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able administration affairs Agra Akbar already appeared army arrived attack attempt authority became become began Bengal British brother Calcutta called camp capital carried cause cavalry century charge chief Colonel command condition continued Court death Deccan defeated Delhi died Emperor Empire enemy European followed force French Government Governor-General guns hand Hastings head held Hindu Hindustan Holkar hundred India Khán known land late later less Lord Madras Mahratta marched means miles military minister Mughal Muslim native nature Nawab nearly obtained officers once passed peace period Persian person Poona position possession present prince province Punjab Rája Rajputs received reign remained returned river ruled ruler seemed sent Shah side soon strong success Sultan taken territory took treaty troops turned whole
Página 266 - To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers.
Página 440 - The social degeneration went on almost to the end of the century. We are informed by Baillie Fraser on the authority of Colonel J. Skinner, CB, who had trailed a pike in the service of Mahadaji Sindia from about 1790 to 1803, that Hindustan was actually becoming depopulated. " So reduced," he said, "was the actual number of human beings, and so utterly cowed their spirit, that the few villages that did continue to exist, at great intervals, had scarcely any communication with each other, and so great...
Página 440 - War. A native cited by Dow speaks of "every species of domestic confusion. Villainy," he adds, "was practised in all its forms ; law and religion were trodden under foot ; the bonds of private friendship and connection, as well as of society and Government, were broken; every individual, as if in a forest of wild beasts, could rely upon nothing but the strength of his own arm.
Página v - Times. *' In this admirably clear and comprehensive account of the rise and consolidation of our great Indian Empire, Mr Keene has endeavoured to give, without prolixity, ' a statement of the relevant facts at present available, both in regard to the origin of the more important Indian races and in regard to their progress before they came under the unifying processes of modern administration.
Página 440 - So reduced was the actual number of human beings, and so utterly cowed their spirit, that the few villages that did continue to exist at great intervals, had scarcely any communication with one another ; and so great was the increase of beasts of prey, and so great the terror they inspired, that the little communication that remained was often actually cut off by a single tiger known to haunt the road.
Página 268 - But if it be true that he was directed to make the safety and prosperity of Bengal the first object of his attention, and that, under his administration, it has been safe and prosperous, — if it be true...
Página 125 - Shah's son) reign was consumed in intrigues and fruitless quarrels : and on his death in November 1554, his son was murdered and a scene of confusion ensued. "The native Muslims fell into such a state of quarrelsome imbecility that the chief command fell into the hands of a Hindu chandler named Hemu.
Página 124 - His brief career was devoted to the establishment of the unity which he had long ago perceived to be the great need of his country. Though a devout Muslim, he never oppressed his Hindu subjects. His progresses were the cause of good to his people instead of being — as is too often the case in India — the occasions of devastation.... It is a welcome task to take note of such things as a break in the long annals of rapine and slaughter, and we can do so without hesitation ; for the acts of Sher...
Página 125 - ... beyond revealing in detail the nature of the situation that enabled Humayun to recover his lost patrimony. But, the Afghan episode has a value for us as containing in a nut-shell, as it were, the same lesson that is more elaborately illustrated in the history of the Mughal Empire. As Keene has said, "It is the misfortune of absolute monarchy that the best rulers can never ensure a worthy successor.