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SELECTION OF JURORS
Names are selected at random from the Polk Co. City Directory. The City Directory is used because this seems to be the most complete list. It does not exclude any particular group of people. (ex: The telephone directory only lists those that have a telephone and the voting list only those that vote). Actual selection by following system :
Every 10th name is taken (beginning with first name) from the first column, first page.
Then 5 pages are turned and again every 10th name in the first column is chosen.
This is followed until all columns and all pages have been used.
Then we begin with the first page, first column again. This time we select the second name and proceed as above. When name is selected from directory a 3'' x 5'' card is made up for each name. It is checked against our file for duplication and then numbered. A letter and questionnaire is also made up showing name, address and serial number. Approximately 3,000 questionnaries are mailed out each month.
The Questionnaires completed are returned and graded each day and held for review by a Jury Commissioner. A permanent card is made up at this time. These questionnaires are assembled at the end of each month in numerical order. They are divided into three groups, each Commissioner getting a like number to review away from the office at his convenience.
The questionnaires are returned by the commissioners with action noted thereon and initiated. If the name is approved, the corresponding card is placed alphabetically in the file. These names are used as occasion demands, in replenishing the jury box, the older names (or those with the lowest number) are used first.
Names of persons that are to be added to the jury list are typed on perforated sheets of paper. A carbon copy is made and retained in a loose leaf binder. These ballots are numbered consecutively by numbering machine on both original and carbon copy. The carbon is approved by a commisisoner, after which the perforated sheet is torn in individual ballots and folded with typed side in.
MONTHLY DRAWING OF NAMES FOR PROSPECTIVE JURORS
The regular monthly drawing of names of prospective jurors, which are certified to the various courts, is generally held the first Wednesday following the first Tuesday of each month. This is a public drawing. Names are drawn by lot, each commissioner actually removing only one name at a time. As the names are thus drawn, they are placed name down and are then numbered consecutively with a numbering machine, until required number has been reached to meet the court's requirement. These names subsequently appear on the Court Jury List later, in the same order as drawn. The subpoena is typed from the Court Jury List. The District Court requires that these subpoenas be made in duplicate. There is no duplicate copy made for the General Sessions Court or Juvenile Court. Court Sheets and subpoenas are then delivered to the Clerk of the Court for certification, after which they are turned over to the Marshal for service. The permanent card file contains all information on a card, such as:
If accepted, which court a person serves in, date, number of days;
If excused or removed by the court, that information is also stated on the card;
If the Marshal's return shows that a person cannot be found, every effort is made to locate a new address and if new address is obtained within the jurisdiction of the court, correction is made on the card.
The names removed and those excused on the returned court sheet are referred to the Jury Commissioner for final disposition. After all appropriate postings are made on the card, they are removed or placed on the relist file for future call.
Each Wednesday is set aside for personal interviews. In cases where the Jury Commissioner cannot determine whether a person is qualified by information on the questionnaire, the person is called for a personal interview. Those people that do not answer the questionnaire are also called in and asked to complete a questionnaire and are given a personal interview.
The Jury Commission keeps very complete records for each operation. Each month reports are made showing amounts added or removed from the list, those interviewed, court sheets reviewed, and a report showing number of names in box. Once a year a report is compiled showing totals for the year.
ANNUAL REPORT, FISCAL 1965, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA JURY COMMISSION
Questionnaires mailed monthly
Summary of results, examination of qualifications of potential jurors,
fiscal year 1965 Questionnaires returned and examined
16, 514 Questionnaires returned by post office-Not found..
8, 843 No response after repeated attempts---
202 Results of questionnaires reviewed: Legally qualified---
7, 320 Ineligible-
7,578 Action deferred awaiting interview
1, 259 Suspend indefinitely -
Results of personal interview:
Approved for listing-
June 18, 1964 (July).
July 7, 1964.
July 6, 1964.