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Slaves, as Property, may be USED, absolutely, by their Owners, for their own
profit or pleasure,....
SLAVES CAN POSSESS NOTHING.
Being Property themselves, they can own no property, nor make any contract, 89
SLAVES CANNOT MARRY.
Being held as Property, and incapable of making any Contract, they cannot
contract Marriage recognized by law,.....
Being Property,—“Goods and Chattels Personal, to all intents, constructions,
and purposes whatsoever,”—they have no claim on each other; no security
from separation; no Marital Rights; no Parental Rights; no Family Gov-
ernment; no Family Education; no Family Protection,
UNLIMITED POWER OF SLAVEHOLDERS.
The Power of the Master or Owner is virtually unlimited; the submission
required of the Slave is unbounded; the Slave, being Property, can have
no Protection against the Master, and has no redress for injuries inflicted by
LABOR OF SLAVES.
The Slave, being a Chattel, may be worked at the discretion of his owner, as
uther working Chattels are,
FOOD, CLOTHING, AND DWELLINGS OF SLAVES.
She Slave, as a Chattel, is fed or famished, covered or uncovered, sheltered or
unsheltered, at the discretion or convenience of his Owner, like other work.
COERCED LABOR WITHOUT WAGES.
The “legal relation of Master and Slave,” being the relation of an Owner to
a Chattel, is incompatible with the natural and Heaven-sanctioned "relation"
of Labor and Wages,..
PUNISHMENTS OF SLAVES BY THE OWNER AND HIRER,
Being the absolute Property of the Owner, the Slave is wholly in his power,
without any effectual restraint, ...
OF LAWS CONCERNING THE MURDER AND KILLING OF SLAVES.
The structure of the Laws and the condition of the Slaves render adequate
OF THE DELEGATED POWER OF OVERSEERS.
All the power of the Owner over his Slave is held and exercised also by Over-
seers and Agents,
OF THE PROTECTION OF SLAVE PROPERTY FROM DAMAGE BY
ASSAULTS FROM OTHER PERSONS THAN THEIR OWNERS.
Slaves are better protected as Property than they are as Sentient Being.sg..... 201
FACTS ILLUSTRATING THE KIND AND DEGREE OF PROTECTION
EXTENDED TO SLAVES.
The Extent, the Atrocity, the Frequency, and the Impunity of barbarous Out-
ruges upon Slaves, show that the laws affuru them lillle or no Protectivul, 209
FUGITIVES FROM SLAVERY.
The Slave, being Property, may be hampered and confined to prevent his es-
cape; may be pursued and reclaimed; must not be aided or concealed
from his Master; and when too.wild or refractory to be used by his Owner,
may be killed by him with impunity, ......
THE SLAVE CANNOT SUE HIS MASTER.
Slave Property cannot litigate with its Owner,....
NO POWER OF SELF-REDEMPTION OR CHANGE OF MASTERS.
The Slave, being a Challel, has no power of Self-redemption, nor of an ex-
change of Owuers,...
THE RELATION HEREDITARY AND PERPET; AL.
Slaves, being held as Property, like other Domestic Animals, their Offspring
are held as Property in the same manner,..
LIBERTY RIGHTS OF
EDUCATION — RELIGIOUS
The Slave, being held as a Chattel, is held by a tenure which excludes any legal
recoguition of his rights as a thiukiug and religivus being,...
ORIGIN OF THE RELATION AND ITS SUBJECTS.
The 80-called “legal relation" of Slave Ownersbip of Negrocs originated in
that Alrican Slave Trade which our laws now punish as piracy; but Slavery
is, in general, extended over all classes whom the Slaveholders have been
able to seize upon and relaiu-over Iudians, free persons of Culor, and
PAR T I I.
RELATION OF THE SLAVE TO SOCIETY AND TO CIVIL GOVERN-
OF THE GROUND AND NATURE OF THE SLAVE'S CIVIL CONDITION.
The Civil Condition of the Slave grows out of his relation to his Master, as
Property, and is delermined and defined by it,.......
NO ACCESS TO THE JUDICIARY, AND NO HONEST PROVISION FOR
TESTING THE CLAIMS OF THE ENSLAVED TO FREEDOM.
“ A Slare cannot be a Party to a Civil Suit." (Stroud.)....
REJECTION OF TESTIMONY OF SLAVES
AND FREE COLORED
Slavery is upheld by suppressing the testimony of its victims,
SUBJECTION TO ALL WHITE PERSONS.
Submission is required of the Slave, not only to the will of bis Master, but
to the will of all other White Persons !".
PENAL LAWS AGAINST SLAVES.
The Laws are unequal; their administration despotic: their execution barbar-
ous. Even this is exceeded by “ Lynch Law,”.
The Slave, not being regarded as a Member of Society, por as a Human Be-
ing, the Government, instead of providing for his Education, takes care to
forbid it, as being inconsistent with the condition of Cattelhood, ......... 319
FREE SOCIAL WORSHIP AND RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION PROHIB-
The Government not only allows the Master to forbid the Free Social Wor-
ship and Instruction of his Slaves, but it also steps in with direct prohibi-
tions of its own, which even the Master himself may not relax or abrogate, 326
LEGISLATIVE, JUDICIAL, AND CONSTITUTIONAL OBSTRUCTIONS
The Statutes of the Slave States not only make no provision for a general
Emancipation, but they obstruct and prevent Emancipations by the Master.
And the Constitutions of some of the States forbid the Legislatures to abol-