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The School of Agriculture.

From the university farm at Davis, Cal., comes a short prospectus of the School of Agriculture of the State for which registration and examinations began on January 5th. The university farm is a tract of 780 acres of land in Yolo County about thirteen miles west of Sacramento, which was purchased two years ago by the State for the University of California to be used by its college of agriculture. Forty acres are devoted to experiments in cereals. Thirty acres is in charge of the United States department of agriculture for experiments in irrigation, twenty acres are in orchard and vineyard, eighty acres are in alfalfa for stock feed and the remainder is in grain and hay, but being turned over to experiment as the years pass. The buildings completed include one dormitory, a creamery, stock pavilion and meeting place, water tower, seed house, dairy barn, work shop and two cottages, one for the general superintendent and the other for the creamery superintendent. The buildings in contemplation are three more dormitories, a dining room and kitchen, administration building and library, general laboratories for animal husbandry, household arts, rural engineering, horticulture and entomology and the green houses, beside stables for stock to replace the ranch barns now being used.

Four short courses in agriculture have been mapped out. A dairy course, a poultry course, irrigation and general agriculture course in horticulture and viticulture and a course in animal industry. These short courses have been completed or are in progress. The regular courses begin next month.

For the first year meals will not be provided on the farms, but can be obtained in the town adjoining, and young lady students will not be admitted during the first year, but there will be room and instruction for them when the other dormitories are built and the laboratory of household arts is completed. The "Varsity eight" is an eight-mule team with which the students are permitted to exercise.


Cooper Medical College, established in San Francisco many years ago and an institution which has furnished California with many physicians, is now a part of Stanford University. The consolidation, which was undertaken by the trustees last semester, has been accomplished, according to an announcement made by the university authorities. Many physicians on the college staff now become professors of the university and the registration is increased by about 500 undergraduates.

School Trustees.

The law requires that this Journal be filed with the teacher before the end of each month. Trustees will find much to interest them in "Little Talks" by Superintendent Hyatt.

In many parts of the State it is now the season to plant trees and shrubbery in the school grounds. The beautifying and sanitation of the school grounds is one of the most important duties of the school trustee.

F. S. Allen of Pasadena is making a speciality of school house plans. Trustees in building school houses should get the very best plans possible. Mr. Allen has accomplished some wonderful work in the building of new school houses.

The school trustees of rural schools are learning to buy only the materials, apparatus, etc., that are needed. It is a good rule to buy only what you need, not what the agent wants to sell.

Miss Annie Loucks of Contra Costa County has taught thirtyone years in the same school. What a wonderful record! What a credit to the citizenship of the community that will sustain a good teacher that many years.

The tendency of education is to train the boy back to the farm. President Roosevelt has sent to the coast a Committee on Country Life. President Wheeler of the University of California is interested in the great agricultural farm in Yolo County. Teachers and others everywhere are insisting on agricultural education in the schools.

If trustees will write to the Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., they can secure on request Dick J. Crosby's "Progress in Agricultural Education, 1907." This is a very important document and its suggestions for school and farm are very valuable.

Nature Study and Elementary Agriculture in California Schools by C. A. Stebbins of the Chico State Normal School is the most complete and satisfying work of its kind. Teachers and Boards of Education should secure a copy at once. Write for copy to C. A. Stebbins, Chico, Cal.

University Farm.



A new circular has been issued by the University of California calling attention again to the instruction in practical agriculture to be given on the University Farm at Davis. It is

illustrated with twenty photographs showing the different buildings and operations upon the farm. The livestock interests are well provided for in the way of barns, alfalfa and irrigation for other forage crops. Experimental plots in cereals, sugar beets and legumes show marked progress in these lines. Horticulture and Viticulture are not lacking in attention, either in area assigned or in plantings and machinery. The illustrations show completed buildings for dairy, livestock judging, water and sewer system, while the most interesting of all is the frame work of the big dairy barn. The photograph shows the barn just previous to the time of shingling and sheathing. At the present writing the barn is finished and ready for the herd. The fifty-room dormitory is shown partly constructed, and is proof of the interest the university is taking in the provision of comfortable quarters for the young people who will go there for instruction. The School of Agriculture for boys is described in detail. Send to the University Farm, Davis, for a copy of Circular No. 39.

Country Life.


An Indiana farmhand has written a letter to President Roosevelt about the work which the Country Life Commission is carrying on. The President has turned the letter over to the Country Life Commission and the Commission has asked the farmhand to write some more.

"I have been a farmhand just long enough," says the President's correspondent, "to learn the cause of so many sons and daughters and well-meaning, reliable farmhands leaving the beautiful farm and country and going to the city. A lack of order and system on the farm and too long hours for a day is what is driving the best minds from the farm to the city and shop. What can we expect of a hand, or the farmer's wife and her posterity, in the way of intellectual development when they get out of their beds at 3:30 in the morning and work from that time until 8 or 9 p. m.? And no attention paid to the sanitary conditions of the home, and necessary conveniences on the farm for doing the farm work with the least labor and time."

This man has given the Country Life Commission some very interesting first-hand information about rural conditions and recommendations based on a long experience in farm work and farm life. He has worked for all kinds of farmers, good and bad, he says, and he has always had his eyes open to detect the causes

of their success or failure. He has drawn his own conclusions and sets them forth in downright, straightforward fashion. Education pays in farming, he says. The farmer who plans out his work and carries it through in a systematic, business-like manner, just as the city man does, will be able to shorten the hours of labor.

"Give me the educated farmer as a boss and the educated farmhand as a hand. When I come in contact with a hand or farmer that studies his business I find him advancing, and it is a pleasure to work for such men.

"The majority of the farmers are eight-hour men, that is, eight hours in the forenoon and eight in the afternoon. Eight or ten hours on the farm cannot well be adopted in all cases, but it need not be from fourteen to sixteen hours. If the family arise every morning at 5 o'clock and the wife and daughters attend to the household duties, and the farmhands and sons attend to the chores and go to the field at 7 o'clock and work until 11 or 11:30 and go to the field agains at 1 and keep at it until 6 o'clock, and go to the house and eat the supper and then do the evening chores, they have done a farm day's work. Regular hours for work, and regular hours for meals, and regular hours for sleep, and regular hours for rest and recreation, with plenty of standard papers and books, including the best agricultural papers and books, and a full faith in God, and good grub is wanted.

"Coming to the meals at the meal hour makes it easy on the wife, so she can arrange her household duties in order, as can also the husband his farm work.

"If the farmer wants to keep his sons and daughters on the farm he must not lengthen the hours for a day's work at both ends. Limit the hours of work on the farm to twelve or thirteen, with pay for overtime, and freedom to the hired man on Sunday.”


Among the bills of special interest to teachers is one to establish a Normal Industrial Training School at Santa Barbara and a State Polytechnic School in San Francisco.


There should be active efforts made to increase the salaries of County Superintendents of Schools. It is unwise on the part of the State that the sheriffs of the various counties should received double the salaries of Superintendents, San Diego County pays $25000, Fresno $2500; other counties as low as $1200. All the salaries of County Superintendents should be materially increased.

Blind Alleys in Our Schools.

(Extract) DR. C. C. VAN LIEW.

What an abundance of evidence we have, when we come to think of it, that the later grades of the elementary school have become a sort of eddy in the child's life in which he finds himself aimlessly drifting. There have been eight years of frequent recurrence of the same materials of instruction, much of it of a purely formal nature. There have been eight years of a getting ready, and as yet no very intimate touch with any very practical or vital issue; while in the meantime the thoroughfares of life have grown more and more attractive to the boys and girls in the blind alleys. Is it any wonder that many of them make their escape, sometimes long before the close of the eight years, either prematurely to essay some part on the great highway of human activity or to become its wayside idlers? They are more or less unconsciously actuated by the feeling that what they are doing leads nowhere. For a great many of them the feeling is true. to the situation. If they expect to continue their education, as in the high school or university, as most of them do not, they continue until they have completed the grades because they have a definite goal before them. It is no counter argument to say that force of circumstances, the need of becoming self-supporting, takes them all out, for we know too many cases in which this is not true. Moreover, on every hand there are coming to us the just protests against enlarging our army of unfit laborers. The call for industrial intelligence is heard in the land with no uncertain note. Exactly the same thing can be said of many who attend the secondary schools. About two-thirds of the children who enter the elementary grades fail to complete them; of these but a little over one-half enter the high school, and of these less than one-third graduate. The rest have been caught in that same blind alley, because what they are asked to do there is giving them no such outlook upon the business of living, of one day becoming identified with such human interests as they are fitted for. Only the professional schools and universities are able to avoid this blind alley crisis in the lives of the students, the former because they have one definite practical outcome in view, the latter because they have many practical avenues of development.

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SUPERINTENDENT J. A. WHITEFORD, St. Joseph, Mo.: Every dollar spent in making the school more attractive and teaching more efficient is doubly repaid in the life and well being of the community.

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