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commissariat duties of a proposed naval establishment on the Canadian lakes. He was afterwards sent to Halifax, and published his adventures in a work entitled Forest Scenery and Incidents in the Wilds of North America." He afterwards published A Home Tour through the Manufacturing Districts of England in the Summer of 1835." In 1849 he published "Rome, a Tour of many Days." He was also the author of several graphic articles in the Quarterly Review, and was the translator of "Historical Memoirs of Cardinal Pacca," 1850, and the "Metamorphoses of Apuleius," 1851. He was knighted in 1831.


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Feb. 20. In Norfolk, Eng., Joseph Hume, M. P., aged 78. At the age of 13, he was apprenticed to an apothecary, where he remained until appointed assistant surgeon in the East India Company's service. While in India he filled several important posts, and returned from there in 1808. In 1818 he was elected to Parliament, and his long career in the House of Commons was brilliant and successful. He spoke often, and frequently made longer speeches than any other member. He took the lead in all the plans of reform, particularly of the army and navy, of civil and criminal laws, of established churches, and ecclesiastical courts. July 30. In Berwick-on-Tweed, George Johnston, M. D., aged 58, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. While engaged in the practice of his profession, he devoted his leisure to Natural History, in which he attained great eminence. He published several works on the subject, and contributed to the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, Magazine of Natural History, &c.

June 23. In the hospital at Therapia, from a wound received at Sebastopol, Captain Edmund Mowbray Lyons, aged 36, a naval officer of great ability, determination, and gallantry.

March 13.In Brighton, Eng., John James Masquerier, Esq., aged 77. He attained a high rank as a painter, particularly in the art of portrait-painting. He was a native of France.

July, near 20th. In Turin, Madame Maubourg, the eldest and last surviving daughter of Marquis Lafayette.

Jan. 10. At Swallowfield Cottage, near Reading, Miss Mary Russell Mitford, aged 68, well known as the author of "Our Village." She also wrote several dramatic works, some of which made their way to the public stage, among which are "Julian," in 1823; "Foscari," in 1826; and "Rienzi," in 1828. Her contributions to the magazines, annuals, and other periodicals, have been numerous. She has also published several volumes of sketches. Her last work was "Atherton and other Tales," in 1854.

March 2.--In St. Petersburg, Nicholas 1., Emperor of all the Russias, aged 59. He was born at St. Petersburg on the 6th of July, 1796, and was the third son of the Emperor Paul and his second wife, Mary of Wurtemberg. At an early period he applied himself with great ardor to military pursuits, as well as to the science of political economy, and became familiar with the French and German languages. In 1816, after having visited the principal battle-fields of Europe, he arrived in England, and on his return in 1817, married the eldest daughter of the King of Prussia, and the sister of the present king. On the death of his brother Alexander in 1825, Constantine, the next heir, having renounced the crown, he ascended the throne. A struggle ensued between his own supporters and those of Constantine, which he soon subdued by his remarkable energy and self-possession. In 1826 he was crowned at Moscow. His reign was devoted to strengthening the power and extending the domains of Russia. His death was occasioned by a fit of pulmonary apoplexy quickly following an attack of influ


May 31.-In Haworth, Yorkshire, Charlotte, wife of Rev. Arthur Nicholls, better known under her nom de plume of Currer Bell. She was the daughter of the Rev. Patrick Bronti, Vicar of Haworth, and married in June, 1854, the curate of her father's parish. Her history is well known, as well as that of her sisters, Emily, the author of "Wuthering Heights," and Anne, the author of "Agnes Grey" Charlotte wrote "Jane Eyre," Shirley," and "Villette," the first of which established her fame as a writer of great power and originality.

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July 7.- At Ems, Sir William Edward Parry, aged 64. He entered the navy in 1803. From 1813 to 1817 he was attached to the North American station, and received a commission to join Sir John Ross's expedition as Lieutenant in 1818. This expedition proved a failure. He was appointed to the command of the second, and had the satisfaction of crossing the meridian at 110° W. from Greenwich, in the latitude of 74° 44′ 20′′, and becoming entitled to the reward

of £5,000, being the reward offered by Parliament for reaching thus far west within the Arctic Circle. Upon the return of this expedition, he was promoted in 1820 to be Commander. He was absent upon another expedition, which extended through the years 1821, 1822, and 1823. He made two subsequent Arctic voyages, and in the last, which was in 1826, attained the latitude of 82° 45', the nearest point to the north pole that had then been reached. He was knighted in


Jan. 24.Near Reading, Joseph Phillimore, D. C. L., aged 79, Regius Professor of Civil Law in the University of Oxford, and Chancellor of the diocese of Oxford. He entered college in 1789, and was elected to Christ's Church in 1793. He was early distinguished for skill in Latin composition and versification. He was in Parliament from 1817 to 1830. In 1834 he was appointed King's Advocate in the Admiralty Court, and Judge of the Consistory Court of Gloucester in 1846. He published three volumes of the Decisions of the Ecclesiastical Courts; and, in 1823, reports of cases argued before Sir George Lee. He was an able lawyer and judge.

Jan. 10. In Edinburgh, Hon. Patrick Robertson, aged 60, one of the Judges of the Court of Session. He was admitted to the bar in 1815, and made Judge in 1843.

June 17. In Hampshire, Right Hon. Sir George Henry Rose, a Privy Councillor, and magistrate of Hampshire. In 1807, he was sent to the United States on the affair of the Chesapeake, and afterwards filled various diplomatic offices. He was the author of "A Letter on the Means and Importance of converting the Slaves in the West Indies to Christianity," 1823, and of "Scriptural Research," 1832. In 1831, he edited "A Selection of Papers of the Earl of Marchmont." April 26. - In London, William Devonshire Saull, Esq., aged 71, a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and of the Geological and Astronomical Societies, and a member of the Société Geologique of France. His name will be remembered in connection with a valuable private museum, formed of geological specimens and other curiosities, which he threw open to the public every Thursday.

July 25. At Tunbridge Wells, William Selwyn, Esq., aged 81. He was an eminent lawyer, and distinguished for his literary pursuits. He was called to the bar in 1807, having been admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1797. He is well known as the author of "Selwyn's Nisi Prius," and also as being the reporter of cases in the Court of King's Bench, six volumes of which were published under the title of "Maule and Selwyn's Reports."

Aug. 7.-In England, Rev. Richard Sheepshanks, aged 61. He devoted himself almost entirely to the science of astronomy, and for some years edited the Notices of the Astronomical Society. He made great efforts in determining the latitude and longitude of places in England and Ireland, and contributed a series of papers to the Penny Cyclopædia, on the science of astronomy.

June 28.- - In the camp before Sebastopol, the Right Hon. Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, Baron Raglan, Commander of her Majesty's forces in the Crimea, aged


At fifteen years of age, he was appointed Cornet in the Light Dragoons, and in 1805 he was promoted to be Lieutenant. In 1807, he was attached to Sir Arthur Paget's embassy to Turkey, and in the same year served on the Duke of Wellington's staff, on the expedition to Copenhagen. He served with him in the Peninsula, and was with him at Waterloo, where he lost his right arm. He was sent at various times on important missions, and in 1819 was appointed Secretary to the Duke of Wellington. While Master-General of Ordnance, he was appointed commander of the forces which proceeded to Turkey in February, 1854, and during the arduous duties of the campaign, by his calmness, quick perception, and fortitude, won the confidence of the army, and performed great and brilliant services.

June 22.- In Balaclava, William Henry Stone, Esq., aged 30, Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. He was employed at the seat of war in administering the fund for the relief of the sick and wounded, and while there was a correspondent of the London Times. He was a young man of brilliant promise.

July 10. Before Sebastopol, Lieut.-Colonel Vico, French Commissioner with the British army, an efficient and indefatigable officer.

Jan. 30.-In Clapton, Hackney, Joshua Watson, Esq., D. C. L., aged 83, a distinguished divine of the Church of England.

July 2.-In Pimlico, Thomas Weaver, Esq., aged 82, an eminent geologist. April 29.-In Folkstone, Mr. John Wilson, aged 81, a celebrated landscape and marine painter.




Aug. 29.The allied English and French fleet, consisting of the Forte, Euridyce, and Obligado (French), and the President, Pique, and Virago (English), attack and bombard the Russian town Petropaulowski, and the Russian vessels Aurora and Dwina in the bay. Aug. 30th, the bombardment is continued without effect. The English admiral, Price, is killed by a shot from his pistol. Aug. 31 and Sept. 4, the bombardment is continued, and on Sept. 4 a force is landed, which carries a battery and spikes the guns; but, attempting to mount a hill beyond the battery, is repulsed, and retreats to the vessels. Sept. 5, those killed in the assault are buried. Sept. 7, the squadron leaves the port. 209 of the English and French were killed or wounded. The town is said to have been defended by 1,200 men, with 120 guns.

Aug. 29.

A new asteroid, named Euphrosyne, is discovered at the Washington Observatory by James Ferguson, assistant astronomer.

Sept. 4. The signal "Prepare for sea" is given to the English and French transports collected at Baltchik, with the troops and munitions of war bound for the expedition to the Crimea.

Sept. 5.

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A monument is raised in Hartford, Conn., to the memory of Rev. Thomas H. Gallaudet, the founder of instruction for the deaf and dumb, by his pupils.

Sept. 8. A violent storm sets in at Charleston, S. C., and lasts forty-eight hours, overflowing the wharves, and doing great damage to the shipping. Sept. 9.--The ratifications of the Reciprocity Treaty are exchanged at Washington, and Sept. 11 the treaty is made public. Sept. 11.. The new Boston Theatre is opened with great splendor, under the management of Thomas Barry.

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Sept. 14-16. The Allies-25.000 English, 25,000 French, and 8,000 Turkish troops land at Old Fort, about 30 miles north of Sebastopol and 20 miles south of Eupatoria, without resistance, and Sept. 19 commence their march to Sebastopol.

Sept. 14. The cholera prevails to a fearful extent in Columbia, Pa. 83 deaths have occurred to this date.

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Sept. 17. The steamer City of Philadelphia, seven days out, from Liverpool for Philadelphia, with 540 passengers, strikes upon Cape Race, and becomes a total loss. The passengers are saved.

Sept. 18-21-A severe gale does great damage on the coast of Texas.

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Sept. 18. William Miller, British Consul at the Sandwich Islands, presents his protest to the king against the annexation of the Sandwich Islands to the United States.

Sept. 20. -- By the displacement of a switch, the train of passenger cars of the Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton road, when near the depot in Cincinnati, is thrown off the track, and down an eighteen-foot embankment, into the Whitewater Canal, where the water is about four feet deep. 14 persons are more or less seriously injured.

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Sept. 20. The Allies attack the Russians under Menschikoff, who, 40,000 in number, are strongly intrenched upon the heights of the Alma, and after a contest of four hours drive them from the ground with great loss. The English have 253 killed and 1,427 wounded; the French, 256 killed and 1,087 wounded. The Russian loss is said to be between 7,000 and 8,000.

Sept. 21. General Concha, the new Captain-General of Cuba, lands at Havana, and is received in great state.

Sept. 23. The Allies leave the Alma, cross the Katscha, and Sept. 24 pass the Belbeck. Sept. 25, leaving the high road, they cross to the Tchernaya, and reach (Sept. 26) Balaclava without serious opposition, and are in communication with the fleet. The Russians (Sept. 23) close the passage to the harbor of Sebastopol, by sinking in the entrance five ships of the line and two frigates. Sept. 25. H. B. M. ship Rattlesnake arrives at San Francisco, and brings the news of the arrival at Port Clarence (Aug. 21) of the ship Enterprise, Capt. Col. linson, from his long expedition into the Arctic in search of Sir John Franklin. Sept. 26.A decree, published in the Moniteur of this day, organizes the

new police of Paris on the same plan as that of London. The number is to be 2,900, who will do duty day and night, by turns, under the charge of two commissioners or chiefs. The annual cost will be 5,600,000 francs.

Sept. 26. Marshal de St. Arnaud resigns the command of the French to Gen. Canrobert, and Sept. 29 dies at sea on board the Bertholet.

Sept. 27.-The Collins steamer Arctic, Capt. Luce, when about 50 miles distant from Cape Race, in a dense fog, comes in collision, at 12 o'clock, M., with the French screw-steamer Vesta. Her bows are stove, and she fills and sinks, at fifteen minutes before 5 o'clock, P. M., the attempts to stop the leak being unsuccessful. The engine fires are soon put out. The Arctic has 410 persons, passengers and crew, on board. 22 passengers and 65 of the crew are saved. 212 passengers and 110 of the crew are lost. Of the 61 women and 19 children on board, not one is saved. The conduct of the crew is selfish, mutinous, and dastardly. Sept. 28. The United States sloop of war Albany, Commander James T. Gerry, sails from Aspinwall, and has not been heard of since.


Sept. 28. Capt. McClure, of the Arctic ship Investigator, arrives at Cork in the Phoenix, - one of the last vessels fitted out by the British government.

Oct. 1. For several days, the shores on and around the harbor of Vera Cruz are strown with an immense number of dead fish, supposed to have been killed by the gas evolved in some submarine volcanic eruption.

Oct. 1.- The steamer Yankee Blade, from San Francisco to Panama, when one day out, off Point Arguilla, fifteen miles above Point Conception, strikes the reef rocks, and is wrecked. She has on board her crew and 800 passengers. 15 passengers are lost, and $153,000 in gold.

Oct. 4.The greater part of the town of Memel, including its three churches, custom-house, bank, and court-houses, is destroyed by fire. Loss estimated at £1,000,000.

Oct. 8.The steamer E. K. Collins, from Saut Ste. Marie for Cleveland, takes fire on the lake, and is burned. Twenty-three persons are lost, by fire or drowning. Oct. 9. The Indian difficulties continuing, General Smith, commander of the United States troops in Texas, makes a requisition upon the Governor of that State for six companies of rangers to serve for three months.

Oct. 9.-The Allies open the trenches in their approaches against Sebastopol. The Russians make frequent sorties.

Oct. 10, 11. Messrs Buchanan, Mason, and Soulé, United States Envoys to England, France, and Spain, meet in conference as to the purchase of Cuba by the United States, at Ostend, in Belgium; and Oct. 12-18, the conference is continued at Aix la Chapelle in Prussia. Oct. 18, they make an official report to the American Secretary of State.

Oct. 13. The buildings of Howard College, at Marion, Ala., are destroyed by fire.


Oct. 14.-Rev. John Bapst, a Catholic clergyman of Bangor, Me., is tarred and feathered, and ridden on a rail, in Ellsworth, in that State. Opposition to his course, as a Catholic, on the school question is said to be the reason. Oct. 17. -The Allies open their first fire from the batteries and the fleet upon Sebastopol, the English leading the right attack and the French the left. The quarantine fort is silenced for the time. The Russian loss is stated at 500 killed. The Allies lose 90 killed and 300 wounded. The fleet suffers the most.

Oct. 20. A despatch is received in Montreal by Sir George Simpson from Dr. Rae, dated York Factory, Aug. 4, that he has learned from the Esquimaux of the death of Sir John Franklin and his crews, by starvation, after the loss of their ships, which were crushed in the ice. The natives were said to have in their possession articles of European manufacture, and among them silver spoons and forks with the initials and crests of members of his party.

Oct. 21.Miss Nightingale, with the staff of nurses, 37 in number, organized by her, leaves England for the Crimea, via Marseilles. They arrive at the hospital at Scutari, Nov. 5th.

Oct. 24. Pierre Soulé, the United States Minister to Spain, on landing at Calais from London, en route for Spain, and with despatches from the legation in London to that in Paris, is stopped by the French police, and, as he understands it, is forced to go back to England. The French government explain, that the order was that he should not sojourn in France, but that he might pass through France to go to Spain. Upon this being communicated to Mr. Soulé in London, he arrives in Paris, Nov. 9th, and on the 11th leaves for Bordeaux.

Oct. 25.- The Russians, under Gen. Liprandi, 30,000 strong, attack the Allies at Balaclava, carry and maintain two redoubts on the heights which were occupied by Turks, and capture several guns, but are repulsed by the English and French. The day is made famous by the charge of the Light Brigade of cavalry. Oct. 27.On the Great Western Railroad of Canada, a collision occurs between a passenger and gravel train. 42 persons die of injuries here received, and others suffer from their wounds.

Oct. 28. - A fire in Cleveland, Ohio, consumes property to the amount of $2,000,000.

Oct. 28. The Turks in the Principalities attack the Russians between Isatchka and Tultscha, and after a contest of two hours compel them to cross the Danube, and destroy the bridges.

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Nov. 1. The passenger train, leaving Chicago for Rock Island, is thrown off the track by the breaking of an axle, and 40 are killed, wounded, or scalded. Nov. 1. The British ship Enterprise, Capt. Collinson, arrives in Hong Kong, after a three years' unsuccessful search for Sir John Franklin in the Arctic Sea. Nov. 2. A great fire rages in Lockport, N. Y., and consumes a considerable portion of the northern part of the town.


Nov. 5. The battle of Inkermann is fought. The Russian force is said to be 50,000, and their loss 42 officers and 2,969 men killed, and 296 officers and 5,791 men wounded. The Allies take many prisoners. The French loss during the day is 1,726. The English loss is 459 killed and 1,833 wounded. The English force in the battle is 8,000, and that of the French 6,000.

Nov. 9.The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty give notice that they assert a continuing right to her Majesty's ships Assistance, Resolute, Investigator, Pioneer, and Intrepid, left in the Arctic Seas by their crews.

Nov. 13.- A violent storm at Constantinople does much damage.

Nov. 13-16.-- A fearful tempest rages over the Black Sea. It is most violent on the 14th at Balaclava, where 18 British and 12 French ships are lost, and 340 men, with a large amount of property.

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Nov. 22.- Rev. William A. Stearns, D. D., late pastor of a parish in Cambridgeport, Mass., is inaugurated President of Amherst College.

Nov. 24.--The steamer Ocean, from Boston for the Kennebec, comes in collision, in Boston harbor, with the Cunard steamer Canada, is cut down to the water's edge, takes fire, and is destroyed. Three or four of her passengers perish.

Nov. 28-Dec. 9.-The people in the Ballarat gold-diggings, near Geelong, Australia, are in a state of great excitement, the diggers refusing to pay the dig ger's license, and resisting its collection. Dec. 3, a body of armed police attack an intrenched camp, kill 26 and take 123 prisoners. Martial law is proclaimed, Dec. 4th, in the district of Bunningyong. The excitement extends to Melbourne, and all in the service of government, even to the post-office clerks, are sworn in as special constables. Dec. 9, all becomes tranquil.

Dec. 1, 2, 3. On these three days, the people of Mexico vote with a great but forced unanimity that the Republic shall continue to be governed by General Santa Aña.

Dec. 2. A new treaty is concluded between Austria and the Western Powers. Dec. 6.The veto message of President Pierce upon the River and Harbor Bill is considered, and the vote on passing the bill, notwithstanding the veto, is 90 to 35, and thus the bill fails.

Dec. 8.


The Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary is proclaimed by the Pope, in St. Peter's Church, Rome, as a dogma of the Catholic faith.

Dec. 9.-The King of the Sandwich Islands issues his proclamation, to the effect that, it having come to his knowledge that his government had been recently threatened with overthrow by lawless violence, he accepts the aid of the naval forces of the United States, Great Britain, and France, offered by the representatives of those powers at his court.

Dec. 13. A Russian ukase orders an additional levy of ten men in every thousand, in the eastern half of the Russian empire, Jews not excepted.

Dec. 15.- Kamehameha III., King of the Sandwich Islands, dies, aged 41, and is succeeded by Prince Alexander Liholiho, under the title of Kamehameha IV. The new king was 20 years old, Feb. 9, 1854.

Dec. 19.-The Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs declares, in the Cortes: "I say it most distinctly and emphatically, that the sale of the island of Cuba would be the sale of Spanish honor itself."

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