

"ART. 237. Those who, by inciting the seditious and making them resolute, shall have promoted and supported sedition, and its principal leaders, shall be punished with the penalty of reclusión temporal should they be included in any of the cases specified in the first paragraph of No. 2 of article 174, and with that of prision mayor should they not be included in any of these.”

See Trans. Penal Code for the Philippines, Div. of Ins. Affrs., War Dept.)

Sec. 7. Áll persons conspiring SEC. 5337. Every person who to commit the crime of sedition recruits soldiers or sailors within shall be punished by a fine of not the United States to engage in exceeding one thousand dollars, or armed hostility against the same, by imprisonment not exceeding or who opens within the United five years, or both.

States a recruiting station for the enlistment of such soldiers or sailors to serve in any manner in armed hostility against the United States, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, and imprisoned not less than one year nor more than five years.

SEC. 5338. Every soldier or sailor enlisted or engaged within the United States with intent to serve in armed hostility against the same, shall be punished by a fine of one hundred dollars, and by imprisonment not less than one year nor more than three years. . SEC. 1342, Art. 19, p. 232, U. S. Rev. Stats. Any officer who uses contemptuous or disrespectful words against the President, the Vice-President, the Congress of the United States, or the chief magistrate, or legislature of any

of the United States in which he is quartered, shall be dismissed from the service or otherwise punished, as a court-martial may direct. Any soldier who so offends shall be punished as a courtmartial may direct. "

SEC. 134Ž, Art. 22. Any officer or soldier who begins, excites, causes, or joins in any mutiny or sedition, in any troop, battery, company, party, post, detachment, or guard, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a courtmartial may direct.

SEE. 1342, Art. 23. Any officer or soldier who, being present at any mutiny or sedition, does not use his utmost endeavor to suppress the same, or having knowledge of any intended mutiny or sedition, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his commanding officer, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct.

SEC. 1624, Art. 8, provides: “Such punishment as a courtmartial may adjudge may be inflicted on any person in the Navy who * * * utters any seditious

or mutinous words:”. Act No. 292 Philippine Commis Code of Tennessee. sion.

SEC. 5555. Whoever shall be SEC. 8. Every person who shall guilty of uttering seditious words utter seditious words or speeches, or speeches, spreading abroad false write, publish, or circulate scur- news, writing or dispersing scurrilous libels against the Govern- rilous libels against the State or ment of the United States or the General Government, disturbing insular government of the Philip- or obstructing any lawful officer in pine Islands or which tend to dis- executing his office, or of instigatturb or obstruct any lawful officer ing others to cabal and meet toin executing his office, or which gether, to contrive, invent, sugtend to instigate others to cabal or gest or incite rebellious conspirameet together for unlawful pur- cies, riots, or any manner of unposes, or which suggest or incite lawful feud or differences, thereby rebellious conspiracies or riots, or to stir people up maliciously to which tend to stir up the people contrive the ruin and destruction against the lawful authorities or to of the peace, safety, and order of disturb the peace of the commu- the Government, or shall knownity, the safety and order of the ingly conceal such evil practices, Government, or who shall know- shall be punished by fine and im

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