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correct model of our immortal poet's head:
Scala. and in order to accomplish this in the most | 13. Benevolence, very large .... 20 accurate and satisfactory manner, every 14. Veneration, large ...... 18 particle of sand, or other foreign body, was 15. Firmness, full . . . . . .. carefully washed off, and the plaster of Paris 16. Conscientiousness, full ..
17. Hope, full applied with all the tact and accuracy of an
. . . .
14 experienced artist. The cast is admirably
18. Wonder, large . . . . . . .
18 taken, and cannot fail to prove highly in
19. Ideality, large . . . . teresting to phrenologists and others.
20. Wit, or Mirthfulness, full “Having completed our intention, the skull, 21. Imitation, large ....... securely enclosed in a leaden case, was again
22. Individuality, large ... . .. committed to the earth, precisely where we
23. Form, rather large . . . . . .
16 found it.
24. Size, rather large . . . . . .
17 ARCHD. BLACKLOCK."
25. Weight, rather large .....
26. Colouring, rather large... A cast from the skull having been trans. | 27. Locality, large . . . mitted to the Phrenological Society of 28. Number, rather full .., Edinburgh, the following view of tbe cere- 29. Order, full ..
14 bral development of Burns was drawn up 30. Eventuality, large .. by Mr. George Combe, and published in 31. Time, rather large ... connection with four views of the crarum. of the crarum. | 32. Tune, full . . . .
. . . . (W. and A. K. Johnston, Edinburgh): 33. Language, uncertain . . . . .
34. Comparison, rather large ... 17 "I. DIMENSIONS OF THE SKULL. 35. Causality, large ....... 13
Inches. Greatest circumference .
“ The scale of the organs indicates their From Occipital Spine to Individuality. relative proportions to each other; 2 is
over the top of the head.. 14 idiotcy-10 moderate-14 full-18 large ; „Ear to Ear vertically over the top
and 20 very large. of the head . . . . . . 13 “The cast of a skull does not show the Philoprogenitiveness to Individu
temperament of the individual, but the porality, (greatest length)... 8
traits of Burns indicate the bilious and Concentrativeness to Comparison 71
nervous temperaments, the sources of Ear to Philoprogenitiveness .. strength, activity, and susceptibility; and „ Individuality . . .
the descriptions given by his contemporaries „ „ Benevolence . . . . . of his beaming and energetic eye, and the Firmness . . . .
rapidity and iinpetuosity of liis manifestay Destructiveness to Destructive
tions, establish the inference that his brain ness . . . . . . . . . was active and susceptible. Secretiveness to Secretiveness
“Size in the brain, other conditions being Cautiousness to Cautiousness .
equal, is the measure of mental power. The Ideality to Ideality . . . . . skull of Burns indicates a large brain. The Constructiveness to Constructive length is eight, and the greatest breadth ness . . .
nearly six inches. The circumference is 22 Mastoid process to Mastoid Pro. inches. These measurements exceed the cess. · · · · · · · · 4; average of Scotch living heads, including the
integuments, for which four-eighths of an «II. DEVELOPEMENT OF THE ORGANS.
Scale inch may be allowed. 1. Amativeness, rather large . . . 16
“The brain of Burns, therefore, possessed 2. Philoprogenitiveness, very large. 20 | the two elements of power and activity. 3. Concentrativeness, large . . . . 18 “The portions of the brain which manifest 4. Adhesiveness, very large ... 20 the animal propensities, are uncommonly 5. Combativeness, very large ... 20 large, indicating strong passions, and great 6. Destructiveness, large . . . .
18 energy in action under their influence. The 7. Secretiveness, large . . . . . 19 group of organs manifesting the domestic 8. Acquisitiveness, rather large .. 16 | affections (Amativeness, Philoprogenitive9. Constructiveness, full i... 15
ness, and Adhesiveness), is large; Philopro10. Self-Esteem, large . . . . . 18 genitiveness uncommonly so for a male 11. Love of Approbation, very large . 20 head. The organs of Combativeness and 12. Cautiousness, large ... 19 Destructiveness are large, bespeaking great
O LA MAO
A er or o
heat of temper, impatience, and liability to | Wit and Humour. The metaphysicians, irritation.
| however, have distinguished them, and in "Secretiveness and Cautiousness are both the phrenological works their different elelarge, and would confer considerable powerments are pointed out. Burns possessed of restraint, where he felt restraint to be the talent for satire; Destructiveness, added necessary.
to the combination which gives Humour, “Acquisitiveness, Self-Esteem, and Love produces it. of Approbation, are also in ample endowment, “An unskilful observer looking at the forealthough the first is less than the other head, might suppose it to be moderate in two; these feelings give the love of pro- size; but when the dimensions of the anteperty, a high consideration of self, and desire rior lobe, in both length and breadth, are of the esteem of otliers. The first quality | attended to, the Intellectual organs will be will not be so readily conceded to Burns as ( recognised to have been large. T'he anterior the second and third, which, indeed, were lobe projects so much, that it gives an apmuch stronger; but the phrenologist records ! pearance of narrowniess to the forehead what is presented by nature, in full confi- , which is not real. This is the cause, also, dence that the manifestations, when the why Benevolence appears to lie farther back character is correctly understood, will be than usual. An anterior lobe of this magnifound to correspond with the developement, tude indicates great Intellectual power. The and he states that the brain indicates con combination of large Perceptive and Residerable love of property.
flecting organs (Causality predominant), with “ The organs of the moral sentiments are large Concentrativeness and large organs of also largely developed. Ideality, Wonder, the feelings, gives that sagacity and vigorous Imitation, and Benevolence, are the largest common sense, for which Burns was distin. in size. Veneration also is large. Con- guished. scientiousness, Firmness, and Hope, are full. “The skull rises high above Causality, and
“The Knowing organs, or those of percep spreads wide in the region of Ideality; the tive intellect, are large; and the organs of strength of his inoral feelings lay in that Reflection are also considerable, but less region. than the former. Causality is larger than “The combination of large organs of the Comparison, and Wit is less than either. Animal Propensities, with large Cautious.
“The skull indicates the combination of ness, and only full Hope, together with the strong animal passions with equally powerful unfavourable circumstances in which he was moral emotions. If the natural morality placed, accounts for the melancholy and had been less, the endownient of the pro- internal unhappiness with which Burns was pensities is sufficient to have constituted a so frequently afflicted. This melancholy was character of the most desperate description. / rendered still deeper by bad health. The combination as it exists, bespeaks a “The combination of Acquisitiveness, Caumind extremely subject to contending emo- tiousness, Love of Approbation, and Contions--capable of great good, or great evil - scientiousness, is the source of his keen and encompassed with vast ditticulties in feelings in regard to pecuniary independence, preserving a steady, even, onward course of The great power of his Animal Propensities practical morality.
would give him strong temptations to waste; “ In the combination of very large Philo. but the combination just mentioned would progenitiveness and Adhesiveness, with very impose a powerful restraint. The head inlarge Benevolence and large Ideality, we find dicates the elements of an economical chathe elements of that exquisite tenderness racter, and it is known that he died free and refinement, which Burns so frequently from debt, notwithstanding the smallness of manifested, even when at the worst stage of his salary. his career. In the combination of great! “No phrenologist can look upon this head, Combativeness, Destructiveness, and Self- and consider the circumstances in which Esteem, we find the fundamental qualities Burns was placed, without vivid feelings of which inspired 'Scots wha hae wi' Wallace regret. Burns must have walked the earth bled,' and similar productions.
with a consciousness of great superiority “The combination of large Secretiveness. over his associates in the station in which Imitation, and the perceptive organs, gives he was placed-of powers calculated for a the elements of his dramatic talent and far higher sphere than that which he was humour. The skull indicates a decided able to reach, and of passions which he talent for Humour, but less for Wit. The could with difficulty restrain, and which it public are apt to confound the talents for / was fatal to indulge. If he had been placed
from infancy in the higher ranks of life, is only rather large. During his residence liberally exlıcated, and employed in pursuits at Mossgiel, where his revenue was not corresponding to his powers, the inferior more than £7, his expenses, as Gilbert menportion of his nature would have lost part tions, 'never in any one year exceeded his of its energy, while his better qualities slender income.' It is also well known that would have assumed a decided and per- he did not leave behind him a shilling of manent superiority." .
debt; and I have learned from good autho. A more elaborate paper on the skull of rity that his household was much more Burns appeared in the Phrenological Journal, frugally managed at Dumfries than at EllisNo. XLI., from the pen of Mr. Robert Cox. land-as in the former place, but not in the This gentleman endeavours to show that the latter, he had it in his power to exercise a character of Burns was in conformity with personal control over the expenditure. I the full development of Acquisitiveness. have been told also, that, after his death, the “According to his own description,” says domestic expenses were greater than when Mr. Cox, "he was a man who had little he was alive. These facts are all consistent art in making money, and still less in keer. | with a considerable development of Acquisi. ing it.' That his art in making money was tiveness, for, when that organ is small, there sufficiently moderate, there can be no doubt, is habitual inattention to pecuniary confor he was engaged in occupations which hiscerns, even although the love of indepen. soul loathed, and thought it below his dence and dislike to ask a favour be strong. dignity to accept of pecuniary remuneration The indifference with respect to money, for some of his most laborious literary per which Burns occasionally ascribes to himformances. He was, however, by no means self, appears therefore to savour of affectainsensible to the value of money, and never tion--a failing into which he was not threw it away. On the contrary, he was unfrequently led by Love of Approbation and remarkably frugal, except when feelings Secretiveness. Indeed, in one of his letters stronger than Acquisitiveness came into play to Miss Chalmers, he expressly intimates a
such as Benevolence, Adhesiveness, and wish to be rich.” The whole of this essay Love of Approbation; the organs of all is highly worthy of perusal by all who take an which are very large, while Acquisitiveness interest in the character of the Ayrshire bard.