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is to lift examinations from the sphere of pedantry to the sphere of scholarship. He believes that intellect and professional skill are entitled to be treated worthily, and by forming none but adequate tests of scholarship and ability he hopes to induce more real teachers to obtain permanent certificates and adopt teaching as a permanent calling. It will be his aim also to render effective the present law permitting the establishment of schools of higher grade in each township. Nothing certainly will tend more to give the country schools a true vigor and elevation than the creation of such a public sentiment as will lead to the practical carrying out of this law than this; indeed, no more important work awaits the fine intelligence and resolute energy of the new Commissioner.

Finally, Mr. Brown believes that teaching can only become a profession of commanding influence and worth by winning to its service the best ability. Method is much; but, at least we must have superior teachers if we are to have superior schools. As a vocation, therefore, teaching should be so thoroughly respected and so well paid as to induce the noblest young men and young women to adopt it as a life work. Only thus, he thinks, can the new profession assume its true place among the callings of men, and to the end that it may assume such a place he is willing to give to it the greatest energy and best thought of his life.

EDITORIAL PARAGRAPHS, NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION NOTES. The following information will be of benefit to teachers and delegates who propose attending the National Educational Convention at Madison, Wisconsin :

ENTERTAINMENT AT MADISON, PER DIEM. Park Hotel, $2.50; Vilas House, $2.50; C. F. Slightham, $1.00; Capital House, $1.50; Fess House, $1.00; Rasdal House, $1.50; Nolden's Hotel, $1.00; Railway Hotel, $1.50; European Hotel, $1.50; East Madison House, $1 50; Lake City House, $1.00; Simon's Hotel, $1.00; Wm. Tell House, $1.50; Madison House, $1.00: M. E. Church, $1.00; Lutheran Seminary, $1.25; Ladies' Hall (University), $2.00; University Dormitories, $1.50.

Certificates of membership in the Association will secure the rates named at hotels or private residences, and will be presented on payment of bills. Eight hundred and twelve private residences will entertain an average of three guests each, at the uniform rate per diem of $1.00.

Arrangements have been made by which 2,000 guests can be comfortably accommodated in tents at the beautiful grounds of the Monona Lake Assembly (Lakeside). Board and lodging per diem, $1.00.


An almost limitless number can also be accommodated at the grounds of the State Agricultural Society, where are situated large and substantial buildings.

Excursion trains and large parties will be met by a committee before arriving in Madison. Small parties and individuals will find agents at the depots upon the arrival of trains, from whom all information may be obtained,

Omnibusses and carriages will meet all trains at stations, and guests so desiring will be conveyed to their places of entertainment for the nominal fare of 25 cts. each.

Guests will be assigned quarters immediately after the first of June, and notice of such assignment, and the name of the host, with the name of street and number, will be forwarded directly by the committee, who will cheerfully give any farther or more specific information, if requested.

All applications and inquiries should be addressed to J. H. Carpenter, Chairman of Committee.


Com. on Entertainment.

CHAS. G. MAYERS, Madison, Wis., 1884.

CHESAPEAKE AND Ohio RailwAY EXCURSION to the meeting of the National Educational Association, which convenes July 14th to 19th, at Madison, Wisconsin.

Round trip tickets will be on sale from July 7th to 12th, inclusive. Good to return till September 1st, 1884, at the following low rates :

From Washington to Madison, Wisconsin, and return,

“ Norfolk, Va.,
« Richmond, Va.,
“ Charlottesville, Va.,
“ Waynesboro' Jun., Va.,
. Staunton, Va.,
" Clifton Forge, Va.,
" Charleston, W. Va.,
Lynchburg, Va.,
“ Lexington, Va.,

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

29 40

The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway will run through trains, with Pullman Sleeping Cars, from Washington, Newport News, Richmond, Charlottesville, Waynesboro, Staunton, Clifton Forge, &c., to Cincinnati and Louisville without change, connecting closely at those cities with fast trains, arriving at Chicago the following morning and connecting with trains for Madison, Wisconsin.

Teachers and delegates from the Carolinas, near the line of the Atlantic Coast Line, will connect at Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Junction with the fast express train of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. Those near the line of the Richmond and Danville Railroad will connect at Richmond or Charlottesville, and those from line of Virginia Midland Railway will connect at Charlottesville, those from Southwest Virginia and on the line of the Richmond and Alleghany Railroad will connect at Clifton Forge.

Teachers will buy their tickets to one of the stations named above, and there buy the round-trip ticket to Madison, and thus obtain the reduction made by this line.

Arrangements for Pullman Sleeping Cars will be made for those who will call on or address J. C. Dame, Agent at the General Office of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, at Richmond, provided the application is made some days previous to day of departure.


General Pass. Agent.

Book Notices.

LECTURES ON THE SCIENCE AND ART OF EDUCATION. By JOSEPH PAYNE, the first Professor of the Science and Art of Education in the College of Preceptors, London, England. New York: E. L. Kellogg & Co., 16mo., cloth, $I; paper 50 cents.

Teachers who are seeking to know the principles of education, will find them clearly set forth in this volume, and it must be remembered that principles are the basis upon wbich all methods must be founded. The volume contains six lectures selected from the English edition of Payne's works, with special reference to their practical value to teachers. Among them are: “The Science and Art of Educa. tion," "The Practice and Art of Education," “ Educational Methods,” “ The True Foundation of Science Teaching," “ Pestalozzi,” “Fræbel, and the Kindergarten System of Elementary Education.” There is also a short Sketch of Payne's life. When the Professorship of the Science and Art of Education was founded in the College of Preceptors, he was called to fill the chair, the first of the kind established in England or America. Since his death, in 1876, the importance of his work has been more widely recognized. He seemed peculiarly fitted to investigate the methods of his predecessors in the educational field, and to formulate the principles underlying their practice—rules, by following which the teacher may become skillful in dealing with young minds. The book is printed in clear type, and neatly and plainly bound in durable cloth, and is sold at a moderate price.

Literary Notes.

-THE EVANGELICAL HYMNAL, by Rev. Charles Cuthbert Hall, pastor of the First Presbyterian church, Brooklyn, and Mr. Sigismond Lasar, has just been adopted into the choir and chapel exercises at Williams College. It is also in use in the College choirs at Harvard, and Theological school at Hartford. It is a thoroughly educational church music book, presenting the higher order of church music and hymns. It is thus specially adapted to use in educational institutions, and promises to be widely adopted by them.

-Davies' “ Elements of Written Arithmetic” has been carefully revised by Professor J. H. Van Amringe, of Columbia College, New York, editor of Davies' Matbematical Works. The Publishers, Messrs. A. S. Barnes & Co., have taken ad. vantage of the opportunity thus afforded, and have made a new set of electrotype plates from new type. In its present dress the book is as attractive and trustworthy as any of the new books on arithmetic in the market. The thousands who studied "Davies" in their youth are satisfied that he should teach their children.

- Messrs. A. S. Barnes & Co. have just republished "A Grammar of the English language, in a series of letters intended for the use of schools and of young per. sons generally, by the late William Cobbett; to which are added six lessons intended to prevent statesmen from using false grammar and from writing in an awkward manner.” The Grammar is edited for American readers and schools, with notes by Mr. Robert Waters, Principal of the West Hoboken Public School. . _“ WOMAN AND MORMANISM,” in the April Woman at Work, reveals some startling truths in regard to the condition and subjection of woman. The sketch of Emma Hart Willard, the founder of Normal Schools, and a paper on How Brooklyn Women Manage Benevolent Work, are full of interest. (10 cents a copy. Frank E. Housh, Brattleboro, Vt.)


-The Quincy METHODS is to be published in June or July by E. L. Kellogg & Co., 21 Park Place, N. Y.

—The publishers of Colonel Parker's TALKS ON TEACHING have in press a sixth edition of that standard work, which includes the 20th thousand printed within a year of publication.

-EDUCATION BY DOING, is the title of a new book for teachers, that suggests many ways of keeping children busy in school by plays or occupations that educate. To be issued in June by E. L. Kellogg & Co., N. Y.

News and Notes.

- The late Stephen Williams, of Roxbury, Mass., left $20,000 to the Hampton, Va., Normal School.

-Compulsory education is enforced at Matamoras, Mexico.

-At a meeting of the School Board of Philadelphia, on the rith instant, the report of Superintendent McAllister, upon the late examination of the Primary Schools (the first ever held in Philadelphia) disclosed a state of facts in many cases that showed the Board the need they had for such an officer as a Superintendent. Out of 53,000 children about 30,000 were advanced in their classes. Various causes accounted for this great discrepancy; among other things it appeared that ninety per cent. was fixed on as a standard in some schools, forty per cent. in others; that the per cent. was regulated in others by the amount of room in the schools above, and in others by the consideration that enough must be left to give the teacher employment.

-Dr. Theodore Vetter, in lecturing on “ Education in Russia," says that the reputation of the Russians as linguists is due to their peculiar instruction in childhood. The infant has a French nurse for a sole attendant until it is six years of age. By that time it has learned to speak the French language. Then the German governess comes in, and is the child's constant companion. Later the English tongue is acquired in the same way. At twelve the girls continue their studies at home, and submit to mama's match-making. The boys go away to the gymnasia. The course then embraces seven years, and fits the youth for a professional course at the University.

-The school authorities of Illinois have prepared a “ Manual of Study" for use in the public schools the next session. It embraces these features : (1.) A carefully prepared course of study for the use of country and village schools. (2.) A concise outline of study to accompany the course of study for the use of pupils and teachers.

(3.) A systematic plan of examinations and record of the progress and standing of pupils.

-Dr. Edward Brooks, for seventeen years Principal of the State Normal School at Millersville, Pa., has been elected President of the National School of Elocution and Oratory in Philadelphia, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Professor J. W. Shoemaker, the founder and first President of the school.

Recent Publications.





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Shaw', New History of English T. J. Backus, LL.D.,

and American Literature, Elements of Logic,

D. J. Hill, LL.D., Elements of Rhetoric and Com- D.J. Hill, LL.D,

position, Reed's Word Lessons,

Alonzo Reed, Cours de Lecture et de Traduc

J. Roemer, LL.D.,
tion, 2 vols.,
The Normal Music Course, Third J. W. Tufts and H. E. Holt,

Intellectual Arithmetic, Warren Colburn,
Hazen's Complete Spelling-Book, M. W. Hazen, M. A.,
Latin Lessons,

John Tetlow, A, M.,
Scott's Quentin Durward, Charlotte M. Yonge,
Pedagogy for Young Teachers, E. C. Hewitt, LL.D.,
Home and School Training, Mrs. H. E. G. Arey, A. M.,
Methods of Teaching Geography, Lucretia Crocker,
Plant Analysis,

W. A. Kellerman, Ph. D.,
Guide to Self-Instruction in Pen. D.T. Ames,

manship, Gaskell's Guide to Penmanship, G. A. Gaskell, Tales from Shakespoare,

Charies and Mary Lamb, The Academic Orthæpist, J. B. Abernethy, Ph. D., The Shakespearian Speaker, A. F. Blaisdell, A. M., Thanatopsis and other Poems, Wm. Cullen Bryant, History Topics for High Schools W. F. allen.

and Colleges, The American University, John W. Burgess, Ph. D., Notes on Shakespeare's Versifi- \ Geo. H. Brown, A. M.,

cation, &c., The Lost Arts,

Wendell Phillips,
Daniel O'Connell,
Eulogy of Garrison,
Reed's Word Lessons.

Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co.
J. B. Lippincott & Co.,
Boston School Supply Co.
John E. Potter & Co.,
D. T. Ames,
The Penman's Gazette,
Clark & Maynard,


Ginn, Heath & Co.,

" * "

Lee & Shepard.

The Magazines.

EDUCATION FOR MAY-JUNE-Contents : Frontispiece, Mrs. Lucretia Garfield; The Growth of the English and American Educational Ideals, E F. M. MacCarthy, Birmingham, England; How to Educate Children Well, Mrs Horace Mann; Historic Illustrations of Superior Teaching, J. A. Reinhardt, Ph. D.; Women in London University and in University College, S. K. Bolton; A Classification of Knowledge, G. K. Brown; Proposed Additions to and Subtractions from, our Education, Rev. G. P. Magoun, D. D; Wages of Schoolmasters in Ancient Rome, R. F. Leighton, Pb. D.; Modern Languages and the College, C. Å. Eggert; The Origin of the First German Universities, G. G. Bush, P.D.; Societies to Encourage Studies at Home, L. M. Munger; Foreiga Notes.

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