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LAWS RELATING TO THE NAVIGATION OF VESSELS ON THE HIGH SEAS, AND ON ALL HARBORS, RIVERS, AND INLAND WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES, EXCEPT THE GREAT LAKES AND THEIR CONNECTING AND TRIBUTARY WATERS AS FAR EAST AS MONTREAL AND THE RED RIVER OF THE NORTH AND RIVERS EMPTYING INTO THE GULF OF MEXICO AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES.

The statutory rules to prevent collisions of vessels are given in comparison form. In the left-hand column are printed the revised international rules (26 Stat. 320–328, 28 Stat. 82, 83, 29 Stat. 381, 31 Stat. 30, 49 Stat. 668; 33 U.S. C. 61-63, 71–84, 91, 92, 101-113, 121, 132, 141, 142). In the right-hand column are printed the rules for the navigation of rivers, harbors, and inland waters of the United States navigable by seagoing vessels (30 Stat. 96-103, 31 Stat. 30, 38 Stat. 381, 47 Stat. 415, 1417, 49 Stat. 669, 1367, 1380; 33 U. S. C. 154–159, 171-183, 191, 192, 201-222, 231, 232).

The revised international rules and the inland rules do not apply to the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal, the Red River of the North, nor to the rivers flowing into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries.

Attention is directed to the definition common to both rules: “The words 'steam vessel' shall include any vessel propelled by machinery."

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES I.--ENACTING CLAUSE, 1.-ENACTING CLAUSE, SCOPE, AND PENALTY SCOPE, AND PENALTY

Be it enacted by the Senate and Whereas the provisions of chapHouse of Representatives of the ter eight hundred and two of the United States of America in Con-laws of eighteen hundred and gress assembled, That the follow- ninety,' and the amendments ing. regulations for preventing thereto, adopting regulations for collisions at sea shall be followed preventing collisions at sea [i. e., by all public and private vessels of international rules of left-hand the United States upon the high column], apply to all waters of seas and in all waters connected the United States connected with therewith, navigable by seagoing the high seas navigable by seavessels.

going vessels, except so far as the ART. 30. Nothing in these rules navigation of any harbor, river, or shall interfere with the operation inland waters is regulated by speof a special rule, duly made by cial rules duly made by local aulocal authority, relative to the thority; and navigation of any harbor, river, Whereas it is desirable that the or inland waters.

regulations relating to the naviga

1

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES

tion of all harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States, except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, shall be stated in one act: Therefore,

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions shall be followed by ail vessels navigating all harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States, except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, and are hereby declared special rules duly made by local authority:

SEC. 3.1 That every pilot, engineer, mate, or master of any steam vessel, and every master or mate of any barge or canal boat, who neglects or refuses to observe the provisions of this act, or the regulations established in pursuance of the preceding section (see section 2, page ], shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars, and for all damages sustained by any passenger in his person or baggage by such neglect or refusal: Provided, That nothing herein shall relieve any vessel, owner, or corporation from any liability, incurred by reason of such neglect or refusal.

SEC. 4.1 That every vessel that shall be navigated without comply

ing with the provisions of this act shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred dollars, one-half to go to the informer, for which sum the vessel so navigated shall be liable

1 See act of June 7, 1897, as amended (30 Stat. 102, 103 ; 33 U. S. C. 158, 159).

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES and may be seized and proceeded against by action in any district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the offense.

PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS

PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS

In the following rules every In the following rules every steam vessel which is under sail steam vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be con- and not under steam is to be considered a sailing vessel, and every sidered a sailing vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a sail or not, is to be considered a steam vessel.

steam vessel. The words “steam vessel” shall The words "steam vesselshall include any vessel propelled by include any vessel propelled by machinery.

machinery. A vessel is "under way," within A vessel is "under way," within the meaning of these rules, when the meaning of these rules, when she is not at anchor, or made fast she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground. to the shore, or aground. II.-LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH II.-LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH

The word "visible" in these The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall rules, when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.

a clear atmosphere. ARTICLE 1. The rules concern- ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with ing lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to in all weathers from sunset to sunsunrise, and during such time no rise, and during such time no other lights which may be mis- other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights taken for the prescribed lights be

be

STEAM VESSELS -MASTHEAD LIGHT

STEAM VESSELS

-MASTHEAD LIGHT

ART. 2. A steam vessel when ART. 2.2 A steam vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On under way shalb, carry—(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if or in the front of the foremast, or a vessel without a foremast, then if a vessel without a foremast, in the fore part of the vessel, at then in the fore part of the vessel, a height above the hull of not a bright white light so constructed less than twenty feet, and if the as to show an unbroken light over breadth of the vessel exceeds an arc of the horizon of twenty twenty feet, then at a height points of the compass, 80 fixed as above the hull not less than such to throw the light ten points on breadth, so, however, that the each side of the vessel, namely, light need not be carried at a from right ahead to trvo points

2 Article 2 is amended by act of Congress approved April 25, 1940, in rules for lights required to be carried by every vessel propelled by machinery and not more than 65 feet in length except tugboats and towboats propelled by steam. See p. 29.

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES greater height above the hull than abaft the beam on either side, and forty feet, a bright white light, so of such a character as to be visible constructed as to show an un- at a distance of at least five miles. broken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.

STEAM VESSELS

-SIDE LIGHTS

STEAM VESSELS—SIDE LIGHTS

(b) On the starboard side a (6) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to green light 80 constructed as to show an unbroken light over an show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the compass, so fixed as to throro the light from right ahead to two the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the star-points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a charac-board side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance ter as to be visible at a distance of of at least two miles.

at least two miles. (c) On the port side a red light (c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an un- 80 constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the broken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the com- horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light pass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two visible at a distance of at least two miles.

miles. (d) The said green and red side (d) The said green and red side lights shall be fitted with inboard lights shall be fitted with inboard screens projecting at least three screens projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as feet forward from the light, 80 as to prevent these lights from being to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

seen across the bow.

STEAM VESSELS-RANGE LIGHTS

STEAM VESSELS-RANGE LIGHTS

(e) A steam vessel when under (e) A seagoing steam vessel way may carry an additional white when under way may carry an adlight similar in construction to ditional white light similar in the light mentioned in subdivision construction to the light men(a). These two lights shall be so tioned in subdivision (a). These placed in line with the keel that two lights shall be so placed in one shall be at least fifteen feet line with the keel that one shall higher than the other, and in such be at least fifteen feet higher than

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