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JOHN J. GARDNER, NEW JERSEY, Chairman,
GEORGE W. NORRIS, NEBRASKA.
HENRY T. RAINEY, ILLINOIS.
A. O. STANLEY, KENTUCKY.
THOMAS B. DAVIS, WEST VIRGINIA.
EIGHT HOURS ON GOVERNMENT WORK.
HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ON THE BILL H. R. 11651, ENTITLED “A BILL LIMITING THE HOURS OF DAILY SERVICE OF LABORERS AND MECHANICS EMPLOYED UPON WORK DONE FOR THE UNITED STATES, OR FOR ANY TERRITORY OR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, THEREBY SECURING BETTER PRODUCTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES."
Copy of bill under consideration, H. R. 11651, Fifty-ninth Congress, first session. A BILL Limiting the hours of daily service of laborers and mechanics employed upon
work done for the United States or any Territory or the District of Columbia, thereby securing better products, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That each and every contract hereafter made to which the United States, any Territory, or the District of Columhia is a party, and every such contract made for or on behalf of the United States or any Territory or said District, which may require or involve the employment of laborers or mechanics, shall contain a provision that no laborer or mechanic doing any part of the work contemplated by the contract, in the employ of the contractor or any subcontractor contracting for any part of said work contemplated, shall be required or permitted to work more than eight hours in any one calendar day; and each and every such contract shall stipulate a penalty for each violation of the provision directed by this act of five dollars for each laborer or mechanic, for each and every calendar day in which he shall labor more than eight hours; and any officer or person designated as inspector of the work to be performed under any such contract, or to aid in enforcing the fulfillment thereof, shall, upon observation or investigation report to the proper officer of the United States or any Territory or the District of Columbia, all violations of the provisions in this act directed to be made in each and every such contract, and the amount of the penalties stipulated in any such contract shall be withheld by the officer or person whose duty it shall be to pay the moneys due under such contract, whether the violation of the provisions of such contract is by the contractor, his agents, or employees, or any subcontractor, his agents, or employees. No person, on behalf of the United States or any Territory or the District of Columbia, shall rebate or remit any penalty imposed under any provision or stipulation herein provided for, unless upon a finding which he shall make up and certify that such penalty was imposed by reason of an error in fact.
Nothing in this act shall apply to contracts for transportation by land or water, nor shall the provisions and stipulations in this act provided for affect so much of any contract as is to be performed by way of transportation, or for such materials as may usually be bought in open market, whether made to con- . form to particular specifications or not. The proper officer on behalf of the United States, any Territory, or the District of Columbia, may waive the pro. visions and stipulations in this act provided for as to contracts for military or naval works or supplies during time of war or a time when war is imminent. No penalties shall be exacted for violations of such provisions due to extraordinary emergency caused by fire or flood, or due to danger to life or loss to property. Nothing in this act shall be construed to repeal or modify chapter three hundred and fifty-two of the laws of the Fifty-second Congress, approved August first, eighteen hundred and ninety-two, or as an attempt to abridge the pardoning power of the Executive.