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FROM THE

COMMENCEMENT OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

IN MDCCLXXXIX

TO THE

RESTORATION OF THE BOURBONS

IN MDCCCXV.

BY

SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON, BART.

F. R. S. E.

NINTH EDITION

VOL. VI.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS
EDINBURGH AND LONDON

MDCCCLIV

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CONTENTS OF VOL. VI.

CHAPTER XXXIX.-FROM THE OPENING OF THE WAR WITH SPAIN TO THE

BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR. JANUARY-OCTOBER, 1805. Napoleon proposes peace to Great Britain, 1.-Influence of the French press

in his favour, 3.-His speech to the senate, ib.—Commencement of indirect taxation in France, ib. - Alliance between England and Russia, 4.-Basis assumed for the war, 5.—Treaties between Russia, Prussia, and Sweden, ib. Supplies for 1805, 6.-Charges against Lord Melville, ib.—Debates on the Catholic question, 7.-Total failure of Catholic emancipation to pacify the country, 11.-Unfitness of the Irish for a free constitution, 13.- Measures of Napoleon, 15.-Change of government in Holland, ib. Napoleon assumes the crown of Lombardy, 16.-His journey into Italy, 17.--Napoleon enters Milan, 18.—Is crowned with the iron crown of Charlemagne, ib.-Adulatory addresses from Naples and Genoa, 19.-Incorporation of Genoa with France, ib.—Eugene appointed Viceroy of Italy, 20.-Extinction of Lucca, and incorporation of Parma and Placentia with France, 22.-Jealousy of Austria, 23. --Treaty between Russia and England, ib.—Accession of Austria to the Alliance, 24.–Sweden also is included, ib.—Neutrality of Prussia, 26.-Force collected for the invasion of England, 27.- Organisation of the flotilla, 30. --His secret projects for effecting the passage, 32.-Actions with the British cruiser's off Boulogne, ib.—Operations of the combined fleets of France and Spain, 33.—Sir Robert Calder's action, 39.-Injustice to which Sir Robert Calder was subjected, 40.- Napoleon sets off for Paris, 43.-Hostile preparations of Austria, 44.-Bavaria joins France, 45.—The Austrians cross the Inn, 46.—Preparations of Napoleon, ib.—Breaking up of the armament at Boulogne, '47.-Restoration of the Gregorian Calendar, 48.–Battle of Trafalgar, 52.—Nelson's last hours and death, 55.—Tempest, and disasters to the prizes, 57.-Courteous intercourse with the Spaniards at Cadiz, 58.Honours granted to the family of Nelson, 59.—Character of Nelson, ib. Victory of Sir R. Strachan, 60.—Comparison of victories at land and sea, 61. - Reflections on breaking the line, ib.--On the introduction of steam into naval warfare, 62.

CHAPTER XL.-CAMPAIGN OF AUSTERLITZ. Progress of the Austrian empire, 65.—Statistics of Austria, 67.-Russia, its rapid growth and steady policy, 82.-Statistics of the empire, i3.-Character of the Emperor Alexander, 84.-The Austrians advance to the Black Forest, 85.—Efforts of Napoleon to gain Prussia, ib.—The Russians denied a passage through Prussia, 86.— Violation of the Prussian territory by Bernadotte, 88. -Hostile measures adopted by the cabinet of Berlin, ib.—Measures concerted between Russia, Sweden, and England, 89.-Napoleon's proclamation, ib.—Mack's defensive arrangements, 90.-Fourthousand Imperialists cut to pieces, ib.-Combat at Hasslach, 92.-Capitulation of four thousand Aus

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