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AIR,

RECITATIVE,

RECITATIVE.

CHORUS OF ALL.

The tempest gathers all around,
ISRAELITISH WOMAN.

On Babylon it lies;
RECITATIVE,

Down with her ! down, down to the ground
Ah me! what angry terrors round us grow,

She sinks, she groans, she dies. How shrinks my soul to meet the threaten'd blow!

SECOND PROPHET. Ye prophets, skill'd in Heaven's eternal truth,

Down with her, Lord, to lick the dust, Forgive my sex's fears, forgive my youth!

Before yon setting sun ; Ah ! let us one, one little hour obey;

Serve her as she hath served the just! To-morrow's tears may wash the stain away

Tis fix'd-It shall be done.

FIRST PRIEST.
Fatigued with life, yet loth to part,

On hope the wretch relies ;
And every blow that sinks the heart

No more! when slaves thus insolent presume,
Bids the deluder rise.

The king himself shall judge, and fix their doom. Hope, like the taper's gleamy light,

Unthinking wretches ! have not you, and all,
Adorns the wretch's way;

Beheld our power in Zedekiah's fall ?
And still, as darker grows the night,

To yonder gloomy dungeon turn your eyes ;
Emits a brighter ray.

See where dethroned your captive monarch lies,

Deprived of sight, and rankling in his chain ;
SECOND PRIEST.

See where he mourns his friends and children slain,

Yet know, ye slaves, that still remain behind Why this delay? At length for joy prepare.

More ponderous chains, and dungeons more cosa

fined.
I read your looks, and see compliance there.
Come on, and bid the warbling rapture rise,
Our monarch's fame the noblest theme supplies.
Begin, ye captive bands, and strike the lyre,

Arise, all potent ruler, rise,
The time, the theme, the place, and all conspire.

And vindicate thy people's cause ;

Till every tongue in every land
CHALDEAN WOMAN.

Shall offer up unfeign'd applause.

(Ereunt.
See the ruddy morning smiling,
Hear the grove to bliss beguiling;
Zephyrs through the woodland playing,

ACT III.
Streams along the valley straying.
FIRST PRIEST.

FIRST PRIEST.
While these a constant revel keep,
Shall reason only teach to weep?

Yes, my companions, Heaven's decrees are pasa'dh Hence, intruder! we'll pursue

And our fix'd empire shall for ever last;

In vain the madd’ning prophet threatens woe, Nature, a better guide than you.

In vain rebellion aims her secret blow ;
SECOND PRIEST.

Still shall our name and growing power be sprcada
RECITATIVE.

And still our justice crush the traitor's head.
But bold ! see, foremost of the captive choir,

AIR.
The master-prophet grasps his full-toned lyre.
Mark where he sits with executing art,

Cæval with man
Feels for each tone, and speeds it to the heart ;

Our empire began, See how prophetic rapture fills his form,

And never shall fall Awful as clouds that nurse the growing storm.

Till ruin shakes all. And now his voice, accordant to the string,

When ruin shakes all, Prepares our monarch's victories to sing.

Then shall Babylon fall.

AIR,

RECITATIVE.

FIRST PROPHET.

SECOND PROPIIET.

AIR.

From north, from south, from east, from wesh,

Conspiring nations come ; Tremble, thou vice-polluted breast ;

Blasphemers, all be dumb.

RECITATIVE.
'Tis thus the proud triumphant rear the head,
A little while, and all their power is fled.
But, ha! what means yon sadly plaintive train,
That onward slowly bends along the plain?

Serve them as they have served the just,

And let thy will be done.

And now, behold, to yonder bank they bear
A pallid corse, and rest the body there.
Alas ! too well mine eyes indignant trace
The last remains of Judah's royal race.
Fall'n is our King, and all our fears are o'er,
Unhappy Zedekiah is no more.

FIRST PRIEST.

RECITATIVE.

AIR,

Ye wretches who by fortune's hate

In want and sorrow groan,
Come ponder his severer fate,
And learn to bless your own.

FIRST PROPHET.
You vain, whom youth and pleasure guide,

Awhile the bliss suspend;
Like yours, his life began in pride,

Like his, your lives shall end.

All, all is lost. The Syrian army fails,
Cyrus, the conqueror of the world, prevails.
The ruin smokes, the torrent pours along,—
How low the proud, how feeble are the strong!
Save us, O Lord! to Thee, though late, we pray i
And give repentance but an hour's delay.
FIRST AND SECOND PRIEST

AIR,
O happy, who in happy hour

To God their praise bestow,
And own his all-consuming power
Before they feel the blow!

SECOND PROPHET.

FIRST PROPHET.

RECITATIVE.

more.

RECITATIVE.

Now, now's our time ! ye wretches bold and blind, - Behold his wretched corse with sorrow worn,

Brave but to God, and cowards to mankind, His squalid limbs by ponderous fetters torn;

Ye seek in vain the Lord unsought before, Those eyeless orbs that shock with ghastly glare, Your wealth, your lives, your kingdom are no Those unbecoming rags, that matted hair! And shall not Heaven for this avenge the foe, Grasp the red bolt, and lay the guilty low ? How long, how long, Almighty God of all,

O Lucifer, thou son of morn, Shall wrath vindictive threaten ere it fall!

Of Heaven alike and man the foe;

Heaven, men and all,
ISRAELITISH WOMAN.

Now press thy fall,
And sink thee lowest of the low.

AIR.

AIR,

As panting flies the hunted hind,

Where brooks refreshing stray ; And rivers through the valley wind,

That stop the hunter's way.
Thus we, O Lord, alike distressed,

For streams of mercy long;
Streams which cheer the sore oppressed.

And overwhelm the strong.

FIRST PROPHET.
O Babylon, how art thou fallen!
Thy fall more dreadful from delay!

Thy streets forlorn

To wilds shall turn,
Where toads shall pant, and vultures prey.

SECOND PROPHET.

RECITATIVE.

FIRST PROPHET.

Such be her fate. But hark! how from afar

The clarion's note proclaims the finish'd war! RECITATIVE,

Our great restorer, Cyrus is at hand, But whence that shout? Good heavens amaze. And this way leads his formidable band. ment all!

Give, give your songs of Sion to the wind, See yonder tower just nodding to the fall :

And hail the benefactor of mankind; Behold, an army covers all the ground,

He comes pursuant to divine decree, Tis Cyrus here that pours destruction round:

To chain the strong, and set the captive free And now behold the battlements reclineO God of hosts, the victory is thine!

CHORUS OF YOUTHS.

Rise to transports past expressing,
CIORUS OF CAPTIVES.

Sweeter by remember'd woes ;
Down with them, Lord, to lick the dust;

Cyrus comes our wrongs redressing, Thy vengeance be begun;

Comes to give the world repose.

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Who from bonds our limbs unchaining

Only binds the willing heart.

THE LAST CHORUS.

Cyrus comes, the world redressing,

Love and pleasure in his train; Comes to heighten every blessing, Comes to soften every pain.

SEXI-CHORUS Hail to him with mercy reigning,

Skill'd in every peaceful art;

But chief to thee, our God, defender, friend,

Let praise be given to all eternity; O Thou, without beginning, without end,

Let us and all begin, and end, in Thee.

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Prefaces and Criticism.

THE PREFACE

There are many creatures, described by those nato

ralists of antiquity, which are so imperfectly cha TO DR. BROOKES'S NEW AND ACCURATE SYSTEM OF racterized, that it is impossible to tell to what ans

mal now subsisting we can refer the description. NATURAL HISTORY.

This is an unpardonable neglect, and alone suffi(Published in 1753.)

cient to depreciate their merits; but their creduli.

ty, and the mutilations they have suffered by time, Of all the studies which have employed the in- have rendered them still less useful, and justify dlustrious or amused the idle, perhaps natural his- each subsequent attempt to improve what they tory deserves the preference: other sciences gene- have left behind. The most laborious, as well as rally terminale in doubt, or rest in bare specula- the most voluminous naturalist among the motion ; but here every step is marked with certainty ; derns, is Aldrovandus. He was furnisned with and, while a description of the objects around us every requisite for making an extensive body of teaches to supply our wants, it satisfies our cu- natural history. He was learned and rich, and riosity.

during the course of a long life, indefatigable and · The multitude of nature's productions, how- accurate. But his works are insupportably tedious ever, seems at first to bewilder the inquirer, rather and disgusting, filled with unnecessary quotations than excite his attention; the various wonders of and unimportant digressions. Whatever learning the animal, vegetable, or mineral world, seem to be had he was willing should be known, and unexceed all powers of computation, and the science wearied himself, he supposed his readers could appears barren from its amazing fertility. But a never tire: in short, he appears a useful assistant nearer acquaintance with this study, by giving to those who would compile a body of natural hismethod to our researches, points out a similitude tory, but is utterly unsuited to such as only wish in many objects which at first appeared different; to read it with profit and delight. the mind by degrees rises to consider the things Gesner and Jonston, willing to abridge the vo before it in general lights, til at length it finds na luminous productions of Aldrovandus, have atture, in almost every instance, acting with her tempted to reduce natural history into method, but usual simplicity.

their efforts have been so incomplete as scarcely to Among the number of philosophers who, un- deserve mentioning. Their attempts were improve daunted by their supposed variety, have attempted ed upon, some time after, by Mr. Ray, whose me to give a description of the productions of nature, thod we have adopted in the history of quadrupeds, Aristotle deserves the first place. This great phi- birds, and fishes, which is to follow. No systemalosopher, was furnished, by his pupil Alexander

, tical writer has been more happy than he in reducwith all that the then known world could produce ing natural history into a form, at once the shortest, to complete his design. By such parts of his work yet most comprehensive. as have escaped the wreck of time, it appears, that The subsequent attempts of Mr. Klein and Lin he understood nature more clearly, and in a more næus, it is true, have had their admirers, but, as comprehensive manner, than even the present all methods of classing the produetions of nature age, enlightened as it is with so many later dis- are calculated merely to ease the memory and encoveries, can boast. His design appears vast, and lighten the mind, that writer who answers such his knowledge extensive; he only considers things ends with brevity and perspicuity, is most worthy in general lights, and leaves every subject when it of regard. And, in this respect, Mr. Ray undoubtbecomes too minute or remote to be useful. In his edly remains still without a rival: he was sensible History of Animals, he first describes man, and that no accurate idea could be formed from a mere makes him a standard with which to compare the distribution of animals in particular classes; he deviations in every more imperfect kind that is to has therefore ranged them according to their most follow. But if he has excelled in the history of obvious qualities; and, content with brevity in his each, he, together with Pliny and Theophrastus, distribution, has employed accuracy only in the bas failed in the exactness of their descriptions. (particular description of every animal. This in

tentional inaccuracy only in the general system of some measure satisfied. Such of them as have Ray, Klein and Linnæus have undertaken to been more generally admired, have been longest inamend; and thus by multiplying divisions, instead sisted upon, and particularly caterpillars and butof impressing the mind with distinct ideas, they terflies, relative to which, perhaps, there is the only serve to confound it, making the language of largest catalogue that has ever appeared in the the science more difficult than even the science it- English language. self.

Mr. Edwards and Mr. Buffon, one in the HisAll order whatsoever is to be used for the sake tory of Birds, the other of Quadrupeds, have un-, of brevity and perspicuity; we have therefore fol-doubtedly deserved highly of the public, as far as lowed that of Mr. Ray in preference to the rest, their labours have extended; but as they have whose method of classing animals, though not so hitherto cultivated but a small part in the wide field accurate, perhaps, is yet more obvious, and being of natural history, a comprehensive system in this shorter, is more easily remembered. In his life- most pleasing science has been hitherto wanting. time he published his “Synopsis Methodica Quad- Nor is it a little surprising, when every other rapedum et Serpentini Generis," and, after his branch of literature has been of late cultivated with death, there came out a posthumous work under the so much success among us, how this most interestcare of Dr. Derham, which, as the title-page in- ing department should have been neglected. It forins us, was revised and perfected before his has been long obvious that Aristotle was incomdeath. Both the one and the other have their plete, and Pliny credulous, Aldrovandus too prolix, merits; but as he wrote currente calamo, for sub- and Linnæus too short, to afford the proper entersistence, they are consequently replete with errors, tainment; yet we have had no attempts to supply and though his manner of treating natural history their defecte, or to give a history of nature at once be preferable to that of all others, yet there was complete and concise, calculated at once to please still room for a new work, that might at once retain and improve. his excellencies, and supply his deficiencies. How far the author of the present performance

As to the natural history of insects, it has not has obviated the wants of the public in these rebeen so long or so greatly cultivated as other parts spects

, is left to the world to determine; this much, of this science. Our own countryrnan Moufett is however, he may without vanity assert, that wheththe first of any note that I have met with who has er the system here presented be approved or not, treated this subject with success. However, it he has left the science in a better state than he was not till lately that it was reduced to a regular found it. He has consulted every author whom ho system, which might be, in a great measure, owing imagined might give him new and authentic inforto the seeming insignificancy of the animals them- mation, and painfully searched through heaps of selves, even though they were always looked upon lumber to detect falsehood ; so that many parts of as of great use in medicine; and upon that account the following work have exhausted much labour in only have been taken notice of by many medical the execution, though they may discover little to writers. Thus Dioscorides has treated of their the superficial observer. Gse in physic; and it must be owned, some of them Nor have I neglected any opportunity that offerhave been well worth observation on this account. ed of conversing upon these subjects with travelThere were not wanting also those who long since lers, upon whose judgments and veracity I could had thoughts of reducing this kind of knowledge rely. Thus comparing accurate narrations with to a regular form, among whom was Mr. Ray, what has been already written, and following who was discouraged by the difficulty attending it : either, as the circumstances or eredibility of the this study has been pursued of late, however, with witness led me to believe. But I have had one diligence and success. Reaumur and Swammer- advantage over almost all former naturalists, namedam bave principally distinguished themselves only

, that of having visited a variety of countries mythis account ; and their respective treatises plainly self

, and examined the productions of each upon show, that they did not spend their labour in vain. the spot. Whatever America or the known parts Since their time, several authors have published of Africa have produced to excite curiosity, has their systems, among whom is Linnæus, whose been carefully observed by me, and compared with method being generally esteemed, I have tsought the accounts of others. By this I hu re made some proper to adopt. He has classed them in a very improvements that will appear in their place, and regular manner, though he says but little of the have been less liable to be imposed upon by the insects themselves. However, I have endeavoured hearsay relations of credulity. to supply that defect from other parts of his works, A complete, cheap, and commodious body of and from other authors who have written upon natural history being wanted in our language, it shis subject; by which means, it is hoped, the curi- was these advantages which prompted me to this osity of such as delight in these studies will be in /undertaking. Such, therefore, as choose to rango

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