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SERMONS. By Henry Edward Manning, M. A., Archdeacon of Chichester. Vol. II. First American, from fourth London edition. New York: Stanford & Swords, 1848. 8vo. pp. 304. New Haven: Basset & Redfield.

The Sermons of Mr. Manning are winning their way to the libraries and hearts of multitudes by no straining after effect, no mere adaptation to popular taste, but by a comprehensiveness, an earnestness and depth of thought, a conception of the reality and power of the Christian life, a charming simplicity and clearness of style. The Sermons in this volume are eminently practical, and well adapted to private and devotional reading. We would instance the thirteenth sermon, as one which will make an impression upon the reader. Mr. Manning's view of Baptismal Regeneration, or, as he also calls it, the "regenerate life," and the "grace of regeneration," is not held and taught by him as a theory. It pervades all his teachings; and although some might except to an occasional expression, yet as a whole, few Prayer-Book Churchmen will dissent from him. He everywhere acknowledges the necessity of repentance for all: he says, "we should repent all our days of the fallen nature which by our birth-sin is within us," while he enforces the obvious necessity on the part of most even of the regenerate, who have fallen willingly into sin, of a deep and earnest conversion of the heart unto God. He thus distinguishes between that repentance which is needful for all, and that conversion which is necessary for those who have willfully sinned against the grace vouchsafed to them in their baptism. Alas! in our own branch of the Church, how few who grow up in Christ! How has a want of faithful Christian nurture on the part of sponsors according to the teaching of the Church, multiplied the number of those who trample under foot the blood bought covenant, and are laying up for themselves a bitterness and difficulty of repentance which shall make their future conversion almost as life from the dead!

THE GENIUS OF ITALY; being Sketches of Italian Life, Literature, and Religion. By Rev. Robert Turnbull, author of "The Genius of Scotland," etc. New York: Geo. P. Putnam, 1849. 12mo. pp. 332. New Haven: A. H. Maltby.

The author of "The Genius of Italy" has furnished a delightful book; and to have accomplished this on such a theme, is to merit very high praise. His style is graceful; and his reflections, as he passes from chamber to chamber of that vast treasure-house of Literature and Art, are expressed always in good taste, and usually we think with propriety and just appreciation. Upon the one great subject, when Religion in Italy is spoken of, the blighting curse of Popery which rests like an incubus upon that beautiful peninsula, Mr. Turnbull does not utter all those convictions which fill the breast of a well-instructed Churchman. Still he writes earnestly, and we doubt not, in the main, faithfully. We have marked numerous passages of great force and elegance. His rapid sketches of the savans and artists of Italy are among the most attractive portions of his volume. Dante, Tasso, Ariosto, Foscolo, Manzoni, Titian, Canova, Machiavelli, Petrarch, Galileo, Vico, Michael Angelo, and the fair and almost angelic Olympia Morata, are among his chosen witnesses to the exalted "Genius" which has made Italy her consecrated temple. His chapters upon Rome, and Pope Pius IX, will be read just now with special interest. We are sure that the book will give a higher appreciation of Italian character, and excite stronger hopes of its ultimate destiny.

THE GOOD ANd the Bad in THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH: Is that Church to be destroyed or reformed? A Letter from Rome. By Rev. Henry M. Field. New York: Geo. P Putnam, 1849. 12mo. pp. 34.

The pamphlet whose title we have announced, is noticeable particularly as an illustration of the effect produced upon an ingenuous and ill-educated Congregationalist, in his transition from the severely naked service of his own system, to the gorgeous and imposing ritualism of the Romish Church. The power and progress of the Romish system at the present day are owing not to its dogmas, so much as to its self-investment of the mere poetry of religion; its appeal to the religious sentiment through what is merely outward and sensuous; and its giving free scope to the passion of devoteeism in all its forms, which sometimes challenges our admira

tion at its heroic, self-sacrificing spirit. Romanists will laugh at the honest simplicity of our author, who in his verdancy almost becomes a convert to a system which he had evidently been accustomed to view with abhorrence. In his illustrations of the "good" and the "bad" in the Romish Church, he has not noticed the strong points on either side; and makes admissions which betray his ignorance of the whole subject. We wonder to hear him say of Rome, "its doctrines are substantially the same as ours. They are the common faith of the whole Christian World." Are the doctrines of the Papal Supremacy, of Transubstantiation, of Purgatory, of the Worship of the Virgin Mary, of the Invocation of Saints, of Expiation for Sin, (to say nothing of Infallibility,) as held and preached by the Romish Church at the present day-are these "substantially" the doctrines which Mr. Field receives? And yet these, with Romanists, are among the essentials of the Christian Faith.

SKETCHES OF LIFE AND LANDSCAPE. By Rev. Ralph Hoyt. New edition, enlarged. New York: Geo. P. Putnam, 1849. 12mo. pp. 134. New Haven: Basset & Redfield.

Mr. Hoyt is a decided favorite with us; and we are glad to see that he is growing in reputation with the public. The characteristic of his poetry by which he is most strongly marked, is an unaffected naturalness. A school of poetry has grown up in modern days of a different cast; in which a certain vagueness, a sort of dreamy mistiness, hangs like a cloud between the reader's eye and the poet's vision; a gorgeous, glowing, subduing picture, sometimes, in the hand of a master, but a tissue of rhapsodical tameness, where the true inspiration of poetry is wanting. Of this school, Wordsworth stands as the noble and illustrious type; a great and true poet, with whom a lofty idealism clouds not the beauty and grandeur of his perceptions. Of this same school we have some American examples; but they are neither appreciated or understood. They are not slumbering under the weight of criticism, as Wordsworth was almost concealed for a time under the scorching sarcasm of his Reviewers; but simply for want of adaptedness to popular appreciation. Mr Hoyt is a poet of a different stamp. He evidently writes because he cannot help it, and not merely to gaze upon the clouds of his own mystical creation. His published poems are few in number, and are all short; the longest we believe not exceeding two hundred lines. The poems entitled "Old-a rural sketch," and " The Angel," are, we think, among the best specimens from his pen.


This standard work, used in nearly every Theological Seminary in the country, has passed into the hands of Stanford & Swords, New York, as sole publishers. A COMPLETE TRANSLATION of Mosheim's Commentaries on the Affairs of the Christians before the time of Constantine the Great, translated in part by Robert Studley Vidal, Esq., F. S. A., and in part by Rev. James Murdock, D. D. is also ready for the press.

This work is devoted to learned discussions of subjects which are more briefly considered in the Institutes; and will be perused by students of Ecclesiastical History with great interest. It will be published in two octavo volumes.

LAST LEAVES OF AMERICAN HISTORY; Comprising histories of the Mexican War and California. By EMMA WILLARD. New York: Geo. P. Putnam. London: J. Chapman, 142 Strand. 1849. 16mo. pp. 230. New Haven: T. H. Pease. This volume may be properly termed Annals of our National History, reaching back to the time of the inauguration of President Harrison in 1841. These eight years of our career have been extremely eventful; and the authoress has attempted little more than to give a chronological record of the most important facts as they have occurred, with just enough of comment to weave them into one continuous narrative, and to relieve them of the tedium of dry detail. The history of California is prefaced by a brief account of the Spanish discovery, and occupation of that country; the Jesuit Missions, &c. The volume will subserve two important ends. It will help preserve in the public mind a distinct recollection of each

link in this chain of past events; and be of invaluable service to the future historian, when he shall come to describe more fully and philosophically this portion of our national career. The style of the authoress is compact and perspicuous, the tone and temper of the volume altogether impartial; and the work itself deserving of careful reading and preservation. If she, and her sex, are not called to deeds of valor on the tented field, in the service of her country, she fills a not less exalted sphere, in inscribing those deeds fairly and imperishably on the temple of fame. THE BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER, &c. New York: Stanford & Swords. 18mo. pp. 758. New Haven: Basset & Redfield.

We have no hesitation in speaking of this edition of the American Prayer Book, as the neatest edition yet published. Though numbering between 700 and 800 pages, so fine is its tissue-paper, that it is sufficiently compact for the reticule or the pocket, while its large clear type, and full open page, present a page attractive to the eye. It is a perfect gem of its kind, and must command a wide circulation. CECIL AND HIS DOG, or the Reward of Virtue, a Tale for the young. New York: Stanford & Swords, 1849. 18mo. 2 vols., pp. 150, 290.

A most interesting story for children.

A SKETCH of the Life and Character of Deacon Nathan Beers; by SAMUEL W. S. DUTTON, Pastor of the North Church in New Haven. 1849. 8vo. pp. 24.

This is an account, in simple language, of a good man. The author has, rather needlessly we think, revived the troubles of the "great awakening" and with great disadvantage to the cause he seems to advocate; for it is plain from his own showing, that the peculiarities of the new divinity kept from the communion of bis Church for forty years, one who had been always pious." It is perhaps a fair sign of the accommodating spirit of Connecticut congregational theology, that the same man can extol the system which requires in every case a sharply defined conversion, can acknowledge in the next breath that the deceased, whose piety was beyond all question, found nothing in his experience corresponding thereto; and then a few Sundays after, admit to his pulpit a preacher who not only ridicules the whole system of revivals, but denies the leading articles of the Christian Faith.

SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.-We are pleased to find this able monthly Magazine upon our table. It is one of the most agreeable of our exchanges, learned without being dull, and piquant without being discourteous. The editorials are pretty well seasoned with Attic salt; and the table of Book notices is prepared with a manly independence altogether unusual. We are a little surprised to find so well-read a scholar as the editor, among the admirers of Thomas Babington Macaulay as a historian, and endorsing the caricature of Baptist W. Noel. The contents of the "Messenger" are more varied than of any Magazine within our acquaintance.

THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND ARTS, Vol. VII, No. 21. Conducted by Professors B. Silliman, B. Silliman, Jr., and James D. Dana. May, 1849. Among the papers of general interest in this number is one on the "Voyage of Capt. Sir James C. Ross to the Antarctic ;" and another entitled "Observations on the Physical Geography of Oregon and Upper California," the latter by Mr. Dana, one of the editors. Among the miscellaneous intelligence we observe a notice of the Anniversary of the Geological Society for 1849, held in London, at which were present the Archbishop of Canterbury, Sir Robert Peel, the Belgian Ambassador, Sir R. T. Murchison, Sir H. De la Beche, Dr. Buckland, Dr. Mantell, and most of the great men of the metropolis The Archbishop made an admirable speech in defense of Scientific pursuits and of geological researches in particular. Sir Charles Lyell, the new President, was in the chair.

The "American Journal of Science and Arts" is an honor not only to its Editors, but to the country at large. Its circulation and high reputation in the old world must be gratifying to its conductors.

A CHARGE delivered at his Primary Visitation held in Christ Church Cathedral, Fredericton, August 24, 1847. By John, Bishop of Fredericton. Republished in London by request of the Fredericton Cathedral Committee. 1848. 8vo. pp. 44. Two Ordination sermons, preached in Christ Church Cathedral by the Lord Bishop of Fredericton. 1846. 8vo. pp. 24.

We are indebted to the Bishop of Fredericton for a copy of these valuable publications; and regret that our limits forbid transcribing a large portion of them, especially of the Charge. It is a clear and bold statement of the position of the clergy of the Church in the Province of New Brunswick, and of the duties attending that position. It treats of a great variety of topics; is eminently faithful and judicious; it breathes a heroic and elevated spirit, and shows its author to be a Bishop who realizes his obligation to the Church and is resolved to meet it. We quote the following as suiting different latitudes than Fredericton :

"Of the prospects of the Mother Church of England, whether in this Province or the Mother Country, it is not necessary, perhaps not desirable, to say much. Conjectures and anticipations, easily made, are generally colored by the complexion of the prophet's own mind, his sanguine or gloomy disposition. Yet as far as I can discern, the danger to be apprehended is not from the Roman Catholic body, nor from Protestant Dissenters, but from the money-loving, self-indulgent, infidel spirit, prevalent among all bodies. There are multitudes, who, if they could speak out, would prefer a form of religion less distinct in points of faith than the creed of any religious body in existence, a way of life decently faithless, respectably selfish, and thoroughly godless at heart. By such persons, (and they are many,) every effort for Church improvement and Church extension, spiritually or materially, will be thwarted and obstructed to the uttermost of their power."

We observe that the Bishop's visit to England has secured to him an increase of Candidates for Orders; and nearly funds enough to complete the Cathedral at Fredericton.

CATALOGUE of the General Theological Seminary for 1848-9. The Rev. Drs. Turner, Wilson, Ogilby, Haight, and Clement C. Moore, LL. D. are acting Professors. The Seminary numbers 62 students, from 15 Colleges and 14 Dioceses. It has 346 Alumni, of whom 31 are deceased.

We venture to express the wish, that there were arrangements for an additional year of study at the Seminary, optional, however, to the students, and during which, thorough attention might be given to subjects for which there is now no time; and especially to those two classes of error, the Romish and the neological. One such year, under a competent adviser, or lecturer, and with a good public library, would be worth many years under the disadvantages of a parochial charge.

SWORD'S POCKET ALMANAC and Church Register, for 1849. Vol. XXXIV. 18mo. pp. 164.

This well known and almost indispensable manual, besides its usual and complete summary of General and Diocesan intelligence, contains also full lists of the clergy in the neighboring Dioceses of Quebec and Toronto; there being seventy-five in the former, and one hundred and twenty-nine in the latter.

NEW YORK AS IT WAS, during the latter part of the last Century. An Anniversary Address delivered before the St. Nicholas Society of the City of New York, Dec. 1, 1848. By WILLIAM ALEXANDER DUER, LL. D. New York: 1849. 8vo. pp. 48. The St. Nicholas Society is subserving most important ends, in gathering up and preserving in its archives the personal reminiscences of the few trustworthy gentlemen left, who were familiar with the early history of our country. This Address gives us the author's personal recollections of the City of New York from the year 1783, when "the upper extremity of Broadway and the utmost limit of the city pavement" was at a point now occupied by St. Paul's Chapel; and where the author's family having located themselves, he says, the position “rejoiced in some

of the advantages of a country retreat!" The prominent public, professional, and business men of the city are also sketched; and as the city was then the seat of the General Government, we are treated with some portraits of men distinguished in our National Councils. Washington at the Inauguration of Adams; and Robert Morris caricatured by the wrathful Knickerbockers for gaining the removal of Congress to Philadelphia, are well described. The Address is written in a lively, pleasing style, and with a freshness and exuberance of feeling, which not once reminds us that the frosts of three-score and ten winters have fallen upon the author.


This is an able Monthly Magazine, published by the Messrs. Rivington of London, and is devoted to the dissemination of Colonial Church intelligence, and to the great cause of Christian Missions. It contains papers of great historical value, is published at a cheap rate, and may be confidently commended to any of our readers who would keep watch of the movements of the Church of England. THE STRANGER IN THE CHURCH. By the Rt. Rev. GEORGE BURGESS, D. D., Bishop of the Diocese of Maine. Boston: Mass. Tract Society. 1848. 12mo. pp. 24. We know of no little work better adapted to remove prejudices against the Church than this. Those points in the Church system and services, which first arrest the stranger's eye, are so presented as to appear not only free from objection, but suitable and edifying. It has been, we understand, extensively circulated, and with great satisfaction.

FILIAL DUTY, a Sermon delivered in Trinity Church, Pittsburgh. By GEORGE UPFOLD, D. D., Rector. 1849. 8vo. pp. 28.

This is emphatically a sermon for the times, when, as the writer most truly says, "insubordination, a restlessness under, and resistance of authority, appears to be very much the prevailing spirit of our age and country. And this insubordination not only characterizes the general social life, but enters extensively into the domestic circle. There is a precocious independence observable in our children and youth, an indomitable self-will, which, beginning with almost the first budding of intelligence, grows with their growth, and strengthens with their strength, and becomes a habit of mind and action antagonistic to that filial reverence and subjection which the promptings of nature, and the law of God, teach them to cherish, cultivate, and practice." These are pregnant words, and solve the mystery of half the radicalism in Church and State, which is rampant around us. The self-willed child becomes the self-willed religionist, philosopher, and statesman; the pantheist, the Fourierite and disunionist.

PRACTICAL CHARITY, a Sermon delivered in Trinity Church, Pittsburgh, in aid of Domestic Missions. By GEORGE UPFOLD, D. D., the Rector. 1849. 8vo. pp. 34. This Sermon is dedicated to Bishop Kemper, the first Missionary Bishop of our Church. The appendix contains a letter from Rev. Mr. Breck of the Nashotah Mission to the Sunday School of Trinity Church, and some statements of the Rector in commendation of that particular mission. The whole subject is presented in a manner well calculated to make an intelligent and permanent impression.


THE STRANGER AT HOME. A Sermon preached in St. Luke's Church, Rochester, on the first Sunday after Easter, by the Rev. Henry W. Lee, Rector. 1849. pp. The excellent Rector of St. Luke's has here treated upon an important matter in a very faithful and efficient way. His object is to direct the attention of the members of the Church of England and Ireland, to the Church of their fathers, which in this land of their adoption still stands ready to receive and bless them. Mr. Lee states that of the more than 320 families in his parish, more than 150 are English and Irish. Considerable numbers of them must also be found in all our cities and larger manufacturing towns, to whom the shepherds of CHRIST's flock owe an especial duty. We suggest to our Rev. Brethren across the Atlantic, whose parish

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