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ECLECTIC PHYSIOLOGY AND HYGIENE Entirely new. Profusely Illustrated with engravings and colored plates. Adapted to Common and High Schools. About 208 pp. Full cloth. Introduction and sample copy price 60 cents. Exchange price 36 cents. Ready in June :

ECLECTIC PRIMARY HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES. By EDWARD S. Ellis. The most beautiful and interesting primary history published. More than 100 illustrations by the best artists. About 208 pp. Square 12 mo., hf. roan, cloth sides. Introduction and sample copy price 50 cents. Exchange price 30 cents. Ready in June:

ECLECTIC SYSTEM OF DRAWING. Industrial and Free Hand Draw. ing. By Miss CHRISTINA SULLIVAN, Teacher of Drawing in the Cincinnati Public Schools. In 12 Numbers. Now Ready:

Introduction and

Sample Copy Price. Hand Book of New Eclectic Penmanship,

$0.50 Hewett's Pedagogy, .

. . . . . 1.00 Schuyler's Revised Algebra, . . . . . . 1.00 Ray's New Test Examples in Arithmetic, .:.

.35 Murdoch's Plea for Spoken Language,

1.00 Thalheimer's General History, Revised, ..

1.20 Kidd's New Elocution, :


NEW ECLECTIC GEOGRAPHIES. Two Book Series. The latest and best. Adopted for St. Louis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, New York, Jersey City, etc.

WHITE'S NEW ARITHMETICS. Two Book Series. Uniting Oral and Written Processes, and Embodying the Inductive Method.

NEW ECLECTIC PENMANSHIP. Revised and re-engraved.

McGuffey's Revised Readers, Speller and Charts,
Ray's New Arithmetics and Algebras,
Harvey's Revised. Grammars,
Eclectic History of the United States,
Thalheimer's Historical Series,
Schuyler's Series of Mathematics, etc.


VAN ANTWERP, BRAGG & Co., Publishers,

Cincinnati and New York.

Worman's Modern Language Series.

GERMÁN. First German Book, after the Natural or Pestalozzian Method, for Schools and

Home Iustruction. 12mo, 69 pages. 30 cents. Il Second German Book, intended to continue the work of the First Book, but also

very valuable as a Reading Book in Elementary classes. 12mo, 84 pages. 40 cents.

These little books work marvels in the school-room. The exercises are so developed out of pictured objects and actions, and are so well graduated, that almost from the very outset they go alone. A beginner would have little use for a dictionary in reading them. The words are so introduced, and so often used, that the meaning is kept constantly before the mind, without

the intervention of a translation, An Elementary German Grammar, An easy introduction to the language.

24mo, 300 pages. $1.00. A Complete German Grammar. A full and comprehensive treatment of the

language for School or Home, with a comprehensive Vocabulary giving

Synonymical Equivalents. $1.40. | An Elementary German Reader, carefully graded by extensive notes, making it

serviceable to the very beginner. 12mo, 145 pages 90 cents. 1. A Collegiate German Reader, or Introduction to German Literature. With

philological notes and references to the Grammars, and an adequate Dic

tionary. 12mo, 525 pages. $1.25. A Manual of German Conversation-the "German Echo." For practice in the

spoken language. 203 pages. 90 cents.

'It presupposes an elementary knowledge of the language, such as may be acquired from the First German Book, by Professor Worman, and furnishes A RUNNING GERMAN TEXT, allowing the learner, of course, to find the meaning of the words (in the appended Vocabulary), and forcing

him, by the absence of English in the text, to think in German. Copy-Books for Instruction in German Script. Nos. I-III. 15 cents each.

FRENCH First French Book, after the Natural or Pestalozzian Method, for Schools and

Home Instruction (on the same plan as the German). 12mo, 83 pages. 40

cents Second French Book--Following the First Book in order, or to be used as an

Elementary French Reader 50 cents. Grammaire Francaise, containing only the Essentials of French Grammar, add

pointing out the variations of the French from the English. 12mo, 184 pages. $1.00

This book, in perfect accord with the best prevailing methods of language-teaching, should supersede, in American schools, all French Grammars written only for French schools in

France. Teacher's Hand-Book to the Grammaire Francaise, furnishing the English

Teacher ample material for successful use of this book. 12mo, 140 pages.

$1.00. A Manual of French Conversation-tbe "Echo de Paris.” Plan of the “Ger

man Echo." 12mo, 212 pages. 90 cents.

C'est un véritable trésor, merveilleusement adapté au développement de la conversation familière et pratique, telle qu'on la veut aujonrd'hui. Cet excellent livre met successive ment en scène, d'une manière vive et intéressante, toutes les circonstances possibles de la vie ordinaire.

SPANISH. First Spanish Book, after the Natural Method (like the German). 12mo. 96

pages. 40 cents."

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers,

III & 113 William St., New York.

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The Teacher's Professional Library....... 273 1 Option in School Studies.
Woman as an Educator..........

277 Economy of Time in Schools.. The State Normal School.....

280 Editorial Paragraphs.... Some Ways to Elevate the Teacher's Pro

Book Notices........ fession................................ 281 News and Notes..... The Choice of Occupation.......


Publishers' Notes.. Shall we Put Spectacles on Children ?....

The Magazines...... Good Language....


II. Official Department, Our Peabody Normal Institutes...

299 | School Laws....... Annual Reports ...

School Law of Virginia... Warrant Books....

294 297 297 298


Entered at the Post Office at Richmond, Va., as Second Class matter..


329 W. Main St.,

RICHMOND, VA. Subscription price $1.00 in advance.


Specimen copies 10 cents.'

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THE Educational Journal o

Vol. XV.

Richmond, Va., July, 1884.

No. 7.

The Teacher's Professional Library,

It is now beginning to be understood that education is a sciencethat it has fundamental principles susceptible of classification and systematic development. This idea is not yet thoroughly incorporated into the mind of this State, but it is gradually spreading. The idea that anybody can teach school—that a man who is a failure in other vocations will succeed at teaching—is losing its hold on the public mind. It is beginning to be accepted that a man, to make a successful teacher, must have proper training. All men recognize this necessity in the case of the physician, the lawyer, the engineer, the artist. It is difficult to see why this training may be wanting, as is alleged, in a profession which in its true development and faithful exercise demands the solution of far higher problems than any of them. That the need for such training is gaining a firmer hold on the public mind is evinced by the establishment of Normal Schools and the more hearty support given by the teachers themselves to Normal Institutes. Some of our colleges are recognizing this need by establishing chairs of Pedagogics or by providing courses of lectures on professional culture. The existence of this need is not new to those who have studied the subject to any considerable extent. The public mind is gradually being permeated by it. Teaching is rising from a mere vocation to the dignity of a profes. sion.

Education has been regarded by some as simply furnishing the means whereby the individual may become a more skillful and suce cessful “bread-winner.” This is a worthy end, but it is not the supreme end in education. The great end of education is the development and cultivation of the faculties of the human mind, so as to produce mental power, to impart information and to form, as the ultimate result, noble character. The work of the teacher is, then, no easy task.


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