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evening of July 29th. The beautiful audience room was densely packed and the crowd manifested its appreciation by frequent applause as piece after piece was presented. The Stonewall Band, which numbers more than twenty pieces, and which has extended a number of courtesies to the institute, contributed no little to the pleasures of the evening by its excellent rendering of a number of choice selections.

The people of Staunton have opened their homes to the teachers and have exhibited a kindness that is highly appreciated. At this writing 604 teachers have regis. tered and though this number has not been present at any one time the daily sessions have probably averaged 500.

The local arrangements, have been under the care of Superintendents W. A. Bowles, of Staunton, and H. S. Roller, of Augusta and an excellent corps of assistants. They have worked unceasingly for the comfort of the institute as a body and of the teachers individually, and deserve the hearty thanks of all concerned.

The Late Thomas P. Lilly.

Peacefully passed to his rest on Friday, June 26th, THOMAS P. LILLY, a native of Fluvanna county, Va., but for several years past superintendent of schools in Marshall, Texas. He was a man of varied culture, and was devoted to literary work. For the larger part of his life he was a teacher, though for several years be was connected with the press. In both fields he achieved an honorable success. Almost his last work was a revision of one of our popular English grammars.

In his death Virginia loses a loving son, his profession an honored and valuable co-worker, and his associates a true and faithful friend. The following high and de. served tribute is from the pen of Professor M. Schele de Vere, of the University of Virginia, who knew him long and intimately :

"In Mr. THOMAS P. LILLY, who died on June 26th, in the city of Richmond, Va., the South has lost one of the few true scholars of whom she can justly be proud. Endowed with uncommon natural abilities, he trained himself thoroughly and conscientiously by faithful and persevering study at school, college, and university. The facility with which he acquired modern languages inspired him naturally with a strong predilection for them, and thus he mastered four or five of the principal idioms of Europe so completely that he not only read them with ease, but wrote them in original compositions, without betraying their foreign origin. His whole life was one of devotion to duty. Sacrificing for long years comfort, fame, and even health, to the demands of filial piety, he gave himself afterwards with equal matchless unselfishness to the duties of his profession as a teacher. Never were the labors of this most absorbing of all occupations more conscientiously performed ; never was teacher more richly rewarded by the progress and the love of his pupils. Happy the man that can, like him, leave to his loving wife and tender infant the precious legacy of a name without blemish, and the esteem and praise of all who knew him here and now call him blessed!”

The Magazines.

THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY for July.- Contents: The New Portfolio, XI-XIII, Oliver Wendell Holmes; The Singular Case of Jeshurur Barker, Joba Wilkinson ; The Two Elizabeths, John G. Whittier : Childhood in Medieval Art, Horace E Scudder: The Prophet of the Great Smoky Moun. tains, XIII, XIV, Charles Egbert Craddock; Bacchus, Frank Dempster Sherman; A Mexican Vaca. tion Week; A Country Gentleman, XXI-XXIII M 0. W. Oliphant; Tempted; A Bit of Bird-Life; China Speaks for Herself; Daniel De Foe and Thomas Shepard, Edward Everett Hale; On Horseback, 1, Charles Dudley Warner; Southwestern Kansas seen with Eastern Eyeg; Garibaldi's Ideas; Roses; England, Russia and India; Two English Men of Letterg; Paradise Found; A Chat in the Saddle; Francisque Sarcey; The Contributors' Club: Books of the Month.

CONTENTS OF ST. NICHOLAS for July.Frontispiece: "The Pet Fawn:" A School of Long Ago, Edward Eggleston, two illustrations ; Jingles: "Ob, Dear!” five illustrations : Our Secret So. ciety, three illustrations; The Land Without a Name, poem; Driven Back to Eden. Chapter VI, E, P. Roe, three illustrations; Answered Riddle, Jingles No 2 ; Historic Girls, III, Clotilda of Bur. gundy, three illustrations; Johnny “Interviews" an Anemone; A Lullaby, verses; IIis One Fault, chs. XXII-XXIV, J.T. Trowbridge, two illustrations: The Liberty Bell, poem, illustrated; A School Adoat, six illustrations; Washington's First Correspondence; Daughter Itha, illustrated; Sheep or Silver? chy. III, IV; A Duet, picture; The Children of the Cold, V, four illustrations; The Six Little Flies, verses; Among the Lawmakers, chs. XVI, XVII, XVIII. XIX, illustrated; From Bach to Wagner, IV, Mozart; For Very Little Folk, How Sport Saved the Kittens; Jack-in-the-Pulpit, illus. trated.

LIPPINCOTT'S MAGAZINE for JulyContents: On this side, a story, VII. by F.C. Baylor; A Temple Pilgrimage. by Henry Frederic Reddall; “ Mees," a story, by Charles Dunning: The Next Vacation, by Alice Wellington Rollins; The Pioneers of the Southwest, two papers, I, by Edmund Kirke; Dieu Dispose, a story, by Nathan Clifford Brown; Joseph J. Mickley, by J. Bunting; The White-Whalers, by C. F. Holder.

Aurora, by Mary Agnes Tincker, is concluded in this issue. A number of short stories, poems, and articles of interest upon current topics also appear.

POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY for July. Contents: A Great Winter Sanitarium for the American Continent; Recent Progress in Arial Navigation, hy Professor W. Le Conte Stevens, illustrated; Archæological Frauds; Railroads, Telegraphs and Civilization; Diet in Relation to Age and Activity; An Experience with Opium ; Some Self-made Astronomers; On Leaves, by Sir John Lubbock, illustrated; Earthquake Phenomena; Curiosities of Starfish Life, illustrated; Ethics and the Development Theory: Moths and Mothcatchers; Hygiene of the Aged; The Oldest Airbreathers, illustrated; Sketch of Professor S. P. Langley, with portrait; Editor's Table : A Perpicious Political Tendency : Beecher on Evolution; Spreading it too Thin.

THE JULY CENTURY.-Two portraits of marked interest in the July CENTURY are the frontispiece picture of Frederic Mistral, and the full page portrait after a daguerreotype of Henry Clay. Not less striking than the portraits are the articles accompanying them. George Bancroft contributes a vivid sketch of Clay's personality, and Alphonse Daudet writes of his friend, Mistral, the Provencal poet. Of timely importance is the Indo-Afgban paper, “The Gate of India," by W. L. Fawcett.

A description of " George Eliot's County" is the opening illustrated paper. Others, are Dr. Edward Eggleston's profusely illustrated paper on Social Life in the Colonies; and an account of the explorations of the late " Frank Hatton in North Borneo."

The war papers of the July No. are profusely illustrated, and comprise a description of the Confederate pursuit during McClellan's Change of Base," by General D. II. Hill; “Rearguard Fighting at Savage Station," by General W. B. Franklin; “ The Seven Days' Figbting about Richmond," by General James Longstreet; and points of minor interest in " Memoranda."


R. R. FARR, Superintendent Public Instruction, Editor.

(The Journal is sent to every County Superintendent and District Clerk, and must be carefully preserved by them as public property and transmitted to their successors in office,

Our Peabody Normals. Never in the history of Virginia have our teachers' institutes at: tracted as much attention as this summer. We were present and opened the Staunton, Fredericksburg and Marion Normals, and it was certainly very gratifying to us to find so many earnest teachers in attendance the first day of the session; it speaks well for their promptness and shows that they are determined to keep up with the progress of the age. Staunton Normal organized with over two hundred teachers present, and before the hour of adjournment same day, over three hundred had enrolled. Fredericksburg opened with over one hundred and fifty present. Marion with over one hundred and seventy, and, as will be seen from the reports of the conductors, the attendance at each of the Normals has been greatly increased.

From the Peabody Normal at Staunton, Prof. Winston under date of July 24, reports, “that the number of teachers enrolled in this Institute to date is five hundred and thirty-five (535), and others are still coming in. If I may judge by the diligent attention given to all the instruction and the manifest desire on the part of all, or nearly all, to get all the benefit possible out of the opportunities offered, then I think we may consider our work a full success. The arrangements for boarding have been so well carried out that everybody seems satisfied. The hot weather has lowered our stock of energy a little, and the church is only tolerably well suited for such gatherings, but we have borne up well, I think, and hope for better temperature. Upon the whole, then, I wish to report that the Institute, now closing its second week, has succeeded in every important point beyond my expectations."

By later advices from Staunton we are informed that the enrollment of teachers has reached five hundred and seventy-three and that they are still coming.

From the “ Fredericksburg Peabody Normal,” Prof. Mitchell, July 27, reports that “there are two hundred and fifty school officers and teachers enrolled at present and many more are expected this week. One could hardly find a more interesting body of teachers anywhere, and their close attention to all instruction and exceptionally good conduct are praised on all sides. The citizens of Fredericksburg seem to appreciate the honor you have shown them by selecting this place for the institute, and are repaying it by hospitable treatment and encouraging attendance at all the different sessions. We are holding two sessions daily : From 9 A. M. to 1:30 P. M., and from 5 P. M. to 6:30 P. M. The morning session consists of regular instruction from Prof. Swartz and myself alternately. The one in the evening is devoted to the discussion of school-room diffi. culties, by the instructors and members of the institute generally. A regular organization of this session has been effected with Mr. X. X. Charters, president, and Mr. D. D. Hickerson, secretary. Subjects are assigned and different lectures appointed for each day. Participation adds to the interest of the members, and the preparation necessary for the performance of their duties renders the exercises quite profitable. Everybody seems to be pleased and all are looking forward hopefully to an increase of profitable enjoyment during the remainder of the institute.”

From the Peabody Normal at Marion, Prof. Walton, July 25th, makes the following report: “The number enrolled to date is two hundred and three-(still coming). I have pleasure to report a most attentive and earnest spirit pervading the entire class. Two evening lectures have been attended by large and gratified audiences. These were entertained by Prof. Greisner, of Female College, Marion, and by Dr. Peters, of the University of Virginia, and also by singing and readings. I will make report, as early as practicable, of proceedings in full. Major Pendleton affords me great aid, in various ways. The people are cordial.”

We have not received a written report from Prof. Montgomery, of Danville Peabody Normal, for colored teachers, but we were there a few days ago and found the institute working finely, with one hundred and seventy teachers present.

The summer session of the Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute, at Petersburg, is under the management of Prof. James Storum, Principal of this Institution, who makes the following report: “The summer session for 1885 began July 9th at 8:30 A. M., as per instruction. The number enrolled on that date was twenty-six. The teachers have been steadily coming in since that date and up to the present writing we have enrolled in all eighty-two teachers, the ladies and gentlemen being about equally divided. The teachers have been classified as well as the circumstances will allow. The following classes have been organized and are in successful operation : Grammar, Reading, Geography-Descriptive and Physical-Arithmetic, Algebra, History, Physics and the Theory and Practice of Teaching. In addition to these classes we have arranged with Dr. Harris for a course of six lectures on Physiology and Hygiene, two of which have already been given. There is a great deal of hard work being done here in spite of the excessively hot weather. There probably has never been a body of teachers assembled in any part of this land more eager for instruction and more studious in their habits than the teachers now in attendance at this session. This remark was made by a visitor yesterday: 'They are actually studying their lessons.' The classes are all large and well attended, which argues well for the interest manifested. I trust it will be in your power to visit us soon. There is not a teacher here who has not made and is making a sacrifice to be here, and to be assured of a certificate would greatly encourage them.”

It will be seen from these reports that our teachers are alive to their interest and are exerting themselves to become thoroughly proficient in their profession; they deserve all praise, and school officers should see to it that, in assigning their schools, these teachers be given preference. Teachers ought to be encouraged to attend these normals, and as soon as they are made to see and feel that normal training means something, and that preference is going to be given those who attend them, the attendance will be largely increased. Of course it will take time to build up a system of summer normals or training schools in our State, and it can never be done systematically and permanently while we are dependent upon charity for their support-we care not how free it may be given. Our State ought not only to repeal the law which prohibits the Board of Education from holding teachers' institutes, but it ought to, and must make a liberal . appropriation for their support.

We say must, and we mean it; for each year the effort of the Peabody trustees, by their valuable and efficient agent, Hon. J. L. M. Curry, through our school officials, to educate our teachers and elevate the profession, is attracting the attention of the people and they will soon see its importance and will demand that suitable provision be made for that purpose. We want to express our hearty thanks to the citizens of the towns where our normals are located for the great interest they manifest in them and for the hearty

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