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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
H.R. 836; H.R. 3792; H.J. Res. 1, H.J. Res. 3, H.J. Res. 29,
MISCELLANEOUS PROPOSALS RELATING TO PRESIDENTIAL
Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
EMANUEL CELLER, New York, Chairman
MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, Ohio
ROBERT T. ASHMORE, South Carolina
BASIL L. WHITENER, North Carolina
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin
WILLIAM L. ST. ONGE, Connecticut
WILLIAM M. McCULLOCH, Ohio
CHARLES MCC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland
TEXT OF BILLS
House Joint Resolution 158 (Mr. Monagan) –
House Joint Resolution 219 (Mr. Moorhead).
Text of bills.
H.R. 836 (Mr. Multer).
H.R. 3792 (Mr. Derwinski).
House Joint Resolution 1 (Mr. Celler).
House Joint Resolution 154 (Mr. Fulton of Pennsylvania).
House Joint Resolution 220 (Mr. Moorhead, by request)
House Joint Resolution 224 (Mr. Dent) -
House Joint Resolution 235 (Mr. Fascell)
House Joint Resolution 236 (Mr. Love).
House Joint Resolution 239 (Mr. Schweiker)
House Joint Resolution 240 (Mr. Toll) -
House Joint Resolution 248 (Mr. Stafford).
House Joint Resolution 250 (Mr. Fuqua).
House Joint Resolution 254 (Mr. Roush).
House Joint Resolution 264 (Mr. Mathias).
House Joint Resolution 265 (Mr. Randall).
House Joint Resolution 294 (Mr. Robison)_
House Joint Resolution 302 (Mr. William D. Ford).
House Joint Resolution 310 (Mr. Byrne of Pennsylvania).
House Joint Resolution 329 (Mr. McClory).
Bayh, Hon. Birch E., U.S. Senator from Indiana_
Bennett, Hon. Charles E., U.S. Representative from Florida
Brownell, Hon. Herbert, former Attorney General of the United
Curtin, Hon, Willard S., U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania.
Fascell, Hon. Dante B., U.S. Representative from Florida...
Folsom, Hon. Marion B., chairman, Special Committee on Presi-
dential Inability, Committee for Economic Development, 1000
Connecticut Avenue, Washington, D.C.......
Halpern, Hon. Seymour, U.S. Representative from New York..
Horton, Hon. Frank J., U.S. Representative from New York..
Jacobs, Hon. Andrew, Jr., U.S. Representative from Indiana
Katzenbach, Hon. Nicholas deB., Attorney General of the United
Lindsay, Hon. John V., U.S. Representative from New York.
Love, Hon. Rodney M., U.S. Representative from Ohio..
McCulloch, Hon. William M., U.S. Representative from Ohio...
Mathias, Hon. Charles McC., Jr., U.S. Representative from Maryland.
Monagan, Hon. John S., U.S. Representative from Connecticut___
Musmanno, Hon. Michael A., justice, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania,
Powell, Hon. Lewis, Jr., president, American Bar Association, Rich-
Robison, Hon. Howard W., U.S. Representative from New York....
Taylor, Martin, Esq., chairman, Committee on Federal Constitution,
Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Committee on
Federal Legislation (report dated June 1, 1964) -
Centre County, Pa., Bar Association (resolution).
Cohelan, Hon. Jeffery, U.S. Representative from California.......
Dent, Hon. John H., U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania.
Derwinski, Hon. Edward J., U.S. Representative from Illinois_
Gilbert, Hon. Jacob H., U.S. Representative from New York.
Gonzalez, Hon. Henry B., U.S. Representative from Texas_
Kraus, Laurence G., 89 Bellevue, Corinthian Island, Belvedere-
Moorhead, Hon. William S., U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania_
New York State Bar Association, Committee on Federal Legislation.
Randall, Hon. William J., U.S. Representative from Missouri....
Roush, Hon. J. Edward, U.S. Representative from Indiana____.
Roybal, Hon. Edward R., U.S. Representative from California.
Shriver, Hon. Garner E., U.S. Representative from Kansas-
Stafford, Hon. Robert T., U.S. Representative from Vermont-
Tenzer, Hon. Herbert, U.S. Representative from New York..
Toll, Hon. Herman, Ú.S. Representative from Pennsylvania..........
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1965
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
The committee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 346, Cannon Building, Hon. Emanuel Celler (chairman) presiding.
Present: Representatives Celler, Rodino, Rogers, Donohue, Brooks, Kastenmeier, Corman, McCulloch, Cramer, Lindsay, Mathias, and
Also present: William H. Copenhaver, associate counsel; William R. Foley, general counsel.
The CHAIRMAN. The meeting will come to order.
The Chair will read an opening statement, followed by a statement to be read by our esteemed Representative from Ohio, Mr. McCulloch. (Opening statement, Chairman Emanuel Celler :)
Today, the full committee of the House Committee on the Judiciary initiates hearings on 32 proposals relating to the problem of presidential inability. We are confronted with one of the most difficult problems that has ever challenged a Congress. It is a problem which has existed since the adoption of the Constitution and on more than one occasion it has been a stark reality.
There is no doubt that this problem has many difficult facets-legal, political, and constitutional. A mere review of the congressional attempts to find a solution is adequate proof of the complexities and difficulties involved. Moreover, the history of the Presidency and the Vice-Presidency indicates the necessity for meeting this problem headon. Eight of our Presidents have died in office and on 16 different occasions the office of Vice President has been vacant. We are very fortunate that at no time have both offices been vacant simultaneously. It is interesting to note also that public interest in a solution to the problem of presidential inability reaches its peak when the situation arises, but subsides once the emergency has passed. The recent tragic death of President Kennedy has served to arouse public interest in the problem. We cannot permit this interest to languish into apathy again.
I, for one, have had a deep and probing interest in solving the problem which arises from the vague language of article II, section 1, clause 6 of the Constitution relating to presidential inability. In 1955, as chairman of this committee, I ordered a staff study of this problem and I appointed a special subcommittee of the ranking members to further the study. This study sought out the views of a select group of leading constitutional law professors and leading political scientists by way of a questionnaire. These answers and an analysis of them