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the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.

If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which par. tially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original hercin is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, therefore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.

New-YORK, August 1st, 1860.

CONTENTS.

787.......

PAGE
ABOLITION Conv. at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, JOAN, of Tennessee, nominee of the
ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173 Union party for President, 1860. ..................

His Compromise Proposition....

ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210 His letter accepting the nomination for Presi-

ADAMS, CHARLES Francis, of Massachusetts,

dent........................ ...............

President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of

BENJAMIN, JUDAH P., of Louisiana, on Pop-

do. for Vice-President........

ular Sovereignty ...........

ADAMS, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re.

His opinion of Douglas.......
commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri.

BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition
can Slave-Trade.....

candidate for President in 1840.
Adams, Jonx, of Massachusetts, chosen

Liberty Party candidate for President in 1844..
President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated 1800-1.... 9 Bonham, MILLIDGE L., of South Carolina,
Adams, John Quincy, of Massachusetts,

| for Dissolution..................................

172
elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, Linn, of Kentucky, defeated for

do. 1829....

....... 10

Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856.. 24

ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., of Kentucky,

Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848....... 15 nominated Vice-President by Democratic Con-

AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856.... 23

vention, 1856..........

Elected Vice-President 1856..

AMERICAN NATIONAL COUNCIL, 1856...

Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,

in 1859...

Anti-MASONIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS of

Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill

1830 and 1831.......................... .......

Accepts nomination for Presidency....

ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784...... 51

BRONSON, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery,

Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787.

letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive

law..............

ASAMUN, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, Presi.

dent Republican National Convention, 1860.......

Brown, AARON V., of Tennessee, de.

Archisox, DAVID R., of Missouri, beaten

feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion 1856......

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852

BANKS, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,

Buchanan, James, of Pennsylvania, beaten

defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856...

for President in Democratic Convention, 1844....

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Supported for Vice-President in Republican Na.

tion, 1843....

tional Convention, 1860...... ..........

Nominated for President by Democratic Con-

Bates, EDWARD, of Missouri, President

vention, 1856......

Whic National Convention, 1856.................

Elected President of the United States, 1866....

Candidate for President before Republican Con-

Message on Lecompton.............

Special message on do......

Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republic

Veto of Homestead bill....

can Convention.........

Burr, AARON, chosen Vice-President,
His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin..

1800-1.........
BARBOUR, Philip P., of Virginia, beaten
for Vice-President.....

.......

BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo-

BARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President

cratic nominee and defeated candidate for Vice-

President, 1848.. ...

first National Republican Convention.

Defeated for President and Vice-President in

Presidert Whig National Convention, 1839.....

Democratic National Convention, 1852...... 20
BARNBURNERS of New York retire from De Calhoun, JOHN C., of South Carolina,
mocratic National Convention.

elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in
Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President

1828.........

and Vice-President........

CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery... 204

BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President
American National Council, 1856.........

CAMERON, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,

BAYARD, James A., of Delaware, defeated

candidate for President before Republican Na-

tional Convention, 1860 ..............

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856
Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles CAMPBELL, Lewis D., of Ohio, offers a re-
ton........................ ...............

solve in Whig National Convention, 1848. .......

10

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PAGN

CARROLL, Gov. WILLIAM, of Tennessee,

Fourth Democratic National Convention, 1844 .. 18

President of the third Democratic National Con-

Fifth Democratic National Convention, 1843....

vention, 1840.... ..............................

Sixth Democratic National Convention, 1852....

Seventh Democratic National Convention, 1856.

Cass, Gen. Lewis, of Michigan, beaten for

Eighth Democratic National Convention, 1860..

President in Democratic Convention, 1844... 13 Mr. Avery's (N. C.) Majority Report, from Com-

Democratic nomineee for President, 1848;

mittee on Platform; Mr. H. B. Payne's Mi-

beaten for President, 1848....

nority Report from Committee on Platform;

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Senator Wm. Bigler's Compromise proposition :

tion, 1852.....

Mr. Avery's amended Majority Report ; Mr.

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

Avery's remarks in favor of same; Mr. H. B.

tion, 1856......

Payne of Ohio in reply ...

Nicholson Letter on Popular Sovereignty......

His extracts from Breckinridge, Orr, and Ste-
CHAPMAN, Gen. John G., of Maryland,

phens; Mr. Samuels's (of Iowa) Minority Re-

President, Whig National Convention, 1852......

port...

. .... ............

Minority Report adopted, 165 to 138; Alabama

Chase, Salmon P., of Ohio, candidate for

protests and withdraws.....

President before Republican National Conven-

Mississippi withdraws .....

tion, 1860.....

South Carolina, Florida, and Texas withdraws...

Proposes to Allow People of Kansas to prohibit " Arkansas retires..............................

Slavery...

Georgia retires......

Louisiana withdraws; Speech of Wm. B. Gaulden
Clay, Cassius M., of Kentucky, supported

of Georgia in favor of the Slave-Trade .......
for Vice-President in Republican National Con-

Fruitless ballots (57) for President; Adjournment

vention, 1860 ......

to Baltimore; The Seceders at Charleston ; Se-

CLAY, HENRY, of Kentucky, beaten for

nator Bayard, of Delaware, Chairman; They

President, 1832...

11

adopt the Avery Platform .........

Defeated for President in Whig Convention at

They adjourn to Richmond; They meet at Rich-
Harrisburg, 1889. Defeated for President in

mond June 11; They finally adopt Breckin-

1844.......

ridge and Lane; The adjourned Convention at

Defeated for President in Whig Conventior

timore; Gen. Cushing's opening Speech ......

1848.........

Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, moves admission of

...

original Delegates; Mr. Kavanagh, of Minne-

Clingman, Thomas L., of North Carolina,

sota, moves to lay on table; Previous question

for Dissolution .....

....

defeated......

Proposition of Mr. S. E. Church, of New-York;

Clinton, De Witt, defeated for President 9

Report of Committee on Credentials ....

Clinton, George, choseu Vice-President,

Minority Report of do.; Admission of Douglas

1804..........................................

Delegates from Louisiana and Alabama ...

Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland

COCHRANE, John, of New York, presents

and California withdraw...............

Anti-Slavery Resolves to Mass Meetings......... 207 Delaware, and part of Kentucky, and Missouri

withdraw; Gen. Cushing resigns the Chair ;
CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION, 1860 29

Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, offers a pro-

CRAWFORD, MARTIN J., for Dissolution 172

test....

CRAWFORD, William H., of Georgia, beaten DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM (Davis's Resolu-

in Democratic Caurus for President in 1816:

tions), adopted by the United States Senate, affirm-

Democratic Caucus candidate for President, 1824 91 ing the duty of Congress to establish a Slave Code

Beaten for President 1824.....

in the Territories ...

194

CURRY, J. L. M., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

DICKINSON, DANIEL S., of New-York, sup-
....

ported for President in Democratic National Con.

CoShing, Gen. CalEB, of Massachusetts, vention, 1860........

........ 41

President of Democratic National Convention, Dix, Gen. JOHN A., advocates Freedom

1860.....

...............

Retires from the chair at Baltimore............

for the Territories in the United States............ 207

Presides over the Seceders' Convention at Bal.

DISUNION AVowed by Southern Statesmen

timore....................................

in the event of the election of a Republican Presi-

Dallas, GEORGE M., of Pennsylvania, nomi-

dent ........................................... 170

nated for and elected Vice-President, 1844. ....... 18

Dobbin, JAMES C., of North Carolina, beaten
Davis, GARRETT, of Kentucky, defeated for

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

President in the American National Convention... 23

tion, 1856........

Davis JEFFERSON, of Mississippi, supported, Dodge, Gen. Henry, of Wisconsin, nomi-

1860, for President in National Democratic Con nated for Vice-President by New-York Radicals in

1848, but declined...... ..................... 17

His resolutions as they passed the Senate....... 194

Davis, John, of Massachusetts, defeated for

DONELSON, ANDREW J., of Tennessee, nomi-

nated for Vice-President by American Convention.

Vice-President in Whig National Convention, 1844. 18

Indorsed by Whig National Convention, 1856 ...

Davis, John W., of Indiana, President De-

mocratic National Convention, 1852.

20 DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., of Illinois, beaten

for President in Democratic Convention, 1852...

Dayton, WILLIAM L., of New-Jersey, Re-

Beaten for President in Democratic Conven-

publican nominee for Vice-President, 1856; de-

tion, 1856........

feated therefor...............

Nominated at Baltimore in 1860 ....
DEJARNETTE, DANIEL C., of Virginia, for Dis-

Proposes to extend the Missouri Compromise to

solution .....

....

the Pacific .................

Mr. Douglas' reply to Lincoln at Freeport.....

DELAWARE Declares for Free Territories

Mr. Douglas' "Harper" Essay on Popular So-

through Legislative resolves in 1820.....

vereignty in the Territories....

Also in 1849 .......

Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 12, 1857.....

Speech on the John Brown raid, Jul

DEMOCRACY OF MAINE for the Wilmot Pro-

proposing a Sedition Law...

viso ................................

He tells what Popular Sovereignty has done for

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS.-First

Slavery........

at Baltimore in 1832.

Accepts Nomination for Presidency.........
Second at Baltimore in 1835 ...

Extract from Speech in favor of Missouri Com.

Third Democratic National Convention

promiso................................... 215

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Downs, Solomon U., of Louisiana, beaten

Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1848 .....

Elected Vice-President, 1848......

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Defeated for President in Whig National Con-

1852.....................................

vention, 1852............................

EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union

American nominee for President in 1856......

candidate for Vice-President in 1860......

Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856. 25

His views on Slavery-His “Knapsack" Speech

His views on Slavery-Buffalo Letter of 1838,

and Albany Speech of 1856..................

in Congress-Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Ran-

dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo-

His Letter to New York Union Meeting, 1860.. 203

graphical Parties--Later Views on Slavery, FITZPATRICK, BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten

in Letters of 1837 and '39.....

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice.

1856......

President of the United States...... .. 214

His views on the Sumner Outrage.......

48

.: 215

Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860...

Declines the Nomination.

ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti Flourxoy, Francis B , of Arkansas, tem-

Masonic candidate for Vice-President, 1882..... 10 porary Chairman of Democratic National Con-

vention, 1860...........

ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the

.........

Presidential Elections since 1836.....

FLOYD, John, of Virginia, supported by

Aggregate vote by States, for President, from South Carolina for President, 1832..............

1824 to 1856................

239 FREE HOMESTEADS --Action of Congress on

Alabama vote for President.....

228

" " Governor. Congress, etc. 1859

granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. ...

248

Arkansas vote for President. ..

Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in

234

the House..................................

" " Congress, 1858........

248

Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is

California vote for President...

passed in the House..

Governor, 1839...

248

The Senate refused to act upon it.....

**.......

Connecticut vote for President,.....

223

Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which

Governor, 1S

240

Delaware vote for President.....

passes the House...

183

4

189

Rejected by the Senate..........

Governor, 18

A compromise bill agreed upon...

190

..

Florida vote for President....

283

Vetoed by the President......

• 191

" Congress, 1858.

Veto sustained by the Senate.....

... 193

vote for President....

225

“ Congress, 1859

243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey,

Ilinois vote for President..

220 Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in

Congress, 1858..

1844............

" " Legislature, 1858..

247

Indiana vote for President.....

222 Fremont, Col. John C., of California, Re-

" Congress, 1858.

246 publican nominee for President, 1856............

Iowa vote for President....

237 Defeated for President, 1856...

16 Governor, 185

Declines a re-nomination, 1860.

.........

Kentucky vote for President......

233

GARTRELL, Lucius J., of Georgia, for dis-

Congress, 1859

Louisiana vote for President....

232

solution.......

.................................... 172

" Congress, 1859..

243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE censures Senator

Maine vote for President.....

216 Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-

“ Governor, 1859.........

240

Maryland vote for President......

ister to England.....

Congress, 1858.....

241 GRAHAM, WILLIAM A., of North Carolina,

Massachusetts vote for President...

217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..........

16 "

Governor, 1859..

240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852......

Michigan vote for President.....

221

GRANGER, Francis, of New York, Presi-

246

Minnesota vote for Governor, 185

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention.........

Missouri vote for President..

235

Beaten for Vice-President, 1836...............

" " Congress, 1858.

245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported

Mississippi vote for President..........

229

for President in National Democratic Conven-

4 Governor, Congress, etc., 1859

248

tion........

New Hampshire vote for President...

216

Governor, 18

240 HALE, Joan P., of New Hampshire, Free

New Jersey vote for President......

217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852.........

Governor, 1859....

241

HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated

219

New-York vote for President.....

Sec. State, Controller, etc.,

for Vice-President by Republican National Con-

• 1859.......

vention, 1860.....

North Carolina vote for President..

230

Renounces the Democratic party in the U. s.

Congress, 185

242

Senate.......

Ohio vote for President....

Accepts nomination for Vice-President.........

" Governor, 1859.......

245 Harrison, Gen. WILLIAM H., of Ohio, nom-

Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.....

247

inated and defeated for President in 1886........

Pennsylvania vote for President.....

223

Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-

"

Congress, 1858..

241

ber, 1839; elected President in 1840.........

Rhode Island vote for President. ....

216

Governor, 1860...... 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, support-

South Carolina chooses Electors and Governor ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention,

by Legislature......

248 1860...........................................

Tennessee vote for President......

231

Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported

" Congress,

244

Texas vote for President......

238

for President in Union Convention, 1860..........

" Congress, 1859...

243 Hunter, Robert M. T., of Virginia, sup-

Vermont vote for President......

217

1, 1859.:::::

ported for President by Democratic National Con-

240

Virginia vote for President....

226

vention, 1860............................

Governor, 1859.

241 ILLINOIS DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES

Wisconsin vote for President.

237 through Legislative Resolves..........

" Governor, 1859...

247|Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee,

FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828...

for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 181 Reëlected President in 1832..

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PAGB

JOHNSON, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported Marsh, Ephraim, of New Jersey, President

for President in National Democratic Convention: 41 | American National Convention......... ..... 28

Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten Mason, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for
for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ... ...... 16

tion in 1856....

Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic

24 MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM

National Committee, 1860........

48

through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of Massa-

Speech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848 ...

chusetts for freedom........
Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for

speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report President in Republican Convention, 1856.......
affirming the absolute right of holding slaves

Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860...

in the Territories..........................

169

MCKAY, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beat-

JOHNSON, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention '1848...
in Convention for Vice-President, 1832..

McRea, JOHN J., of Mississippi, for Dissolu-

Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836..

Beaten for Vice-President in 1840.....

tion............

Beaten for President in Democratic Convention, MISSOURI COMPROMISE, Adopted ..........

1844.........

The Compromise Repealed,.......

Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre-

MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against

sident of Young Men's National Convention..... 11

Slavery..........

204

JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De “MONROE DOCTRINE."--Extract from the

mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852...... 21

Message of James Monroe on the influence of

KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and European Powers on this Continent......

en..............

Sherman thereon .....

92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

KILLINGER, JOAN W., of Pennsylvania, dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820 ..........

offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for Disso-

Convention, 1856.............................., 23 lution ......................................
KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib-

Morgan, William, revealer of Masonic Se.
erty Party National Convention, 1843............

crets......
King, William R., of Alabama, beaten

Morehead, John M., of North Carolina,
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

President Whig National Convention, 1848.......
Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852. 20 MORRIS, Thomas, of Ohio, Liberty Party
Elected Vice-President in 1852.....

nominee for President in 1844...................
LANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi. NATIONAL REPUBLICAN (CLAY CONVEN.

dent of the Republican National Convention, 1836, tions, at Baltimore, 1831; at Washington, 1832...
LANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE WILMOT
President in Democratic National Convention, Proviso through Legislative Resolves............. 208

....

Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at

20 | New-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER-

20

Baltimore in 1860.

ritory ...........

Accepts nomination.........

. 212

NEW-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of

LAW, GEORGE, of New York, defeated for the Legislature against Slavery in the Territo-
President in American National Convention, 1856. 23 ries in 1820,..................

Ditto in 1847-8-9......
LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de.

Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United
feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848. 15 States Senate...........
LEAKE, Shelton F., of Virginia, for Disso-

The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free-

dom. Address reported by James Brooks...

lution........................................... 172

Free Democracy of New York for Freedom.

LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported

Resolutions presented by John Cochrane.....
by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1832.

ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against
LEMOYNE, FRANCIS J., of Pennsylvania, Slavery in Territories..
Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840......

ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting
LETCHER, John (Governor of Virginia), Slavery in Northwest Territory..........
for Dissolution........

172 O'Conor, CHARLES, New-York, defends

LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held Slavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union

at Buffalo in 1843...............................

Meeting, New York, 1859.....

His letter to Committee of Merchants.........

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for
Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856...

22 010 DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-
Nominated for President by Republican Conven-

lative Resolves .....

.......

tion, 186)..........

-29 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE FOR FREE

Speech at Springfield, III., June 17, 1858 ... 127

129

Territory

Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill....

.......

Speech at Cooper Institute, New York, 1860..... PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New Hampshire,

Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson

nominated for President in Democratic Conven-

Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on

tion, 1852.......................................

Naturalization.............................. 206 Elected President,............................
Accepts nomination for Presidency...........

210

Defeated for President in National Con., 1856..

Lucas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo-

Receives one vote for President in National

Convention, 1860...

cratic National Convention...................... 10

Madison, James, of Virginia, elected Presi.

Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

dent 1818, and reëlected in 1812................ 91

tion, 1852..

MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO-

PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina,

viso. ...............

201

beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President

MANGUM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup-

in 1804 and 1808.........
ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836... 12POLITICAL NATIONAL PLATFORMS. -- None

MARCY, William L., of New York, beaten adopted by first Democratic Convention ; Nation-

for-President in Dem. National Convention, 1852. 20 al Republican Platform......

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