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|BORN Livingston, Philip, Statesman 1716 Livingston, Robert R., Stat 4 of A* ............ 1747 Livingston, William, Statesman... $ $ to e o e g o e o & © to 1723 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Poet...................................... 1807 Lossing, Benson John, Author.................................... © o e o 'o to e o e o e o is to e1813 Lowell, James Russell, Poet.................to e o e o e o e o e o e o 9 o' e e is to eo e o go go ee eo o see to e o e 1819 McClellan, George Brinton, Military officer............................. 1826 Madison, James. Fowth President............................................ 1751 Mann, Horace, Educationist......................................................... 1796 Marion, Francis, Military officer................................................1782 Marshall, John, Jurist............ 1755 Mason, George, Stat Ao go o 1726 Mather, Cotton, Clergyman - 1633 Mather, Increase, Clergyman. - - 1639 Maury, Matthew Fontaine, Naval officer o 1806 Meade, George Gordon, Military officer.................................... 1816 Mifflin, Thomas, Military officer........................... 1744 Mitchell, Donald Grant, Author 1822 Mitchell, Maria, Astronomer...................................................... 1818 Mitchell, Ormsby MacKnight, Astronomer 1810 Monroe, James, Fifth President 1758 Morgan, Daniel, Military officer............ we e o e o 'o e o e e 1736 Morris, George P., Poet and Journalist................... e see ee e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e o e o 'o e 1802 Morris, Gouverneur, Statesman................................................. 1752 Morse, Sanmuel Finley Breese, Inventor 1791 Morton, Samuel George, Naturalist............ .... 1799 Morton, William Thomas Green, Physician & 1819 Motléy, John Lathrop, Historian ...... 1814 Mott, Valentine, Surgeon.... 1785 Moultrie, William, Military officer............................................ 1731 Mowatt, Anna Cora, Actor and Author........................ • 1819 Murray, John, Clergyman................................. ... • e o e s e s e e* * * * * * * * * * * * * 1741 Murray, Lindley, Grammariam .1745 Nast, Thomas, Artist......... * * * * * * * * .........1840 Neal, John, Author and Poet.................. sy or 1793 Olmstead, Denison, Astronomner o ...1791 Otis, James, Orator and Pottriot................................ 1725 Owen, Robert, Philanthropist...... * * * * * * * * * * e o se s g g g g g g g g o ose 1771 Paine, Thomas, Political and Deistical writer........................... 1737 Palfrey, John Gorham, Author................................................ 1796 Parker, Theodore, Clergyman and Author.............................. 1810. Parkman, Francis, Author............ 1823 Parsons, Theophilus, Jurist............... 1750 Parton, James, Author....................................... .1822 Paulding, James Kirke, Author and Politician........................ 1779 Payne, John Howard, Actor and Dramatist............................. 1792 Peabody, Andrew Preston, Clergyman and Scholar....... § e o so to to to e 1811 Peabody, George, Philanthropist * s 1795 Peale, Charles Wilson, Painter......... 1741 Peirce, Benjamin, Mathematician...................................... * to to o os e to 1809 Percival, James Gates, Poet...................................................... 1795 Perkins, Thomas Handary d, Philanthropist............................ J764 Perry, Oliver Hazard, Naval officer.............. - 1785 Phillips, Wendell, Orator and Reformer................................... 1811 Phips, Sir William, Governor of Mass ... 1651 Physic, Phillip Syng, Physician and Surgeon........................... I768 Pickens, Audrew, Military officer............................................... 1739

Pickering, Timothy, Soldier and Statesman
Pierce, Franklin, Fourteenth President w
Pierpout, John, Clergyman and Poet........................ * * * * * * * * * * * * .....1785
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, Soldier and Statesman..........1746

BORN 1745

1804

Poe, Edgar Allan, Poet e s = * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1811 Polk, James Knox, Eleventh President.............. too e o 'o o te to $ to $ to $ * & e o 'o go to $9 & 8 1795 Porter, David, Naval officer 1780 Powers, Hiram, Sculptor........................... 1805 Preble, Faward, Naval officer............ 1761 Prentice, George Denison, Poet and Journalist..... 1802 Prentiss, Seargeant Smith, Lawyer and Orator........................ 1808 Prescott, William, Military officer...... 1726 Prescott, William Hickling, Historian 1796 Priestley, Joseph, Philosopher, Chemist ond Theologian........... 1733 Prince, Thomas, Minister and Chronologist.............................. 1687 Putnam, Israel, Military officer...... 1718 Quincy, Josiah, Jr., Patriot............. © to e o 'o e o & e o e s = e to $ to e o 'o e s to e o 'o & to a to e o & © & & © to to e o is 1744 Quincy, Josiah, Statesman and Scholar 1772 Randolph, John, Orator 1773 Raymond, Henry Jarvis, Journalist . 1820 Head, Thomas Buchanan, Painter and Poet............................ 1822 * Reed, Henry, Author............ • s e o os e e o e o so e o e s m e o os e o e e o e o & e e o e o e o e o e o e o a to e o e o e e o is a e s e 1808 Reed, Joseph, Statesman...... - 1741 Reveu, Paul, Engraver and Patriot...... ...1735 Rittenhouse, David, Matthematician and Astronomer............... 1732 Rodgers, John, Naval officer....................... 1771 Rosecrans, William Starke, Military officer............................. 1819 Rowson, Susan lna, Author 1762 Rumford, Sir Benjamin Thompson, Physicist........................ 1753 Rush, Benjamin, Physician....................................................... 1745 Rush, Richard, Statesman and Diplomatist...............................1780 Rutledge, John, Statesman and Jurist....................................... 1739 St. Clair, Arthur, Military officer ......1734 Sargent, Epes, Author and Journalist.......................... . -----------. 1812 Saxe, John Godfrey, Poet........................................................... 1816 Say, Thomas, Naturalist • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1787 Sehoolcraft, Henry Rowe, Author............................................ 1793 §§ Carl, Orator and Politician.......................................... 1829 Schuyler, Philip, Military officer 1733 Scott, Winfield, Mititary officer 1786 Seaton, William Winston, Journalist 1785 Sedgwick, Catherine Maria, Author 1789 Sedgwick, John, Military officer................................................ 1813 Sewall, Samuel, Jurist......... - e o 'o e - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * to * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1652 Seward, William Henry, Statesman...... 1801 Shaw, Lemuel, Jurist * & 1781 Sheridan, Philip Henry, Military officer 1831 Sherman, Roger, Statesman...................................................... 1721 Sherman, William Tecumseh, Military officer........................ 1820 Sigourney, Lydia. Howard Huntley, Author........................... 1791 Silliman, Benjamin, Physicist 177 Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., Physicist to to £ to a to e s s to e o e 1816 Simms, William Gilmore, Author............................................ 806 Sparks, Jared, Historian..................................................... ........ 1789 Sprague, Charles, Poet to g e e o e o 'o & e s e e o a s e o o e < * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1791 Sprague, William Buell, Clergyman and Author.................... 174 Spring, Gardiner, Clergyman and Author 1785 Standish, Miles, Pilgrim..... - - - - - - - - - ................ ..lā84 Stanton, Edwin McMasters, Lawyer and Statesman............... 1814 HORN Stark, John, Military officer......... e e so a to a o e & e o e s a e s e e s s & e o a e e o os e o is to o so to so to o e s e o e o & 8 1728 Stedman, Edmund Clarence, Poet............................................ 1833 Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, Statesman...... ..................... 1812 Stephens, John Lloyd, Traveller .........1805 Stevens, Thaddeus, Political Leader.......................................... 1793 Stewart, Charles, Naval Officer................................................... 1778 Stewart, Alexander T., Merchant.............................................. 1803 Stiles, Ezra, Clergyman and Scholar....................... ..................1727 Stoddard, Richard Henry, Poet.................................... “.......... 1825 Story, Joseph, Jurist................................................................... 1779 Story, William Wetmore, Poet and Sculptor.................. * @ e o 'o e o 'o e 1819 Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher, Author.............................. 1812 Stuart, Gilbert Charles, Painter • * * * * * ....... 1754 Sullivan, James, Statesman and Jurist...................................... 1744 Sullivan, John, Military officer - - .1740 Sully, Thomas, Painter............................................................... 1783 Summer, Charles, Orator and Statesman * 1811 Sumter, Thomas, Military officer............... to e o e o a to to t e o e o e o a to we see e s e e o 'o e o e s a 1734 Taney, Roger Brooke, Jurist 1777 Taylor, James Bayard. Traveller and Author........................... 1825 Taylor, Zachary, Twelfth President 1784 Thorean, Henry David, Naturalist and Scholar....................... 1817 Tickmor, George, Scholar and Author 1791 Trowbridge, John Townsend, Author 1827 Trumbull, John, Poet w ........ 1750 Trumbull, John, Painter............................................................. 1756 Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, Poet and Essayist....... * 2 & e s is e s to $ to $ to 1813 Tudor, William, Scholar and Biptomatist * & & g o o o o os e o & © e o $ & so e o & e o to e g g g o os e g to 1779 Tyler, John, Tenth President..... 1790 Van Buren, Martin, Eighth President - e o o os e e o e e 1782 Warren, John, Physician............ - *................. ... 1753 Warren, John Collins, Surgeon and Awthor............................. 1778 Warren, Joseph, Physician and Patriot - 1741 Warren, William, Comedian..... ................................................ 1812 Washington, George, First President........................................ 1732 Wayland, Francis, Scholar and Clergyman.............................. 1796 Wayne, Anthony, Military officer............................................. 1745 Webster, Daniel, Statesman, Lawyer and Orator...................... 1782 Webster, Noah, Philologist and Publicist 1758 Weed, Thurlow, Journalist and Politician................................. 1797 Weir, Hobert Walter, Painter................... “............------ G to e o & e o 'o e o e o e 1803 West, Benjamin, Painter.............., 1738 Wheaton, Henry, Jurist and Diplomatist................................. 1785 Whipple, Edwin Percy, Essayist................................... 1819 White, Andrew Dickson, Educator........................................... 1832 White, Richard Grant, Philologist and Scholar........................ 1822 Whitney, Eli, Inventor............................................................... 1765 Whitney, William Dwight, Philologist..................................... 1827 Whittier, John Green leaf, Poet................................................ 1807 Wilkes, Charles, Naval officer.......................................... 1801 Willard, Emma C., Teacher and 4twthor.................................... 1787 Williams, Hoger, Founder of R. I............................... .............. 1599 Willis, Nathaniel Parker, Poet and Journalist.......................... 1807 Wilson, Alexander, Ornithologist..................... to 1766

Wilson, Henry, Statesman................................................. iśī;
Winslow, Edward, Pilgrim............

Winthrop, John, Governor of Mass..............................................1588

Woolsey, Theodore 1) wight, Scholar 1801
Worcester, Joseph Elmerson, Lexicographer............. & e o o e o e o 'o e o e o 'o ..1784

1828 1898 1795 1872 1874 1832

1813

1655 1649

1865

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

The most exemplary character, perhaps, that ever adorned any era in history, and who received in his life-time the noble appellations of “the Founder of a Republic,” and “the Father of his Country,” was born in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia, on the 22d of February, 1732. His early instruction was domestic and scanty, but full of good discipline and sound principles; and as his father died when he was only ten years old, he had no subsequent opportunities for acquiring a thorough literary or scientific education. However, as his mind was naturally mathematical and philosophical, he prepared himself to be useful to his fellow-citizens as a civil engineer; and as the country was wild, and much of it then unsurveyed, he occasionally found agreeable and profitable employment in surveying different parts of his native State. He also directed much of his attention to the science of arms, in the use of which every young man was instructed, in order to repel the incursions of the Indians, who were often led on by skillful Frenchmen. At the age of nineteen, he was appointed one of the adjutant-generals of Virginia, which gave him the rank of major, and soon after he was advanced to a colonelcy, and sent by Governor Dinwiddie to the Ohio with dispatches to the French commander, who was erecting fortifications from Canada to New Orleans, in violation of existing treaties. The Governor was so much pleased with the faithful discharge of this duty, that he ordered his journal, which extended to only eighty days, to be printed; but, small as it was, it afforded evidence of great sagacity, fortitude, and a sound judgment, and firmly laid the foundation of his future fame.

In the spring of 1755, Washington was persuaded to accompany General Braddock as an aid, with the rank of Colonel, in his disastrous expedition against Fort DuQuesne; and had his advice been followed on that occasion, the result would have been different.

Three years afterward (1758) Washington commanded the Virginians in another expedition against the fort, which terminated successfully. At the close of this campaign he left the army, and was soon after married to Mrs. Martha Custis (the widow of Colonel Daniel Parke Custis), whose maiden name was Dandridge, and whose intelligent and patriotic conduct, as wife and widow, will ever be gratefully remembered in American annals. In 1759, he was elected to the House of Burgesses, and continued to be returned to that body, with the exception of occasional intervals, until 1774, when he was sent to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress. His well-tempered zeal and military skill, which enabled him to suggest the most proper means for national defense, if the country were urged to extremities, soon fixed all eyes upon him, as one well qualified to direct in the hour of peril; and accordingly, after the first scene of the revolutionary drama was opened at Lexington and Concord, and an army had concentrated at Cambridge, he was, on the 15th of June, 1775, unanimously appointed Commander-in-Chief of the American forces. The self-sacrificing spirit which governed his future course is too well known to require any elucidation. After bringing the war to a successful termination, he hastened to Annapolis, where Congress was then in session, and on the 23d of December, 1783, formally resigned his commission. In May, 1787, he was elected to the Convention which met at Philadelphia for the purpose of forming a Constitution, and was at once called upon to preside over its deliberations. After that admirable instrument was adopted by the people, he was unanimously elected the first President of the United States for four years; at the expiration of which he was unanimously reëlected for a second term. On the 12th of December, 1799, he was seized with an inflammation in the throat, which grew worse the next day, and terminated his life on the 14th, in the 68th year of his age. .

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