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railroads, each connecting her with Lake Superior. The railroad from Green Bay, through Milwaukee, to Chicago, commonly called the Lake Shore road, is to her what the Hudson River railway is to Troy and Albany, in the State of New York. Other railroads are projected, either new routes or old ones, to intersect the country in various directions. Some of these, doubtless, will be carried through, although the period of their completion is more distant than of those above-named.


Milwaukee is the market for the greater part of the products of Wisconsin. Steamboats, and other vessels navigating the lake, touch here on their way to and from Detroit, and points on Lake Erie, and the St. Lawrence and Welland Canals. It is the principal port of entry of the district of the same name, comprising about 100 miles of the western shore of Lake Michigan. This tonnage, belonging to the district of Milwaukee, December 31st, 1856, was as follows:

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The number of arrivals and departures for the year were 4,720, with an aggregate tonnage of 2,009,826; with 84,549 seamen on board.

Arrivals of Vessels at the Port of Milwaukee, during the navigation

season of 1856.

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Besides the additions to its fleet at the ship-yards, the Chicago and Milwaukee line of steamers is now owned and registered at this port.


Total amount of Tonnage of the District of Milwaukee, Dec. 31st, 1856.




1,869:32 Propellers


705:54 Barks


1,215.22 Brigs


2,095.17 Schooners



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It would be an unpardonable omission, should we overlook the departure from this port of the Schooner Dean Richmond, with a cargo of wheat for Liverpool, England. This important event took place on the 21st of July, 1856, amid one of the most pleasant demonstrations, on the part of the mercantile community, ever made in this city. The Richmond was loaded at the warehouse of H. & J. F. Hill,

on the Milwaukee River, with a cargo of selected club wheat. She was owned by C. Y. Richmond and Captain Pierce, and the cargo sent out by C. J. Kershaw, of Montreal. The vessel registered 377 tons, and took 14,000 bushels. She arrived at Liverpool on the 29th of September, cargo and vessel in excellent condition. Thus was commenced, what will eventually prove to be of vast importance - direct trade with Europe, via the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes.

During the past year, the American and Western Transportation Companies have run daily lines of propellers between this port and Buffalo, on Lake Erie, and are ready to supply the wants of the freight traffic with every carrying facility necessary for the expeditious transaction of business. In 1856 the trade of this city with Oswego, on Lake Ontario, had more than doubled. Of three million bushels of wheat shipped from this port, one-third has found its way to Oswego. The trade with Canada has also largely increased ; a good share of the exports of flour and pork having gone to Canadian markets.

The revenue collected at the Port of Milwaukee during the year 1856, up to December 18th, amounts to $ 205,992 40.

Value of mdse. entered during same period, $895,848 00

$268,126 30 Value of goods remaining in warehouse on December 31st, 1855

161,064 00 Duty

49,931 10


$1,056,912 00 $318,057 40 Deduct value withdrawn and duty paid ... 636,806 00 205,992 40 Value of merchandise remaining in warehouse, December 18th, 1856

$420,106 00 $112,065 00

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Amount of Duties collected during the years 1855 and 1856.


1856. January...

$11,259 90 $11,220 30 February.

11,702 60

22,845 30 March

5,765 50

585 70 April

918 00

6,432 50 May

20,687 40

5,467 80 June...

13,025 30

6,534 00 July

19,921 90

19,507 60 August

9,138 70

19,056 80 September.....

12,645 30

16,701 90 October

16,203 20

21,661 40 November

27,093 00

38,588 70 December

25,467 60

37,390 60


$172,130 00. $205,992 60 Comparative Value of Imports at the Port of Milwaukee. Total, 1854

$11,124,000 1855


Comparative Value of Exports.
Total, 1851


7,709,571 1855

17,329,531 1856

20,274,300 The imports and exports for the year 1856, for the Port of Milwaukee, do not represent, by many millions of dollars, the entire traffic of the city. It is estimated that the entire imports and exports, by lake and railroad, amount to $75,000,000, or about one-fifth of the entire commerce of Lake Michigan. The completion of the railroads from Milwaukee to the Mississippi and Lake Superior, will at once double or treble the present extent of its commerce.


The manufactures of Milwaukee are yet in their infancy, but are annually increasing in variety and extent, and rising


in importance. There are in this city some eighteen shops, employing from twelve to one hundred men each, and turning out an aggregate amount of $800,000 of work per

Fully one-half the present capital was added the past year, and no less than six of these establishments were new during the year 1856. Extensions and enlargements are contemplated for the present year to the amount of $300,000, besides several new establishments.

ALE, BEER, ETC. During the year 1856, there were twenty-six breweries in operation in the city, manufacturing 75,000 barrels of ale and beer, the larger portion of which was lager beer. Of this amount, probably 30,000 barrels were sent from this city. The entire capital employed was about $1,000,000. Enlargements and extensions were made during the year to the amount of $250,000. The number of men employed is about 500, at average wages of $8 per week.


Notwithstanding the demand from abroad for the beautiful Milwaukee brick has been unabated, still the consumption at home has been so great that but few have been exported. While, in 1856 there were manufactured 35,000,000, only 1,000,000 were exported.

There are eight brick-yards in operation, employing about 300 men.

FLOURING-MILLS. Large outlays, during the past year, have been made upon the flouring-mills of the city, causing them to remain idle a considerable portion of the time. The total amount of flour manufactured by the five mills, beside custom work, was 116,000 barrels.

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