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Louisiana—William Pitt Kellogg, J. Rodman
West. Ohio—John Sherman, Allen G. Thurman. Kentucky—Garret Davis, John W. Stevenson. Tennessee—William G. Brownlow, Henry
Cooper. Indiana—Oliver P. Morton, Daniel D. Pratt. Illinois—'Lyman Trumbull, John A. Logan. Missouri—Francis P. Blair, jr., CarlSchurz. Arkansas—Benjamin ]j\ Rice, Powell Clayton. Michigan—Zachariah Chandler, Thomas W.
Ferry. Florida—Thomas W. Osborn, Abijah Gilbert. Texas—James W. Flanagan, Morgan C. Hamilton.* Iowa—James Harlan, George G. Wright. Wisconsin—Timothy 0. Howe, Matthew H.
Carpenter. California—Cornelius Cole, Eugene Casserly. Minnesota—Alex. Ramsey, William Windom. Oregon—Henry W. Corbett, James K. Kelly. Kansas—Samuel C. Pomeroy, Alexander
Caldwell. West Virginia—Arthur I. Boreman, Henry
G. Davis. Nevada—James W. Nye, William M. Stewart. Nebraska—Thomas W. Tipton, Phineas W.
House of Representatives.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Speaker. Edward McPherson, of Pennsylvania, Clerk. Maine—John Lynch, William P. Frye, James G. Blaine, John A. Peters, Eugene Hale.
Neio Hampshire^—Ellery A. Hibbard, Samuel N. Bell, HoseaW. Parker. Vermont—Charles W. Willard, Luke P. Poland, Worthington C. Smith.
Massachusetts'^—James Buffinton, Oakes Ames, Ginery Twichell, Samuel Hooper, Benjamin F. Butler, Nathaniel P. Banks, George M. Brooks, George F. Hoar, Alvah Crocker, Henry L. Dawes. Rhode Island—Benjamin T. Eames, James M. Pendleton. Connecticut^—Julius D. Strong, Stephen W. Kellogg, Henry H. Starkweather, William H. Barnum. New York—Dwight Townsend, Thomas Kinsella, Henry W. Slocum, Robert B. Roosevelt, William R. Roberts, Samuel S. Cox, Smith Ely, jr., James Brooks, Fernando Wood, Clarkson N. Potter, Charles St. John, John H. Ketcham, Joseph H. Tuthill, Eli Perry, Joseph M. Warren, John Rogers, William A. Wheeler, John M. Carroll, ElizurH. Prindle, Clinton L. Merriam, Ellis H. Roberts, William E. Lansing, R. Holland Duell, John E: Seeley, William H. Lamport, Milo Goodrich, Horace Boardman Smith, Freeman Clarke, Seth Wakeman, William Williams, Walter L. Sessions.
* Qualified March 20,1871.
f Qualified March 22,1871.
% Mr. Brooks resigned May 3,1872; andMr.Crocker qualified February 14,1872, in place of William B. Washburn, resigned. December4,1871, to take effect January 1,1872.
II Messrs. Strong and Starkweather qualified April 12,1871; Mr. Barnum, April 13; Mr. Kellogg, December 4.
New Jersey—John W. Hazelton, Samuel C. Forker, John T. Bird, John Hill, George
Pennsylvania—Samuel J. Randall, John V. Creely, Leonard Myers, William D. Kelley, Alfred C. Harmer, Ephraim L. Acker, Washington Townsend, J. Lawrence Getz, Oliver J. Dickey, John W. Killinger, John
B. Storm, Lazarus D. Shoemaker, Ulysses Mercur, John B. Packer, Richard J. Haldeman, Benjamin F. Meyers, R. Milton Speer, Henry Sherwood, Glenni W. Scofield, Samuel Griffith, Henry D. Foster, James S. Negley, Ebenezer McJunkin, William McClelland.
Delaware—Benjamin T. Biggs.
Maryland—Samuel Hambleton, Stevenson Archer, Thomas Swann, John Ritchie, William M. Merrick.
Virginia—John Critcher, James H. Piatt, jr., Charles H. Porter, William H. H. Stowell, Richard T. W. Duke, John T. Harris, Elliott M. Braxton, William Terry.
North Carolina—Clinton L. Cobb, Charles R. Thomas, Alfred M. Waddell, Sion H. Rogers,* James M. Leach, Francis E. Shober, James C. Harper.
South Carolina—Joseph H. Rainey, Robert
C. De Large, Robert B. Elliott, Alexander S. Wallace.
Georgia—Archibald T. Mclntyre, Richard H. Whiteley, John S. Bigby, Thomas J. Speer, Dudley M. DuBose, William P. Price, Pierce M. B. Young.
Alabama—Benjamin S. Turner, Charles W. Buckley, William A. Handley, Charles Hays, Peter M. Dox, Joseph H. Sloss.
Mississippi—George E. Harris, Joseph L. Morphis, Henry W. Barry, George C. McKee, Legrand W. Perce.
Louisiana—J. Hale Sypher, Lionel A. Sheldon, Chester B. Darrall, (vacancy,) Frank Morey.
Ohio—Aaron F. Perry, Job E. Stevenson, Lewis D. Campbell, John F. McKinney, Charles N. Lamison, John A. Smith, Samuel Shellabarger, John Beatty, Charles Foster, Erasmus D. Peck, John T. Wilson, Phiiadelph Van Trump, George W. Morgan, James Monroe, William P. Sprague, John
A. Bingham, Jacob A. Ambler, William H.
Kentucky—Edward Crossland, Henry D. Mc-
B. Beck, George M. Adams, John M. Rice. Tennessee—Roderick R. Butler, Horace May
nard, Abraham E. Garrett, John M. Bright, Edward I. Golladay, Washington C. Whitthorne, Robert P. Caldwell, William W. Vaughan. Indiana—William E. Niblack, Michael C. Kerr, William S. Holman, Jeremiah M. Wilson, John Coburn, Daniel W.Voorhees, Mahlon D. Manson, James N. Tyner, John P. C. Shanks, William Williams, Jasper Packard.
* Qualified May23,1872, his disabilities (as member of Thirty-Third Congress) having been removed by the amnesty act approved that day.
Illinois—Charles B. Farwell, John F. Farnsworth, Horatio C. Burehard, John B. Hawley, Bradford N. Stevens, Henry Snapp,* Jesse H. Moore, James C. Robinson, Thompson W. McNeely, Edward Y. Rice, Samuel S. Marshall, John B. Hay, John M. Crebs, John L. Beveridge.f
Missouri—Erastus Wells, Gustavus A. Finkelnburg, James R. McCormick, Harrison E. Havens, Samuel S. Burdett, Abram Comingo, Isaac C. Parker, James G. Blair, Andrew King.
Arkansas—James M. Hanks, Oliver P. Snyder, Thomas Boles. J
Michigan—Henry Waldron, William L. Stoughton, Austin Blair, Wilder D. Foster^. Omar D. Conger, Jabez G. Sutherland.
Florida—Josiah T. Walls.
Texas*—William S. Herndon, John C. Conner, De Witt C. Giddiugs, John Hancock.
Iowa—George W. McCrary, Aylett R. Cotton, William G. Donnan, Madison M. Walden, Frank W. Palmer, Jackson Orr.
Wisconsin—Alexander Mitchell, Gerry W. Hazelton, J. Allen Barber, Charles A. Eldredge, Philetus Sawyer, Jeremiah M. Rusk.
California^—Sherman 0. Houghton, Aaron A. Sargent, John M. Coghlan.
Minnesota—MarkH. Dunnell, JohnT. 4verill.
Oregon—James H. Slater.
Kansas—David P. Lowe.
West Virginia—John J. Davis, James C. McGrew, Frank Hereford.
Nevada—Charles W. Kendall.
THE CIYIL SEEVICE,
1871, March 3—The sundry civil appropriation bill pending—
Mr. Trumbull moved to add the following new section:
That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations for the admission of persons into the civil service of the United States as will best promote the efficiency thereof, and ascertain the fitness of each candidate in respect to age, health, character, knowledge, and ability for the branch of service into which he seeks to enter; and for this purpose the President is authorized to employ suitable persons to conduct said inquiries, to prescribe their duties, and to establish regulations for the conduct of persons who may receive appointments in the civil service. §
Mr. Williams moved that it be tabled; which, on a division, was disagreed to—yeas 25, nays 26.
The section was then adopted—yeas 32, nays 24.
The House agreed to this and other amend
* Qualified December 4,1871, vice Burton C.Cook, resigned.
f Qualified December 4,1871, vice John A.Logan, resigned.
X Qualified February 9,1872, vice John Edwards, qualified March 22, 1871, and unseated without a division.
II Qualified December 4,1871, vice Thomas W. Ferry, resigned.
§This is a copy of a joint resolution offered in the House, January 30,1871, by Hon. William H. Armstrong, and referred to the select committee on the reorganization of the civil service, with the exception that his resolution contained the following additional clause:
The President is also authorized to prescribe fees to be paid by all persons applying for appointments, except such classes of honorably dischargedsoldiers as he may exempt, which fees shall be applied to the payment of the expenses of making such inquiries.
ments added by the Senate, without a yea and nay vote.
1872, March 7—Pending the legislative appropriation bill, and the question being on concurring in Senate in an amendment made as in Committee of the Whole, appropriating $50,000 to enable the President of the United States to perfect and put in force such rules as may from time to time be adopted by him—
Mr. Carpenter moved to substitute for that the following:
That all laws or parts of laws under which the present civil service commission is appointed by the President of the United States be, and the same are hereby, repealed.
Mr. Trumbull moved to lay the amendment on the table; which was agreed to—yeas 29, nays 21:"
YEAS—Messrs. Ames, Anthony, Bayard, Boreman, Buckingham, Casserly, Cole, ConKling, Corbett, Davis of West Virginia, Edmunds, Flanagan, Frelinghuysen, Goldthwaite, Harlan, Hill, Johnston, Kelly, Morrill of Vermont, Pratt, Schurz, Scott, Sherman, Stevenson, Stockton, Trumbull, Vickers, Wilson, Wright—29.
Nays—Messrs. Alcorn, Blair, Caldwell, Cameron, Carpenter, Chandler, Clayton, Cooper, Hamilton of Texas, Hitchcock, Kellogg, Logan, Osborn, Pomeroy, Pool, Ramsey, Rice, Saulsbury, Tipton, West, Windom—21.
March 11—The amendment appropriating $50,000, as above, was concurred in—yeas 25, nays 21:
Yeas—Messrs. Ames, Anthony, Blair, Cole,Cooper, Corbett, Davis of West Virginia, Edmunds, Ferry of Michigan, Flanagan, Frelinghuysen, Hamilton
* Messrs. Conner and Hancock qualified December 4, 1871; Mr. Herndon December 12; and Mr. Giddings May 13,1872, in place of Mr. William T. Clark, unseated on that day, and who had qualified, on a prima facie certificate, January 10,1872.
t Messrs. Houghton and Coghlan qualified December 4,1871; Mr. Sargent, January 10,1872.
of Maryland, Johnston, Kellogg. Kelly, Morrill of Maine. Morton, Norwood, Nye, Pratt, Schurz, Sherman, Trumbull, Vickers, Wilson—25.
Nays—Messrs. Alcorn, Boreraan, Caldwell, Chandler, Clayton, Gilbert, Goldthioaite, Hamilton of Texas, Harlan, Hill, Hitchcock, Howe, Lewis, Osborn, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Spencer, Sprague, West, Windom, Wright—21.
1872, April 12—The Committee of the Whole reduced this appropriation to $10,000; and the House concurred in the amendment of the committee—yeas 115, nays 58:
Yeas—Messrs. Ames, JLre^e?',vlr^Mr,Barry, Beatty, Beck, Bell, Beveridge, Bigby, Biggs, Bird, Boles, Braxton, Buckley, Buffinton, B.F. Butler, F.Clarke, Cobb, Coburn, Coghlan, Comingo, Critcher, Crosdand, De Large, Donn&n, Box, Bu Bose, Duel'l, Buke, Bunnell, Farwell, Forker, Frye, Garrett, Golladay, Goodrich,Haldeman, Hambleton, Hancock, Handley,Hanks, Harper, J.T. Harris, Havens, Hays, G.W. Hazelton, J. W. Hazelton, Herndon, Houghton, Kerr, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Leach, Lewis, Manson, Marshall, McClelland, McGrew, McHenry, Mclntyre, McJunkin, Mercur, Merriam, Merrick, B. F. Meyers, Morey, Morgan, Morphis, Negley, Orr, Packer, Palmer, Peck, Pendleton, Perce, E. Perry, Prindle, Rainey, Randall, Read, W.R.Roberts, Rusk, Sargent,Sawyer, Scofield, Seeley, Shanks, Sheldon, Sherwood, Shober, Slater, J. A. Smith, Snapp, Snyder. T. J. Speer, Stoughton.Stowell, Sutherland, Taffe, Terry, Thomas, Turner, Tyner, Van Trump, Vaughan, Walden, Wallace, Wheeler, Whiteley, Williams of Indiana, Williams of New York, J. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson, Wood-lib.
Nays—Messrs. Ambler, Banks, Bingham, G. M. Brooks, Burchard, Burdett, R. R. Butler, W. T. Clarke, Conger, Cotton, Dawes, Eames, Ely, Finkelnburg, C. Foster, W. D. Foster, Griffith, Hale, G. E. Harris, Hay, Hibbard, Hill, Hoar, Holman, Hooper, Kelley, Kellogg, Kendall, King, Lowe, Maynard, McCormick, McCrary, Monroe, Moore, L. Myers, Packard, A. F. Perry, Peters, Poland, Potter, E. Y. Rice, E. H. Roberts, Sessions, H.B.Smith, Sprague, Starkweather, Stevens, Stevenson, Storm, Strong, W. Townsend, Twichell, Upson, Wakeman, Waldron, Whitthorne, Willard—58.
The amendment of the Senate, as amended, was then concurred in.
Subsequently, in conference committee, the sum was fixed at $25,000.
1872, April 19—This bill, reported by Mr. Willard, from the Committee on the Civil Service pending:
A Bill to preserve the independence of the several departments of the Government. Be it enacted, &c, That hereafter it shall be unlawful for any member of either House of Congress, or delegate from a Territory, verbally or in writing, directly or indirectly, or by any agent or third person, to solicit or recommend, or advise the President of the United States, or any head of a Department, or of any bureau thereof, or any official who has by law power to nominate or appoint to positions in the civil service of the United States, to nominate or appoint, or to refuse to nominate or appoint any person to, or to remove any person from, office or employment in the civil service, except as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 2. That whenever the President or the head of a Department shall, in writing, ask the opinion or advice of a member of Con5
gress or a delegate from a Territory, respecting any appointment or removal, such member or delegate may, in writing only, give his advice or opinion respecting such appointment or removal. And such member or delegate may also, without being requested so to do, give, in writing, to the President or head of Department any information which such member or delegate may have of the misconduct or unfaithfulness of any person in the civil service. Any such information, advice, or opinion given to the President or head of a Department by any member or delegate, shall be regarded as official, and shall at all times be open to the inspection of members and delegates; and copies thereof shall be transmitted to either House of Congress whenever called for by them for information or publication. All appointments and removals concerning which communications shall have been received by the President or heads of Departments from members or delegates shall be reported to Congress at the session thereof next after such appointment or removal shall have been made, together with all correspondence with or communications from members or delegates respecting the same.
Sec. 3. That any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereofshall be fined not less than $100, and not more than $1,000.
Mr. Butler moved that the bill, with the pending amendments, be recommitted to the committee; which was agreed to—yeas 97, nays 79:
Yeas —Messrs. Ames, Averill, Banks. Barber, Beck, Bigby, Bingham, Bird, J. G. Blair, Boles, Braxton. Bright, Buckley, B. F. Butler, R. R. Butler, W. T. Clark, F. Clarke, Coburn, Coghlan, Comingo, Conger, Critcher, Crocker, Darrall, De Large, Dickey, Donnan, Box, Dueil, Dunnell, Farwell, Golladay, Goodrich, Harmer, Harper, G. E. Harris, J. T. Harris, Havens. Hays. G. W. Hazelton, J. W. Hazelton, Kendall, Kerr, Ketcham, King, Lamison, Lamport, Lansing, Maynard, McJiinkin, McKee, Mercur, Moore, Morey, Morgan, L. Myers, Niblack, Packer, Palmer, I. C. Parker, Peck, Perce, Peters, Prindle, Rainey, Rusk, Sargent, Scofield, Seeiey, Sessions, Shanks, Sheldon, Shoemaker, Slater, Sloss, J. A. Smith, Snapp, Snyder, R. M. Speer, T. J. Speer, Sprague, Stoughton, Sypher, Taffe, Terry,W. Townsend, Turner, Twichell, Tyner, Van Trump, Waddell, Walden, Wallace, Wheeler, Whiteley, J. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson—97.
Nays —Messrs. Acker, Adams, Archer, Arthur, Beatty, A. Blair, J. Brooks, Buffinton, Burchard, Burdett, Cotton, Cox, Crossland, Bu Bose, Buke, Eames, Eldredge, Ely, Farnsworth, Finkelnburg, W. D. Foster, Frye, Garfield, Garrett, Getz, Griffith, Haldeman, Hale, Halsey, Hambleton, Hancock, Handley, Hanks, Hay, Hibbard, Hoar, Holman, Kelley, Lowe, Lynch, Manson, Marshall, McClelland, McGormick, McCrary, Mclntyre, Merriam, Monroe, Morphis, Orr, Packard, H. W. Parker, A. F. Perry, E. Perry, Poland, Potter, Price, Read, Ritchie, E. H. Roberts, W. R. Roberts, Rogers, Roosevelt, Sherwood, Starkweather, Stevens, Stevenson, Storm, Strong, Sutherland, Swann, Upson, Voorhees, Wakeman, Waldron, Wells, Whitthorne, Willard, Young—79.
Washington, April 16, 1872. The advisory board of the civil service, having completed the grouping contemplated by the rules already adopted, have recommended certain provisions for carrying the rules into effect.
The recommendations, as herewith published, are approved, and the provisions will be enforced as rapidly as the proper arrangements can be made, and the thirteenth of the rules adopted on the 19th day of December last is amended to read as published herewith.
The utmost fidelity and diligence will be expected of all officers in every branch of the public service. Political assessments, as they are called, have been forbidden within the various Departments; and while the right of all persons in official position to take part in politics is acknowledged, and the elective franchise is recognized as a high trust to be discharged by all entitled to its exercise, whether in the employment of the Government or in private life, honesty and efficiency, not political activity, will determine the tenure of office. U. S. Grant.
By the President:
Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State.
1. No person will be appointed to any position in the civil service who shall not have furnished satisfactory evidence of his fidelity to the Union and the Constitution of the United States.
2. The evidence in regard to character, health, age, and knowledge of the English language, required by the first rule, shall be furnished in writing, and if such evidence shall be satisfactory to the head of the Department in which the appointment is to be made, the applicant shall be notified when and where to appear for examination; but when the applicants are so numerous that the examination of all whose preliminary papers are satisfactory is plainly impracticable, the head of the Department shall select for examination a practicable number of those who are apparently best qualified.
3. Examinations to fill vacancies in any of the Executive Departments in Washington shall be held not only at the city of Washington, but also, when directed by the head of the Department in which the vacancy may exist, in the several States, either at the capital or other convenient place.
4. The appointment of persons to be employed exclusively in the secret service of the Government; also of persons to be employed as translators, stenographers, or private secretaries, or to be designated for secret service, to fill vacancies in clerkships in either of the Executive Departments at Washington, may be excepted from the operation of the rules.
5. When a vacancy occurs in a consular office, of which the lawful annual compensation is three thousand dollars or more, it will be filled at the discretion of the President, either by the transfer of some person already in the service or by a new appointment, which may be excepted from the operation of the rules. But if the vacancy occur in an office of which the lawful annual compensation, by salary or by fees ascertained by the last
official returns, is more than one thousand dollars and less than three thousand dollars, and it is not filled by transfer, applications will be addressed to the Secretary of State, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity, and the Secretary will notify the applicant who, upon investigation, appears to be most suitable and competent to attend for examination; and if he shall be found qualified, he will be nominated for confirmation; but if not found qualified, or if his nomination be not confirmed by the Senate, the Secretary will proceed in like manner with the other applicants who appear to him to be qualified. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the vacancy will be filled at discretion. The appointment of commercial agents and of consuls whose annual compensation is one thousand dollars or less, (if derived from fees, the amount to be ascertained by the last official returns,) of vice consuls, deputy consuls, and ofconsular agents and other officers who are appointed upon the nomination of the principal officer, and for whom he is responsible upon his official bond, may be, until otherwise ordered, excepted from the operation of the rules.
6. When a vacancy occurs in the office of collector of the customs, naval officer, appraiser, or surveyor of the customs, in the customs districts of New York, Boston and Charlestown, Baltimore, San Francisco, New Orleans, Philadelphia, Vermont, (Burlington,) Oswego, Niagara, Buffalo Creek, Champlain, Portland and Falmouth, Corpus Christi, Oswegatchie, Mobile, Brazos deSantiago,(Brownsville,)Texas, (Galveston, &c.,) Savannah, Charleston, Chicago, or Detroit, the Secretary of the Treasury shall ascertain if any of the subordinates in the customs district in which such vacancy occurs are suitable persons qualified to discharge efficiently the duties of the office to be filled, and, if such persons be found, he shall certify to the President the name or names of those subordinates, not exceeding three, who, in his judgment, are best qualified for the position, from which the President will make the nomination to fill the vacancy. But if no such subordinate be found qualified, or if the nomination be not confirmed, the nomination will be made at the discretion of the President. Vacancies occurring in such positions in the customs service in the said districts as are included in the subjoined classification will be filled in accordance with the rules. Appointments to all other positions in the customs service in said districts may be, until otherwise ordered, excepted from the operation of the rules.
7. When a vacancy occurs in the office of collector, appraiser, surveyor, or other chief officer in any customs district not specified in the preceding regulation, applications in writing from any subordinate or subordinates in the customs service of the district, or from other person or persons residing within the said district, may be addressed to the Secretary of the Treasury, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the subordinates so applying shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Secretary, and from this list the nomination or appointment will be made. But if no such subordinate be found qualified, the said board shall certify to the Secretary the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified among the other applicants, and from this list the nomination or appointment will be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the vacancy will be filled at discretion. Appointments to all other positions in the customs service in said districts may be, until otherwise ordered, excepted from the operation of the rules.
8. When a vacancy occurs in the office of postmaster in cities having, according to the census of 1870, a population of twenty thousand or more, the Postmaster General shall ascertain if any of the subordinates in such office are suitable persons qualified to discharge efficiently the duties of postmaster, and, if such are found, he ehall certify to the President the name or names of those subordinates, not exceeding three in number, who, in his judgment, are best qualified for the position, from which list the President will make the nomination to fill the vacancy. But if no such subordinate be found so qualified, or if the nomination be not confirmed by the Senate, the nomination will be made at the discretion of the President. Vacancies occurring in such positions in the said post offices as are included in the subjoined classification will be filled in accordance with the rules. Appointments to all other positions in the said post offices may be, until otherwise ordered, excepted from the operation of the rules.
9. When a vacancy occurs in the office of postmaster, of a class not otherwise provided for, applications for the position from any subordinate or subordinates in the office, or from other persons residing within the delivery of the office, may be addressed to the Postmaster General, inclosing proper certifi cates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the subordinates so applying shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names of the best qualified, not exceeding three, shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Postmaster General, and from them the nomination or appointment shall be made. But if no subordinate be found qualified, the said board shall certify to the Postmaster General the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified among the other applicants, and from them the nomination or appointment shall be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the vacancy will be filled at discretion. Appointments to all other positions in the said post offices may be, until otherwise ordered, excepted from the operation of the rules.
10. Special agents of the Post Office Department shall be appointed by the Postmaster
General at discretion from persons already in the postal service, and who shall have served therein for a period of not less than one year immediately preceding the appointment. But if no person within the service shall, in the judgment of the Postmaster General, be suitable and qualified, the appointment shall be made from all applicants under the rules.
11. Mail route messengers shall be appointed in the manner provided for the appointment of postmasters whose annual salary is less than two hundred dollars.
12. When a vacancy occurs in the office of register or receiver of the land office, or of pension agent, applications in writing from residents in the district in which the vacancy occurs may be addressed to the Secretary of the Interior, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the applicants shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified, shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Secretary, and from this list the nomination will be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the nomination will be made at discretion.
13. When a vacancy occurs in the office of United States marshal, applications in writing from residents in the district in which the vacancy occurs may be addressed to the Attorney General of the United States, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the applicants shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualfied shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Attorney General, and from this list the nomination will be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the nomination will be made at discretion.
14. Appointments to fill vacancies occurring in offices in the several Territories, excepting those of judges of the United States courts, Indian agents and superintendents, will be made from suitable and qualified persons domiciled in the Territory in which the vacancy occurs, if any such are found.
15. It shall be the duty of the examining board in each of the Departments to report to the advisory board such modifications in the rules and regulations as, in the judgment of such examining board, are required forappointments to certain positions, to which, by reason of distance, or of difficult access, or of other sufficient cause, the rules and regulations cannot be applied with advantage; and if the reason for such modifications shall be satisfactory to the advisory board, said board will recommend them for approval.
16. Nothing in these rules and regulations shall prevent the reappointment at discretion of the incumbents of any office the term of which is fixed by law; and when such reappointment is made no vacancy within the meaning of the rules shall be deemed to have occurred.
17. Appointments to all positions in the civil