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1871: civil list, $262,594,207 97; foreign intercourse, $101,417,652 81 j Navy, '$835,651,337 37; War, $3,962,688,814 43; pensions, $255,597,051 20; Indians, $130,043,570 77;
judiciary, $1,159,479. 1865—Congress, $3,585,171; executive. $4,993,328; judiciary $1,627,349. 1866—Congress, $4,034,533; executive, $5,921,050; judiciary, $1,627,349. 1867—Congress, $3,251,611; executive, $9,603,101; judiciary,$2,022.778. 1868—Congress,$3,609,135; executive, $6,757,402; judiciary,$723,378. 1869—Congress, $3,041,938; executive, $6,098,818; judiciary, $2,357,661. 1870—Congress, $6,218,221; executive, $9,297,053; judiciary, $2,610,342. 1871—Congress, $5,004,820; executive, $9,412,418; judiciary,$3,320,918.
Foreign Intercourse.—Leading items, (cents omitted:) 1860—Diplomatic salaries, $276,527; consuls salaries, $252,304; relief of American seamen, $212,023; British boundary commission, $150,000. 1861— Diplomatic, #2 '5,340; consuls, $255,133; American seamen, $198,231; boundary commission, $110,000. 1862— Diplomatic, $326,950; consuls, $352,829; American seamen, $166,233; treaty awards, $146,387. 1863—Diplomatic, $305,982? consuls, $412,331; contingent expenses, $111,188; Americanseamen, $146,590. 1864—Diplomatic, $303,141; consuls, $390,480; contingent expenses, $108,288; American seamen, $153,196. 1865— Diplomatic, $295,378; consuls, $106,381; contingent expenses, $136,722; American seamen, $125,476. 1866— . Diplomatic, $320,226; consuls, $361,976; contingent expenses, $108,239; American seamen, $120,161; treaty awards, $89,872. 1867—Diplomatic $318,035; consuls,$393,608; contingent expenses, $193,953; American seamen, $69,669; Paris exposition, $163,903; Scheldt dues, $111,168. 1868—Diplomatic. $291,300; consuls, $362,646; contingent expenses, $147,923; American seamen,$82,425; Paris exposition, $38,305; Brazil mail, $150,000. 1869—Diplomatic, $312,390; consuls, $405,671; contingent expenses, $3,521; American seamen, $58,147; Scheldt dues, $111,168; diplomatic dispatches per Atlantic cable, $60,000; purchase of Alaska, $7,200,000. 1870—Diplomatic, $473,745; consuls, $471,744; consulate expenses, &c, $124,721; contingent and miscellaneous, $229,558; American seamen, $54,171; Scheldt dues, $55,584. 1871—Diplomatic, $467,731; consuls, $414,329; consulate expenses, &c, $91,187; contingent and miscellaneous, $165,228; Americanseamen, $40,257; Scheldt dues, $66,584: Hudson Bay and Puget Sound Agricultural Company, $325,000.
Navy Department.—Leading items (cents omitted) from 1862 to the present time: 1862—Pay and subsistence, $11,246,091; increase, repairs, &c, $13,009,393; ordnance, &c, $5,148,294; temporary increase of Navy, $3,000,000; new vessels, $4,914,228. [Pour powerful squadrons were blockading the entire Atlantic and Gulf coasts. The Navy had grown since March, 1861, from 47 vessels to 427 vessels, with an aggregate of 240,028 tons and 1,577 guns.] 1863—Pay of Navy, $12,495,516; Construction and Repair, $32,272,253; Ordnance, &c, $6,515,590; Provisions and Clothing, $4,143,764; Equipment and Recruiting, $3,071,395; Yards and Docks, &c, $3,434,929. [Blockade of 3,549 miles of coast, much of it double shore, and 5,615 miles of inland navigation patrolled by over 100 vessels. The Navy duringthis year comprised 588 vessels of 467.967 aggregate tonnage, and 4,443 guns.] 1864—Pay of Navy, $20,099,760; Provisions and Clothing, $5,316,805; prize-money, $2,229,872; Construction and Repair, $30,649,300; Steam Machinery. $9,101,998; Equipment and Recruiting, $7,185 171; Ordnance, $7,179,302; Yards and Docks, $2,405,328. [Number of vessels, 671; tons, 510,396; guns, 4,610.] 1865—Pay of Navy, $27,500,997; prize-money, $5,740,909; Provisions and Clothing, $10,588,882; Construction and Repairs. $34,411,258; Ordnance, $7,199,135; Equipment and Recruiting, $15,475,440; Yards and Docks, $4,046,706; Steam Engineering, $14,464,997, [This, the maximum year, there were 51,500 men in the naval service, besides 16,880 in the navy yards,] 1866—Items: Secretary's bureau, $10,831,260; Marine corps. $1,492,617; Yards and Docks, $4,777,868; Equipment and Recruiting, $5,103,661; Navigation, $351,061; Ordnance, $3,494,216; Construction and Repair, $8,675,216; Steam Engineering, $6,154,888; Provisions and Clothing, $2,244,775; Medicine and Surgery, $95,708; relief of sundry individuals, $102,841. [Navy reduced to 278 vessels, armed with 2.351 guns, 115 of which vessels, carrying 1,029 guns, being in commission and on active duty. In naval and Coast Survey service, 13,600 men.] 1867—Secretary's bureau, $10,545,843; Marine corps, $1,440,993; Yards and Docks, $3,828,198; Equipment and Recruiting,$3,577,311; Navigation, $551,981; Ordnance, $1,921,788; Construction and Repair, $4,545,509; Steam Engineering, $2,940,665; Provisionsand Clothing, $1,440,642; medicine, &c, $88,099-' relief of sundry individuals, $152,976. [238 vessels and 1,869 guns in Navy; in use, 103 vessels and 898 guns; of which 56 vessels and 507 guns for squadron service, the balance being apprentice ships, receiving ships, special and lake service, attached to Naval Academy, and tugs, coal-barges, &c, at yards and stations. In naval and Coast Survey service, 11,900 men. From close of rebellion to November 22, 1867, there had been sold 420 Navy vessels for the aggregate sum of $9,663,396.] 1868—Secretary's bureau, $8,949,477; Marine corps, $1,493,192; Yards and Docks, $2,389,780; Equipment and Recruiting, $2,492,754; Navigation, $553,355; Oi'dnance, $1,272,140; Construction and Repair,$2,123,191; Steam Engineering, $4,796,492; Provisions and Clothing, $1,527,781; medicine, &c, $134,605; reliefs, $42,732. [206 vessels, 1,743 guns. 01 these, 81 vessels,693 guns, in use; 42 vessels, carrying 411 guns, being in squadron service.] 1869—Pay of Navy, $8,525,952; Marine corps. $1,191,297: miscellaneous,$145,624; Yards and Docks, $1,267,557; Equipmentand Recruiting, $1,588,901; Navigation, $670,687; Ordnance, $476,391; Construction and Repair, $3,338,548; Steam Engineering, $2,004,495; Provisions and Clothing, $551,312; medicine, &c,$209,825* relief of sundry individuals, $30,162. [Maron 9, 1869, 203 vessels, (151 wooden and 52 iron-clad,) 183,442 tons, 1,366 guns; 43 vessels, includingstore-ships, 40,052tons, 356 guns, attached to fleets or returning therefrom,6 mounting 36 guns in special service, 6 employed as receiving ships. Of the above 43 vessels not more than 18 were in condition for real service, some condemned as unseaworthy, and almost all required considerable repairs. Most of them steamers, without adequate sail-power. Since March 1, 80 vessels of every class repaired or altered or put in process of repairs; 46 vessels, with 426 guns, attached to fleets at close of year; torpedo corps established; seamen limited to 8,000; employed in the navy-yards March 1, 4,788 men; December 1, 12,092.] 1870—Navy pay and contingent, $6,502,676; Marine corps, $1,018,486; Yards and Docks, $2,388,645; Equipment and Recruiting, $2,228,339; Navigation, $493,765; Ordnance, $639,598: Construction and Repair, $5,333,069; Steam Engineering, $1,208,013; Provisions and Clothing, $1,570,607; medicine, &c, $389,813; reliefs, $15,213. [Navy consists of 181 vessels of 1,309 guns—52 being monitors, 99 steamers or sailing vessels with auxiliary steam power, and 30 sailing vessels; 45 of these vessels, mounting 465guns, are attached to the fleets, 4 others, with 7 guns, in special service, and 10 others, with 143 guns, ready for sea.] 1871—Navy pay and contingent, $7,200,763; Marine corps, $838,791; Yards and Docks, $2,037,542; Equipment and Recruiting, $1,462,625; Navigation, $404,922; Ordnance, $574,331; Construction and Repair, $1,233,590; Steam Engineering, $1,082,864; Provisions and Clothing, $1,286,715; medicine, &c, $235,301; salvage, $15,000; reliefs, $58,578. [Navy comprises 179 vessels and 1,390guns, exclusive of howitzers and small carronades; 29 are sailing ships, the remainder side-wheel steamers or sailing vessels with auxiliary screws; 53, with 601 guns in service, and 6 others nearly ready for sea.]
War Department.—Leading items, (cents omitted,) from commencement of rebellion: 1862—Pay Army proper, $13,329,477: transportation volunteers and regulars, $46,942,407; clothing for Army, $56.724,952; cavalry horses, $13,748,297; quartermaster's department, $42,875,758: arms, &c, $27,499,238; pay and subsistence volunteers and militia, $175,918,867; armories, ordnance, fortifications, gun-boats on western rivers, &c, $13,300,344. [In the ten military departments, 775,336 officers and privates. Before the year closed 90.000 men were in 151 general hospitals. There had been issued 1.926 field and siege cannon; 1,206 fortification cannon; 7,294 gun-carriages, caissons, mortar-beds, traveling forges and battery STATISTICAL TABLES. 189
miscellaneous, $554,624,993 78—being $7,275,021,980 43. In payment of interest on public debt $1,172,404,352 10 had been expended.
[The foregoing figures are taken from the tabular statement contained on pages 18 and
wagons; 1,276,686 small-arms; 987,291 sets equipments and accouterments; 213,991,127 rounds of ammunition for artillery and small-arms; and 3,571 miles of land and submarine Army telegraph lines constructed.] 1863—Pay Army proper, $5,179,196; volunteers' pay, $201,270,432; subsistence volunteers and regulars, $69,151,724; quartermaster's department, $239,005,029; arms, ordnance, k, $42,746,114; organizing volunteers, and bounty, $19,724,091; medical department, $11,896,796 ;# forts, &c, $4,300,236. [Purchased and made 1,577 field, siege, and sea-coast cannon, with carriages, caissons, &c.; 1,082,841 muskets and rifles; 282,389 carbines and pistols, 1,251,995 cannon balls and shells,.48,719,862 pounds of lead and lead bullets; 1,435,046 cartridges for artillery, 259,022,216 cartridges for small-arms, 347,276.400 percussion caps, 3,925,369 friction primers, 5,764,768 pounds of gunpowder, 919,676 sets of accouterments for men, 94,639 sets equipments for cavalry horses, 3,281 sets artillery harness, each set for two horses. There were 182 general hospitals, with 84,472 beds, eleven per cent, of the Army sick and 2i per cent, wounded; 1,755 miles of land and submarine Army telegraph lines constructed, and 250,000 square miles of once rebel territory reconquered. From January 1 to November 1, 1863, 83,242 volunteers were recruited, most of them for three years. At the latter date the draft had brought into service 50,000 men.] 3864—Pay of regulars, $4,360,213; pay of volunteers, $204,047,917; subsistence of volunteers and regulars, $95,230,415; quartermaster's department, $309,078,752; arms and ordnance, $35,228,748; forts and arsenals, $5,732,639; medical department, $11,044,288; bounties, $12,258,847; collecting and drilling volunteers, $5,638,180; draft and substitute fund, $5,302,641. [There were supplied 1,141 pieces of ordnance, 1,896 artillery carriages and caissons, 455,910 small-arms, 502,044 sets accoutrements and harness, 1,913,753 prosiectiles for cannon, 7,624,685 pounds bullets and lead, 464,549 rounds of artillery ammunition, 152,067 jets of horse equipments, 112087,553 cartridges for small-arms, 7,544,044 pounds gunpowder; 1,000 miles military railroads in operation ; 3,000 miles military telegraph lines constructed this year; 500 horses and mules per day destroyed and 500 supplied; 190 general hospitals with 120.520 beds; sick and wounded less than sixteen per cent, of the whole Army; 489,826 recruits and 136,300 furloughed veterans forwarded to the field, against 131,814 troops mustered out and discharged. February 1, call for 500,000 volunteers; March 14, call for 200,000.] 1865—Pay department, $351,573,554; Surgeon General, $19,584,634; Commissary General, $147,085,231; Provost Marshal General, $10,676,267; quartermaster's department, $446,585,474; ordnance department, $46,774,854; engineers' department. $6,183,587. [May 1, national military force, 1,000,516 men. During June, July, and August, $270,000,000 paid to 800,000 disbanded volunteers who had been mustered out, the reduction to continue until Army reduced to 50,000 men.] 1866—Pay department, $205,934,240; commissary department, $7,430,606; quartermaster's department/ $49,856,986; ordnance department, $9,932,402; engineers, $2,651,903; Provost Marshal General, $6,779,114; Secretary's office, (Army expenditures,) $3,594,375. [By June 30, 1866, 1,010,670 volunteers had been paid and mustered out since the close of the rebellion, and by November 1,1,023,021; leaving in service 11,043 volunteers, white and colored. To the Army proper and Military Academy, $10,431,004 were disbursed, and to volunteers, $248,943,313. A fleet of 590 ocean transports in service July 1, 1865, at daily expense of $82,400, was reduced before June 30, 1866, to fifty-three vessels, costing $3,000 per diem. Of 262 vessels employed in inland transportation, at an expense of $3,193,533, none remained in service June 30. The military roads operated during the war at total expenditure of $45,422,719, to the extent of 2,630^ miles, (with 433 engines and 6,605 cars,) had all been transferred to loyal local companies or Boards of Public Works. The military telegraph, 15,389 miles, constructed and operated at a cost of $3,787,037, discontinued and material sold. Of 64,438 patients in hospitals at beginning of the year, but ninety-seven remained under treatment at its close. Among the sales of material, &c, this year were: 207,000 horses and mules for $15,269,075; 4,400 barracks, hospitals, and buildings, $447,873; damaged clothing, $902,770; river transports, steamers, barges, &C, $1,152,895; railroad equipments, cash sales, $3,466,739; credit sales, $7,442,073.] 1867—Pay department, $30,700,776; commissary department, $10,331,174; quartermaster's department, $35,438,367; ordnance department, $4,690,677; engineer department, $3,233,414; Inspector General, $105,658 ; Adjutant General, $1,495,788; Secretary's office, (Army expenditures,) $8,514,008; relief of sundry individuals and miscellaneous, $756,466. [The habit of indulging at every headquarters ambulances and mounted orderlies broken up. Bureaus of rebel archives and of exchange of prisoners, &c, transferred to Adjutant General's office; large numbers of Government clerks andofficers discharged. Great quantities surplus and useless quartermaster's stores sold and issued to destitute; unserviceable animals sold for $268,572; 1,000 temporary buildings, $112,000; 16,086 horses and mules purchased. The $1,000,000 sheltering fund for troops on the plains expended.] 1868—Pay department, $57,347,589; commissary department, $7,254,195; quartermaster's department, $28,953,113; ordnance department, $1,702,959; engineer department, $5,334,897; Inspector General, $174,368; Adjutant General, $6,741,777; Surgeon General, $1,028,146; Secretary's office, (Army expenditures,) $14,308,659; reliefs and miscellaneous, $400,941. [Strength of Army, 48.081; further reductions contemplated. In national cemeteries 316,233 remains of soldiers have been collected to this time, at a total cost of $2,700,000. Disbursed for reconstruction purposes, $2,261,415; additional bounties, $23,649,157—total to this time being $54,000,000.] 1869—Pay department, $17,919,175; commissary department, $7,916,795; quartermaster's department, $20,436,304; ordnance department, $1,259,683; engineer department, $4,457,802; Inspector General, (Military Academy,) $127,880; Adjutant General, $459,819; Surgeon General, $373,584; refunding to States expenses incurred in raising volunteers, $2,315,823; reimbursing several States for military expenses, $523,628; support of Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, &c, $2,508,431; Oregon and Washington volunteers in 1856 and 1857, $34,846; suppressing Indian hostilities in Minnesota in 1862, $106,845; Colorado for militia in 1864, $55,238; bounties under act July 28, 1866, $19,729,350; horses and other property lost in military service, $232,364; Secretary's office, (Army expenditures,) $36,852; relief of sundry individuals, $7,561. [Army maximum 52,234 enlisted men—34,822 actual service—distributed in twelve departments and three dUtricts, each under command of a general officer, the departments being formed into four military divisions, commanded by the four generals next in rank to the General ot the Army. Number of civilians hired by quartermaster's department reduced since February, 1869, from 10,000 persons to 4,000.] 1870—Pay department, $6,146,9S1; commissary department, $3,483,668 ; quartermaster's department, $12,746,330; ordnance department, $778,490; forts and fortifications, $1,287,167; improvement rivers and harbors, $4,834,277; Military Academy,$178,956; medical department. $173,294; Freedmen Bureau, $463,210; National Asylum for Disabled Volunteers, $296,287; bounties, $10,656,300; reimbursing States for raising volunteers, $2,379,246; horses, &c. lost in service, $228,836; Army contingencies, $257,404; Washington and Oregon volunteers in 1855 and 1856, $42,131; payments under relief acts, $110,887; capture of Jefferson Davis, $1,611; bronze statue of General Scott, $15,000. [Army consists of 34,870 enlisted men and 2,488 officers, stationed in 42 States and Territories, at 203 organized military posts. In the 73 national cemeteries 333,000 soldiers lie buried. One million six hundred thousand dollars'worth of supplies furnished to Indians on the upper Missouri and in the Indian territory. Storm signal corps organized and at work. More than 1,340,000 stands of arms of obsolete pattern and unfit for use have been sold since close of war. Since commencement of this fiscal year sales of surplus arms and ordnance to citizens of the United States to the amount of $5,600,000.] 1871—Pay department, $6,571,159; commissary department, 19 of the Report on Finances for 1871, the amount of the civil list and of the foreign intercourse being separated from the other miscellaneous items and stated for the respective years as found in reports for those years.]
Note.—The above figures do not represent the operations of the Post Office Department, the expenses of which are paid from its own receipts, and the deficiency only is a charge upon the Treasury. From a letter of Postmaster General Creswell (Mis. Doc, Senate, No.
$4,361,725; quartermaster department, $20,892,572; forts, &c, $556,788; rivers and harbors, $3,668,060; Military Academy, $94,367; medical department, $756,586; Freedmen's Bureau, $1,449,694; capture of Jefferson Davis, $80,783; National Asylum for Disabled Volunteers, $801,088; bounties, $17,106,504; reimbursing States for raising volunteers, $1,291,303; expenditures under reconstruction acts, 1381,384; horses, &c, lost, $201,072; Washington and Oregon volunteers in 1855 and 1856, $41,908; Army contingencies, $255,446; payments under relief acts, $91,747. [Army comprises 30,000 enlisted men. Up to this date, during the fiscal year, there has been paid into the Treasury, as realized from the sale of arms and from other sources, $21,766,403. Pay of soldiers reduced from $16 to $13 per month. Large quantities of supplies forwarded from the Army depots to the relief of the Chicago and Wisconsin sufferers. Sales of military clothing, &c, $1,875,728.]
Pensions,(cents omitted:) 1860—Military, $956,828; naval, $135,898; relief of sundry individuals, $135,304; Army pensioners, 10.345; Navy pensioners, 939. [Up to this time the total amount paid for pensions since the organization of this Government was $88,813,898.] 1861—Militnry, $876,493; Navy, $161,401; Army pensioners, 9,752; Navy pensioners, 957. 1862—Military, $731,693; Navy, $118,388; Army pensioners, 9,236; Navy pensioners, 993. 1863—Military, $908,232; Navy, $167,597; Army pensioners, 13,659; Navy pensioners, 1,132. 1864—Military, $4,799,669; Navy, $167,443; Army pensioners, 49.630; Navy pensioners, 1.505. 1865—Military, $9,139,165; Navy, $152,443; Army pensioners, 84.130; Navy pensioners, 1,856. 1866—Military, $12,905,847; Navy, $2,699,504; Army pensioners, 124,509; Navy pensioners, 2.213. 1867—Military, $19,016,263; Navy, $1,920,288; Army pensioners, 153,093; Navy pensioners, 2,381. 1868— Military, $23,433,651: Navy, $358,735; Army pensioners, 167,025; Navy pensioners, 2,618. 1869—Military, $27,968,361; Navy, $508,260;. Army pensioners, 185,125; Navy pensioners, 2.838. 1870—Military, $27,332,220; Navy, $448,590; Army pensioners, 195,739; Navy pensioners, 2,947. [Investigation and revision of pension-rolls resulted in reduction of expenditure in face of increase of pension-list.] 1871—Military, $32,495,996; Navy, $581,387; Army pensioners, 204,445; Navy pensioners, 3,050. [The increase over last year in amount is chiefly accounted for by operation of law of July 8, 1870, making pensions payable quarterly, under which the whole amount of pensions accruing between March 4,1870, and June 4,1871, fifteen months, became due and payable during the fiscal year.]
Indians.—The expenditures in the main are for money, goods, and provisions. 1860—Peace generally prevailed. 1861—Southern tribes in rebellion; Indians generally perturbed. 1862—Loyal refugee Indians by thousands fed and collected in Kansas; loyal Indians in arms; policy recently adopted of confining Indians to reservations, and as they become accustomed to the idea of individual property, allotting to them lands in severalty; massacre of whites in Minnesota. 1863—Actual hostilities in some localities; largely increased number of refugees subsisted by the Government. 1864—Large additional expense in returning portion of refugees to their old homes, supplying and subsisting them. 1865—Several treaties made. 1866—Numerous treaties made and violated by Indians, whose numbers in the United States are estimated at 300,000 in 200 tribes, in charge of 14 superintendents and some 70 agents. 1867—Peace treaties with several previously hostile tribes; considerable subsistence furnished; hostilities in some quarters continue. 1868—At peace with most of the tribes, but an Indian warimpending; several treaties made; the question of transferring the Indian Bureau to the War Department agitated. 1869—The war policy ends and the peace policy commences; the Indians are supplied with means for engaging in agricultural and mechanical pursuits, and for their education and moral training; the $2,000,000 appropriated in 1868 by act of Congress for peace commission in process of disbursement. 1870—Quiet generally prevails; Red Cloud, Spotted Tail, and other chiefs visit Washington. 1871—Good order and peace generally maintained; various commissions at work; including Alaska, 350,000 Indians in the United States.
Miscellaneous.—Leading items, (cents omitted:) 1860—Light-House establishment, $973,539; refunding excess of deposits for unascertained duties, $814,826; collecting customs revenue, $3,324,430; deficiencies in revenue of Post Office Department, $8,196,009; court-houses, post offices, &c, $110,307; expenses of eighth census, $42,000; surveys of public lands. $587,659. 1861—Light-House, $896,332; refunding excess of deposits, &c, $764,575; collecting customs, $2,834,764; deficiency in Post Office, $4,064,234; courthouses, &c, $445,310; eighth census, $911,614; surveys of public lands, $348,989. 1862—Light-House, $664,175; refunding excess of deposits, $1,642,940; collecting customs, $3,284,724; deficiency in Post Office, $2,932,596; court-houses, $22,454; eighth census, $557,386; surveys of public lands, $264,370. 1863—LightHouse, $873,085; refunding excess of deposits, $2,262,770; revenue-cutter service, $68,749; collecting customs, $3,238,936; deficiency in Post Office, $249,313; court-houses, $83,740; eighth census, $129,977; surveys of public lands, $185,600; commissions to effect national loan, $1,782,456. 1864—Light-House, $930,761; refunding excess of deposits, $2,597,891; revenue-cutter service, $377,666; collecting customs, $4,146,584; court-houses, &c , $39,842; eighth census, $59,950; surveys of public lands, $192,108; national loan commissions, $2,040,L27. 1835—Light-House, $876,823; refunding excess of deposits, $2,283,313; revenue-cutter service, $393,187; collectingcustoms, $5,437,490; court-houses, &c, $68,758; eighth census, $28,979; surveys of public lands, $62,780; national loan commissions, $6,588,641; purchase of gold coin, $5,072,900. [The expenses of collecting the internal revenue taxes from September 1, 1862, when the internal revenue act took effect, to June30, 1865, were $6,133,114.] 1866—Light-House, $1,378,858; refunding excess of deposits, $2,920,171; revenue-cutters, $743,182; collecting customs, $5,356,457; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $5,800,752; court-houses, &c. $87,225; eighth census, $8,210: surveys of public lands, $145,241; national loan commissions, $2,909,036. 1867—Light-House, $2,194,651; refunding excess of deposits, $2,472,928; revenue-cutterservice, $123,357; collecting customs, $5,738,971; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $7,892,050; deficiency in Post Office, $2,550,000; court-houses, &c, $628,365; eighth census, $16,435; surveys of public lands, $729,898; national loan commissions, $1,786,563. 1868—Light-House, $2,613,738; refunding excess of deposits, $2,279,377; collecting customs, $7,615,675; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $8,730,357; court-houses, &c, $733,397; eighth census, $26,701; surveys of public lands, $2,017,822; mail service, $4,053,191; expenses of United States courts, '$1,768,358. 1869—Light-House, $1,926,635; refunding excess of deposits, $2,293,950; revenue-cutter service, $1,201,841; collecting customs. $5,376,738; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $7,200,114: deficiency in Post Office, $2,524,604; surveys of public lands, $429,000; national loan commissions, $1,851,313. 1870—LightHouse, $2,508,300; refunding excess of deposits, $1,835,375; revenue-cutterservice, $1,138,393; collecting customs, $6,237,137; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $7,234,531: deficiency in Post Office, $2,762,500; court-houses, &c, $1,293,230; eighth and ninth censuses, $24,464; surveys of public lands, $641,497. 1871—Light-House, $2,712,668; refunding excess of deposits, $1,787,266; revenue-cutter service, $1,251,984; collecting customs, $6,560,672; assessing and collecting internal revenue, $7,075,187: deficiency in Post Office, $3,700,000; court-houses, &c, $l-,523,879; eighth and ninth censuses, $1,955,111; surveys of public lands, $564,940.
134, second session Forty-Second Congress) the following figures are compiled, (cents omitted:)
Comparing the postal revenues, expenditures, and deficiency of 1868 with 1871, the percentage of increase in revenue is 23; the percentage of increase in expenditures is l^y and the percentage of decrease in deficiency is 32J.
Mean annual average (computed from the highest and lowest monthly quotations) during the above period: 1862, 113J: 1863, 146J; 1864, 203|; 1865, 158J-; 1866,141J; 1867,138f; 1868, 139f; 1869, 134$; 1870, 114$.
* Showing the variations in value of United States currency.
tThese returns are official, of date June 10,1872, but are subject to revision and change.
JThe census of 1870 does not include the products of mines and fisheries under the head of manufactures, as had previously been the case. In 1860 the products of mines and fisheries amounted to about ninety million dollars.
§ Increase: 1860 over 1S50, 85 per cent.; 1870 over 1860,123 per cent.; 1870 over 1850, 323 per cent.
H.-CUSTOMS SCHEDULE, Showing the changes made therein by the acts of May 1 and June 6,1872. (>Sree General Notes at foot of'page,)
Acetates; pyroligneate of ammonia
ofiron,strontia, or zinc
of lead, (sugar of lead)
of magnesia and soda
Acids, acetic, acetous, and pyrol., 1864: spec, grav.* above 1.040...
not above 1.040*
nitric,(yellow and white).. sulphuric, (oil of vitrio!)f.
for med. use and art's n.
Acorn coffee, & other subs.
for coffee, exc. chic
Alabaster and spar ornaments
Albata, unmanuf'td or in
Alcohol, amylic, (fusel oil). Ale, beer, and porter, in
Alum,(pat.sub., sulph. and
Alumina, sulphate of
Ammonia, refined, sulph.
muriate of, and sal
Anchovies, pres. in oil, or
General Notes.—1. The column for 1870 is condensed from Young's Custom-House Statistics and Heyi's Rates of Duties, &c; that of 1872 is made up direct from the law,with the cooperation of the office of the Commissioner of Customs. 2. Goods in bonded warehouse may be withdrawn under present tariff. 3. A drawback is allowed on exported fire-arms, scales, balances, shovels, spades, axes, hatchets, hammers, plows, cultivators, mowing-machines, and reapers with stocks or handles of American wood, where the imported raw material predominates. 4. Materials for ship-building, imported in bond, are free under certain conditions. 5. Materials for repairing American vesselsin foreign trade, free. 6. Severalarticles of mixed composition aremarked the same in 1872 as in 1870 column, because it is impossible to judge whether or not the ten per cent, reduction applies to them. That will be determined in each case by the material predominating. 7. R. means reduction. 8. N. o. p. means not otherwise provided for. * Specific gravity changed to 1.047. (1872.) t Fuming per pound. 1 cent. (1872.) X Exempt from duty: teams of animals, including harness and tackle, actually owned by immigrants to the United States and in actual use for purposes of such immigration; all animals brought into the United States temporarily and for a period not exceeding six months, for the purposes of exhibition or competition.. (Act of July 1870.)
Acts of 1870.
Anodyne, (Hoffman's) ,
Antimony, crude, or regu
Argols, refined, (cream
Arms, fire, n. o.p
side, n. o. p., (see swords,
Articlesworn by men, worn,
or ch., ofwhat'v'rmat.,
n. o. p. made by hand... Asbestos, manufactured,....
Bagatelle balls, ivory or bone
medicinal, n.o. p
Bark, all medicinal, n.o. p.
pearl or hulled
sulphate of, crude or refined
Baskets, and other articles of grass,osier, palm-leaf,
&c, n. o. p
Bay-rum water, dist'd I'm the leaf.
Beads and bead ornaments..
Beans, ton qua
Berries, n. o. p
Bituminous substances, crude, n. o. p
Blacking, of all descript's...
Black lead, (plumbago)
Bladders, manufactures of.. Bone black and ivory drop., Bone dice, draught, chessmen, chess balls, and
manufactures of, n. o. p... Bonnets, hats, &c, of straw,
Books, blank <
Books, printed, bound or
not, periodicals, &c
Borate of lime
Borax, crude or tincal
Boxes, of paper, and other
Braids, and other tr'm'gs of grass, straw, &c
Brandy, (1870, and other spirit from grain, &c... Brass, (copper not component of chief value,
1869,) bars or pigs
old, fit for remanuf. only..
manufactures of, n. o. p...
Act of 1872.
* Free under decision of the United States Supreme Court.