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Acadia, charter of 1603

55, 75
inclusion in Province of Massachu-
setts Bay in 1691

59, 66
Agana, Guam

36
Alabama, admission and boundaries 108
boundaries, eastern

100, 103
northern

96, 108
southern

105
Western

109
Alabama Territory

108
Alaska, admission

165
boundaries

29, 31, 176
Canadian claims

31
Point Barrow

176
Alaska Purchase

29
Alexandria, Md.-D.C. Boundary

91
Alexandria, Va., temporary inclusion in
District of Columbia

90
American Samoa

36
Amistad Dam

127
Annapolis, Nova Scotia

55
Antarctica

41
Antarctic Treaty

43
Arbitration, Emperor of Germany, north-

western boundary of con-
terminous United States

18
King of the Netherlands, northeastern

boundary ot conterminous
United States

15
Area, average, for the 50 States

168
Arizona, admission and boundaries

165
boundaries, eastern

163
northern

160, 163
southern

29
western

153, 158
Arizona Territory

54, 165
Arkansas, admission

106, 119
boundaries

120
official spelling and pronunciation of
name

118
Arkansaw Territory

51, 119
Arrowsmith Map

51
Ashaway River

71
Ashburton, Lord, British-United

States
boundary

17
Astronomy, boundary location

5
Augusta County, Va

111
Avulsion, boundaries unchanged 4, 118, 163
land separation, Arkansas

120
Dakota Territory

137
Illinois

116
Mexico

124, 125, 126
Texas

124, 125, 126
Vermont

65
Azimuth, definition

71

Page
Congress, place and time of early ses-
sions

167
Connecticut, boundaries, eastern 71, 72
boundaries, marking specifications 10
northern

69
western

72, 73, 74
cession of western lands

47, 49, 74
colonial grants

72
territorial exchange with New York.. 73
Continental Congress, place and time of
sessions

167
resolutions on western territory

1
Continental Divide, Montana boundary 150

supposed New Mexico boundary 161
Continental Shelf

46
Cordova tract, United States-Mexico
boundary

126
Corn Islands, Great and Little

43
Corner, four States

142
Cotton woods

116
Countries, establishing boundaries

3
Court decisions, references

10
Crown Monument, New Hampshire-

Maine-Canada boundary 60, 63
Crozat, Antoine de, Louisiana grant

23
Cuba, U.S. naval base

43
Culpeper, Lord, Virginia tract

93
Cutt, John, New Hampshire decree

61

с

D

California, admission and boundaries -- 51, 151
boundaries, eastern

151, 152, 153
northern

151
southern

28, 153
geographic facts

177
islands claimed

152
Canadian boundary. See Northern bound-

ary of conterminous United

States.
Canalization, Rio Grande

126
Canton Island

41
Caroline Islands

44
Carpenter, H.B., Colorado boundary
survey

142
Carteret, Sir George, New Jersey 75, 79
Centers, geographic, United States and
the several States

170
Chain, survey measure

6
Challenger Deep, Pacific Ocean

176
Channels, boundaries in. See Water.
Charles I of England, Maine granted to
Sir Ferdinando Gorges

55
Charles II of England, Rhode Island and
Connecticut charters

71, 72
Chattooga River

102
Cherokee Outlet, Oklahoma Territory 140
Choctaw line, Arkansas boundary

119
Christmas Island

41
Clark, J. H., Texas boundary surveys 124
Clark, William, map showing boundary
of Louisiana Purchase

26
Collins, surveys of northern boundary of

conterminous United States. 64, 76
Colorado, admission

54, 141
boundaries, eastern
northern

138, 145
southern

141, 142
western

143
Colorado River, California-Arizona bound-
ary

151, 153
Colorado Territory

54, 141
Columbia River, boundary defined by
series of tangents

155
British boundary claim

15

Dakota Territory, division into North and
South Dakota

134
formation

134
land transfers

134, 136
Darling line, Colorado boundary

141
Daughters of the American Revolution,

District of Columbia bound-
ary

91
Deakins line, Maryland-Virginia boundary 88
Definition of boundaries, methods

3
Delaware, boundaries

79, 81, 84
Duke of York and William Penn 75, 84
Maryland boundary, monument

85
Pennsylvania boundary triangular
post

85
settlers

75, 84
State government formed

84
Delaware River, Delaware-New Jersey
boundary

79
Des Moines River, Iowa-Missouri bound-
ary

118
Deseret, proposed territory

159
Dexter and Hopkins line, Rhode Island
boundary

71
Diego Garcia

43
Disputes, boundaries between States,
settlement

3
District of Columbia, Alexandria retro-
ceded to Virginia

90
boundaries

90, 91
counties

90
Maryland and Virginia cessions

88
Disturnell, map of Mexico

28
Donaldson, quoted Pennsylvania
boundaries

80

139

B

Baker Island

41
Baltimore, Lord

81, 84, 85
Bancos in Rio Grande, elimination

126
Barbe-Marbois, testimony on limits of
Louisiana

24
Bay of Fundy, islands in

12
Beaver Island

116

on

187

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Gorges, Ferdinando, Province of Maine
sold by

59
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, Maine charter
granted to

55
Government of the United States, Dis-
trict of Columbia

88
organization and name

167
Government surveys, statute protecting
marks

10
Grand Manan Channel

21
Grand Manan Island

12
Great Britain, treaties:
1782

10
1783, 1794

12
1814

12
1818

14
1842

17
1846

18
1908, 1910

18, 20
1925

21
Great Corn Island

43
Great Lakes, northern boundary of con-
terminous United States

12,

14, 20, 22
Greenville treaty, boundary of Indiana
Territory

115
Greenwich meridian

3
Greer County, added to Oklahoma

140
dispute

122
Guadalupe-Hidalgo treaty, United States
and Mexico

28, 151
Guam

35, 36
Guano Islands

40
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, U.S. naval base 43

F

James I of England, New England char-
ters

55
Virginia charters

55, 92
Jarvis Island

41
Jetterson, State of, proposed

141
Johnston Atoll

38
Jones Point, District of Columbia, south
corner stone

90
Juan de Fuca, Strait of

18, 21
Junction, Snake and Clearwater Rivers.. 156

K

Faden map, Louisiana Purchase and
other boundaries

25
Fair Haven, Vt., part ceded to New York 65
Fairfax, Lord, Virginia tract

93
Fairfax Stone, Maryland boundary 88, 94
Falcon Dam

127
Fincastle County, Va., part becomes Ken-
tucky

94, 111
Fire Lands of Connecticut

48
Fishing, Continental Shelf

46
Flag, United States, congressional act 167
Florida, admission

104
boundaries

22, 47, 102, 103, 104, 105
division into East and West Florida.. 23
geographic facts

177
treaties

104
Florida Purchase

26
Florida Territory
Fowler, A. T.

60
France, Louisiana Purchase

23
Franklin, temporary State
Freeman, Thomas, Alabama boundary
surveys

109
Fulton, Ohio boundary survey

113

H

104

Kahoolawe, Hawaiian Islands

34
Kansas, admission

138
boundaries

118, 138
Kansas Territory

51, 138
Kaskaskia Island

116
Kauai, Hawaiian Islands

34
Kentucky, admission

49, 111
boundaries

94, 110, 111, 115
part separated by Mississippi River.. 111
Kentucky County, Va.

94, 111
Key of all keys, District of Columbia

91
Keya Paha River, area added to Ne-
braska

138
Kidder, Arthur D., Colorado boundary
survey

142

109

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L

Halen, L. F., quoted on New Mexico
boundary

162
Hague Tribunal

44
Hall's Stream, northern boundary of con-

terminous United States --- 17,63
Hardwick, Lord Chancellor, quoted on
Delaware boundary

85
Haro, Strait of

18, 21
Harris, William, Ohio boundary survey.- 112
Hawaii

33, 166, 177
Hawaii Territory

33
Hazzen, Richard, New Hampshire-Massa-

chusetts boundary survey 61
Henderson's line, North Carolina-Vir-
ginia boundary

94
Henlopen, Cape

84, 85
Henry IV of France, Acadia charter 55, 74
High-water line, definition

5
Honduras, Swan Islands

41
Hopton, Lord, Virginia grant

93
Howland Island

41
Hudson Bay territory, southern boundary 26
Hunnewell Point, first Maine colony

55

Gadsden Purchase, United States-Mexico
boundary

29
Gannett, S. S.

65, 157
Ganong, quoted on United States-Canada
bou ary

18
Gast, Pierre du, Acadia charter

55
Gatun Lake area, Canal Zone

39
General Land Office, former name of

Bureau of Land Management 113
records

54
Gente Hermosa Island

41
Geodetic computations, boundary loca-
tion

5
Georgia, addition of 1763

100
addition of 1802

100
boundaries, description

100
eastern

99, 102
northern

97, 101
southern

102, 103
western

103, 104
cession of western lands

50, 51, 100
colonial charters

100
geographic facts

177
Georgia-Florida, seaward boundary 103
Georgia, Strait of

18, 21
Germany, Emperor of, northwestern

boundary ot conterminous
United States

18
Ghent treaty

12
Gila River

165
Gore, northeast corner of Vermont

63

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Iberville River, Bayou Manchac

23
boundary between British and Span-
ish possessions

23, 25
Louisiana boundary

23, 107
Idaho, admission

156
boundaries, eastern

157, 158
northern

23
southern

158, 159
western

155, 156
Idaho Territory, formation

54, 134, 156
reduction of 1864

54, 145, 156
reduction of 1868

54, 144, 156
Illinois, admission and boundaries 50, 116
Illinois Territory

50, 116

Lake of the Woods, northern boundary of
conterminous United States.. 12,

14, 17, 21
Lake Superior, northern boundary of con-
terminous United States

12,

20, 128
Lanai, Hawaiian Islands

34
Lands owned by the Thirteen Original
States

47
La Salle, discoveries

23
Latitudes, relation between degrees and
parallels

81
Little America, base

41
Little Corn Island

43
London meridian

27
London treaty

12
Long Island, N.Y., granted to Duke of
York

74
Louisiana, addition of 1812

27
admission

51, 107
boundaries

107, 108
Louisiana, District of

51, 107
Louisiana Purchase

23
Louisiana Territory, change of name 107, 117
Louisiana-Texas, Sabine River

107
Luna Bar

106
Lyon, Lucius, Illinois boundary survey- 116

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North Dakota, admission and bound-
aries

23, 134
See also Dakota Territory.
Northeastern boundary of conterminous

United States, British and
United States claims

15, 18
marking

20
negotiations

12, 15
treaties

10, 17
Northern boundary of conterminous
United States

14, 18, 20, 177
See also Great Lakes, Lake of the

Woods, Northeastern bound-
ary. Rocky Mountains, and

St. Lawrence River.
Nova Scotia. See Acadia.

163

Page
Maine, admission

59
boundaries

12, 13, 15, 22, 59, 60, 61
colonial grants

55, 59
geographic facts

177
Province of Massachusetts Bay

59
Major, D. G., California-Oregon
boundary survey

151
Major, John G., New Mexico boundary

Nantuckett, granted to Duke of York.. 75
transferred to Massachusetts Bay

75
National Wild Life Association

36
Naval base leases

43
Navassa Island

40
Navigable water, boundaries in

4
definition

4
Nebraska, admission

137
boundaries

118, 136, 137, 138, 139
Nebraska Territory

51, 136
Nelson, C. L.

157
Netherlands, King of, northeastern

boundary of conterminous
United States

15
Nevada, admission

54, 158
boundaries

54, 151, 152, 158, 159
Nevada Territory

54, 158
New Amsterdam

74
New Brunswick

21
New Caeserea, former name of New
Jersey

79
New Castle, Del., relation to Penn-

sylvania boundary 80, 81, 82
New Connecticut, former name of
Vermont

64
New Hampshire, boundaries, description 61
boundaries, eastern

59, 60, 61, 65
northern

17, 22, 63
southern

61
western

63
colonial grants and jurisdiction

61
New Hampshire grants, former name of
Vermont

64
New Haven and Connecticut, colonies
united

72
New Jersey, boundaries

76, 79, 80
colonial grants

79
ownership

75
New Mexico, admission

163
boundaries:
Arizona

163
Colorado

141, 142
Mexico

23, 28, 29
Oklahoma

140
Texas

124
New Mexico Territory

51, 160
New Sweden, Pennsylvania settlement.. 80
New York, Boston Corners and Boston
Ten Towns

70
boundaries, Connecticut 10, 72, 73, 74, 75
length

22, 75
Massachusetts

70, 75
New Jersey

76, 77, 79
Pennsylvania

78
Vermont

65, 75
cession of western lands

47, 49, 75
colonial grants

74, 75
New York Bay, jurisdiction

79
New Zealand

36
Nickojack

102
Niihau, Hawaiian Islands

34
No Man's Land, Public Land Strip
known as

140
North American Datum, 1927

5
North Carolina, boundaries 96, 97, 98, 99

cession of western lands 47, 48, 50, 97
colonial grants

96
separated from South Carolina 96, 99
Virginia's claims

93

Oahu, Hawaiian Islands

34
Ohio, admission

49, 112
boundaries

83, 112, 113, 114
Ohio-Michigan, boundary in Lake Erie. 113
Oklahoma, admission

54, 140
boundaries, act describing

139
Arkansas

119, 120
Colorado

141, 142
Kansas

139
Missouri

118
New Mexico

140
Texas

27, 122, 123, 124
Oklahoma Territory

54, 139
One-hundredth meridian, Texas surveys 123
Ontario, Province of, boundaries

25
Oregon, admission

54, 153
boundaries

151, 153, 155, 158
Oregon region, boundaries

18, 20
British and United States claims 15, 18, 153
relation to Louisiana Province

23
ten-year agreement

14
Oregon Territory

153
Original limits, United States

1, 10
Orleans Territory

51, 107
Orr and Whitner line, George-Florida
boundary

103

P

survey
Manchac Bayou, Iberville River

23
Manua Islands

36
Mariana Islands

36, 44
Mariana Trench, Pacific Ocean

176
Mark 925, Lake of the Woods

15
Marking of boundaries

10
Marshall Islands

44
Martha's Vineyard, granted to Duke of
York

75
transferred to Massachusetts Bay

75
Martin's Vineyard. See Martha's Vineyard.
Maryland, boundaries

85, 86, 87, 88
Lord Baltimore

81, 84, 85
Virginia's claims

85, 93
Mason, Capt. John, New England grants 55, 61
Mason and Dixon line, Charles Mason and

Jeremiah Dixon 82, 83, 84, 85
Massachusetts, Boston Corners ceded to
New York

70
boundaries

62, 65, 66
Connecticut

69, 70
inspection and repair of marks. 10, 71
New York

70, 75
Rhode Island

66, 67, 68, 69
cession of western lands 47, 48, 49, 70
colonial charters

66
investigation of Maine boundary
dispute

17
Massachusetts Bay, colonial charters 66
Maui, Hawaiian Islands

34
Maurepas, Lake, boundary between

British and Spanish posses-
sions

23
Meade, B. K., Delaware boundary

85
Melish map, northern boundary of con-
terminous United States

26
Messinger, John, Illinois boundary
survey

116
Metric system, adoption in United States 6
conversion tables

8
Micronesians

44
Mexico, first cession to United
States

27, 28, 151
Gadsden Purchase

29
Michigan, admission

76, 127
boundaries

22, 112, 113, 114,

127, 128, 129, 130
Michigan Territory

50, 127
Michler, Lt. N., Maryland-Virginia
boundary survey

86
quoted on Fairfax Stone

94
Military base leases

43
Minnesota, admission

50, 133
boundaries

22, 130, 131, 133, 134
Minnesota Territory

50, 133
Mississippi, admission and bound-
aries

105, 106, 109
Mississippi Territory

27, 50, 105, 108
Missouri, admission

51, 117
boundaries

116, 117, 118, 120, 131
Missouri Territory

51, 117, 118
Mitchell, George, New Hampshire Mas-

sachusetts boundary survey 61
Molokai, Hawaiian Islands

34
Monroe County, W. Va

95
Montana, admission

150
boundaries

23, 145
Montana Territory

54, 145

Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the.. 43
Palmyra Island

34, 166
Panama, conventions concerning Canal
Zone

38
Paitilla Point

39
Paris treaty, boundary provisions

25
Passamaquoddy Bay, ownership of
islands

12, 20
Pawcatuck River

72
Pemaquid, annexed to New England 59, 66, 75
granted to Earl of Stirling

55
sold to Duke of York

59
Penn, William, Delaware

84
Pennsylvania

80
west New Jersey

79
Pennsylvania, boundaries, description 80
boundaries, northern and eastern.. 77

78, 79, 84
southern, Delaware

81
Maryland

81, 82
Virginia

83
western

83
Erie triangle

84
granted to William Penn

80
Swedish settlement

80
Perkins, W. C., Colorado boundary
survey

142
Pigeon River. See Lake Superior.

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Pontchartrain, Lake, boundary between

British and Spanish posses-
sions

23
Plymouth Company, New England grant 55
Pocomoke River and Sound, Maryland-
Virginia boundary

87
Point Arena, Calif

177
Polynesians

36
Port of New York District, boundaries-- 79
Portland Canal

31
Potomac River, District of Columbia
boundary

90, 91
Virginia boundary

86
Poultney River, land separation by avul-
sion

65
Protection of boundary marks

10
Providence Plantations

71
Public domain, origin

1, 47
payments to States from sale

54
Public land, division into ranges and
townships

83
Public Land Strip, boundaries

140
Publications showing boundary changes 54
Puerto Rico

35

14
43
44

95
79
43
36

U

to

Page
Saipan

44
Sale of public domain, payments to
States

54, 55
Samoa Islands

36
San Ildefonso, treaty on Louisiana

24
Santa Catalina and other California
islands

152
Scarborough and Calvert

87
Serrana Bank

40
Shoreline, definition

5
South Carolina, boundaries, northern.. 96

cession of western lands 47, 48, 50, 100
colonial grants

96, 99
separated from North Carolina 96, 99
Virginia's claims

93
South Dakota, admission and bound-
aries

134, 136
See also Dakota Territory.
South Sea, colonial grants extending

6, 72, 93, 96, 100
former name of Pacific Ocean

93
Southern boundary of the United
States

12, 23, 22, 27, 177
Southwick jog, Massachusetts-Connecti-
cut boundary

69
Spain, treaties:
1795

22
1819

27
1898

35
Spokane, Wash, astronomic datum 150
States, boundary changes

3
geographic centers

170, 171
ownership of western lands

47
Statute of limitations, possession of land 3
Statutes, form of references

3
Stirling, Earl of, land grant

55
Streams, boundaries in. See Water.
Submerged Lands Act
Sullivan line, lowa-Missouri boundary-- 133
Supreme Court reports, form of refer-
ences

9
Swains Island

41
Swan Islands

41
Swedish West India Co., Delaware
River settlement

80

United Nations

44
Ushur, John, Province of Maine

59
Utah, admission

159
boundaries, description

159
eastern

143, 145
northern and southern 145, 159, 160
western

159
Utah Territory

51, 159
Utrecht treaty, Louisiana boundary

26

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46

2

Valentine, Vermont boundary survey.- 54, 76
Verendrye brothers, exploration

25
Vermont, admission

64
boundaries

17, 22, 63, 64, 65
colonial grants

64
Virgin Islands of the United States... 39
Virginia, boundaries, description

92
boundaries, Kentucky

94
Maryland

86, 87, 88
North Carolina

96, 97, 98
Tennessee

95, 110
West Virginia

95, 96
cession of western lands

47, 49, 95
charters

55, 92
land ceded for District of Columbia 88
reduction in area

93
West Virginia separated

94, 95
Virginia-North Carolina, mutual seaward
boundary

98
Von Schmidt, A. W., California-Nevada
boundary survey

151, 152

Reclaimed land, ownership
Rectangular system, land surveys

54
Red River basin, ownership

25
Reeves, Rollin J., Idaho boundary
survey

156, 157
Rhode Island, boundaries, northern and
eastern

66, 67, 68, 69
boundaries, western

71
colonial grants

71
Rio Grande, elimination of bancos 124, 125, 126
limit of Louisiana Province

23
Rio Grande basin, inclusion in New
Mexico

162
Rivers, boundaries in. See Water.
Robbins, C., New Mexico boundary
survey

163
Rocky Mountains, northern boundary of

conterminous United
States

14, 18, 20
Roncador Cay

40
Rose Island

36
Rota

44
Roth Island

116
Russia, Alaska purchased from

177

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S

55

Tennessee, admission

50, 110
boundaries, eastern

98
northern

94, 110
southern

101, 106, 109
western

110
State of Franklin formed in

109
Territorial Affairs, Ollice of

44
Territorial waters, jurisdiction

44
Territories, boundary changes

3
Territory northwest of Ohio River, bound-

aries and divi-
sions

49, 111, 114, 115
government

50
Territory of the United States, additions 23
Territory south of Ohio River, bound-
aries

50
government

109
Texas, admission

51, 122
boundaries, eastern

107, 122
northern

27, 122, 123, 124
Greer County dispute

122
seaward

46, 47
southwestern 23, 28. 124, 125, 126, 127
western

124
geographic facts

177
land division and sale

49, 122
Texas, Republic of

27, 51, 120
Thirteen Original Colonies

1
Thoma, Joseph C., Colorado boundary
survey

142

Sabino peninsula, first Maine colony
Saffrey, Solomon, Massachusetts Bay-

Rhode Island boundary sur-

vey
St. Croix Island
St. Croix River
St. John Island
St. Lawrence River, northern boundary of

conterminous United States.
St. Lawrence Seaway, northern boundary

Wake Island

38
Walker's line, Virginia-North Carolina
boundary

95
Washington, admission and boundaries 155
boundaries, eastern

156
northern

18, 23
southern

155
Washington meridian

3, 27, 139
Washington Territory

51, 155
Water, boundaries in .- 4, 90, 91, 104, 122, 123
boundaries in, international

18, 27
territorial

44
Watkins Point, Maryland-Virginia
boundary

86
Watson line, Georgia boundary

103
Webster-Ashburton treaty, United States-
British boundary

17
Wentworth, Gov. Benning, New Hamp-
shire boundary

62
West Quoddy Head, Maine

177
West Virginia, admission

95
boundaries

83, 88, 94, 95, 96
Western Reserve of Connecticut in
Ohio

47, 48
Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania and
Connecticut claims

81

66

40
12, 15

40

12

of conterminous United

States
Saint Marys River
Saint Stephens Meridian
St. Thomas Island

21
102
102
40

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