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FIRST SAMUEL XVII—THE PHILISTINE CHAMPION

515

a mighty valiant man, and a man of war, and prudent in matters, and a comely person, and the Lord is with him.

19 Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me David thy son, which is with the sheep.

20 And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

21 And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer.

22 And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.

23 And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

Chapter 17 1 The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to battle. 4 Goliath cometh proudly forth to challenge a combat. 12 David sent by his father to visit his brethren, luketh the challenge. 28 Eliab chideth him. 30 lte is brought to Saul. 32 ile sheuch the reason of his confidence. 38 Without armour, armed by faith, he slayeth the giant. 55 Saw taketh notice of David.

JOW the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle,

and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to

Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.

2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah,' and set the battle in array against the Philistines.

3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.

4 | And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.?

5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass.

6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.

7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.

8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array ? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul ? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.

The valley of Elah lies about twelve miles southwest of Jerusalem, toward the Mediterranean and the plains of the Philistines. 220 pounds; of the spear's head about 19 or 27 pounds.

2 About nine feet six inches,

The weight of the coat was probably abo it 150 or

516

FIRST SAMUEL XVII-DAVID VISITS THE ARMY

9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.

10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together.

11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.

12 | Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul."

13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul.

15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem.

16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;

18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

20 s And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle.

21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.

22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren.

23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.

24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.

25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up ? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man

'This entire passage from verse 12 to verse 32 is regarded by some critics as a later interpolation thrust in between the parts of the original account. ?Carriage here means the load carried, the baggage.

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The Levite and His Dead
FROM THE SERIES BY GUSTAVE DORÉ.

TE

Then the man took her up upon an ass, and the man rose up, and gat him unto his place.Jud., 19, 28.

HE tragic fate of the Levite's wife had of course

been far more terrible than anything he had im

agined possible. Even when he saw her body on the doorstep, he could not believe her dead. “And he said unto her, Up, and let us be going. But none answered.” When he realized the full truth, he was like a madman. Hastily saddling an ass, he laid the woman's body upon the animal and hurried wildly forth from the horrible city. He was determined to summon all Israel to aid him in his vengeance.

Reaching his home in Ephraim, he divided the dead body into twelve parts and sent one to each of the twelve tribes, that they might see for themselves the wrong that had been done. “And it was so, that all that saw it said, There was no such deed done nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt." The message which the Levite sent out with his grim tokens, was that all men should “consider of it, take advice, and speak.”

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