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the texts in reading you wish to submit for consideration and examination, to each of the following named persons:

Dr. Margaret Schallenberger, State Normal, San Jose, California.
Miss Marie E. Hall, State Normal, Chico, California.
Mr. C. E. Rugh, 201 California Hall, Berkeley, California.
Miss Alma Patterson, State Normal, San Francisco, California.
Miss Elizabeth Rogers, State Normal, San Diego, California.
Superintendent P. W. Kauffman, Pomona, California.

Mrs. Emma Young, Eureka, California.

Miss Lillie Martin, Corona, California.

Miss Alice M. Osden, State Normal, Los Angeles, California.

Grammar School History.

The texts in this subject should cover the work of the Grammar Grades, "only," and one copy of each of the texts in History you wish to submit should be sent immediately, if you can do so without charge, to the following named persons:

Miss Effie I. Hawkins, 313 Waverly Street, Palo Alto, California.
Mr. E. I. Miller, State Normal, Chico, California.

Mr. J. B. Newell, 2318 Webster Street, Berkeley, California.
Superintendent E. Morris Cox, San Rafael, California.

Mr. B. O. Kinney, High School, Los Angeles, California.

Mr. W. F. Bliss, 2311 Bancroft Way, Berkeley, California. Miss Eva V. Carlin, 2525 Benvenue avenue, Berkeley, California. Mr. Geo. B. Albee, Eureka, California.

Mrs. Stella Atwood, Riverside, California.


Although the subject has been broached several times in the past five years, the State Board of Education of this State has never seen its way clear to adopt a text in Civics because it felt that a really practical and effective text did not exist.

The difficulty that has been found in the use of Civics texts has been their tendency to deal almost exclusively with the external form and organization of government, or with the formal enumeration of civic duties. Experience has taught that such texts do not take hold of the child effectively, because they possess little of concrete interest, and nothing that will stimulate the formation of habit along civic lines. If there has yet developed a text that aproaches the subject quite concretely, that leads the child to see the civic relations of the life immediately about him and to be interested in them, that finally suggests immediate activity in the life of the child that can make for civic habits, we want to hear from it. We have a notion, for example, that the school itself, the building, grounds, outhouses and apparatus, taken from the viewpoints of both utility of service and beauty or attractiveness, could well be made an effective point of departure in the study of civics. It is not half so important as we sometimes think whether or not a man goes to the primary, or


State Text-Book "Committee'


registers, or votes, unless he possesses the ideas interests, and, in a measure, the habits that make desirable to hear from him at all at the primaries or the polls. In this age we are but too well aware that civic and governmental forms may be the machinery, if not, indeed, the cloak, of anything but civic righteousness. The school can do nothing worth doing with this problem unless it can make for interests and habits, as well as ideas, in the child that will lead him to wholesome civic activity. Now, have you a text that will show itself sufficiently independent of conventions, that will put the child face to face with the concrete evidences of government and civic life as he can always find them in his own environment, e. g. with roads, water and lighting franchises, with measures for public health and sanitation, with public libraries and fire departments, all of which and many more touch the child directly and vitally, and in connection with many of which he can be taught to form habits that will help him to be jealous of his own and other's civic privileges in

The above is intended to be no expression of bias with respect to individual texts. Every book submitted will be considered. It is illustrative of what we look for. It may also be suggestive of the points we should like to have discussed in your own prospectuses of the text you submit. One copy of each of the texts in Civics you wish to submit should be sent immediately, if you can do so without charge, to the following named persons:

Miss A. E. Howe, State Normal, San Jose, California.

Mr. E. I. Miller, State Normal, Chico, California.

Mr. J. B. Newell, 2318 Webster Street, Berkeley, California.
Superintendent F. F. Bunker, Berkeley, California.

Mr. C. B. Locke, Polytechnic High School, Los Angeles, California.
Mr. W. F. Bliss, 2311 Bancroft Way, Berkeley, California.
Mr. A. C. Barker, Prescott School, Oakland, California.

Mr. George B. Albee, Eureka, California.

Superintendent James E. Reynolds, Ventura, California.

You are further invited to send immediately, if you can do so without charge, one copy of each of the books you wish to submit for consideration and examination to each of the following named persons:

Governor James N. Gillett, Sacramento, California.

Hon. Edward Hyatt, Supt. Public Instruction, Sacramento, Cal. Dr. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President University of California, Berkeley, California.

Dr. Alexis F. Lange, Department of Education, Berkeley, Cal. Dr. C. C. Van Liew, President State Normal, Chico, California. Dr. Frederic Burk, President State Normal, San Francisco, Cal. Dr. M. E. Dailey, President State Normal, San Jose, Cal. Dr. J. F. Millspaugh, President State Normal, Los Angeles, Cal. Mr. S. T. Black, President State Normal, San Diego, California. George L. Sackett, Secretary State Text-Book Committee, Sacramento, Cal.

Briefs concerning books sent for consideration may be enclosed to parties named above, but NO TESTIMONIALS, LISTS OF ADOPTIONS, NOR CRITICISMS OF ANY BOOK MUST BE SENT.

In calling for offers, it is with the understanding that we reserve the right to reject any or all bids. It is understood, furthermore, that your own briefs are to be the only communication outside of the text, either to our readers or to members of the Board of Education or this Committee, except when the Board or Committee are sitting in official capacity.

The State Board of Education has come to no decision regarding changes, but has directed the State Text-Book Committee to secure data regarding the merits and prices of the various texts in these subjects, and when collected and tabulated, to submit its report to the State Board of Education for action.



By GEO. L. SACKETT, Secretary.

There have come to our desk during the past few weeks copies of the following publications:

"The Preston School Outlook," published by the Printing Department of the Preston School of Industry, Ione, California. It is a special edition devoted to a report of the dedication of the new Assembly Hall and Gymnasium, which was built entirely by the boys of the trades school of the institution.

It is a splendid piece of workmanship, worthy the efforts of any old established publishing house. The frontispiece is a fine half toned cut of Governor Jas. N. Gillett with other cuts of Trustees, Principal Randall, Buildings, and interior views of Buildings dispersed through the book.

Much credit is due the boys and those in charge for the excellent work being done in this State institution.

"One Hundred Experiments in Elementary Agriculture," by Riley O. Johnson, head of the Department of Biology and Nature Study of the Chico State Normal School.

This publication can be made of great value to the children of the State if teachers will secure copies of it and follow the suggestions of the author. There is a demand for such a work especially in rural communities. Here is to be found splendid material for Friday afternoon exercises for the live resourceful teacher.

"Outline of Civics for Tehama County," by J. D. Sweeney of Red Bluff.

This publication is evidently ment as a handbook for teachers. It is well adapted for the purpose and furnishes suggestions and material for carrying out the work.

It presents the essentials in a concise form and will be of much help to teachers in this important subject. From suggestions we quote: "In all lessons in civics never lose an opportunity of presenting the ethics of the subject; ever endeavor to instill into the minds of the pupils the necessity of law and the greater necessity of obeying that law."

Placer County is doing things. The teachers are wide awake and have co-operated with Superintendent Shine in putting into pamphlet form a brief history of the resources of the county. It is called "Placer County Institute Research." The subject of Education is handled in an able manner by Preston W. Smith; Geology by Dr. J. C. Hawver; Fauna of the County by Maud M. Peaslee, and Transportation by Mrs. Alice McIntosh, are all handled in like manner. A fine thing to be placed in the hands of the teacher of the county to be given as general information to the children in short talks by the teacher.

They also publish in Placer County the entire minutes in detail of the Teachers' Institute. A splendid idea-then each teacher may have a copy and review the work of the institute and give the good things a chance to soak in.

The City Schools of Alhambra have published an Annual for 1908-'09 and Manual for 1908-'09 combined. Not too much, but enough-concise and well done. "Nuf Sed."

State Board of Health

(The State Board of Health is the highest official authority upon the promotion of health and the eradication of disease in California. Its Secretary is Dr. N. K. Foster with offices in the State capitol. With the object of giving to the teachers of the State the best ideas and the latest investigations of this Board, Dr. Foster will prepare something of public interest under this heading each month.)


A Plea for Pure Streams

Notice the beauty of the flowing streams,

Think well about their uses.

Cultivate a respect for them; they are

Nature's irrigation plants,

Homes of the fish,

Delight of the birds,

Water carriers for man and beast, singing as they serve.

Running waters are life savers.

Throw nothing into them to contaminate, poison, and make them life destroyers.

It is selfish, vulgar, even criminal.


Your enjoyment is lacking without the streams; why destroy their fringed edges, spoil their shade, or render water unsightly with trash?


Dig holes to receive all rubbish, neutralize and bury, or burn refuse. Do not burden the streams with it. The birds may claim a share of broken food. Leave no fires unattended.


Empty no tubs, cleanings of either fish, fowl, animal, fruit, vegetable or dairy into your adjacent stream, even though dry. It is not dry in winter.


Do not use arroyos or dry chasms for vaults, looking to storms to cleanse them. Think of your neighbor below. Consider the milk supply and the poisoned water for the stock. Resolve or burn, and fertilize. Try changing stable waste heap and corral yearly and absorb drainage into rank growth of field corn or pumpkins. These will pay you, besides protecting the streams. Study the Pasadena sewer farm methods. Change and growth purify, and nothing is lost.


Allow no drains to reach your streams. India gives us warning. Surface sewage, unresolved has poisoned her soil, and her


The early inhabitants of America gave to the waters due respect. Indian shell mounds and bone heaps stand as monuments to their care of the streams.

From dripping spring or mountain glacier to the sea, our streams call for protection.


Chairman Purity of Streams Committee,

California Club, San Francisco.

The above circular published by the Civic Department of the California Club is so good that we reproduce it in full. It is an

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