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INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES A steam vessel hearing, ap- A steam vessel hearing, apparently forward of her beam, the parently forward of her beam, the fog signal of a vessel the position fog signal of a vessel the position of which is not ascertained shall, of which is not ascertained shall, so far as the circumstances of the so far as the circumstances of the case admit, stop her engines, and case admit, stop her engines, and then navigate with caution until then navigate with caution until danger of collision is over.

danger of collision is over.

IV. STEERING AND SAIL- IV. STEERING AND SAILING RULES

ING RULES

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Risk of collision can, when cir- Risk of collision can, when circumstances permit, be ascertained cumstances permit, be ascertained by carefully watching the compass by carefully watching the combearing of an approaching vessel. pass bearing of an approaching If the bearing does not appreciably vessel. If the bearing does not change, such risk should be deemed appreciably change, such risk to exist.

should be deemed to exist.

SAILING VESSELS

SAILING VESSELS

ART. 17. When two sailing ves- ART. 17. When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, sels are approaching one another, so as to involve risk of collision, so as to involve risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the one of them shall keep out of the way of the other, as follows, way of the other as follows, namely:

namely: (a) A vessel which is running (a) A vessel which is running free shall keep out of the way of free shall keep out of the way of a a vessel which is closehauled. vessel which is closehauled.

(b) A vessel which is close- () A vessel which is closehauled on the port tack shall keep hauled on the port tack shall keep out of the way of a vessel which is out of the way of a vessel which is closehauled on the starboard tack. closehauled on the starboard tack.

(c) When both are running free, (c) When both are running with the wind on different sides, free, with the wind on different the vessel which has the wind on sides, the vessel which has the wind the port side shall keep out of the on the port side shall keep out of way of the other.

the way of the other. (d) When both are running (d) When both are running free, with the wind on the same free, with the wind on the same side, the vessel which is to the side, the vessel which is to the windward shall keep out of the windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to the way of the vessel which is to the leeward.

leeward. (e) A vessel which has the wind (e) A vessel which has the aft shall keep out of the way of the wind aft shall keep out of the way other vessel.

of the other vessel.

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES

STEAM VESSELS

STEAM VESSELS

ART. 18. When two steam ves- ART. 18. RULE I. When steam sels are meeting end on, or nearly vessels are approaching each other end on, so as to involve risk of col-head and head, that is, end on, or lision, each shall alter her course nearly 80, it shall be the duty of to starboard, so that each may pass each to pass on the port side of the on the port side of the other. other; and either vessel shall give,

as a signal of her intention, one short and distinct blast of her whistle, which the other vessel shall answer promptly by a similar blast of her whistle, and thereupon such vessels shall pass on the port side of each other. But if the courses of such vessels are so far on the starboard of each other as not to be considered as meeting head and head, either vessel shall immediately give two short and distinct blasts of her whistle, which the other vessel shall answer promptly by two similar blasts of her whistle, and they shall pass on

the starboard side of each other. This article only applies to cases The foregoing only applies to where vessels are meeting end on, cases where vessels are meeting end or nearly end on, in such a manner on, or nearly end on, in such a as to involve risk of collision, and manner as to involve risk of coldoes not apply to two vessels which lision; in other words, to cases in must, if both keep on their respec- which, by day, each vessel sees the tive courses, pass clear of each masts of the other in a line, or other.

nearly in a line, with her own, and The only cases to which it does by night to cases in which each apply are when each of the two vessel is in such a position as to see vessels is end on, or nearly end on both the sidelights of the other. to the other; in other words, to cases in which, by day, each vessel sees the masts of the other in a line, or nearly in a line, with her own; and by night, to cases in which each vessel is in such a position as to see both the side-lights of the other.

It does not apply by day to cases It does not apply by day to cases in which a vessel sees another in which a vessel sees another ahead crossing her own course; or ahead crossing her own course, or by night, to cases where the red by night to cases where the red light of one vessel is opposed to light of one vessel is opposed to the red light of the other, or where the red light of the other, or where the green light of one vessel is op-| the green light of one vessel is op

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES posed to the green light of the posed to the green light of the other, or where a red light without other, or where a red light without a green light, or a green light with a green light or a green light without a red light, is seen ahead, or out a red light, is seen ahead, or where both green and red lights are where both green and red lights are seen anywhere but ahead.

seen anywhere but ahead.

RULE III. If, when steam vessels are approaching each other, either vessel fails to understand the course or intention of the other, from any cause, the vessel so in doubt shall immediately signify the same by giving several short and rapid blasts, not less than four, of the steam whistle.

RULE V. Whenever a steam vessel is nearing a short bend or curve in the channel, where, from the height of the banks or other cause, a steam vessel approaching from the opposite direction can not be seen for a distance of half a mile, such steam vessel, when she shalí have arrived within half a mile of such. curve or bend, shall give a signal by one long blast of the steam whistle, which signal shall be answered by a similar blast given by any approaching steam vessel that may be within hearing. Should such signal be so answered by a steam vessel upon the farther side of such bend, then the usual signals for meeting and passing shall immediately be given and answered; but, if the first alarm signal of such vessel be not answered, she is to consider the channel clear and govern herself accordingly.

When steam vessels are moved from their docks or berths, and other boats are liable to pass from any direction toward them, they shall give the same signal as in the case of vessels meeting at a bend, but immediately after clearing the berths so as to be fully in sight they shall be governed by the steering and sailing rules.

RULE VIII. When steam vessels are running in the same direction, and the vessel which is astern shall

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES desire to pass on the right or starboard hand of the vessel ahead, she shall give one short blast of the steam whistle, as a signal of such desire, and if the vessel ahead answers with one blast, she shall direct her course to starboard; or if she shall desire to pass on the left or port side of the vessel ahead, she shall give two short blasts of the steam whistle as a signal of such desire, and if the vessel ahead answers with two blasts, shall direct her course to port; or if the vessel ahead does not think it safe

or the vessel astern to attempt to pass at that point, she shall immediately signify the same by giving several short and rapid blasts of the steam whistle, not less than four, and under no circumstances shall the vessel astern attempt to pass the vessel ahead until such time as they have reached a point where it can be safely done, when said vessel ahead shall signify her willingness by blowing the proper signals. The vessel ahead shali in no case attempt to cross the bow or crowd upon the course of the passing vessel.

RULE IX. The whistle signals provided in the rules under this article, for steam vessels meeting, passing, or overtaking, are never to be used except when steamers are in sight of each other, and the course and position of each can be determined in the day time by a sight of the vessel itself, or by night by seeing its signal lights. In fog, mist, falling snow or heavy rain storms, when vessels can not see each other, fog signals only must be given.

[See pager for lights on ferryboats, barges, and canal boats in tow.]

TWO STEAM VESSELS CROSSING

TWO STEAM VESSELS CROSSING ART. 19. When two steam ves- ART. 19. When two steam vessels are crossing, so as to in- I vessels are crossing, so as to in

INTERNATIONAL RULES

INLAND RULES volve risk of collision, the vessel volve risk of collision, the vessel which has the other on her own which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of starboard side shall keep out of the way of the other.

the way of the other.

STEAM VESSEL SHALL KEEP OUT OF STEAM VESSEL SHALL KEEP OUT OF THE WAY OF SAILING VESSEL

THE WAY OF SAILING VESSEL

ART. 20. When a steam vessel ART. 20. When a steam vessel and a sailing vessel are proceed- and a sailing vessel are proceeding in such directions as to in-ing in such directions as to involve volve risk of collision, the steam risk of collision, the steam vessel vessel shall keep out of the way shall keep out of the way of the of the sailing vessel.

sailing vessel.

COURSE AND SPEED

COURSE AND SPEED

Art. 21. Where, by any of these ART. 21. Where, by any of these rules, one of two vessels is to keep rules, one of the two vessels is to out of the way, the other shall keep keep out of the way, the other her course and speed.

shall keep her course and speed. Note.- When, in consequence of [See articles twenty-seven and thick weather or other causes, such twenty-nine.] vessel finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the giving-way vessel alone, she also shall take such action as will best aid to avert collision. [See articles twenty-seven and twenty-nine.]

CROSSING AHEAD

CROSSING AHEAD ART. 22. Every vessel which is ART. 22. Every vessel which is directed by these rules to keep out directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, of the way of another vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other.

other.

STEAM VESSEL SHALL SLACKEN SPEEDSTEAM VESSEL SHALL SLACKEN SPEED OR STOP

OR STOP

ART. 23. Every steam vessel ART. 23. Every steam vessel which is directed by these rules to which is directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another keep out, of the way of another vessel shall, on approaching her, if vessel shall, on approaching her, necessary, slacken her speed, or if necessary, slacken her speed, or stop, or reverse.

stop, or reverse.

OVERTAKING VESSELS

OVERTAKING VESSELS

ART. 24. Notwithstanding any- Art. 24. Notwithstanding anything contained in these rules thing contained in these rules every vessel, overtaking any other, I every vessel, overtaking any other,

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