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the Free States onght to keep in force suitable statutes proposition. This appeal was also laid on the rendering it penal for any of its inhabitants to transport, table. or aid in transporting from such State, any person sought, to be thus transported, merely because subject After Gen. Taylor had been nominated, Mr. to the slave laws of any other state; this remnant of in- Charles Allen, of Massachusetts, offered the dependence being accorded to the Free States,

by the following: decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Prigg 08. tbe State of Pennsyivania.

Resoloed, That the Whig Party, through its representatives here, agrees to abide by the nomination of Gen.

Zachary Taylor, on condition that he will accept the WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1848. nomination as the candidate of the Whig Party, and

adhere to its great fundamental principles-no extenA Whiy National Convention met at Phila- sion of slave territory-no acquisition of foreign terri, delphia, on the 7th of June, 1848, over which tory by conquest-protection to American industry, and

opposition to Executive usurpation. John M. Morehead, of North Carolina, presided. After a rather stormy session of three days, lution out of order, and no further notice was

The president immediately decided the resoGen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, was nomi

taken of it. nated for President, and Millard Fillmore, of

After the nomination for Vice-President had New-York, for Vice-President. Gen. Taylor been made, Mr. McCullough, of New-Jersey, was nominated on the fourth ballot, as follows:

offered the following:

Resoloed, That Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana,

and Millard Fillmore, of New York, be, and they are Taylor

.111 118 183 171 hereby unanimously nominated as the Whig candidates Clay 97

for President and Vice-President of the United States.

Mr. D. R. Tilden, of Ohio, proposed the folWebster... Clayton

lowing, expressing the opinion that some such McLean.

declaration by the Convention would be neces

sary, in order to secure the vote of Ohio for Total...

280 279 279

the nominee : Mr. Fillmore was nominated for Vice-Presi.

Resolved, That while all power is denied to Congress, dent on the second ballot, by the following under the Constitution, to control, or in any way Inter; vote :

fere with the institution of Slavery within the several States of this Union, it nevertheless has the power and it is the duty of Congress to prohibit the introduction or

existence of Slavery in any territory now possessed, or M. Fillmore...



which may hereafter be acquired, by the United States. Abbott Lawrence

.109 Scattering..


This resolution, like all others affirming Whig

or Anti-Slavery principles, was ruled out of Total...



order, and laid on the table. A motion was Of the scattering vote cast on the first ballot, made to divide Mr. McCullough's resolve, so George Evans, of Maine, received 6; T. M. T. that the vote could be taken separately on McKennen, of Pa., 13; Andrew Stewart, of Pa., President and on Vice-President, wher, after 14; and John Sergeant, of Pa., 6.

discussion, the resolve was withdrawn. The Convention adopted no Platform of Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, offered a resolve Principles. After it had been organized, and a indorsing Gen. Taylor's letter to Captain Alliresolution offered to go into a ballot for candi- son, which, meeting opposition, was withdrawn; dates for President and Vice-President, Mr. so the Convention adjourned without passing Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, moved to amend any resolves having reference to Whig prinas follows:

ciples, the issues before the country, or of conResolved, That no candidate shall be entitled to recurrence in the nominations. ceive the nomination of this Convention for President or Vice-President, unless he has given assurances that he will abide by and support the nomination; that if nominated he will accept the nomination; that he will

RATIFICATION MEETING AT PHILA. consider himself the candidate of the Whigs, and use

DELPHIA. all proper influence to bring into practical operation the principles and measures of the Whig Party.

On the evening of the last day of the session This resolution met with decided opposition, 19th June), a ratification meeting was held at and the president ruled it out of order, from Philadelphia, at which Gov. Wm. F. Johnston, which decision Mr. Campbell appealed, and in a delivered by Governor Morehead, Gen. Leslie

of Pa., presided, and at which speeches were speech contended that it was strictly in order to define what sort of candidate should be voted Coombs, of Ky., and several others, and at for, and to declare that none but sound Whigs Price, of Pennsylvania, were adopted :

which the following resolves, reported by W. S. should receive important nominations at the hands of a Whig National Convention. The 1. Resoloed, That the Whigs of the United States,

here assembled by their Representatives, heartily ratify appeal was tabled.

the nominations of Gen. Zachary Taylor as President, Mr. Fuller, of New York, offered the follow and Millard Fillmore as Vice-President of the United ing:

States, and pledge themselves to their support.

2. Resoloed, That in the choice of Gen. Taylor as the Resoloed, That as the first duty of the representatives of the Whig Party is to preserve the principles and in- Whig. Candidate for President, we are glad to discover tegrity of the party, the

claims of no candidate can be sympathy with a great popular sentiment throughout the considered by this Convention unless such candidate nation-a sentiment which, having its origin in admirastands pledged to support, in good faith,

the nominees, the development, in every action and every word, of

tion of great military success, has been strengthened by and to be the exponent of Whig Principles.

sound conservative opinions, and of true fidelity to the The president ruled this resolution out of great example of former days, and to the principles of order, and Mr. Fuller appealed, insisting that the Constitution as administered by its founders.

8. Resolved, That Gen. Taylor, in saying that, had he no true Whig could reasonably object to his I voted in 1844, he would have voted the Whig ticketa



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gives us the assurance—and no better is needed from a | May. Andrew Stevenson of Va., presided. with us at the crisis of our political destiny, when Henry New-York had sent a double delegation: (“Barn. Clay was our candidate and when not only Whig prin- burners” for Van Buren and Hunkers for Dickciples were well defined and clearly asserted, but Whig inson). The Convention decided to admit both with us then is with us now, and we have a soldier's word delegations, which satisfied neither, and both of honor, and a life of public and private virtue, as the declined to take part in the proceedings. The security.

two-third rule was adopted, and Gen. Lewis Cass 4. Resoloed, That we look on Gen. Taylor's adminis-was nominated for President on the 4th ballot tration of the Government as one conducive of Peace, Prosperity and Union. Of Peace-because no one bet? | as follows: [170 votes necessary to a choice.) ter knows, or has greater reason to deplore, what he has

31. seen sadly on the field of victory, the horrors of war, Cass...


156 179 and especially of a foreign and aggressive war. Of Woodbury of N. H... 53 56 53 88 Prosperity-now more than ever needed to relieve the Buchanan..

55 54 40 83 nation from a burden of debt, and restore industry-Calhoun.. agricultural, manufacturing and commercial - to its Dallas.. accustomed and peaceful functions and influences. Of Worth.


1 Union-because we have a candidate whose very posi- Butler of Ky. tion as a Southwestern man, reared on the banks of the great stream whose tributaries, natural and artificial,

The first ballot for Vice-President resulted as embrace the whole Union, renders the protection of the follows: interests of the whole country his first trust, and whose William 0. Butler...... 114 William R. King.. 29 varied duties in past life have been rendered, not on the John A. Quitman..

18 soil, or under the flag of any State or section, but over John Y. Mason

74 James J. McKay...
24 Jefferson Davis...

1 the wide frontier, and under the broad banner of the Nation.

No choice. Gen. Butler was unanimously nomi5. Resoloed, That standing, as the Whig Party does, nated on the third ballot. on the broad' and firm platform of the Constitution, braced up by all its inviolable and sacred guarantees

The Convention adopted the following platand compromises, and cherished in the affections form : because protective of the interests of the people, we are

1. Resolved, That the American Democracy place proud to have, as the exponent of our opinions, one who their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the is pledged to construe it by the wise and generous rules discriminating justice of the American people. which Washington applied to it, and who has said, (and no Whig desires any other assurance) that he will make ture of our political creed, which we are proud to main.

2. Resoloed, That we regard this as a distinctive feaWashington's Administration the model of his own. 6. Resoloed, That as Whigs and Americans, we are form of government 'springing from and upheld by the

tain before the world, as the great moral element in a proud to acknowledge our gratitude for the great mili popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and tary services which, beginning at Palo Alto, and ending practice of federalism, under whatever name or form, at Buena Vista, first awakened the American people to which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and a just estimate of him who is now our Whig Candidate. which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the In the discharge of a painful duty-for his march into

popular credulity. the enemy's country was a reluctant one; in the command of regulars at one time, and volunteers at another, the Democratic party of this Union, through

the delegates

8. Resolved, Therefore, that, entertaining these views and of both combined; in the decisive though punctual assembled in general convention of the States, coming discipline of his camp, where all respected and beloved together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the dochim; in the negotiation of terms for a dejected and trines and faith of a free representative government and desperate enemy; in the exigency of actual conflict; appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of when the balance was perilously doubtful

--We have their intentions, renew and reassert before the American found him the same-brave, distinguished and conside- people, the declaration of principles avowed by them, rate, no heartless spectator of bloodshed, no trifier with human life or human happiness; and we do not know presented their candidates for the popular suffrage.

on a former occasion, when in general convention, they which to admire most, his heroism in withstanding the assaults of the enemy in the most hopeless fields of Then follow resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, of Platforms Buena Vista-mourning in generous sorrow over the of 1840 and '44. The 5th resolution is that of graves of Ringgold, of Clay, or of Hardin--or in giving 1840 with an addition about providing for war in the heat of battle terms of merciful capitulation to a vanquished foe at Monterey, and not being ashamed to debts, and as amended, reads as follows: avow that he did it to spare women and children, help- Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the less infancy, and more helpless age, against whom no government to enforce and practice the most rigid econ. American soldier ever wars.

Such a military man, omy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more whose triumphs are neither remote nor doubtful, whose revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray virtues these trials have tested, we are proud to make the necessary expenses of the government, and for the our Candidate.

gradual but certain extinction of the debt created by 7. Resolved, That in support of such a nomination we the prosecution of a just and necessary war, after peaceask our Whig friends throughout the nation to unite, ful relations shall have been restored. Ao co-operate zealously, resolutely, with earnestness in

behalf of our Candidate, whom calumny cannot reach, The next (Anti-National Bank and pro-Sub. and with respectful demeanor to our adversaries, whose Treasury) was amended by the addition of the

Candidates have yet to prove their claims on the gratis following:
Lude of the nation.

And that the results of Democratic Legislation, in this This election resulted in the choice of the and all other financial measures upon which issues have Wbig Candidates, as follows:

been made between the two political parties of the coun

try, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of Taylor and Fillmore-Vermont, 6; Massachusetts, 12 ; | all parties, their soundness, safety and utility in all Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New-York, 86; New business pursuits. Jersey, 7, Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 8; Maryland, 8; North Carolina, 11; Georgia, 10; Lousiana, 6; Ten.'

Here follow resolutions 7, 8, 9, of the platnessee, 13; Kentucky, 12; Florida, 3–163.

form of 1840, which we omit. Cass and Butler-Maine, 9; New Hampshire, 6; Virginia, 17 ; South Carolina, 9, Alabama, 9; Mississippi,

Resowed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought B; Ohio, 28; Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9; Missouri, 7; Ar to be sacredly applied to the National objects specified kangas, 8 ; Michigan, 8; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4: Wisconsin, law for the distribution of such proceeds among the

in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any 4—127.

States as alike inexpedient in policy and repuguant to

the Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848.

Resoloed, That we are decidedly opposed to taking

from the President the qualified veto power, by which he The Democratic National Convention for

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply

sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend tho -1848, assembled in Baltimore on the 22d of passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the ap

proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of Repre-, may solicit our surrender of that vigilance which is the sentatives until the judgment of the people can be only safeguard of liberty. obtained thereon, and which has saved the American Resoloed, That the confidence of the Democracy of people from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Union, in the principles, capacity, firmness and inthe bank of the United States, and from a corrupting tegrity of James K. Polk, manifested by his nomination system of general internal improvements.

and election in 1841, has been signally justified by the Resolved, that the war with Mexico, provoked on her strictness of his adherence to sound Democratic docpart, by years of insult and injury, was cominenced by trines, by the purity of purpose, the energy and ability her army crossing the Rio Grande, attacking the Ameri- which have characterized his administration in all our can troops and invading our sister State of Texas, and affairs at home and abroad; that we tender to him our that upon all the principles of patriotism and the rdial congratulations upon the brilliant success which Laws of Nations, it is a just and necessary war on our has hitherto crowned his patriotic efforts, and assure him part in which every American citizen should have shown in advance, that at the expiration of his Presidential himself on the side of his Country, and neither morally term he will carry with him to his retirement, the esteem, nor physically, by word or by deed, have given “ aid respect, and admiration of a grateful country. and comfort to the enemy."

Resolved, That this Convention hereby present to the Resoloed, That we would be rejoiced at the assurance people of the United States, Lewis Cass, of Michigan, as of a peace with Mexico, founded on the just principles the candidate of the Democratic party for the office of of indemnity for the past and security for the future; but President, and William 0. Butler of Ky, for Vice-Presithat while the ratification of the liberal treaty offered to dent of the U. S. Mexico remains in doubt, it is the duty of the country to

The following resolution was ofered by Mr. sustain the administration and to sustain the country in every measure necessary to provide for the vigorous Yancy, of Ala. prosecution of the war, should that treaty be rejected. Resolved, that the doctrine of non-interference with

Resolved, That the officers and soldiers who have the rights of property of any portion of the people of this carried the arms of their country into Mexico, bave Confederacy, be it in the states or Territories thereof, crowned it with imperishable glory. Theic unconquer- by any other tban the parties interested in them, is the able courage, their daring enterprise, their unfaltering true Republican doctrine recognized by this body. perseverance and fortitude when assailed on all sides by innumerable foes and that more formidable enemy-the

This resolution was rejected : Yeas, 36; nays, diseases of the climate-exalt their devoted patriotism 216--the yeas being : Georgia, 9; South Carointo the highest heroism, and give them a right to the lina, 9; Alabama, 9; Arkansas, 3 ; Florida, 3; profound gratitude of their country, and the admiration of the world.

Maryland, 1; Kentucky, 1. Resolved, that the Democratic National Convention of 30 States composing the American Republic tender their fraternal congratulations to the National Conven

FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848. tion of the Republic of France, now assembled as the free-suffrage Representatives of the Sovereignty of thirty- The Barnburners of New York, who were five millions of Republicans to establish government on those eternal principles of equal rights for which their disgusted with the proceedings of the National Lafayette and our Washington fought side by side in Convention which had nominated Cass and Butthe struggle for our National Independence; and we ler for President and Vice-President, met in would especially convey to them and to the whole peo- Convention at Utica, on the 22d of June, 1848. ple of France, our earnest wishes for the consolidation of their liberties, through the wisdom that shall guide their Delegates were also present from Ohio, Wisconcouncils, on the basis of a Democratic Constitution, not sin and Massachusetts. Col. Samuel Young prederived from the grants or concessions of kings or sided over the deliberations of this Convention; dynasties, but originating from the only true source of political power recognized in the States of this Union;

and Martin Van Buren was nominated for Presi. ine inherent and inalienable right of the people, in their dent, with Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin, for suvereigu capacity, to make and to amend their forms Vice-President. Gen. Dodge subsequently deof government in such manner as the welfare of the

clined. community may require.

Resolved, That the recent development of this grand On the 9th of August following, a Convenpolitical truth, of the sovereignty of the people and tion was held at Buffalo, which was attended by prostrating thrones and erecting Republics on the ruins delegates from the States of Maine, New-Hampof despotism in the old world, we feel that a high and shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, Rhode Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylof the people, to sustain and advance among us Consti vania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Illinois, tutional Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, by continuing Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa, and the to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the District of Columbia. Charles Francis Adams, benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a of Massachusetts, presided, and the Convention compromises of the Constitution which are broad enough nominated Messrs. Van Buren and Adams as and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as candidates for President and Vice-President, it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be in and adopted the following Resolves, since the full expansion of the energies and capacity of this great and progressive people.

known as Rosoloed, That a copy of these resolutions be for.

THE BUFFALO PLATFORM. warded through the American Minister at Paris, to the National Convention of the Republic of France.

Whereas, We have assembled in Convention, as a Resoloed, That the fruits of the great political triumph union of freemen, for the sake of freedom, forgetting of 1844, which elected James K. Polk and George M. all past political differences in a common resolve to Dallas President and Vice-President of the United States,

maintain the rights of free labor against the aggressions bave fulfilled the hopes of the Democracy of the Union of the Slave Power, and to secure free soil to a free in defeating the declared purposes of their opponents in people, creating a National Bank, in preventing the corrupt and And Whoreas, The political Conventions recently age unconstitutional distribution of the Land Proceeds from sembled at Baltimore and Philadelphia, the one stifling the common treasury of the Union for local purposes, in the voice of a great constituency, entitled to be heard in protecting the Currency and Labor of the country from its deliberations, and the other abandoning its distinctive ruinous fluctuations; and guarding the money of the principles for mere availability, have dissolved the Na-: country for the use of the people by the establishment tional party organizations heretofore existing, by nomiof the Constitutional treasury; in the noble impulse nating for the Chief Magistracy of the United States, ungiven to the cause of Free Trade by the repeal of the der the slaveholding dictation, candidates, neither of tariff of '42, and the creation of the more equal, honest, whom can be supported by the opponents of Slavery Ex. and productive tariff of 1846 ; and that, in our opinion, tension without a sacrifice of consistency, duty and selfit would be a fatal error to weaken the bands of a politi respect; cal organization by which these great reforms have And rohereas, These nominations so made, furnish the been achieved, and risk them in the hands of their occasion and demonstrate the necessity of the union of kuown adversaries, with whatever delusive appeals they the people under the banner of Free Deinocracy, in a solo

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pmn and formal declaration of their independence of the with foreign nations, or among the several States, are slave power, and of their fixed determination to rescue objects of national concern, and that it is the duty of the Federal Government from its control;

Congress, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, 10 Resolved, therefore, That we, the people here assem- provide therefor. bled, remembering the example of our fathers, in the days Resolved, that the free grant to actual settlers, in con of the first Declaration of Independence, putting our trust i sideration of the expenses they incur in making settlein God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his ments in the wilderness, which are usually fully equal to guidance in our endeavors to advance it, do now plant their actual cost, and of the public benefits resulting ourselves upon the National platform of Freedom in oppo- therefrom, of reasonable portions of the public lands, sition to the sectional platforun of Slavery.

under suitable limitations, is a wise and just measure of Resolved, That Slavery in the several States of this public policy, which will promote in various ways the inUnion which recognize its existence, depends upon State terests of all the States of this Vuion; and we therefore laws alone, which cannot be repealed or modified by the recommend it to the favorable consideration of the AmuriFederal Governmeni, and for which laws that govern- can people. ment is not responsible. We therefore propose no inter- Resolved, that the obligations of honor and patriotference by Congress with Slavery within the limits of any ism require the earliest practicable payment of the naState.

tional debt, and we are therefore in favor of such a tariff Resolved, that the Proviso of Jefferson, to prohibit the of duties as will raise revenue adequate to defray the neexistence of Slavery after 1800, in all theTerritories of the cessary expenses of the Federal Government, and to pay United States, southern and Northern; the votes of six annual instalments of our debt, and the interest thereon States and sixteen delegates, in the Congress of 1784, for Resolved, That we inscribe on our own banner, " Free the Proviso, to three States and seven delegates against Soil, Free Speech, Free Labur, and Free Men," and under it; the actual exclusion of Slavery from the Northwest- it we will fight on, and fight ever, until a triumphant vicera Territory, by the Ordinance of 1787, unanimously tory shall reward our exertions. adopted by the States in Congress; and the entire history of that period, clearly show that it was the settled policy of the Nation not to extend, nationalize or encourage, but to limit, localize and discourage Slavery; and to this pol

WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1852. icy, which should never have been departed from, the Government ought to return.

This body assembled at Baltimore on the 16th Resolved, that our fathers ordained the Constitution of June, and chose Gen. John G. Chapman, of of the United States, in order, among other great national Md., as presiding officer, and, after an exciting objects, to establish justice, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings or liberty; but expressly denied session of six days, nominated Gen. Winfield to the Federal Govorninent, which they created, all con- Scott as President, on the 53d ballot, as follows: stitutional power to deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due legal process.

Resolved, That in the judginent of this Convention, Congress has no more power to make a Slave than to make a King; no more power to institute or establish Slavery than to institute or establish a Monarchy: no such power 1. 131 183 29 28

134 123 80 can be found among those specifically conferred by the 2 133 131 29 29. 134 128 30 Constitution, or derived by just implication from them. . 183 131 29 80. 134 123 29 Resowod, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern.

184 180 29 31. 134 128 30 ment to relieve itself from ali responsibility for the exist

130 183


134 123 ence or continuance of slavery wherever the government 6. 133 131 29 33, 134 123 99 possesses constitutional authority to legislate on tuat 7. 181 133 28 34. 184 126 23 subject, and it is thus responsible for its existence.


133 131 28 35. 134 125 28 Resolved, That the true, and in the judgment of this 9. 133 133 29 36.

136 127 23 Convention, the only safe means of preventing the ex- 10.

130 29 37. 183 123 28 tension of Slavery into Territory now Free, is to prohibit 11. 134

28 88. 136

127 29 its extension in all such Territory by an act of Congress. 12. 184 130 28 39. 13+ 128 80 Resoloed, That we accept the issue which the slave 13. 134 130 23

132 129 32 power has forced upon us; and to their demand for more 14. 133 130 29


132 129 32 Slave States, and more Slave Territory, our calm but final 15. 133 180 29 42. 134 128 80 answer is, no more Slave States and no more Slave Ter- 16. 135 129 28 43. 134 123 80 ritory. Let the soil of our extensive domains be kept 17. 182 131 29 44. 133 129 80 free for the hardy pioneers of our own land, and the op- 18. 132 131 23 45.

133 127 82 pressed and banished of other lunds, seeking homes of 19. 132 131 29 46. 134 127 31 coi fort and fields of enterprise in the new world.

20. 182 131 29 47. 135 129 29 Resolved, That the bill lately reported by the committee 21. 133 131 28 48. 187 124 30 of eight in the Senate of the United States, was no com- 22. 132 180 30 49.

122 30 promise, but an absolute surrender of the rights of the 23. 182 130 80 50. 142 122 28 Non-Slaveholders of all the States ; and while we rejoice 24. 183 129 30 51. 142 120 29 to know that a ineasure which, wbile opening the door for 25.

52. 146


27 the introduction of Slavery into Territories now free, 26. 184 128 80 53. 159 112 21 would also have opened the door to litigation and strife 27. 134 128 30 Necessary to choose–147. among the future inhabitants thereof, to the ruin of their peace and prosperity, was defeated in the House of Repre

William A. Graham, of North Carolina, was sentatives, its passage, in hoi, haste, by a majority, embrac- nominated for Vice-President on the second ing several senators who voted in open violation of the ballot. known will of their constituents, should warn the people to see to it, that their representatives be not suffered to

The Convention adopted the following betray them. There must be no more Compromises with Slavery; if made they must be repealed.

PLATFORM: Resolved, That we demand freedom and established

The Whigs of the United States, in Convention asseme institutions for our brethren in Oregon, now exposed to bled, adhering to the great conservative principles liardships, peril and massacre by the reckless hostility of which they are controled and governed, and now as eve the Slave Power to the establishinent of Free Governinent relying upon the intelligence of the American people, for Free Territories; and not only for them, but for our with an abiding confidence in their capacity for self-go new brethren in Culifornia and New Mexico. Resowed, It is due not only to this occasion, but to the Union, do proclaim the following as the political senti:

ernment, and their devotion to the Constitution and the whole people of the United States, that we should also ments and determination for the establishment ang declare ourselves on certain other questions of National maintenance of which their national organization as a Policy: therefore,

party was effected. Resolved, That we demand Cheap Postage for the Peo

First. The government of the United States is of a ple; a retrenchment of the expenses and patronage of limited character, and it is confined to the exercise o the Federal Government; the abolition of all unneces- powers expressly granted by the Constitution, and such sary ofices and salaries; and the election by the people as may be necessary and proper for carrying the granted of all civil officers in the service of the government, so powers into full execution, and that powers not granteve far as the same may be practicable. Resowed, That River and Harbor improvements, when tively and to the people.

or necessarily implied are reserved to the States respec demanded by the safety and convenience of commerce con

State Governments should be helů securso

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• 183

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to their reserved rights, and the General Government Nays-Maine, 4; Connecticut, 1; New-York, 22 sustained on its constitutional powers, and that the Pennsylvania, 6; Ohio, 15; Wisconsin, 1; Indiana, 6; Union should be revered and watched over as the palla- Illinois, 5; Michigan, 6; California, 4—70. dium of our liberties. Third. That while struggling freedom everywhere

GEN. Scott's ACCEPTANCE. enlists the warınest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as Gen. Scott accepted the nomination and Platannounced in his Farewell Address, of keeping ourselves free from all entangling alliances with foreign countries, form in the following letter. and of never quitting our own to stand upon foreign

WASHINGTON, June 24th, 1852. ground; that our mission as a republic is not to propa

SIR: I have had the honor to receive from your hands gate our opinions, or impose on other countries our forms of government, by artifice or force; but to teach the official notice of my unanimous nomination as the by example, and show by our success, moderation and Whig candidate for the office of President of the United justice, the blessings of self-government, and the advan- / States, together with a copy of the resolutions passed by tage of free institutions.

the Convention, expressing their opinions upon some of Fourth. That, as the people make and control the the most prominent questions of national policy.

This great distinction, conferred by a numerous, intelliGovernment, they should obey its constitution, laws and treaties as they would retain their self-respect, and the gert and patriotic body, representing millions of my respect which they claim and will enforce from foreign the very eminent names which were before the Conven.

countrymen, sinks deep into my heart; and remembering powers.

Fifth Government should be conducted on principles tion in amicable competition with my own, I am made to of the strictest economy; and revenue sufficient for the feel, oppressively, the weight of responsibility belonging expenses thereof, in time, ought to be derived mainly to my new position. Not having written a word to profrom a duty on imports, and not from direct taxes; and

cure this distinction, I lost not a moment after it had on laying such duties sound policy requires a just dis- / been conferred in addressing a letter to one of your memcrimination, and, when practicable, by specific duties, substance of my reply to the Convention : and I now have

bers, to signify what would be, at the proper time, the whereby suitable encouragement may be afforded to

The honor to repeat in a more formal manner, as the occaAmerican industry, equally to all classes and to all porsion justly demands, that I accept the nomination with the tions of the country ; an economical administration of the Government, in time of peace, ought to be derived resolutions annexed. The political principles and meas

ures laid down in those resolutions are so broad that but from duties on imports, and not from direct taxation; little is left for me to add. I therefore barely suggest in and in laying such d'ities, sound policy requires a just this place, that should I, by the partiality of my country; discrimination, whereby suitable encouragement may be

men, be elevated to the Chief Magistracy of the Union, I afforded to American industry, equally to all classes, and shall be reudy, in my connection with Congress, to reto all parts of the country. Sixth. The Constitution vests in Congress the power agement of the public domain, so as to secure an early

commend or approve of measures in regard to the manto open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions settlement of the same, favorable to actual settlers, but from navigable rivers, whenever such improvements are consistent, nevertheless, with a due regard to the equal necessary for the common defense, and for the protec- rights of the whole American people in that vast national tion and facility of commerce with foreign nations, or inheritance; and also to recommend or approve of a sinamong the States-said improvements being in every gle alteration in our naturalization laws, suggested by my instance national and general in their character. Seventh. The Federal and State Governments are parts right of citizenship, who shall faithfully serve, in time of

military experience, viz : Giving to all foreigners the of one system, alike necessary for the common prosper- war, one year on board of our public ships, or in our ity, peace and security, and ought to be regarded alike land forces, regular or volunteer, on their receiving an with a cordial, habitual and immovable attachment. honorable discharge from the service. In regard to the Respect for the authority of each, and acquiescence in general policy of the administration, if elected, I should, the just constitutional measures of each, are duties of course, look among those wno may approve that polirequired by the plainest considerations of National, cy for the agents to carry it into execution; and I should State and individual welfare.

seek to cultivate harmony and fraternal sentiments Eighth. That the series of acts of the 32d Congress, the throughout the Whig party, without attempting to reAct known as the Fugitive Slave law included, are duce its members, by proscription, to exact uniformity to received and acquiesced in by the Whig party of the

my own views: United States as a settlement in principle and substance But I should at the same time be rigorous in regard to of the dangerous and exciting questions which they qualifications for office, retaining and appointing no one einbrace; and, so far as they are concerned, we will either deficient in capacily or integrity, or in devotion to maintain them, and insist upon their strict enforcement, liberty, to the Constitution and the Union. Convinced until time and experience shall demonstrate the neces that harmony or good will betwren the different quarters sity of further legislation to guard against the evasion of of our broad country is essential to the present and the the laws on the one hand and the abuse of their powers future interests of the Republic, and with a devotion to on the other-not impairing their present efficiency; and those interests that can know no South and no North, I we deprecate all further agitation of the question thus should neither countenance nor tolerate any sedition, dissettled, as dangerous to our peace, and will discounteorder, faction or resistance to the law or the Union on nance all efforis to continue or renew such agitation, any pretext, in any part of the land, and I should carry whenever, wherever, or however the attempt may be into the civil administration this one principle of military made; and we will maintain this system as essential to conduct-obedience to the legislative and judicial de the nationality of the Whig party, and the integrity of partments of government, each in its constitutional the Union.

sphere, saving only in respect to the Legislature, the pos

sible resort to the veto power, always to be most cauThe above propositions were unanimously tiously exercised, and under the strictest restraints and

necessities, adopted with the exception of the last, which

Finally, for my strict adherence to the principles of the was carried by a vote of 212 to 70: the dele- Whig party, as expressed in the resolutions of the Congates who voted against it being supporters of purpose and herein suggested, with a sincere and earnest

advance the greatness and happiness of the Scott as against Fillmore and Webster in the Republic, and thus to cherish and encourage the cause of

constitutional liberty throughout the world, avoiding ballotings above given.

every act and thought that might involve our country in

an unjust or unnecessary war, or impair the faith of The vote by States, on this (Compromise) treaties, and discounteriancing all political agitations inresolution, was as follows:

jurious to the iuterests of society and dangerous to the Union, I can offer no other pledge or guarantee than the

known incidents of a long public life, now undergoing the YEAS-Maine, 4; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5;

severest examination Feeling myself highly fortunate Massachusetts,' 3;' Rhode Island, 4;, Connecticut, 4; in my associate on the ticket, and with a lively sense of New-York, 11 ; New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 21; Delamy obligations to the Convention, and to your personal ware, 3 ; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 14; North Carolina, courtesies, I have the honor to remain, sir, with great 19 ; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mis-esteem, your most obedient servant, sissippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; Ohio, 8; Kentucky, 12 ; Ten

WINFIELD SCOTT. nessee, 12, Indiana, 7 ; Illinois, 6; Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3 ; Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 4 ; Texas, 4 To Hon. J. G. CHAPMAN, President of the Whig Na. -212.

tional Conoention.

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