Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

ports of the settlers, and samples of their agricultural productions, it is inferred that its soil is capable of producing any of the productions of the Middle States. Already considerable quantities of lumber have been shipped to other lake ports from these new settlements. The “north shore” is also known to abound in vast deposits of valuable minerals.

In many parts, along the southern shore, the country is mountainous, the ridges rising, in some places, eight hundred feet above the lake, and covered with the original forest. Here the “Porcupine range” is seen, presenting varying outlines as you sail along the coast. Keweenaw Point is also covered with hills, but less lofty and picturesque than those already mentioned.

The eastern shores of the lake, between this point and its outlet at the St. Mary's river, are low, and covered with a dense forest. The “Pictured Rocks," on these shores, are a great curiosity. They form a perpendicular wall of over 300 feet in height, extending about ten miles. On their faces are to be seen numerous projections and indentations, with extensive caverns, which receive the waves with a tremendous roar. It needs but a bold stroke of the imagination to fancy we see mystic towers, columns, arches, Doric temples, and varied forms of architectural ruins ; their majestic fronts rising from the clear water, presenting a display that may fairly challenge the world to surpass. Can we wonder that the untutored savage, as he passed these majestic rocks in his canoe, associated them in his mind as the residence of a Mighty Manito ?In the beautiful legends lately published by Longfellow, we read of an Indian hero, when pursued by Hiawatha, flying for refuge

- To the Pictured Rocks of sandstone,
Looking over lake and landscape;

And the Old Man of the Mountain,
He, the Manito of mountains,
Opened wide his rocky doorways,
Opened wide his deep abysses."

The rapid settlement of the States on its borders, and the completion of the ship canal at the Sault Ste. Marie, have awakened attention to these hitherto neglected and almost unknown regions. In fact, it was supposed that its climate was inhospitable, its soil barren and unfit for cultivation, and it was altogether unworthy of notice, saving on account of its valuable copper mines. The object of the author will be to prove that it has the finest and most salubrious climate in the United States, and now presents more attractions to the settler than any part of our extended domain.

A healthier region does not exist; here the common diseases of mankind are comparatively unknown. The lightness of the atmosphere has a most invigorating effect upon the spirits, and the breast of the invalid swells with new emotions when he inhales its healthy breezes, as they sweep across the lake. The subjoined observations were made by the Army Surgeons stationed at Fort Wilkins, Copper Harbor, in Lat. 47° 27' N.

Mean Annual Temperature.......
Mean Temperature of the Summer..
Mean Temperature of the Winter.......

41° 4'
61° 4'
21° 1'

Dr. Owen says:

" The health, even of the more marshy portions of this district, seems better than, from its appearance, one might expect. The long bracing winters of these northern latitudes exclude many of the diseases which, under the prolonged heat of a more southern climate, the miasm of the swamp engenders. At the Pembina settlement (in latitude 499), owned by the Hudson's

[graphic][merged small][merged small]
« AnteriorContinuar »