Imágenes de páginas

brings out the bottle, and persuades his tion and the Royal Academy; many of wife to “ take a drop," to the last, where these pictures possessed much humour, the “ Bottle has done its work; it has among which may be mentioned “ Disdestroyed the infant and the mother, turbing a Congregation," " Dressing for made the father a maniac, and brought the Day,”. “A Now Servant and a Deaf the son and daughter to the streets,” the Mistress," &c. interest excited is very intense and dra- The great success which has attended matically kept up; indeed the dramatic the career of the artist we have been turn of the plates was at once perceived, considering, is to be attributed not only and a piece was produced at the thea- to his genius, which in the particular tres, with tableaux of the plates. branch of art to which he addressed

The work made a very great sensa- himself, is undoubtedly great, nor to tion, and was so successful that in the a playful fancy and an imagination of following year the artist produced a almost exhaustless fertility, but in a sequel, in which the career of the son great measure to an industry which and daughter of the drunkard was.fol- never tired, and a determined punctulowed up. One plate therein was re- ality which never failed. His immense markably appalling, the suicide of the industry would be testified even by the unfortunate girl, who in a fit of despair incomplete list of works which we havo plunges from Waterloo Bridge. In given, but a perfect list is probably studying for these works, the scenes he unattainable, and a complete collection witnessed, together with the arguments equally so. One which is far from of some of the leading tee-total advo- perfect, and was advertised for sale some cates, amongst whom he was thrown, time ago, filled a good sized cart, when produced in the artist's mind a convic- taken to its destination; the artist himtion that a total abstinence from intoxi- self has not prints of the whole of his cating drinks, is the sole effectual plan works, which certainly might have been for producing a reformation in the lower expected. Another great source of succlasses of society: He therefore joined cess is the dramatic effect and arrangethat cause, and has since become the ment of Cruikshank's productions; he leading and most noticeable advocate of himself, we believe, attributes a great the Tee-totalers. He is at present en- deal of popularity to this quality, in gaged in producing a pamphlet, called fact, he seems personally to have a great « The Glass,” the vignette on the title deal of dramatic art, and when Mr. of which, a skeleton hand holding a Dickens and other littérateurs, for purglass, frothing with serpents, in allusion poses mentioned in the life of that gento the Scriptural motto underneath, is tleman (Biog. Mag., vol. 2) organized very appropriate and striking. The de- a corps of actors, Mr. Cruikshank was termination which led the artist to this recognised as one of the most capable step, must not, however, be deemed sud- and most successful. den; for in his earlier works a vein It has been the habit of the artist to of moral reproof against the evils of relieve the lassitude occasioned by indrunkenness is traceable, in his“Sunday cessant application to his art by various in London," "The Gin Shop," “ The athletic exercises, fencing, rowing, and Upas Tree,” and “The Gin Juggernaut." even boxing. He used at one time to

Since the appearance of the “Bottle," make little of rowing up to Richmond and its Sequel, Cruikshank has illus- and back, and is generally skilful in trated several works--"The Greatest those exercises which he wisely indulgPlague in Life," " How to Marry,” and ed in to keep in health. His appeara work bearing on the crowded state of ance is somewhat remarkable : of the London, during the Exhibition, called, middle height, and very broad shoulder" The Adventures of Mr. and Mrs. ed, a piercing eye, and a kind of fixed Sandboys," which was unsuccessful. He look, a fine forehead, and a face surhas lately furnished illustrations to an rounded with whiskers somewhat of the edition of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," pub- wildest, give him a presence which is lished by Mr. John Cassel, which, how- not to be put by.” Mr. Cruikshank has ever, cannot be classed amongst his hap- been twice married, but has no chilpiest efforts.

dren. Although by no means a young He has latterly turned his attention man, the energy and determination to oil painting, and has contributed to of the artist, kept up no doubt by his the Exhibitions of the British Institu- excellent constitution and abstemiqus


habits, have scarcely abated. He seeks | he should offend none personally. He admission as a student to the Royal attacked the vice and not the men. He Academy, and determines, we believe, is no mere caricaturist, he is that and ardent as Cicero, when at sixty he something more; he has the higher learnt Greek, to turn his talents to a qualities of an originator and of an innew field.

ventor, and moreover is a moral teacher, The talent which he possesses has which Gilray or Rowlandson seldom or certainly never been abused. Whilst never attained to. His greatest praise he was making the people laugh, he was is that he seems ever to have worked generally teaching them. He has care with the knowledge that he must somefully avoided anything which could even day give an account for the use of the by implication sanction vice. He has power granted him; he has therefore assailed sin in the palace equally as in attained position, fame, and independthe cottage, and it is great praise to say ence by the use, not abuse of his genius, that although in his younger days he and long may he live to enjoy that caricatured those in power, he has since which he has acquired. refused a great price for work which

Jas. H. F. would cost him little labour because


To all who feel a curiosity about emi- sympathies of the general reader, there nent men of their own country and is much in our opinion to be educed time, in whatever department they may therefrom in the way of instruction. have attained their celebrity, the pre- Sir Astley Cooper was born at Yelsent brief outline of the history of one, verton, in the county of Norfolk, on the who has left behind him a reputation 23rd of August 1768. The gentleman, as a successful practical surgeon, sur- who has furnished the reading world passed by none-who has been reckoned, with his “Life,” in a couple of somewhat and not unjustly, one of the most in- formidable looking volumes, gravely structive surgical teachers the world assures us, that Astley's father, the Rev. has ever seen, cannot, there is abundant Samuel Cooper, D.D., was wont to drive reason to believe, fail to be acceptable. to the parish church of Yelverton aforeThe subject, however, which occupies the said, of which he was the incumbent, few following pages, has been selected, every Sunday morning, in a coach in preference to others,--which proba- drawn by "four powerful, long-tailed, bly on strictly professional grounds, black horses!” This equestrian display may have superior claims upon our was no doubt excessively magnificent attention, not, because it can be af- in its way, and must have hebdomadally firmed with any degree of correctness, impressed the Yelvertonians with a ponthat Sir Astley Cooper was a man of derously solemn sense of the official genius, or even, in a high sense of dignity and ecclesiastical importance of the term, a man of science, or worthy their parson—but it is highly question. of being classed with the great lumina- able that their piety was very much ries of his own branch of the medical improved by the exhibition.

As deprofession; but simply for the reason scribed, however, the Rev. Doctor's that his career affords, probably, one of weekly cavalcade and appurtenances the most striking instances on record thereto attached, partakes so largely in of what indefatigable industry, coupled its character of the style and taste of the with merely a more than ordinary modern undertaker, that it is perhaps amount of fessional skill and intelli- worthy of a passing notice, if only to gence, can sometimes accomplish for its show that “there is nothing new under possessor, in the shape of worldly fame, the sun.” Most of our readers doubtwealth and honours. If, therefore, there less, like ourselves, will be still more is but little to be found in the career of surprised to learn, on the same authority, this remarkable man to command the that the mother of Sir Astley Cooper was admiration, and still less to enlist the l the veritable authoress of several novels,

which are reported to have enjoyed no friend and companion, is ascribed the small reputation in her own time, and selection of Sir Astley's walk in the -it might perhaps have been added business of life. From Sir Astley himamongst her own friends. Be that as self, however, we have it, that at Norit may, we fear it is beyond dispute now, wich, two or three years later, he chanced that, as far as the ungrateful world is to visit the hospital, where he saw a Mr. concerned, all memory of her works, Donee successfully perform the difficult however meritorious they ight have operation of lithotomy; "and it was been, has been cruelly suffered to perish this,” he says, “which inspired me with long ago. We believe her, however, to a strong impression of the utility of surhave been both an amiable and accom- gery, and led me to embark in it as my plished lady; but whatever literary profession.An opportunity soon pretalent she may have possessed, Sir sented itself for his so doing. Astley, when a boy, seems to bave in- In 1784, his uncle, Mr. William Cooherited not a particle of the maternal per, an eminent London surgeon, and love for letters. He was, like a good lecturer in Guy's Hospital, paid his many other boys, who have afterwards annual visit at Dr. Cooper's parsonage, turned out clever men, much fonder and a proposal that the nephew should of bird's-nesting than book-reading. be articled to himself, and accompany Blessed with an abundant flow of ani- him to town, was unanimously approved mal spirits, he was celebrated amongst of by the family party. To London, his village compeers, only for the greater Astley, now in his seventeenth year, acvariety of puerile tricks, scrapes, and cordingly travelled, where, we gather, feats, in which he alternately played the that, during several months, there was part either of hero or delinquent-and a pretty constant succession of squabis said to have found favour with no bling in the uncle's establishment, in teacher, except a poor dancing French consequence of the nephew being more man who included the vicarage in his smitten with the freedom and gaieweekly journey. It is not necessary to ties of a metropolitan life, than with the our present purpose to inquire what charms and attractions of anatomical proportion of the success of great men science. in after-life, is to be attributed to im- At this period, indeed, the youth appulses or predilections which grow up in pears to have been quite of the “ Bob their boyhood, suffice it to say merely, Sawyer" order of students, and his that it is customary in modern biography pranks were sufficiently numerous and to assert, that most of those who have indecorous, to have entitled him to the become distinguished, either in litera- highest honours of that particular school. ture, science, or art, have in early life with a staid, business man, like the given strong and unmistakeable indi- lecturer of Guy's Hospital, however, cations of their destiny; and that Mr. such a state of things could not possibly Bransby Cooper, in strict accordance endure, and the connection with his with this stereotyped theory, traces in uncle received its finishing stroke from his “Life of Sir Astley Cooper,” his an occurrence which is thus related :uncle's choice of calling to the following “One day he had obtained the uniform incident. When Astley was but thir- of an officer, and in this disguise was teen years of age, he happened one walking about town, when, on going evening to call at his foster-mother's along Bond-street, he suddenly observed cottage, just after her son, the play- his uncle advancing towards him. Not fellow of his childhood, had met with having time to avoid meeting, he dea bad accident in the reaping field. termined to brave out the affair, should The femoral artery had been cut; the bis uncle recognise him. Mr. Cooper poor people knew not how to arrest the for a few moments could not decide in his hæmorrhage; life was ebbing fast away, mind whether it was his nephew or not; when young Astley took a silk handker- but soon convinced that it was he, and chief from his neck, and bound it so this, one of his pranks, he went up to adroitly round the limb that the flow of him, and commenced a somewhat angry blood was stopped until a medical man address about his idleness and waste of reached the spot. To the praise which time. Astley, regarding him with feigned this presence of mind and cleverness of astonishment, and changing his voice, hand brought him, and still more to the replied that he must be making some pleasure he felt in saving his humble mistake, for he did not understand to

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


whomorto what, he was alluding. “Why,' " It was the custom for each professor said Mr. Cooper, you don't mean to to receive at his own house the fees from say that

you are not my nephew, Astley the new pupils. One day Dr.Gregory, thus Cooper ? Really, sir, I have not the engaged, had used all his blank tickets, pleasure of knowing any such person. and was obliged to go into an adjoining My name is

,of the th," replied apartment to procure another for å the young scapegrace, 11aming with un- student whom he left sitting in his conflinching boldness, the regimentof which sulting-room. The accumulated money he wore the uniform. Mr. William Coo- was lying on the table, and from this per apologised, although still unable to sum, as he was re-entering the room, feel assured he was not being duped, he saw the young man sweep a portion, and bowing, passed on." Soon after the and deposit it in his pocket. detection of this very theatrical piece of Gregory took his seat at the table, and, imposition, which cannot fail to remind as if nothing had occurred, filled up the our readers of a precisely similar incident ticket, and gave it to the delinquent. in Bourcicault's comedy of “ London He then accompanied him to the door, Assurance,” we are informed that the and, when at the threshold, with much articles of indenture were transferred emotion said to him, 'I saw what you from Mr. William Cooper to Mr. Cline. did just now; keep the money. I know

This translation seems to have had what must be your distress; but, for a wonderfully salutary effect upon the God's sake, never do it again, it can youthful masquerader, and henceforth never succeed.' The pupil in vain offered his genius for adventures appears to him back the money, and the Doctor have taken quite a new tun, and dis- had the satisfaction of knowing that played itself solely in the acquisition of this moral lesson produced the desired * subjects” for experiment. These con- impression upon his mind.” sisted principally of purloined dogs, and After making a tour into the Highin the “Life” already referred to, we lands on horseback, in the following are complacently furnished with several summer, Cooper returned to England, anecdotes of the reformed Astley's pains and resumed his attendance at the best taking system of scientifically torturing schools in the metropolis. He now these poor animals, which, however, studied under John Hunter, and that with a little more respect for the feelings eagerly, and with vast profit; and to his of our readers, we shall refrain from bold adoption and clever exposition of introducing here. Astley speedily ac- the doctrines of this illustrious preceptor, quired great favour with Mr. Cline for are mainly to be attributed the subsethe zeal and earnestness with which he quent distinguished rank which he himtook to the practice of dissection, and self took, and the fortune he made as erelong, under that great surgeon's tui- a lecturer and surgical teacher. In tion, he made rapid progress in all the 1789, he was appointed demonstrator knowledge requisite for his profession. at St. Thomas's Hospital; and in 1791, In the year 1787, being then nineteen Mr. Cline paid him the high compliyears of age, he spent one wir at ment of procuring his nomination as Edinburgh. He had good introduc- joint-lecturer with himself in anatomy tions, and, besides attending diligently and surgery. From this date his career on Dr. Cullen's medical course, Fyfe's was one of rapid and uninterrupted adanatomical lectures, and Black's che- vancement. In December of this year, mistry, found time to be rather an active we hear of his marriage with a Miss member of the “Speculative Society," Anne Cock, the daughter of an intia debating club then and afterwards of mate friend of Mr. Cline, a rich retired considerable celebrity and influence. merchant, who inhabited a villa near His notes make us acquainted with some Tottenham, but who, strange to died of the connections he formed here, and upon the very day that had been first which must have been highly useful to settled for the wedding. Mr. Bransby him. Amongst others, besides those of Cooper thus relates the sequel: “ A short his medical teachers, he mentions the time subsequent to this bereavement the celebrated names of Dugald Stewart, friends of the young people considered it Adam Smith, Lord Meadowbank, and advantageous that their marriage should Charles Hope. Of Dr. Gregory, from a be no longer deferred. In December a variety of others, we select the follow- christening was to take place from the ing beautiful and touching anecdote. house of Mr. Cline, and he thought that


this would afford an excellent opportu- and as practitioner, an eminence, which nity for his young friends to be united. for a man of his standing, is perhaps The marriage was solemnized, and they without a precedent. The next great afterwards retired, as if they had been step, however, the appointment as surmerely witnesses of the christening. geon to Guy's Hospital, met, in conseOn the evening of the same day, Mr. quence of his French politics, with conCooper delivered his surgical lecture with siderable opposition. But the difficulty all the ease of manner which charac- was overcome by his avowing his deterterized him on ordinary occasions, and mination to "relinquish the companionthe pupils dispersed without a suspicion ship and intimacy of his late democra-, of the occurrence. After lecture he went tical friends, and abandon for the future to the house in Jefferies-square, which all participation in the strife of politics Mr. Cock, promising to himself the hap: and party,” a pledge to which he faithpiness of seeing his daughter surrounded fully adhered. Fortune seems to have with every comfort, had but a short delighted in favouring him, for about time before his decease purchased, and this time he also succeeded to a great furnished for them.” In June of the share of Cline's lucrative city practice, following year, the memorable 1792, the the latter having removed to the west happy couple proceeded to Paris. The end of the town. Mr. Cooper now occuobject of this nuptial excursion was, it pied the spacious premises in St. Mary would appear, in so far as Mr. Cooper Axe, which Cline had vacated; and as at least was concerned, twofold. Along yet, the great merchants of London, had with his friend Cline's anatomical in- not, generally speaking, abandoned the structions, he had also imbibed that old custom of having their town-resigentleman's peculiar political principles. dences in connection with their places of Cline was a democrat, living in friend business, he found himselfin the centre of ship with Horne Tooke, and Cooper was a most intelligent and opulent society, one of the most promising, and about and soon became accustomed to munithis time, probably one of the most en- ficent fees. For example, one ancient thusiastic of their disciples. His visit merchant, Mr. Hyatt, when pronounced to Paris, therefore, was, in the first place, all right again, tossed his night-cap to more with a view to gratify his curiosity the surgeon, who, bowing politely, put by attendance at the debates of the Na- it into his pocket, and, on entering his tional Assembly, &c.; and secondly, of chariot, found pinned inside a bank-note improving his professional knowledge for £1000 !-Others regularly paid him by comparing the Parisian practice of liberal annuities. A Mr.Coles, of Mincing surgery with our own, than for the sake Lane, for a long course of time, gave either of change or amusement. During him £600 every Christmas. While on the terrible three months he remained the subject of fees, it may be somewhat there, he is said to have attended the encouraging to struggling practitioners, hospitals daily, decorated with a demo- as well as interesting to our readers gecratic badge, which ensured his personal nerally, to insert here the following cusafety in the streets. He witnessed the rious statement from Sir Astley's fee10th of August and the 2d of September, book: and notwithstanding the many atrocities • My receipt,” says he, “ for the first brought under his eye, his Parisian ex- year was £5 5s.; the second, £26; the perience did not disturb his adhesion third, £64; the fourth, £96; the fifth, to Mr. Cline's political views. On the £100; the sixth, £200; the seventh, contrary, we learn upon good authority | £400; the eighth, £610; the ninth, that on his return, he was “ an active £1100, although I was a lecturer all steward of the festival of the Revolution the time on anatomy and surgery." In Society of London, in 1793.”

his later years, however, he is said to This circumstance, however, did not have made more money than any surinterfere with his being, in the very geon that ever lived before him. In same year, appointed to the professor- one year, 1815, his professional income ship at Surgeons' College, and he filled amounted to upwards of twenty-one the chair with so much approbation that thousand pounds! The secret of all he was re-elected to it year after year, as this, as has already been remarked, was long as he could place his services at industry. Throughout the whole thotheir disposal. Before the close of the roughly active period of his life, we are century he had reached, both as lecturer informed, Astley Cooper was in his dis

« AnteriorContinuar »