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And next to him old Saturne, that was wont
For during Saturnes ancient raigne it's fayd
Peace univerfal rayn'd mongft men and beafts:
And all things freely grew out of the ground: Iuftice fate high ador'd with folemne feasts, And to all people did divide her dred beheafts:
Moft facred Vertue fhe of all the reft,
Refembling God in his imperiall might ; Whofe foveraine powre is herein most exprest, That both to good and bad he dealeth right, And all his workes with iuftice hath bedight. That powre he alfo doth to princes lend, And makes them like himfelfe in glorious
To fit in his own feate, his cause to end,
IX. 1. For during Saturnes ancient raigne &c.] From Ovid, Met. i. 89.
"Aurea prima fata eft ætas, quæ vindice nullo,
And rule his people right, as he doth recom
Dread foverayne goddeffe, that doest highest fit
XI. 1. goddeffe,] See the Introduction to the firft Book of this Poem, ft. 4. CHURCH.
ftead,] All the editions have conformed to this neceffary emendation made by the first folio. The poet's own reads place. TODD.
Artegall trayn'd in Iuftice lore
THOUGH vertue then were held in higheft
In those old times of which I doe intreat, Yet then likewife the wicked feede of vice Began to fpring; which shortly grew full
And with their boughes the gentle plants did
But evermore fome of the vertuous race Rose up, infpired with heroicke heat, That cropt the branches of the sient base, And with ftrong hand their fruitfull rancknes did deface.
ARG. 2. Irenaes queft purfewed;] This adventure of the relief of Irena or Irene is plainly introduced as a compliment to Lord Grey of Wilton, to whom Spenfer was Secretary. That noble Lord was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Irena or Irene is an anagram or traufpofition of the letters of Ierne, the ancient name of that kingdom. CHURCH.
Sanglier] Perhaps Shan
Oneal. See vol. ii. p. cli. TODD.
Such firft was Bacchus, that with furious might All th' eaft before untam'd did over-ronne, And wrong repreffed, and establisht right, Which lawleffe men had formerly fordonné: There Iuftice firft her princely rule begonne. Next Hercules his like enfample fhewed, Who all the weft with equall conqueft wonne, And monftrous tyrants with his club fubdewed ;
The club of Iuftice dread with kingly powre endewed.
And fuch was he of whom I have to tell,
II. 1. Such first next Canto, ft. 5. III. 3.
was Bacchus, &c.] See the note on the HURD.
as ye lately &c.] See F. Q. iv. vi. 42. CHURCH. Grantorto] Ital. gran torto,
great injury and wrong. And though Grantorto may fignify tyranny and injustice in general, he may fignify fometimes the king of Spain. UPTON.
Wherefore the Lady, which Irena hight,
Did to the Faerie Queene her
That foveraine queene, that mightie em-
Whofe glorie is to aide all fuppliants pore,
For Artegall in iuftice was upbrought
And all the depth of rightfull doome was taught
By faire Aftræa, with great induftrie,
For, till the world from his perfection fell
Aftræa here mongst earthly men did dwell, And in the rules of iuftice them inftructed
Irena] The old quarto reads Eirena; but in all the following paflages 'tis fpelt Irena. But what befides thows Eirena not to be the true reading, is, that Eirene occurs in the ninth Canto of this Book as one of Mercilla's attendants. Ambiguity therefore is avoided by reading Irena. UPTON.