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CLARK.-Large quantities of excellent farming land are to be had in this county, at Government price. Extensive pine forests abound; there are few inhabitants as yet, consisting principally of lumbermen.
DANE. — The description of this county is included with that of Madison, the capital of the State.
Door is a narrow peninsula, between Green Bay and Lake Michigan, with very few inhabitants. It was separated from Brown County in 1850. Soil said to be good.
DODGE, named in honor of General Dodge, first Governor of Wisconsin, is one of the finest agricultural counties in the State; its surface moderately rolling, diversified by prairies, oak openings, and heavy woodlands. Iron Ridge is a vast accumulation of rich iron ore, which is just beginning to be extensively manufactured. Several railroads pass through this county, giving access for agricultural productions to Milwaukee. The capital is Juneau; Horicon, Beaver Dam, and Fox Lake, are thriving villages, and rapidly improving. Population, at present, over 44,000.
DOUGLAS, the most northwestern county in the State, lying partly on Lake Superior. Only a small part has been surveyed and brought into market. The soil is admirably adapted for all kinds of agricultural productions ; we have seen specimens raised, which, in quality and size, far exceeded those produced in the Eastern States. The land abounds with mineral wealth, and the waters with fish. The St. Croix and Lake Superior Railroad, commenced in 1856, will be completed next year to St. Paul. This county is at the head of a long line of lake navigation, and will, in less than three years at furthest, be in connection with the Atlantic cities by continuous railroads. To those seeking a home, and fine farming, timber, and mineral lands, contiguous to railroads, at $1.25 per acre, there is
no county in the State which offers such inducements to settlers as Douglas. The first settlement was made at the City of Superior, the county-seat, in 1853. Wahbagon, on the St. Louis, and Nashodana on the railroad, where it crosses the St. Croix river, have recently been laid out.
Dunn, a new county, lying on the Chippewa river, about fifty miles from the Mississippi. The soil is excellent, well watered, and abounds in timber. Lands, as yet, unsurveyed.
FOND DU LAC, one of the most fertile counties in the State, containing extensive prairies, and quantities of heavy timber. It was first settled in 1835, and has progressed with great rapidity.
GRANT.—This county is situated in the southwest corner of the State, and was one of the first settled. Lying within the mineral tract, it has a very valuable deposit of lead
The soil is excellent. There is yet in the northern part of this county excellent Government land, which, by the graduation law, is now reduced to fifty cents per acre.
GREEN, in the southern part of the State, bordering on Illinois, is an agricultural county; partly rich prairie land, with some timber.
Iowa.—This is one of the richest counties in Wisconsin, both in soil and mineral resources. Copper and lead are abundant. It is well watered, convenient to railroads, and is the central point for mineral operations. The celebrated Blue Mounds, in its northwestern part, are remarkable elevations, being 1000 feet above the level of the Wisconsin river.
JACKSON COUNTY is situated on the Black river, about twenty-five miles from the Mississippi. The northern part is richly supplied with fine timber, and the southern is mostly prairie, of the best quality. There is, also, an abundance of rich iron ore, and good water-power. The lands are open to pre-emption.
JEFFERSON possesses a rich, fertile soil, well watered, and traversed by railroads. The principal place is Watertown; Jefferson, Aztalan, and Lake Mills, are flourishing villages. It contains over 47,000 inhabitants.
JUNEAU, lately separated from Dodge County, contains, at present, a population of 10,600.
KENOSHA, à county forming the southeastern extremity of Wisconsin. It is one of the oldest in the State, and under high cultivation.
KEWAUNEE lies partly on Lake Michigan and Green Bay, and contains about 460 square miles; its inhabitants are few, and principally engaged in lumbering. Plenty of Government land to be had.
LA CROSSE COUNTY possesses farming lands of the best quality, and vast pineries on the Black river and its tributaries. These combined advantages have attracted great attention for the past two years, and much of the land is already occupied, yet some good Government land can be found. Population, in 1856, about 11,000.
LAFAYETTE is situated in the mineral region, bordering on Illinois. The soil is generally productive, but has been neglected for the more uncertain business of mining. The cliff limestone, which underlies this county, abounds in rich veins of lead and copper, and large quantities of these minerals are exported. The famous Platte Mounds, in the northwest part, are remarkable for their regular form, and are surrounded with a large expanse of prairie. ALA POINTE COUNTY, bordering on Lake Superior, is extensively covered by forests of pine timber. It has not been surveyed, and, therefore, very little is known of its soil and mineral resources. The fisheries are very valuable, and the exports from this source are increasing every year. La Pointe, one of the oldest settlements in the Northwest, is the county-seat. Bayfield, Ashland, and Bay City, are
Later: Ashland Co
towns lately laid out, which are rapidly rising in importance.
MARATHON extends from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, south to Towns 25 and 26, containing 5452 square miles. It is partly surveyed, and begins to open a field for lumbering. The Wisconsin River traverses its whole length, opening extensive pine forests to market. No part of the State offers greater inducements to lumbermen than this.
MARQUETTE. Some of the finest and best cultivated farms are to be found in this county. It consists of prairie, openings, and wood-land, well watered, &c. The best lands are all entered, and are rapidly coming under cultivation.
MANITOWOC, in the eastern part of the State, bordering on Lake Michigan, has good land, and is well watered ; large quantities of timber are exported. It is rapidly increasing in business, and has a population of 20,000.
MONROE COUNTY, separated from La Crosse in 1854, is yet almost an entire wilderness, consisting of oak openings and pine groves; the soil is rich and productive, principally Government land, from which good selections can yet be made. Population estimated at 7000.
MILWAUKEE contains a population at present of about 70,000, and is too generally known to require a notice in this work.
OCONTO.--This county lies partly between Michigan and Green Bay, containing about 4000 square miles, and covered with valuable timber. Large tracts are open to pre-emptors at Government price.
OUTAGAMIE possesses a fertile soil, mostly covered with forests of pine and other timber, and well watered. Lands may be procured at Government price.
OZAUKEE is on Lake Michigan, north of Milwaukee. The soil is rich, well cultivated, and divided into small farms.
PIERCE lies on the Mississippi, at the mouth of the St. Croix River. The soil is very good, partly covered with pine forests. Land mostly subject to pre-emption.
POLK, formerly included in St. Croix County, comprises over 2500 square miles, has much good farming and timberlands subject to entry. Timber, prairie, and openings, are beautifully interspersed in the southern part. It offers peculiar inducements to the settler, on account of the St. Croix and Lake Superior Railroad passing through it, and is destined in a few years to be one of the most important counties in the State.
PORTAGE COUNTY is on the Wisconsin River, and several of its branches pass through it. Lumbering is its great business; pine is the prevailing timber. The soil is partly light and sandy, with occasional strips of the best quality, adapted to all kinds of agricultural productions.
RACINE lies on the lake, south of Milwaukee, and is too generally known to require description.
Rock River is highly prosperous, containing farms well-improved, productive, and valuable. Railroads traverse every part.
RICHLAND, lying on the north bank of the Wisconsin River, on both sides of the fourth principal meridian, is but thinly settled, possessing a good soil, well watered, and timbered with maple, walnut, oak, and pine, interspersed with rich prairies. Large quantities of land are yet open to pre-emption.
SAUK COUNTY contains about 800 square miles, consisting of forests, openings, and prairies. The soil is rich, and well adapted to agricultnral purposes. There is much unsettled land here, belonging to Government.
SHEBOYGAN is too well known to require a notice.
SHAWAUNG contains large quantities of Government land. The soil consists of a sandy loam, mostly covered with pine timber, which is easily floated down the Wolf River.