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convulsions must and shall be guarantied, maintained, enjoyed, and respected everywhere.
All the political rights and franchises which have been lost through that convulsion should and must be promptly restored and reestablished, so that there shall be henceforth no proscribed class and no disfranchised caste within the limits of our Union, whose longestranged people shall reunite and fraternize upon the broad basis of universal amnesty and impartial suffrage.
That, subject to our solemn constitutional obligation to maintain the equal rights of all citizens, our policy shall aim to local selfgovernment and not at centralization; that the civil authority should be supreme over the military; that thewritof habeas corpus should be jealously upheld as the safeguard of personal freedom; that the individual citizens should enjoy the largest liberty consistent with public order, and that there shall be no Federal supervision of the internal policy of the several States and municipalities, but that each shall be left free to enforce the rights and promote the well-being of its inhabitants by such means as the judgment of the people shall prescribe.
That there shall be a real, and not merely a simulated reform in the civil service of the Republic, to which end it is indispensable that the chief dispenser of its past official patronage shall be shielded from the various temptations to use his power selfishly by a rule inexorably forbidding and precluding his reelection.
2. That we regard it as unwise and imprudent to place two tickets in nomination for the offices of President and Vice President as the representatives of these principles, as the division of its friends would insure the defeat of both; and it is, therefore, the fixed conviction of this convention that the Democratic convention to assemble in Baltimore in July should adopt the nominees of the "Liberal Republican" convention, instead of making other nominations for the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the United States.
3. Instructs delegates to act as a unit.
4. That all drainage and other laws by which the owners of property may be divested of their title by arbitrary assessments or summary process should be carefully guarded so as to protect the peoplefrom undue oppression, and their property from being taken without just compensation and due process of law, and that all laws contravening these principles should be promptly repealed or modified so as to conform thereto.
Whereas the Union soldiers and sailors, by their patriotism and courage in the great rebellion of 1861, preserved the life of the nation and made our public domain valuable: Therefore,
5. That we demand for each of the living who were honorably discharged, and for th' widows and orphans of the dead, one hundred and sixty acres of the public lands not heretofore entered or given away by a Republican
Congress to railroad corporations, to be theirs absolutely without requiring them to become actual settlers thereon.
6, That justice and equality demand that all soldiers who enlisted in the military service of the country during the war of the late rebellion, and who have been honorably discharged therefrom, shall have a bounty granted to them by Congress in proportion to the time they may have served, whether that time shall have been for three months or a longerperiod.
Republican, Marcn 37, 1873.
1. Indorses the administration of U. S. Grant, and favors his renomination.
2. Favors James F. Wilson for the Vice Presidency.
Democratic, June 11, 1873.
1. That the principles enunciated at the late Cincinnati convention, taken in connection with the letter of Horace Greeley accepting the nomination of that convention, constitute a platform in which all the elements of opposition to the present corrupt administration of the Federal Government can stand.
2. Delegates to act as a unit.
Liberal Republican, April 33, 1873. 1. We, the Republicans of Iowa, believing that the present Administration and officeholders through the country have assumed unconstitutional authority, and are endeavoring to subvert the Republican party to their own personal interests for the retention of themselves, their relatives, and personal friends in office and war: the best interests of the country are on the eve of demanding a better Government, and sympathize with the liberal movement throughout the country forreform; hereby declare that we are opposed to the renomination of General U. S. Grant to the Presidency, and will in no event give him our cordial support; that we will support any one of the many good and able men of the party for the first place in the gift of the people, nominated upon a platform declaring in favor of honesty, economy, general amnesty, and a thorough general reform, and the one-term principle for the Presidency.
Republican, FeTbruary 31, 1873. Whereas the Republicans of Kansas, in convention assembled for the purpose of electing delegates to unite with the delegates of other States, on June 5th ensuing, for the purpose of nominating the next President and Vice President of the United States, desire to give renewed and most emphatic expression to their confidence in the principles, their pride in the record, and their faith in the future of that national political organization which carried the country through the difficulties and preserved amid the disasters of one of the stormiest conflicts of all history, and which has addressed itself to the solution of those delicate and difficult problems which are the general legacy of all wars, and more especially of such a strife as ours, in such a manner as with such moral exceptions as would be inseparable from any policy of qualification, to secure to the country at large a degree of internal peace, organic unity, financial standing and credit, and general business prosperity, which are the wonder and admiration of all the nations of the earth; and believing, as this convention does, that this satisfactory condition of public affairs is largely attributable to the patent courage and wisdom of the man who was first the trusted commander-in-chief of the armies and then the honored President of the councils of the Republic, it is therefore
Resolved, That the delegates this day chosen to attend the Philadelphia Nationalconvention be, and are hereby, instructed to cast their votes for the patriotic President and citizen soldier, Ulysses S. Grant, who in the dark and disastrous days of the Republic displayed those qualities of courage, wisdom, and loyalty, unyielding and persistently, which inspired the friends of freedom with new energy and hope, filled and fired the gallant soldiers of the Union with the spirit to fight, and if need be to die in its defense, and which crowned our long conflict with the inestimable boon of a complete victory and permanent peace, and who, in the less dangerous but more difficult duties to which a grateful people called him, has proved himself an able, steady, and successful pilot of the ship of State, amid conflicting opinion and tryingexigencies; the earnest advocate of all judicious attempts at political reform; the foremost friend of all oppressed and distressed people, of whatever condition or color, who are struggling for the inalienable rights of perfect equality before the law; the undaunted defender of our national claims and equities in the great parliament of the nations; whose administration, in short, has brought us a degree of prosperity at home and respect and dignity abroad which it would be suicidal to interrupt or interfere with until time has been given to complete and cement the work so well begun and so auspiciously prosecuted to the present time.
Democratic, June 11, 1873.
1. That the paramount duty of every citizen is devotion and obedience to the Constitution and laws of the Republic, made as they were with a design and purpose to perpetuate individual liberty to its utmost limit consistent with good government and public order.
2. That political organizations are useful and beneficial only when their purpose and action demonstrating love of country control their counsel and dictate their policy, but when lawless ambition, imbecility, corruption, and mau-worship shall dominate in a political party, it is the duty of all citizens, without regard to previous political affiliations and forgetful of the past and buried differences, to join hands and hearts in the efforts to crush such party and to drive its leaders from power.
3. Believing as we do that the Chief Executive of the nation, and the nominee of the Republican party for reelection, is utterly unfitted for the high position he holds; that his administration of the Government stands alone in the history of the nation for shameless ignorance, nepotism, and gift-taking; for reckless disregard of law; for forgetfulness of the ancient honor of the Republic; for utter want of that dignity and statesmanship which should characterize the executive government of the first Republic of the earth; that his continuance in power would be dangerous to the nation, would degrade the liberties of the people, and so believing, we are willing to join with all good citizens in the pending canvass in the effort to drive him from the place.
4. Instructs delegates to vote for Cincinnati platform and candidates.
Liberal Republican, April 10, 1872. 1. That we, the Liberal Republicans of Kansas, mindful of the early record of our State so closely interwoven with the history of the Republican party and struggle for national existence, and still steadfast and true to vital principles which called that party into existence, would ever maintain as a part of our birthright the rightful sovereignty of union, emancipation, equality of civil rights, and enfranchisement, with a loyalty to the principle that is higher and stronger than loyalty to party or party leaders. Zealous and watchful of the fair fame of our young State, earnest and resolute now as in the struggle to save its soil from the encroachment of slave power, we call upon the people of Kansas to unite in an effort to put a stop to attempted absorption of the civil functions of the Government by the military, and encroachment of executive power, to inaugurate a thorough and genuine reform of the civil service that shall put a stop to the shameless abuse of official patronage for the control of conventions and elections, whether in the interests of individual faction or party; to effect modification of our revenue system so that no class or special interest of our country shall be encouraged at the expense of the rest; to secure the wisest system of taxation which shall place no needless burden on the people; to save the public lands of the nation to actual settlers under principles of homestead law; to establish general amnesty as the correct avenue of impartial suffrage; to extend our national sympathy to all people who are struggling to emulate our example of popular enfranchisement.
Republican, March 13, 1873.
Resolved, That we reaffirm our adherence to the principles of the Republican party, pledging ourselves to maintain them as the truest safeguard of our liberties. We also reaffirm our adherence to the right of all American citizens according to the Constitution to exercise, without diminution or restriction, election franchise in all elections, national, State, or municipal, and hereby express our condemnation of the acts of the Democracy in this State in contravention of this principle.
2. To the people of Kentucky and the nation we send our congratulations upon the fulfillment of the promises given by the Republican party in the national convention assembled in 1868, resulting in restoration to the Union of all the States, in giving equal rights to all men before the law, and surrounding us with prosperity at home and increased honor among 8,11 nations of the civilized world.
3. We recognize with pride the beneficial achievements of the present Administration in the management of the national affairs, in executing the wishes of the people as declared by law, in condemning and punishing corruption, and in relieving the industries of the country from the grievous burdens thrust upon them.
4. To an extent beyond our most sanguine expectations the Republican party has reduced the public debt, and at the same time appreciated to a high standard the national currency and securities of the Government.
5. We express undiminished confidence in the personal and official integrity and honor of President Grant; and we have witnessed with satisfaction the refutation and exposure of the falsehoods and calumnies directed against him.
6. Indorses President Grant for reelection.
7. Favors General John M. Harlan for the Vice Presidency.
8. That it is the crowning glory of the Republican party that it has successfully maintained the doctrine that all citizens, without distinction as to race or color, are equal before the law, and alike entitled to places of trust.
Democratic, June 30, 1873.
1. That the administration of the Federal Government, with President Grant as its executive head, has persistently violated the Constitution and the purity of its administration, and the elective franchise, and unless arrested in its centralization, its doctrines and corrupt practices will subvert and destroy our liberties.
2. That the Democracy of the State of Kentucky now reaffirm the principles contained in the platforms adopted by former conventions of the party since and including the convention of the 1st day of May, 1866. These platforms contain substantially the theory and practice which, we believe, if carried out, will secure the protection of life, liberty, and property, and all the essential ends of a free government.
3. That while we adhere to the principles declared in said platforms, and while we are deeply impressed with the conviction that the peace, prosperity, freedom, and happiness of the people of the United States will be best served and promoted by a strict adherence to said principles in the administration of both State and Federal Governments, yet recognizing and appreciating the necessity of preventing, if possible, the continuance in power
of the present corrupt Administration, while we do not precisely instruct our delegates to the national convention as to the course they shall pursue, we expect them, after consultation with the representatives of Democracy of the whole country, to take such action as will most likely insure perfect union to all the elements in opposition to the nominees of the Philadelphia convention, and that the Democrats of Kentucky unhesitatingly pledge themselves to give the ticket that may be presented to the country by the Baltimore convention their earnest and active support, not only because it will be the representative body of the whole party, but because in party organization it is ultimately to judge the line of policy which members of the party should pursue.
Republican, (One Wing,) April 30, 1873.
1. That we recur to the platform of principles adopted by the National Union convention at Chicago, May 20, 1868, as the true principles on which our Government should be administered, and hereby reaffirm the same; and further, that we recognize those principles to have been fully and practically carried out by the present Administration.
2. Indorses President Grant.
3. Commends the management of the national finances.
4. Praises the management of the foreign relations of the Government.
5. That the laws passed by Congress, and the police and temporary regulations made necessary as the natural effects of the war, and the strict enforcement thereof by the Executive, for the supression of disorderand riot in the States when the State authorities were either unable or unwilling to do so, and the protection of Union citizens against the violence and outrages perpetrated by the Ku Klux organizations in the southern States, merit the warmest approval of all good and law-abiding citizens.
6. Recommends the renomination of President Grant.
7. That it is a matter of congratulation that the national Republican party in this State has united to expel from the party H. C. Warmoth, the corrupt chief Executive of the State, who has fraudulently manipulated the election laws, passed for good and proper purposes, to maintain himself and his minions in power, and in order to enable them to plunder the State treasury; and who has by revolutionary acts and by bribery, and by the unscrupulous use of power vested in him as commanderin-chief of the metropolitan police and militia, controlled the General Assembly so as to prevent him from being impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors; and who has refused to permit reform measures passed by the last Legislature to become laws by withholding his signature therefrom, among which acts are those guarding and restricting the registration and election laws, so as to prevent election frauds, although the passage of such acts was recommended in his message to the General Assembly.
8. That this convention approves and adopts the principles of State reform contained in the resolutions passed at the National Republican convention of this State on the 9th of August, 1871, and enlarged on by the resolutions adopted by the State central executive committee of the party on the 7th of November, 1871, and which measures were reduced to the form of bills and introduced into the Legislature at its last session, but failed to pass on account of the opposition of the friends of Governor Warmoth, or failed to become laws on account of his withholding his signature. The following are some of those bills:
A bill to amend the registration law.
A bill to amend the election law.
A bill amending the printing law.
A bill amending the law in regard to assessing and collecting State and parish taxes, reducing the expenses thereof.
A bill providing for the general expenses of the State, and reducing the expenses of the State government to within $800,000, whereas it is now more than double this amount.
A bill repealing the constabulary law.
This convention, on behalf of the national Republican party of this State, pledges itself that the above and all similar State reforms meet with its earnest approval, and that this convention recommends that no candidate for State office shall be nominated by our party who is not, by his acts and antecedents, as well as by his pledges, fully committed to all such reforms.
9. That while steadfastly maintaining the integrity of the Republican platform and organization, yet, in the interest of reform and good government, in view of the present exigencies of our State, we welcome the cooperation of all honest men in securing the deliverance of our people from their present distresses, and to this end, as far as may be necessary, we are willing to concede such personal considerations to those of ourfellowcitizens who may differ from us in political convictions as will not conflict with our obligations to our party, and as maybe needful in compassing the common objects sought by the good people of the State.
10. That in the opinion of this convention, the only legal remedy left to prevent the repetition of the election frauds perpetrated under the direction and control of Governor Warmoth at the election of 1870, again at the election next November, (inasmuch as he has refused to sign the amended registration and election laws passed at the last session of the Legislature,) and which we feel confident he will repeat in favor of any party with which he may act—and we believe it will be the sole object of any party combining with him to obtain this service from him—will be the extension of the act of Congress of the 28th of February, 1871, so as to embrace all the parishes in this State; and we earnestly recommend Congress to so amend this act as to enable the people of this State, as citizens of the United
States, fully and freely, and without restraint, to express their sentiments at the ballot-box.
11. That in pursuance of the recommendation of President Graiit.in his last annual message, and of the resolution to that effect passed by the Legislature of this Slate, we earnestly urge Congress to pass a bill of universal amnesty for all past political offenses.
12. That we,as the representatives of the Republican masses of Louisiana, in convention assembled, in behalf of ourselves and our constituents, invoke the national Congress to pass, prior to its adjournment, the supplemental "civil rights bill," a measure not onlydue for the protection of the rights of lour millions of our fellow-citizens, but one that will contribute to the peace and harmony of the people of the whole country by eliminating from the political issues the question of race.
13. That we earnestly recommend Congress to pass a bill refunding the cotton tax collected on cotton since the war, as we deem such tax to have been unconstitutional, and the refunding the same would be an act of justice, and, at present, a great help to cottonplanters.
Republican, (Other Wing,) May 39, 1872.
1. That we declare the Republican party of Louisiana in full sympathy with the national Republican party j that we indorse the platform of principles laid down by the Chicago convention.
2. That we pledge ourselves and our party to the faithful execution of the constitutional and statutory provisions for the public education of all children without distinction.
3. That we insist upon the enforcement of the constitutional and legal guarantees of the civil and political rights of all men without distinction of race or color.
4. That a long train of evils must necessarily result from the effort being made by the Democratic party to obtain control of our State government through dissensions in the Republican party. Among them we may mention the repeal of the civil rights law, the establishment of qualified suffrage, the destruction of our common-school system, repudiation of the State debt and subjection of the colored elements to bitter political and commercial proscription, and an abundant evidence is to be found in the tone of the press and in speeches that the sole object of the Democrats and reformers is our political overthrow, and to this end they are subordinating the presidential and all other questions.
5. That, in order to save the State from Democratic rule, and to perpetuate free government, it is highly important that all Republican elements in the State should be united upon a ticket to be composed of true and tried Republicans, and to secure this end we recognize and tolerate existing differences of opinion upon national affairs.
6. That we contemn the action of the Federal officials of the State in attempting, through illegal and arbitrary exercise of power, to interfere with the right of the people to peaceably assemble, to overthrow our State governmerit, and through combination with our political enemies to overthrow the Republican party.
7. That we recognize in Governor Warmoth an officer who has combined with an efficient discharge of public duties an unimpeachable fidelity to the principle and the policy of the party by which he was elevated to his high position; that to him the Republican party largely owes whatever of credit may be its due for the faithful fulfilment of those obligations which it assumed toward the people of the State, by carrying out the principles of justice and equality which are the basis of its organization; that the public owe to him chiefly the preservation and maintenance of public order in spite of perils which were surmounted only by the exercise of extraordinary wisdom, courage, and discrimination; that with his powerful cooperation the State may hope for deliverance from many evils, the existence of which cannot be disputed, and the continuance of which would be disgraceful to the Republican party, and that he is our first choice for the office of Governor at the next election; that we present him as our candidate, and urge all other Republican organizations to indorse and sup port him.
8. That in our honorable fellow-citizen, Lieutenant Governor Pinchbeck, we have a bold, able, and manly leader in the Republican party—one who can be trusted in the future with its interests, as he has been in the past, and that we indorse him and declare him to be our first choice for Lieutenant Governor, and we present him as our candidate and urge all other Republican organizations to indorse and support him.
9. Thai, all true Republicans are devoutly desirous of averting the dangers which beset their party, and of reuniting their party for a common purpose, &c.
Reform, June 7, 1878.
1. That in the opinion of this convention the attitude originally assumed by the Reform party of strict non-interference with Federal politics is the true and correct policy.
2. That the situation of our State at this time is such as to demand, in our opinion, the most earnest and exclusive attention of her people, and that while we appreciate the importance of a good Federal Government, and are anxious to see our national affairs properly administered, such are the peculiar difficulties by which, as a community, we are oppressed, and such the necessity for immediate relief, that it would be extremely unsafe to add to our embarrassments those necessarily entailed by an active participation in the national contest.
3. That in the judgment of this convention no permanent or enduring relief can be obtained without a cordial reconciliation between the two races inhabiting our territory, and for this reason, as well as tor a sense of justice to the colored race, who are now entitled to all the privileges and immunities of American citizens, we accept as settled their civil and political status as now fixed by the constitu
tion and laws both of the United States and of Louisiana.
4. That as one of the primal objects of this organization was the eradication of mere partisan differences, by which our people have been divided, and the inculcation of a broad, catholic spirit of toleration, by which means it has hoped and intended that the strength of our population should be concentrated for the redemption, of the State, it is now declared to be the policy of this party to receive assistance from any source looking to the deliverance of our people from the dreadful oppression under which they labor, while at the same time it is distinctly understood that we will reject any unworthy proposition or corruptcoalition, and that the administration of our affairs for the future must be confided to men of known integrity and capacity.
Republican, June 13, 187%.
1. That the Republicans of Maine, assembled by delegates in State convention, reaffirm the declaration of principles made by the National Republican convention at Philadelphia, and point with pride to their past record, in war and in peace, as the best and only satisfactory evidence that any political organization can give of its ability and disposition to wisely and successfully deal with whatever questions may arise in the future.
2. That the Republicans of Maine most cordially and unitedly indorse the nomination of General Ulysses S. Grant as President, and Hon. Henry Wilson as Vice President, and pledge to the great soldier and patriot, and the eminent Senator and friend of the workingman, the electoral vote of Maine by a majority even greater than was given the Republican ticket in 1868.
3. That the thanks of the people of this State are due to Congress, and to our delegation in that body, through whose able and earnest advocacy the measure was secured, for the recent legislation to promote the interests of shipbuilding and revive commerce; and we accept what has been accomplished as an assurance that their efforts in this direction will continue until that great interest is placed upon an equitable basis.
4. That we reaffirm our faith in the principle of prohibition and its impartial enforcement, and we view with satisfaction the popular movement in favor of temperance reform recently inaugurated in this State.
Democratic, June 18, 1372.
1. That the principles enunciated by the late Cincinnati convention, taken in connection with the letter of Horace Greeley accepting the nomination, constitute a platform on which all elements in opposition to the present corrupt administration of the Federal Government can stand, and we hereby adopt as the platform of the Democracy of Maine the following propositions of Horace Greeley's letter:
(Here follow the nine propositions formally