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POEMS OF BURNS.

493 PAGE 156, NOTE 176.-The familiar ex- | PAGE 158, NOTE 185.—These verses pression for Kilmarnock, amongst the pea- l appear to have been written in the distresssantry.

ing summer of 1786, when the poet's prosPage 156, Note 177.—The near wheel pects were at the dreariest, and the very horse in the plough.

wife of his fondest affections had forsaken Page 157 NOTE 178.--An allusion to him. From the time, and other circumone of the questions (namely “What is stances, we may conjecture that the effectual calling ?") in the Catechism pro- present alluded to was a copy of the Kilpounded by the Westminster Assembly of marnock edition of poems, then newly pubDivines, and which continues to preserve its | lished. The verses appeared in the currency throughout Scotland.

Sun newspaper, April 1923. — CHAMPAGE 157, NOTE 179.-A child born to BERS. the poet by a servant girl of the name of PAGE 153, NOTE 186.-" The first time Elizabeth Paton. She grew up exceedingly Robert heard the spinuet played upon, was like her father, and became the wife of Mr. at the house of Dr. Laurie, minister of LouJohn Bishop, overseer at Polkemmet in Lin- don (about October lithgowshire, and died there, Dec. 8, 1817. several daughters-one of them played; the

Page 157, NOTE 180.--Tootie lived in father and the mother led down the dance; Mauchline, and dealt in cows. The age of the rest of the sisters, the brother, the poet, these animals is marked by rings on their and the other guests, mixed in it. It was a horns, which may of course be cut and delightful family scene for our poet, then polished off, so as to cause the COW to lately introduced to the worlil. His mind

s. This villainy is was roused to a poetic enthusiasm, and the called sneck-drawing, and he who perpetrates stanzas were left in the room where he it is a sueck-drawer,

slept."--GILBERT BURNS, Dr. Laurie was PAGE 157. Note 181.— The airless the medium through which Dr. Blacklock earnest money. (See also Glossary.) transmitted the letter, by which Burns was

PAGE 157, NOTE 182.-A writer in Ayr, arrested on his flight to the West Indies, and particular friend of the poet, Mr. Chal- ) and induced to go to Edinburgh. This mers, asked Burns to write a poetic epistle in letter has since been in the possession of the his behalf to a young lady whom he ad- Rev. Mr. Balfour Graham, minister of North mired. Burns, who had seen the lady, but | Berwick, who is connected with the family was scarcely acquainted with her, complied by marriage. Dr. Laurie, and his son, who by penning the above.-CHAMBERS. was his successor in the pastoral charge of

PAGE 187, NOTE 183.--" These verses, in the parish, are both deceased. the handwriting of Burns, are copied from PAGE 159, NOTE 187.--Diogenes. a bank note, in the possession of Mr. James PAGE 159, NOTE 188.—This meeting F. Gracie, of Dumfries. The note is of the took place, October 23, 1786, at Catrine, the Bank of Scotland, and is dated so far back seat of Professor Stewart, to which Burns as Ist March 1780. The lines exhibit the was now taken for the first time by Mr. strong marks of the poet's vigorous pen, Mackenzie, surgeon, Manchline. Lord Daer, and are evidently an extempore effusion who was eldest son to Dunbar, fourth Earl of his characteristic feelings. They bear of Selkirk, and had been a pupil of Mr. internal proof of their having been written Stewart, was a young nobleman of the at that interesting period of his life, when ! greatest promise. He had just returned he was on the point of leaving the country from France, where he cultivated the society on account of the unfavourable manner in of some of those men who afterwards figured which his proposals for marrying his 'bonny in the Revolution, and had contracted their Jean' (his future wife) were at first received sentiments. He was cut off in November, by her parents."--MOTHERWELL.

1794, leaving the succession open to his PAGE 138, NOTE 184.--There is some younger brother, the late Thomas, Earl of doubt as to the authenticity of these pretty Selkirk, distinguished by his exertions in

averred upon very good the cause of emigration.--CHAMBERS. authority that the manuscript in the hand PAGE 159, NOTE 189.- Major Logan, a writing of Robert Burns, is yet extant, and retired military officer, still remembered in in the possession of Mr. A . At any | Ayrshire for his wit and humour-of which rate, as the verses are not unworthy of the two specimens may be given. Asked by an bard of Ayr, they may be accepted. They Ayr hostess if he would have water to the were first published at Liverpool, in & peri. glass of spirits she was bringing to him on odical called the Kaleidoscope.

his order, he said, with a grin, “No, I would

rather you took the water out o't.” Visited | Wauchope, in Roxburgshire--a lady of taste on his deathbed by Mr. Cuthill, one of the and talent, and fitted to use the pencil as ministers of Ayr, who remarked that it well as the pen-had addressed (February would take fortitude to support such suffer-1787) the lines, printed in small type, to ings as he was visited with; Ay," said the Burns, which called forth the ensuing verses, poor wit, “it would take fiftitude.At the as a reply or acknowledgment. time when the above letter was addressed to L PAGE 163, Note 196.-Mr. Woods had him, Major Logan lived at Parkhouse, in been the friend of Fergnisson. He was long Ayrshire, with his mother and sister, the a favourite actor in Edinburgh, and was him Miss Loyan to whom Burns presented a copy self a man of some poetical talent. He died, of Beattie's Poems, with verses. The major at his house on the Terrace, Edinburgh, was a capital violinist.

December 14, 1802. PAGE 160, NOTE 190.-With the cha- | Page 164, NOTE 197.-The hero of Macracteristic humour with which he wrote the kenzie's Man of Feeling, of which Burns elegy and epitaph of Thomas Samson and always spoke in such warm terms of admirahis own elegy, Burns wrote this address to tion. himself, when he anticipated his departure PAGE 164, NOTE 198.---Written at Sel. for the West Indies, and before the brilliant kirk, May 1787, in the course of the poet's career of his reception at Edinburgh had southern tour. Mr. Creech was the poet's fixed his views as to life.

Edinburgh publisher, and seems at this time PAGE 161, Note 191.--The haggis is a to have been in high favour with him. Burns dish peculiar to Scotland, though supposed to afterwards found reason considerably to

n. It is composed of change his feelings towards Creech, who minced offal of mutton, mixed with oatmeal appears to have given hiin much uncasiness and suet, and boiled in a sheep's stomach. by protracting the settlement of their ac. When made in Elspa's way, with "a curn counts. The truth is, that Mr. Creech, ospice” (see the Gentle Shepherd), it is an though a man of literary talent, great pleaagreeable, albeit a somewhat heavy dish, santry as a companion, and the first publisher always providing that no horror he felt at of his day, had a weakness about money the idea of its preparation. The Edinburyh matters, and couid scarcely draw upon his Literary Journal of November 7, 1829, makes ample funds for the liquidation of an ordithe following statement:~"About sixteen nary debt, without something inore than allyears ago, there resided at Mauchline a Mr. | common persuasives. He enjoyed high reRobert Morrison, cabinet-maker. He was a putation as a teller of quaint stories, and great crouy of Burns, and it was in Mr. lived on familiar terms with many of the Morrison's house that the poet usually spent literary men of his day. His house, in one the 'mids o' the day' on Sunday. It was in of the elevated floors of a tenement in the this house that he wrote his celebrated Ad- High Street, accessible from a wretched dress to a Hagyis, after partaking liberally of alley called Craig's Close, was frequented in that dish, as prepared by Mrs. Morrison.” the mornings by company of that kind, to The Ettrick Shepherd has, on the contrary, such an extent averred that the poem was written in the called Creech's Levee. Burns here enumehouse of Mr. Andrew Bruce, Castle Hill, rates as attending it, Dr. James Gregory, Edinburgh, after in like manner partaking of author of the Conspectus Medicince; Tytler, the dish. It was first published in the Scots of Woodhouselee, author of the Defence of Magazine for January 1787.

of Mary Queen of Scots; Dr. William PAGE 162, NOTE 192.--Miss Logan, Greenfield, professor of rhetoric in the Edinsister of Major Logan, to whom also Burns burgh University; Henry Mackenzie, author had previously addressed a poetical epistle. I oi The Man of Feeling; and Dugald Stewart, (See antea, page 159.) .

professor of moral philosophy. Mr. Creech PAGE 162, NOTE 193.-Mr. Ilay Camp- more than once filled the chair of Lord Probell, of whom we have had several occasions vost of Edinburgh, and is noted as the only to speak as the subject of complimentary | person who ever saved money off the salary allusions. He was subsequently president then attached to the office. With reference of the Court of Cession, and died in 18:23. to his penurious bachelorly habits, a native

PAGE 162, NOTE 194.-The Honourable caricaturist once set the town in a roar by Henry Erskine, whose talents as an advocate depicting, in connection, the respective had secured him a distinguished reputation. kitchens of the chief magistrates of London He died in 1817.

and Edinburgh, the former exhibiting every Page 162, NOTE 195.--Mrs. Scott of appearance of plenty that could be expected

POEMS OF BURNS.

495 in a large and munificent establishment, and Edinburgh. It took its name of Crochallan the latter displaying a poor old pinched Fencibles from a beautiful plaintive Highland housekeeper spinning beside a narrow fire- air, Cro Chalein-literally Colin's Cattleplace, where the cat was perched for warmth which Douglas occasionally sang with much upon a gathering coal. Mr. Creech died in effect to his guests. 1815, aged 70 years.--CHAMBERS.

PAGE 168, Note 209.-William Tytler, PAGE 164, NOTE 199.-Edinburgh. Esq. of Woodhouselee (born 1711, died 1792),

PAGE 164, NOTE 200.-The Chamber of a member of the Society of Writers to the Commerce of Edinburgh, of which Mr. Signet, had published in 1759 “An Enquiry, Creech was secretary.

Historical and Critical, into the Evidence PAGE 165, NOTE 201.-James Hunter against Mary Queen of Scots," in which the Blair was born at Ayr, in 1741. He pur- favourable side of her case is adopted. sued a successful commercial career, and be-1 PAGE 169, NOTE 210.-One of a series came a member of the banking firm of Sir intended for a projected work, under the title William Forbes and Co., and died on the of The Poet's Progress. These lines were first of July, 1787, universally esteemed. sent as a specimen, accompanied by a letter,

PAGE 165, NOTE 202.-The Royal Park to Professor Dugald Stewart, in which it is of Holyrood.

thus noticed :--"The fragment beginning, a PAGE 165, NOTE 203.--St. Anthony's little, upright, pert, tart, &c., I have not Well.

shown to any man living, till I now send it Page 165, Note 204.–St. Anthony's to you. It forms the postulata, the axioms, Chapel.

the definition of a character, which, if it PAGE 166, NOTE 205.-" The first object appear at all, shall be placed in a variety of of interest that occurs upon the public road lights. This particular part I send you, after leaving Blair, is a cha:m in the hill on merely as a sample of my hand at portrait the right hand, through which the little river sketching. Bruar falls in a series of beautiful cascades. | PAGE 169, NOTE 211..For more ex. Formerly, the falls of the Bruar were un- plicit particulars in respect of Miss Cruickadorned by wood; but the poet Burns, being shank, to whom these lines are addressed, conducted to see them (September 1787), the reader is referred to the notes on the after visiting the Duke of Athole, recom | song entitled the Rosebud. mended that they should be invested with PAGE 169, NOTE 212.--It is somewhat that necessary decoration. Accordingly, trees remarkable how comparatively few of the have been thickly planted along the chasm, pieces written by Burns from this time forand are now far advanced to maturity. ward have been addressed directly to " Cla. Throughout this young forest, a walk has rinda," whose influence over him is so been cut, and a number of fantastic little powerfully evinced in the letters (already grottoes erected for the conveniency of those mentioned in that portion of this volume who visit the spot. The river not only makes which is devoted to the poet's corresponseveral distinct falls, but rushes on through dence), which passed between him and this a channel, whose roughness and rugged fair object of admiration. In the foregoing sublimity adds greatly to the merits of the notes to the life we have already had occas scene, as an object of interest among tourists." | to enter into some particulars respecting the -Picture of Scotland.

career of Mrs. McLehose (Clarinda), and we PAGE 167, NOTE 206.--Robert Dundas shall have further occasion to allude to her of Arniston, elder brother of Viscount Mel-hereafter, on which account great detail in ville; born 1713, appointed president in 1760, this place would be superfluous. It should, and died December 13, 1787, after a short | however, be remarked that the beautiful song illness. Burns sent a copy of the poem to My Nannie's awa, and some others of the Dundas's son, afterwards Lord Advocate and most exquisite productions of Burns, were Lord Chief Baron, but received no answer to dedicated to his passion for Clarinda, although it, which he greatly resented.

she be not directly invoked. PAGE 168, NOTE 207,--Printer, Edin | PAGE 170, NOTE 213.-An early friend burgh-author of the Philosophy of Natural of Burns at Kilmarnock. These lines were History, and member of the Scottish Antiqua written in the year 1788, at the period when rian Society. He died in 1795, in the fifty Burns was commencing his household and fifth year of his age.

farming career at Ellisland. PAGE 163, NOTE 208.--A club to which PAGE 170, NOTE 214.-The first of these Burns and Smellie belonged, and which met sets of verses was written in June, and the in Douglas's tavern in the Anchor Close, second in December, 1788, with reference to

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a hermitage in the grounds of Friars' Carse, ! engrossed with the persecution vindictively near Ellisland, the seat of the poet's friend, instituted against Dr. William McGill. Captain Riddel of Glevriddel.

This was about the month of August, 1789. PAGE 171, NOTE 215.-Captain Riddel The original ground of this controversy, in had, in the course of poring over a news- which Dr. McGill was now figuring, was paper, fallen upon some critical remarks this:--In 1786 he had published a treatise, respecting some production of Burns, and entitled, A Practical Essay on the Death of had accordingly despatched the paper to the Jesus Christ, in two Parts--1. Containing tlie poet, that he might have an opportunity of History--2. The Doctrine of his Death. Dr. observing what was said of him. And it was McGill was at that time one of the ministers in returning this paper that Burns accompa- 1 of the parochial church of Ayr, and his nied it with the comical note in verse, treatise was alleged to be fraught with Arian entitled an “Extempore to Captain Riddel." and Sociniau doctrines, which were deemed PAGE 171, NOTE 216.-“The Mother's injurious to the interests of the clergy. Dr.

artly with a view to McGill thus became the butt of many ato Mrs. Fergusson of Craigdarroch, and partly to tacks levelled, partly at his person and the worthy patroness of my early unknown character, and partly at his work ; but he muse, Mrs. Stewart of Afton.”—BURNS. took little or no notice of any of these sal

PAGE 172, NOTE 217.—"In January lies, until a minister, who had hitherto last (1789), on my road to Ayrshire, I had to been a warm and personal friend, became put up at Bailie Wigham's in Sanquhar, the his most bitter assailant. This was Dr. only tolerable inn in the place. The frost William Peebles, of Newton-upon-Ayr, who was keen, and the grim evening and howling in his centenary sermon, preached on the 5th wind were ushering in a night of snow and of November, 1788, gratuitously denounced drift. My horse and I were both much the treatise as heretical, and Dr. McGill as fatigued with the labours of the day; and, la person “who with one hand received the just as my friend the bailie and I were bidding privileges of the church, while with the other defiance to the storm, over a smoking bowl, he was endeavouring to plunge the keenest in wheels the funeral pageantry of the late poignard into her heart.” McGill published Mrs. Oswald; and poor I am forced to brave a defence, which led, in April, 1789, to the all the terrors of the tempestuous night, and introduction of the case into the presbyterial jade my horse-my young favourite horse, court of Ayr, and subsequently into that of whom I had just christened Pegasus-farther the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr. Meanwhile, on through the wildest hills and moors of the public out of doors was agitating the Ayrshire to the next inn! The powers of question with the keenest interest, and the poetry and prose sank under me when I strife of the liberal and zealous parties in would describe what I felt. Suffice it to say, the church had reached a painful extreme. that when a good fire at New Cumnock had It was now that Burns took up the pen in so far recovered my frozen sinews, I sat behalf of McGill, whom, it is probable, he down and wrote the enclosed ode.”-BURNS. sincerely looked on as a worthy and enlight

PAGE 172, NOTE 218.--Mr. James Ten- ened person suffering an unworthy persecunant had been an early and constant friend tion. The war rayed, till, in April 1790, the of Robert Burns and his family, and had case came on for trial before the Synod, when taken an active part in the selection of the McGill stopped further procedure, by giving farm of Ellisland for the poet.

in a document, expressive of his deep regret PAGE 173, NOTE 219.-Mr. Cunningham for the disquiet he had occasioned, explaining mentions that the poor animal whose suffer the challenged passages of his book, and ings excited this burst of indignation on the declaring his adherence to the standards of part of the poet, was shot by a lad named the church on the points of doctrine in James Thomson, son of a farmer near Ellis- question. Dr. McGill died March 30th, land. Burns, who was walking beside the 1807, at the age of seventy-six, and in the Nith at the moment, execrated the young forty-sixth year of his ministry.--Abridged man, and spoke of throwing him into the from Murray's Literary History of Gallowater.

way. PAGE 174, NOTE 220.--At the period at PAGE 174, NOTE 221.--Dr. McGill. which this biting and well-directed rebuke Page 174, NOTE 222.-Upon the comfrom the pen of Burns appeared, the neigh- mencement of the proceedings against Dr. bourhood, and, in fact, the whole Scottish McGill before the Synod, the municipal Kirk was agitated by the most violent con- authorities of Ayr published a testimonial in troversy, and the Ecclesiastical Courts were the newspapers, averring their high esteem

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for the defendant, both as a man and a : any chance, in the right way. Notwithstand. minister.

jing the antipathy he could scarcely help PAGE 174, NOTE 223.-Mr. John Ballan. ¡ feeling towards Burns, one of the poets'. tine, the Provost of the town of Ayr, rhocomic verses would make him laugh heartily, had taken an active part in the demoustra- and confess that, "after all, he was a droll tion in favour of Dr. McGill,

fellow."-CHAMBERS. PAGE 174, NOTE 224.-It was by Mr. PAGE 174, NOTE 235.-Rev. Mr. Stephen Robert Aiken (the lawyer, the friend of Young, of Barr. Burns, and he to whom the “Cotters' Sa PAGE 174, NOTE 236.-Rev. Mr. George turday Night” is dedicated) that Dr. Mc Smith, of Galston. This gentleman is praised

efore the Synod. Mr. as friendly to common sense in the Holy Aiken, as we have before had occasion to Fair. The offence which was taken at that remark, was not a little distinguished for his praise probably embittered the poet against eloquence as an advocate.

hiin. Page 174, NOTE 225.-Dr. William Dal 1 PAGE 14, NOTE 237.—Mr. John Sheprymple, as remarkable for his humble, modest herd, of Muirkirk. The statistical account of demeanour, as for his superior talents and Muirkirk contributed by this gentleman to worth. He was senior minister to the col Sir John Sinclair's work, is above the average legiate church of Ayr.

in intelligence, and very agreeably written. PAGE 174, Note 226.—John Russell, the He had, however, an unfortunate habit of preacher, who also figures in the Holy Fair. saying rude things, which he mistook for wit,

Page 174, NOTE 227._The Rev. James and thus laid himself open to Burns's satire. McKin, who figures as the hero of the PAGE 174, NOTE 238.-The poor elder, Ordination.

William Fisher, whom Burns has so often PAGE 174, NOTE 228.-Alexander Moodie, scourged. the minister of Riccarton, who figures also in PAGE 175, NOTE 239.-Robert Heron, the Twn Herds.

who afterwards became a well-known author PAGE 174. NOTE 229.-The Rev. Mr. by profession, and died in misery, in London, Auld, of Mauchline.

in 1807. PAGE 174, NOTE 230.-The clerk was 1 PAGE 175, NOTE 240.-Waited for. Mr. Gavin Hamilton, whose defence against 1 PAGE 175, NOTE 241.--This small piece. the charges preferred by Mr. Auld, had which was an imitation, was forwarded to: occasioned mucli trouble to this clergyman. ! the Star Newspaper for publication in the

PAGE 174, NOTE 231.--Mr. Grant, of month of May, 1789; and it was in recome Ochiltree.

pense for this contribution, that Burns was PAGE 174, NOTE 232.-Mr. Young, of put on the free list, and supplied with the Cumnock.

paper gratuitously, which, however, he rePAGE 174, NOTE 233.-The Rev. Dr. i ceived very irregularly. In allusion to the Peebles. He had excited some ridicule by very uncertain manner in which the paper a line in a poem on the Centenary of the was delivered to him, he addressed the subRevolution :

joined lines, on one occasion, to the pube * And bound in Liberty's endearing chain."

lisher :

Dear Peter, dear Peter, The poetry of this gentleman is said to have

We poor sons of metre been indifferent. He translated the Davidies

Are often negleckit, ye ken; of Cowley, which some of his brethren,

For instance, your sheet, man, not exactly understanding what was meant,

Though glad I'mn to see't man, took the liberty of calling Dr. Peebles'Daft Ideas."-CHAMBERS.

I get it no ane day in ten. PAGE 174, NOTE 234.--"Dr. Andrew PAGE 175, NOTE 242.-"Mrs. Dunlop, Mitchell, Monkton. He was so rich as to daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Wallace, be able to keep his carriage. Extreme love of Craigie, and at this time widow of John of money, and a strange confusion of ideas, Dunlop, of Dunlop, in Ayrshire, and resident characterised this presbyter. In his prayer at the last mentioned place, became acfor the royal family, he would express quainted with Burns on the publication of himself thus:-“ Bless the King — his his poems at Kilmarnock, and was ever after Majesty the Queen-her Majesty the Prince his steady friend. She was a woman of exof Wales.” The word chemistry he pro- cellent understanding and heart, with a connounced in three different ways--hemistry, siderable taste for elegant literature. She shemistry, and tchemistry--but never, by died in 1815, at the age of eighty-four,

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