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(c) (1) Each applicant for an ocean or coastwise deck license, whether original or raise of grade, shall be required to pass practical tests in signalling. The examination in signalling will consist of an examination in the international flag code, Morse flashing, and semaphore. Candidates will be examined in Morse flashing and semaphore in groups where practicable.

(2) Candidates shall be able to read a signal at sight, so far as to name the flags composing the hoist; know the use of the code pennant, numeral and substitute pennants, the meaning of all the single letter signals and the flags used to indicate the quarantine signals; be required to signal some word or words not included in the vocabulary of the code; and have a good knowledge of the distress signals. Candidates will be required to attain a speed of six words a minute in Morse flashing and eight words a minute in semaphore. The average length of a word is to be five letters. Candidates who wish to prove their higher proficiency may request to be tested at a minimum speed of ten words a minute in Morse flashing and twelve words a minute in semaphore. Such candidates, if successful will have the results of their examination reported on their official Ales.

(3) A candidate for license who fails in signalling, but passes in every other subject, will be considered to have failed the examination and shall be so reported; but he may at any time within the six months following his first attempt be reexamined in signalling only, and if he then passes he will be granted a license.

§ 10.05-47 Examination for license as master of Great Lakes steam and motor vessels. (a) An applicant for license as master of Great Lakes steam or motor vessels shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge of the subjects listed in this paragraph:

(1) Pilot rules.
(2) Deviation by azimuth of the sun.
(3) Deviation by azimuth of Polaris.

(4) Construction of a deviation table by any method:

(i) Azimuth of sun or Polaris.

(ii) Equi-distant bearings of a fixed object.

(iii) Ranges.

(iv) Comparison with a gyro or magnetic compass whose deviation is known.

(5) Distance off by bearings and run.

(6) Distance off by distance-finding stations.

(7) Distance off by visibility of lights.

(8) Speed by revolutions and by observation.

(9) Instruments and accessories used in navigation.

(10) Magnetism, deviation, and compass compensation.

(11) Chart navigation and piloting.
(12) Aids to navigation.
(13) Winds and weather.

(14) Signals; storm, wreck, distress, and special.

(15) Stability and ship construction.
(16) Cargo stowage and handling.
(17) Seamanship.

(18) Temporary repairs to hull and equipment.

(19) Drills and lifesaving apparatus.

(20) Ship sanitation; Rules and Regulations for Vessel Inspection, and Navigation Laws of the United States.

(21) Ship's business.
(22) General.
(23) Practical chart work.

(24) Such further examination of a non-mathematical character as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may consider necessary to establish the applicant's proficiency.

§ 10.05-49 Examination for license as master of bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes steam and motor vessels. (a) An applicant for license as master of bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes steam or motor vessels shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge of the subjects listed in this paragraph:

(1) Inland Rules of the Road or Pilot Rules applicable to the waters desired.

(2) Distance off by bearings and run.

(3) Speed by revolutions and by observation of landmarks.

(4) Chart navigation and piloting.
(5) Aids to navigation.
(6) Winds, weather, and current.

(7) Signals; storm, wreck, distress, and special.

(8) Stability and ship construction,
(9) Cargo Stowage and handling.
(10) Seamanship.

(11) Temporary repairs to hull and equipment.

(12) Drills and lifesaving apparatus.

(13) Ship sanitation; Rules and Regulations for Vessel Inspection, and Navigation Laws of the United States.

(14) Ship's business.
(15) General.
(16) Practical chart work.

(17) Such further examination of a non-mathematical character as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may consider necessary to establish the applicant's proficiency.

$ 10.05-51 Examination for license as master of river steam or motor vessels. (a) An applicant for license as master of river steam or motor vessels shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge of the subjects listed in this paragraph:

(1) Duties of masters of river steamers.

(2) Ability to handle the wheel in case of emergency or disaster.

(3) Master's duties and proper method of procedure in case of fire on his vessel.

(4) Proper management of a vessel and crew in case of collision and sinking.

(5) Executive ability generally to manage officers and crew.

(6) General knowledge and ability to navigate steamers with safety to life and property.

(7) Pilot rules governing the navigation of such steamers.

(8) Signals between the pilot house and engine room.

(9) Running, anchor, and signal lights and their proper position on all vessels.

(10) Duties of master in case of fog or stormy weather.

(11) Such other subjects in connection with the navigation of river vessels as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may consider necessary to establish the applicant's proficiency.

$ 10.05-53 Examination for license as master of ferry steam or motor vessels. An applicant for license as master of ferry steam or motor vessels on either the Great Lakes, other lakes, bays, and sounds, or rivers shall be required to pass satisfactorily an examination of such length and scope as will satisfy the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, that

the applicant is capable of handling and navigating such vessels.

$ 10.05-55 Examination for license as master or pilot of yachts on the Great Lakes, other lakes, bays, and sounds, or rivers. An applicant for license as master or pilot of yachts on either the Great Lakes, other lakes, bays, and sounds, or rivers, shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge in handling such vessels, and his familiarity with the lights, lighthouses, channels, buoys, obstructions, courses, and distances between certain points in the waters for which he makes application for license. He shall also be examined regarding his knowledge of the pilot rules for such waters, the running and anchor lights, fog signals, the use of the lead, signal bells between engine room and pilot house, the General Rules and Regulations for Vessel Inspection, and such further examination of a nonmathematical character as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may consider necessary to establish the applicant's proficiency.

§ 10.05-57 Examination for license as master of passenger barges on the Great Lakes, other lakes, bays, and sounds, or rivers. An applicant for license as master of passenger barges on the Great Lakes, other lakes, bays, and sounds, or rivers shall be required to pass satisfactorily an examination of such length and scope as will satisfy the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, that the applicant is capable of handling the class of vessel for which he desires a license.

§ 10.05–59 Examination for license as mate of inland or river steam or motor vessels. An applicant for license as mate of inland or river steam or motor vessels shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination as to his knowledge, experience, and skill in stowage and cargo handling, the operation and handling of fire apparatus, the launching and handling of lifeboats, his knowledge of life preservers and the method of adjusting them, his ability to manage the crew and direct and advise the passengers in case of emergency, his general familiarity with his duties in maintaining discipline and protecting the passengers, and such further examination of a nonmathematical character as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, may consider necessary to establish the applicant's proficiency.

§ 10.05–61 Evaluation of experience not listed. When an applicant presents evidence of service or experience which does not meet the specific requirements of the regulations in this part, but which in the opinion of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, is a reasonable equivalent thereto, the application for license with supporting data shall be submitted to the Commandant for evaluation, together with the recommendation of the Oficer in Charge, Marine Inspection. SUBPART 10.10—PROFESSIONAL REQUIREMENTS

FOR ENGINEER OFFICERS' LICENSES (INSPECTED
VESSELS)

§ 10.10–1 No restriction as to waters on engineer's licenses. (a) Except as otherwise specified in this part no engineer's license issued on or after May 1, 1947, shall be restricted as to the waters upon which the engineer may serve, except that such restrictions on any license, when presented for renewal, shall not be changed without the licensee's consent.

(b) The holder of an engineer's license which is restricted as to waters may serve in the capacity and within the limitations in the license upon other waters without special indorsement as follows:

(1) "Ocean." This includes coastwise waters; Great Lakes; bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes; and rivers.

(2) "Coastwise." This includes the Great Lakes; bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes; and rivers.

(3) "Great Lakes." This includes bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes, and rivers.

(4) Bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes.This includes rivers.

(5) "Inland waters." This includes the Great Lakes; bays, sounds, and lakes other than the Great Lakes; and rivers.

(6) "Rivers." This does not include any other type of waters.

§ 10.10-3 Grade and type of engineer licenses issued, and limitations placed thereon. (a) Licenses in the grades of chief engineer, first assistant engineer, second assistant engineer, and third assistant engineer authorizing service on steam vessels or on motor vessels or on steam and motor vessels, shall be issued to applicants who qualify therefor.

(b) Engineer's licenses of all grades and types may be subject to such horsepower limitation as the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, shall deem appropri

ate. The horsepower limitations to be placed on a license shall be based on the applicant's qualifying experience; however, in no case shall an applicant's license be limited to a lower horsepower than the highest horsepower on which 25% or more of his experience was obtained. No horsepower limitation shall be placed on a license where all of the applicant's qualifying experience has been on merchant vessels of 2,500 horsepower and over.

$ 10.10–5 Removal of restriction as to waters upon renewal of engineer's licenses. Upon the renewal of any engineer's steam license which has been restricted as to waters, the holder shall be allowed the choice of accepting a limitation as to horsepower in lieu of the restriction as to waters. The horsepower limitation shall be determined by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, in accordance with the applicant's experience. The licensee shall be required to agree in writing to such conditions of renewal before the issuance of the license requested.

§ 10.10–7 Conversion of licenses from gross tonnage to horsepower limitations upon renewal.

(a) Steam or motor engineer's licenses issued for any gross tons on specified waters shall be converted to any horsepower for the same waters, when renewed by an Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

(b) Upon renewal of any engineer's license which is limited as to gross tonnage the tonnage shall be converted to horsepower on the new license in the ratio of 3 to 4 (i. e.: 750 gross tons to 1,000 horsepower), except in those cases where an applicant has obtained experience on vessels of greater horsepower than the above ratio would entitle him. In such cases a license of greater horsepower commensurate with the experience obtained may be issued.

$ 10.10-9 Chief engineer; steam vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as chief engineer of steam vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as first assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as second assistant or junior first assistant engineer in charge of a watch on steam vessels while holding a license as first assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(3) While holding a license as chief engineer of motor vessels, either:

(i) 6 months' service as first assistant engineer of steam vessels;

(ii) 6 months' service as observer chief engineer on steam vessels; or,

(iii) 1 year's service as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer of steam vessels.

$ 10.10–11 Chief engineer; motor vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as chief engineer of motor vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as first assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as second assistant or junior first assistant engineer in charge of a watch on motor vessels while holding a license as first assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

(3) While holding a license as chief engineer of steam vessels, either:

(1) 3 months' service as first assistant engineer of motor vessels;

(ii) 3 months' service as observer chief engineer on motor vessels; or,

(iii) 6 months' service as oiler or junior engineer of motor vessels.

$ 10.10-13 First assistant engineer; steain vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as first assistant engineer of steam vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as second assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as third assistant or junior second assistant engineer in charge of a watch on steam vessels, while holding a license as second assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(3) While holding a license as first assistant engineer of motor vessels, either:

(i) 6 months' service as second assistant engineer of steam vessels;

(ii) 6 months' service as observer first assistant engineer on steam vessels; or,

(ili) 1 year's service as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer of steam vessels; or,

(4) 3 years' service as oiler, watertender or fireman on steam vessels for a license as first assistant of steam vessels of not more than 1,000 horsepower.

$ 10.10–15 First assistant engineer; motor vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as first assistant engineer of motor vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as second assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as third assistant engineer or junior second assistant engineer in charge of a watch on motor vessels, while holding a license as second assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

(3) While holding a license as first assistant engineer of steam vessels, either:

(i) 3 months' service as second assistant engineer of motor vessels;

(ii) 3 months' service as observer first assistant engineer on motor vessels; or,

(iii) 6 months' service as oiler or junior engineer of motor vessels; or,

(4) 3 years' service as oiler or fireman on motor vessels for a license as first assistant engineer of motor vessels of not more than 1,000 horsepower.

§ 10.10-17 Second assistant engineer; steam vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as second assistant engineer of steam vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as engineer in charge of a watch, while holding a license as third assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as assistant engineer to the engineer in charge of a watch, while holding a license as third assistant engineer of steam vessels; or,

(3) While holding a license as second assistant engineer of motor vessels, either:

(i) 6 months' service as third assistant engineer of steam vessels;

(ii) 6 months' service as observer second assistant engineer on steam vessels;

or

(ii) 1 year's service as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer of steam vessels.

§ 10.10-19 Second assistant engineer; motor vessels.(a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as second assistant engineer of motor vessels is:

(1) 1 year's service as engineer in charge of a watch, while holding a license as third assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

(2) 2 years' service as assistant engineer to the engineer in charge of a watch, while holding a license as third assistant engineer of motor vessels; or,

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(iii) 6 months' service as oiler or junior engineer of motor vessels.

$ 10.10-21 Third assistant engineer; steam vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for license as third assistant engineer of steam vessels is:

(1) 3 years' service in the engine department of steam vessels, 2 years and 6 months of which must have been as fireman, oiler, watertender, or other qualified member of the engine department, and one-third of the required service may have been on motor vessels; or,

(2) 3 years' service as an apprentice to the machinist trade engaged in the construction or repair of marine, locomotive, or stationary engines together with 1 year's service in the engine department of steam vessels as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer, one-third of such service may have been on motor vessels; or,

(3) Graduation from:

(i) The U. S. Merchant Marine Academy (engineering);

(ii) The engineering class of a state nautical schoolship established under the authority of an act of Congress approved March 4, 1911 (34 U. S. C. 1121);

(iii) The U.S. Naval Academy; or,

(iv) The U.S. Coast Guard Academy; or,

(4) Satisfactory completion of the prescribed course (engineering) at a U. S. Maritime Service or other Government operated training school approved by the Commandant may be accepted as the equivalent of sea service up to a maximum of four months, provided the applicant has obtained the additional qualifying experience prior to enrollment; or,

(5) Graduation from the marine engineering course of a duly recognized school of technology together with 3 months' service in the engine department of steam vessels, one-third of such service may have been on motor vessels; or,

(6) Graduation from the mechanical or electrical engineering course of a duly recognized school of technology together

with 6 months' service in the engine department of steam vessels, one-third of such service may have been on motor vessels; or,

(7) 1 year's service as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer on steam vessels while holding a license as third assistant engineer of motor vessels.

§ 10.10–23 Third assistant engineer; motor vessels. (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for llcense as third assistant engineer of motor vessels is:

(1) 3 years' service in the engine department of motor vessels, 2 years and 6 months of which must have been as fireman, oiler, watertender, or other qualified member of the engine department, and one-third of the required service may have been on steam vessels; or,

(2) 3 years' service as an apprentice to the machinst trade engaged in the construction or repair of marine, locomotive, or stationary engines together with 1 year's service in the engine department of motor vessels as oiler or junior engineer, one-third of such service may have been on steam vessels; or,

(3) Graduation from:

(i) The U. S. Merchant Marine Academy (engineering);

(ii) The engineering class of a state nautical schoolship established under the authority of an act of Congress approved March 1911 (34 U. S. C. 1121);

(iii) The U. S. Naval Academy; or,
(iv) The U. S. Coast Guard Academy;

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