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THE NEw York PUBLIC LIBRARY
*STOR, LENOx AND T1-DEN FOUNDATIONs. 1900
Stereotyped By McGILL & WITHERow, Washington, D. C.
The record contained in the Manual for 1870, extending from July 15, 1869, to July 15, 1870, is full of importance to all interested in public affairs.
The Judicial Decisions contained in it, touch questions both difficult and delicate, and the final action on the XVth Amendment, and the Act for its enforcement, together with the restoration of the remaining States, close a struggle among the most memorable in human annals.
The chapter on Land Subsidies is the record of the opening of a new question, which promises to enter largely into the political movements of the day.
The Financial legislation will attract attention, as well from the variety of subjects embraced within it, as the extent of the interests involved.
The fullness with which the facts are gathered and presented, will, it is hoped, be satisfactory to all who have occasion to consult these pages.
In the votes, the names of Eepublicans are printed in roman, those of all others in italics.
Washington, July 15,1870.
L. Members of Cabinet of President Grant and
LI. Judicial Decisions of United States Supreme
On the Validity of Contracts in Confederate
LII. President Grant's First Annual and Special
First Annual Message—Messages, recom-
MIL Fifteenth Amendment 39-56
Special Message on Ratification—Certificate
LIV. Land Subsidies, 1827-1870 57-66
Grant to Indiana in aid of Wabash and Erie
LT. BeBtoration of Virginia, Mississippi, and
Act to admit Virginia—To admit Mississippi—
LVL Declaratory Resolutions 73-79
On Repudiation—Purchase of United States
General Amnesty—Validity of the XTVth and
LVII. Banking and Curroncy 80-90
Act Providing for Redemption of Three Per
LVIII. The Funding Act 91-98
Act to Authorize Refunding of the National
LIX. Internal Tax and Tariff 99-103
Propositions offered during pendency of Tax
LX. Restoration of Georgia 103-109
Act to Promote the Reconstruction of the
LXI. Miscellaneous 110-118
President's Message on European War and
LXII. Statistical Tables,.- 119-124
Area of Land States; Land Granted, Sold, and
POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1870.
MEMBERS OF THE CABlNET OF PRESlDENT GRANT, AND OF THE FORTY-FIRST CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION.
PEESIDENT GRANT'S CABINET.
Secretary of State—Hamilton Fish, of New York.
Secretary of the Treasury—Geokge S. Boutwell,
of Massachusetts. Secretary of War—Wm. W. Belknap, of Iowa* Secretary of the Navy—George M. Roreson, of
New Jersey. Secretary of the Interior—Jacob D. Cox, of Ohio. Postmaster General—John A. J. Cbeswell, of
Attorney General—Amos T. Akebman, of Georgia-t
MEMBERS OF THE FORTY-FIRST CONGRESS.
Second Session, December 6,1869—July 15,1870.
Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate.
George C. Gorham, of California, Secretary.
Maine—Lot M. Morrill,! Hannibal Hamlin.
New Hampshire—Aaron H. Cragin, James W. Patterson.
Vermont—Justin S. Morrill, George F. Edmunds. Massachusetts—Henry Wilson, Charles Sumner. Rhode Island—Henry B. Anthony, William Sprague.
Connecticut—Orris S. Ferry, William A. Buckingham.
New York—Roscoe Conkling, Reuben E. Fenton. New Jersey—Alexander G. Cattell, John P. Stockton.
Pennsylvania—Simon Cameron, John Scott. Delaware—Willard Saulsbury, Thomas F. Bayard.
Maryland—George Vickers, William T. Hamilton.
Virginia^—John W. Johnston, John F. Lewis. North Carolina—John C. Abbott, John Pool.
♦Qualified October 18,1869, in place of John A. Rawlins, deceased September 8,1869.
-[Qualified July 8,1870, in place of E. R. Hoar, resigned.
^Qualified December 6,1869, in place of William Pitt Fessenden, deceased.
J Mr. Lewis qualified January 27,1870; Mr. Johnston, January 28.
South Carolina—Thomas J. Robertson, Frederick
A Sawyer. Georgia.—Not represented. Alabama—Willard Warner, George E.Spencer. Mississippi*—Hiram R. Revels, Adelbert Ames. Louisiana—John S. Harris, William P. Kellogg. Ohio—John Sherman, Allen G. Thurman. Kentucky—Thomas 0. McCreery, Garrett Davis. Tennessee—Joseph S. Fowler, William G. Br&wn
Indiana—Oliver P. Morton, Daniel D. Pratt. Illinois—Richard Yates, Lyman Trumbull. Missouri—Charles D. Drake, Carl Schurz. Arkansas—Alexander McDonald, Benjamin F. Rice.
Michigan—Jacob M. Howard, Zachariah Chandler.
Florida—Thomas W. Osborn, Abijah Gilbert. Texasf—Morgan C. Hamilton, James W. Flanigan.
Iowa—James B. Howell, J James Harlan. Wisconsin—Timothy O. Howe, Matthew H. Carpenter.
California—Cornelius Cole, Eugene Casserly. Minnesota—Daniel S. Norton, § Alex'r Ramsey. Oregon—George H. Williams, Henry W. Corbett. Kansas—Edmund G. Ross, Samuel C. Pomeroy. West Virginia—Waitman T. Willey, Arthur I. Boreman.
Nevada—James W. Nye, William M. Stewart. Nebraska—John M. Thayer, Thomas W. Tipton.
House of Representatives.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Speaker.
Edward McPherson, of Pennsylvania, Clerk.
Maine—John Lynch, Samuel P. Morrill, James G. Blaine, John A. Peters, Eugene Hale.
New Hampshire—Jacob H. Ela, Aaron F. Stevens, Jacob Benton.
Vermont—Charles W. Willard, Luke P. Poland, Worthington C. Smith.
Massachusetts—James Buffinton, Oakes Ames,
*Mr. Revels qualified February 25,1870; Mr. Ames, April 1, 1870. J Qualified March 31,1870.
^Qualified January 26, 1870, in place of James W Grimes, resigned. § Died July 14,1870.
Ginery Twichell, Samuel Hooper, Benjamin F. Butler, Nathaniel P. Banks, George M. Brooks* George F. Hoar, William B. Washburn, Henry L. Dawes.
Rhode Island,—Thomas A. Jenckes, Nathan F. Dixon.
Connecticut—Julius L. Strong, Stephen W. Kellogg, Henry H. Starkweather, William H. Barnum.f
New York—Henry A. Beeves, John G. Schumaker, Henry W. Slocum, John Fox, John Morrissey, Samuel S. Cox,f Hervey C. Calkin, James Brooks, Fernando Wood, Clarkson N. Potter, Charles H. Van Wyck.t John H. Ketcham, John A. Griswold, Stephen L. Mayham, Adolphus H. Tanner, Orange Ferriss, William A. Wheeler, Stephen Sanford, Charles Knapp, Addison H. Laflin, Alexander H. Bailey, John C. Churchill, Dennis McCarthy, George W. Cowles, William H. Kelsey, Giles W. Hotchkiss, Hamilton Ward, Noah Davis, John Fisher, David S. Bennett, Porter Sheldon.
New Jersey—William Moore, Charles Haight, John T. Bird, John Hill, Orestes Cleveland.
Pennsylvania^—Samuel J. Randall, Charles O'Neill, Leonard Myers, William D. Kelley, Caleb N. Taylor, John D. Stiles, Washington Townsend, J. Lawrence Getz, Oliver J. Dickey, Henry L. Cake, Daniel M. Van Auken, George W. Woodward, Ulysses Mercur, John B. Packer, Bichard J. Haldeman, John Cessna, Daniel J. Morrell, William H. Armstrong, Glenni W. Scofield, Calvin W. Gilfillan, John Covode, James S. Negley, Darwin Phelps, Joseph B. Donley.
Delaware—-Benjamin T. Biggs.
Maryland—Samuel Hambleton, Stevenson Archer, Thomas Swann, Patrick Hamill, Frederick Stone.
Virginia\\—Richard S. Ayer, James H. Piatt, jr., Charles H. Porter, George W. Booker, Robert Ridgway, William Milnes, jr., Lewis McKenzie, James K. Gibson.
North Carolina^—Clinton L. Cobb, (vacancy,) Oliver H. Dockery, (vacancy,) Israel G. Lash, Francis E. Shober, Alexander H. Jones.
South Carolina**—(Vacancy,) C. C. Bowen, Solomon L. Hoge, Alexander S. Wallace.
Alabamaff—Alfred E. Buck, Charles W. Buckley, Robert S. Heflin, Charles Hays, Peter M. Dox, William C. Sherrod.
Mississippi—George E. Harris, J. L. Morphis,
* Qualified December 6, 1869, in place of George S. Boutwell. resigned, j- Qualified December 6,1869.
J Qualified February 17,187U, in place of George W. Greene, unseated February 16—yeas 120. nays 59.
g Mr. Covode qualified February 9, 1870. Mr. Taylor, April 13,1870, in place of John R. Reading, unseated— yeas 112, nays 46.
|| Messrs. Piatt,Ridgway,Milnes,andPorterqualified January 27, 1870; Mr Gibson, January 28; Messrs. Ayer and McKenzie, January 31; Mr. Booker, February 1.
1j John T. Deweese resigned February 28,1870. Mr. Shober qualified April 13, 1870. David Heaton died June 25, 1870.
** B. F. Whittemore resigned February 24,1870; reelected, and, June 21, refused admittance by a vote of 130 to 24. Mr Wallace qualified May 27, 1870.
ft Messrs. Buck and Buckley qualified December 6, 1869. Messrs. Dox, Hays, Sherrod, and Heflin, December 7.
*::!: Messrs. Harris, Morphis, MeKee, and Perce,qualified February 23,1S7U. Mr. Barry, April 8.
Henry W. Barry, George C. McK.ee, Legrand W. Perce.
Louisiana*—(Vacancy,) Lionel A. Sheldon, C. B. Darrall, Joseph P. Newsham (vacancy.)
Ohio—Peter W. Strader, Job E. Stevenson, Robert C. Schenck, William Lawrence, William Mungen, John A. Smith, James J. Winans, John Beatty, Edward F. Dickinson, Erasmus D. Peck.f John T. Wilson, Philadelph Van Trump, George W. Morgan, Martin Welker, Eliakim H. Moore, John A. Bingham, Jacob A. Ambler, William H. Upson, James A. Garfield.
Kentucky—Lawrence S. Trimble, William N. Sweeny, Joseph H. Ijewis, % J. Proctor Knott, Boyd Winchester, Thomas L. Jones, James B. Beck, George M. Adams, John M. Rice.
Tennessee—Roderick R. Butler, Horace Maynard, William B. Stokes, Lewis Tillman, William F. Prosser, Samuel M. Arnell, Isaac R. Hawkins, William J. Smith.
Indiana—William E. Niblack, Michael C. Kerr, William S. Holman, George W. Julian, John Coburn, Daniel W. Voorhees, Godlove S. Orth, James N. Tyner, John P. C. Shanks, William Williams, Jasper Packard.
Illinois—Norman B. Judd, John F. Farnsworth, Horatio C. Burchard, ^ John B. Hawley, Ebon C. Ingersoll, Burton C. Cook, Jesse H. Moore, Shelby M. Cullom, Thompson W. McNeely, Albert G. Burr, Samuel S. Marshall, John B. Hay, John M. Crebs, John A. Logan.
Missouri—Erastus Wells, Gustavus A. Finkelnburg, James R. McCormick, Sempronins H. Boyd, Samuel S. Burdett, Robert T. Van Horn, Joel F. Asper, John F. Benjamin, David t. Dyer.
Arkansas—Logan H. Roots, Anthony A. C. Rogers, Thomas Boles.
Michigan—Fernando C. Beaman, William L. Stoughton, Austin Blair, Thomas W. Ferry, Omar D. Conger, Randolph Strickland.
Florida—Charles M. Hamilton.
Texas\\— G. W. Whitmore, John C. Conner, W. T. Clark, Edward Degener.
Iowa—George W. McCrary, William Smyth, William B. Allison, William Loughridge, Frank W- Palmer, Charles Pomeroy.
Wisconsin—Halbert E. Paine, David Atwood.fl Amasa Cobb, Charles A. Eldridge, Philetus Sawyer, Cadwalader C. Washburn.
California—Samuel B. Axtell, Aaron A. Sargent, James A. Johnson.
Minnesota—Morton S. Wilkinson, Eugene M. Wilson.
Oregon—Joseph S. Smith.
West Virginia—Isaac H. Duval, James C. Mo-
* Mr. Newsham admitted May 21,1870—yeas 79, nays 71; qualified May 23. Mr. Darrall admitted July 6, 1870—yeas 96, navs 77; qualified same dav.
tQualified April 23, 1870, in place of Truman H. Hoag, deceased.
J Mr. Golladay resigned February 28, 1870. Mr. Lewis qualified as his successor May 10,1870.
g Qualified December 6, 1869, in place of E. B. wasnburne, resigned.
|| Qualified March 31, 1870.
•j Qualified February 23,1870, in place of Benjamin F. Hopkins, deceased.