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Pollente, with his trap-falls, and his groome of evil guize, hence named Guizor, alludes to Charles the IXth. King of France, who by fleights did underfong the Proteftants, and thus perfidioully maffacred them? If this is allowed, who can help applying the name of Guizor to the head of the Popish league, and chief perfecutor, the Duke of Guife? And, to carry on still this allufion, what is all that plot laid in the dead of night, by the fame fort of mifcreants, to murder the British Virgin (C. vi. ft. 27.) but a type of that plot laid against the chief of the British, as well as other Proteftant noblemen, “that being thus brought into the net," as Camden relates, “both they, and with them the evangelical religion, might with one stroke, if not have their throats cut, yet at least receive a mortal wound:" a plot, which though not fully accomplished, yet ended in a maffacre, and was begun at midnight, at a certain fignal given, on the eve of St. Bartholomew, anno 1572.

What fhall we fay of the tilts and tourneyments at the fpoufal of fair Florimel? Had the poet his eye on those tiltings, performed at a vaft expence, by the Earl of Arundel, Lord Windfor, Sir Philip Sidney, and Sir Fulk Greville, who challenged all comers; and which were intended to entertain the French mobility and the ambassadors, who came to treat of Anjou's marriage with the Queen? Methinks also I sometimes fee a faint resemblance between Braggadochio and the Duke of Anjou, and their buffoon servants, Trompart and Simier.

In the fifth Canto Arthegal is imprisoned by an Amazonian dame, called by a French name Radigund; for Radegonda was a famous Queen of France. Now as Spenser carries two faces under one hood, and means more always thau in plain words he tells you; why, I fay, does he, who writes in a " continued allegory," give you this episode, if there is not more meant than what the dull letter contains? The ftory, I think, is partly moral, but chiefly hiftorical, and alludes to Arthegal's father being taken prifoner in France; who almost ruined his patrimony to pay his ranfom. See Camden, and Lloyd's life of Arthur Grey, Baron of Wilton. "Tis not at all foreign to the nature of this Poem to mix family histories, and unite them in one person.

In the ninth Canto we read of a wicked villain which wonned in a rocke, and pilfered the country all around; he is named Malengin, from his mischievous difpofition. Is not this robber a type of thofe rebels, who had taken their refuge in Glandilough," befet round about with craggy rocks," as Camden relates," and a steep downfal, and with trees and thickets of wood, the paths and crossways whereof are fcarce known to

the dwellers thereabouts?" This villain is destroyed without mercy or remorfe, as the rebels were with their accomplices, crying in vain for help, when help was paft, C. ix. ft. 19. But if the reader has a mind to fee how far types and symbols may be carried, I refer him to my own note on C. viii. ft. 45. And, upon a review of what is here offered relating to historical allufions, if the reader thinks my arguments too flimfy and extended beyond their due limits, and thould laugh

"To fee their thrids fo thin, as fpyders frame,

"And eke fo fhort, that seem'd their ends out shortly came;" I would defire him to confider what latitude of interpretation all typical and fymbolical writings admit; and that this Poem is full of hiftorical allufions, as the poet hints in many places. UPTON.






THE waies, through which my weary steps
I guyde

In this delightfull land of Faëry,
Are fo exceeding fpacious and wyde,
And sprinckled with such sweet variety
Of all that pleasant is to eare or eye,
That I, nigh ravifht with rare thoughts

My tedious travell doe forget thereby ;

And, when I gin to feele decay of might, It strength to me fupplies and chears my dulled fpright.


Such fecret comfort and fuch heavenly pleafures,

Ye facred Imps, that on Parnaffo dwell, And there the keeping have of Learnings threafures

Which doe all worldly riches farre excell,

Into the mindes of mortall men doe well,
And goodly fury into them infuse;
Guyde ye my footing, and conduct me well
In thefe ftrange waies where never foote did

Ne none can find but who was taught them by the Mufe:


Revele to me the facred nourfery

Of Vertue, which with you doth there

Where it in filver bowre does hidden ly
From view of men and wicked worlds dif-


Since it at first was by the Gods with paine Planted in earth, being deriv'd at furst From heavenly feedes of bounty foveraine, And by them long with carefull labour nurst,

doe well,] That is, caufe

II. 5. to flow.


II. 6. And goodly fury into them infufe,]" Negat enim fine furore Democritus quenquam poetani magnum effe poffe." Cicero, De Divin. i. 37. See alfo Ovid, Met. ii. 640.

"Ergo ubi fatidicos concepit mente furores
"Incaluitque deo." UPTON.

II. 8. In thefe ftrange waies &c.] Lucretius, L. i. 925.
"Avia Pieridum peragro loca, nullius ante
"Trita folo." JORTIN.

III. 5. with paine] With difficulty. Fr. peine. The virtues are tranfplanted from heaven: thele are flowers that grow with difficulty in this lower and wicked world. From heaven is derived every good and perfect gift, as the Apoftle tells us. Compare F. Q. iii. v. 52, iv. viii. 33. UPTON.

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