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Richmond and DanvilleExcursion rates.

Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac-One unlimited fare for round trip.

Seaboard and Roanoke-Round trip tickets one fare. Washington, Ohio and Western-Round-trip tickets one fare.

Baltimore and Ohio-Round-trip tickets two cents per mile each way. On sale from July 22d to 31st inclusive.

Virginia Midland-One unlimited fare for round trip.

Richmond and Alleghany-Round trip Tickets for two cents each way.

Danville and New River-Free return on certificate of attendance.

Potomac, Fredericksburg and Piedmont-Free return on certificate of attendance.

Chesapeake and Ohio-Round-trip tickets two cents per mile each way..

Norfolk Southern-Round-trip tickets 272 cents per mile each way. York River,Round-trip tickets 27/2 cents per mile each way,

Norfolk and Western and Shenandoah Valley—272 cents per mile each way. (Tickets over these routes can be purchased any day during session of Institute.)

Tickets good until close of Institute.

The railroad authorities require that tickets shall be purchased on or before the day of opening of the Institute. Promptness in attendance is therefore essential, though parties can procure their tickets and hold them, as they will be good for any day during the sessions.

Any complaint regarding fare over either road must be filed immediately with G. W. HAWXHURST, Secretary Board of Education, Richmond, giving full particulars.

Teachers and others must apply to their respective Superintendents for certificates by which to avail themselves of these rates.

School LAWS.—We will commence the delivery of the bound copies of the school law to the school officers of the several counties in a few days. These will only be furnished through the county and city Superintendents, as follows: One copy for use of Superintendent, three copies to each district clerk (to be by him delivered to the members of his board), one copy to each member of the board of School Commissioners. Each Superintendent, on receipt of his copy, will imme. diately return to this office the paper-bound one now in his possession.

WANTED—By a Lady Graduate of the State Normal College at Nashville, Tenn., a Situation as Teacher in a graded school. Address Miss B., Flanagan's Mills, Cumberland Co., Va.



(Continued from page 216.)

Oath of Office.

Sec. 5.* All persons, before entering upon the discharge of any function as officers of this state, must take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation :

"],- - , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and maintain the constitution and laws of the United States, and the constitution and laws of the state of Virginia; that I recognize and accept the civil and political equality of all men before the law, and that I will faithfully perform the duty of to the best of my ability: So help me God.

[The Schedule embraced in amendments to this article, ratified on the 7th of November, 1876, is in these words:


2. That all elections held subsequent to the ratification of these amendments by the people before the adjournment of the next regular session of the legislature, held after such ratification, shall be had and conducted under and in accordance with the election laws and registration laws which may be in force at the time of such ratification, unless the same shall have been sooner amended or repealed by the general assembly.]




Sec. 1. The chief executive power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a governor. He shall hold office for a term of four years, to commence on the first day of January next succeeding his election, and be ineligible to the same office for the term next succeeding that for which he was elected, and to any other office during his term of service.

SEC, 2. The governor shall be elected by the voters at the times and places of choosing members of the general assembly. Returns of elections shall be transmitted, under seal, by the proper officers, to the secretary of the commonwealth, who shall deliver them to the Speaker of the House of Delegates on the first day of the Dext session of the general assembly. The Speaker of the House of Delegates shall, within one week thereafter, in presence of a majority of the Senate and House of Delegates, open the said returns, and the votes shall then be counted. The person

• Change of the numbers of sections 5 and 6 to 4 and 5 rendered necessary by the striking out of secHoa 4, Article III.


having the highest number of votes shall be declared elected; but if two or more shall have the highest and an equal number of votes, one of them shall be chosen governor by the joint vote of the two houses of the general assembly. Contested elections for governor shall be decided by a like vote, and the mode of proceeding in such cases shall be preseribed by law.

Sec. 3. No person except a citizen of the United States shall be eligible to the office of governor; and if such person be of foreign birth, he must have been a citizen of the United States for ten years next preceding his election; nor shall ang person be eligible to that office unless he shall have attained the age of thirty years, and have been a resident of this state for three years next preceding his election.

Sec. 4. The governor shall reside at the seat of government; shall receive five thousand dollars for each year of his service, and while in office shall receive to other emolument from this or any other government.

SEC. 5. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed; communicate to the general assembly at every session the condition of the commonwealth; recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem expedient, and convent the general assembly, on application of two-thirds of the members of both houses thereol, or when, in his opinion, the interest of the commonwealth may require it He shall be commander-in-chief of the land and naval forces of the state ; have power to embody like militia to repel invasion, suppress insurrection, and enforce the execution of the laes: conduct, either in person or in such manner as shall be prescribed by law, all intet course with other and foreign states; and during the recess of the general assemby, to fill, pro tempore, all vacancies in those offices for which the constitution and lawi make no provision; but his appointments to such vacancies shall be by commissions to expire at the end of thirty days after the commencement of the next session of the general assembly. He shall have power to remit fines and penalties in such case and under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by law, and except when the prosecution has been carried on by the House of Delegates ; to grant reprieves and pardons after conviction; to remove political disabilities consequent upon CDHviction for offences committed prior or subsequent to the adoption of this constitution, and to commute capital punishment; but he shall communicate to the general asset : bly, at each session, particulars of every case of finé of penalty remitted, or reprieve or pardon granted, and of punishment commuted, with his reasons for remitting, granting, or commuting the same.

Sec. 6. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive departır.ent upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices; and may also require the opinion, in writing, of the attorney-general upon any question of law connected with his duties.

SEC. 7. Commissions and grants shall run in the name of the commonwealth of Virginia, and be attested by the governor, with the seal of the commonwealth annexed.

Sec. 8. Every bill which shall have passed the Senate and House of Delegates, and every resolution requiring the assent of both branches of the general assembly, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor; if he approves, he sbal sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections, to the house in wbich r shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such consideration, two-thirds of the members present shall agree to pass the bill or joint resolution, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and, if approved by two-thirds of the members present, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the objection of the governor. But in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by ayes and noes, and the names of the members voting for and against the bill or joint resolution shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill or resolution shall not be returned by the governor within five days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the legislature shall, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.



Sec. 9. A lieutenant-governor shall be elected at the same time and for the same term as the governor, and his qualification and the manner of his election, in all respetes, shall be the same.

Sec. 10. In case of the removal of the governor from office, or of his death, failure to qualify, resignation, removal from the state, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the office, the said office, with its compensation, shall devolve upon the lieutenant-governor; and the general assembly shall provide by law for the discharge of the executive functions in other necessary cases.

SEC. II. The lieutenant-governor shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote except in case of an equal division; and while acting as such shall receive a compensation equal to that allowed to the Speaker of the House of Delegates.

Secretary of the Commonwealth, Treasurer, and Auditor.

Sec. 12. A secretary of the commonwealth, treasurer, and auditor of public accounts, shall be elected by the joint vote of the two houses of the general assembly, and continue in office for the term of two years, unless sooner relieved. The salary of each shall be determined by law.

Sec. 13. The secretary shall keep a record of the official acts of the governor, which shall be signed by the governor and attested by thc secretary; and when required he shall lay the same, and any papers, minutes and vouchers pertaining to his office, before either house of the general assembly; and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by law. All fees received by the secretary shall be paid into the treasury.

Sec. 14. The powers and duties of the treasurer and auditor shall be such as are DOW or may hereafter be prescribed by law.

SEC, 15. There may be established in the office of the secretary of state a bureau of statistics and a bureau of agriculture, chemistry and geology, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law.

SEC. 16. The general assembly shall have power to establish a bureau of agriculture and immigration, under such regulations as may be prescribed.

Board of Public Works.

Sec. 17. There shall be a board of public works, to consist of the governor, auditor, and treasurer of the commonwealth, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law.




SEC. 1. The legislative power of this commonwealth shall be vested in a general assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Delegates.

SEC. 2. The House of Delegates shall be elected biennially by the voters of the several cities and counties, on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in November, and shall, from and after the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in November, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, consist of not more than one hundred and not less than ninety members.

Sec. 3. From and after the same date, the Senate shall consist of not less that thirty-three nor more than forty members. They shall be elected for the term of four years—for the election of whom the counties, cities and towns shall be divided into districts. Each county, city and town of the respective districts shall, at the time of the first election of its delegate or delegates under this amendment, vote for one or more senators. The senators first elected under this amendment, in districts bearing odd numbers, shall vacate their offices at the end of two years; and those elected in districts bearing even numbers, at the end of four years; and vacancies occurring by expiration of term shall be filled by the election of senators for the full term.

Sec. 4. An apportionment of senators and members of the House of Delegates shall be made at the regular session of the general assembly next preceding the Tuesday after the first Monday in November, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, or sooner. A reapportionment shall be made in the year eighteen hundred and ninety. one, and every tenth year thereafter.

Qualification of senators and delegates.

Sec. 5. Any person may be elected senator who at the time of election is ac ually a resident within the district, and qualified co vote for members of the general assenbly according to this constitution; and any person may be elected a member of the House or Delegates who at the time of election is actually a resident within the county, city, town, or election district, qualified to vote for members of the general assembly according to this constitution. But no person holding a salaried cfice der the state government shall be capable of being elected a member of either house of the general assembly. The removal of any person elected to either branch of the general assembly, from the city, county, town, or district for which he was elected, shall vacate his office.

Powers and duties of the general assembly

Sec. 6. The general assembly shall meet once in two years, and not oftener, unless convened by the governor, in the manner prescribed in this constitution. No session of the general assembly, after the first under this amendment, shall continue longer than ninety days, without the concurrence of three-fifths of the members elected to each house; in which case the session may be extended for a further period, not ex• ceeding thirty days. Neither house, during the session of the general assembly,

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