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5 And they called the name of that place Bochim:1 and they sacrificed there unto the LORD.

6 | And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.

7 And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel.

8 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old.

9 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-heres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash.

10 And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.

11 | And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:

12 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the Lord to anger.

13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.3

14 ( And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.

15 Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the Lord had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.

16 Nevertheless the Lord raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.

17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so.

18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.

19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.

"Bochim means "the weepers." 2 Baalim is the plural of Baal; it means the local deities of the Canaan. ites. Ashtaroth is a plural form for the female idols; the singular form is Ashtoreth, or Astarte. The whole genus of male and female deities is contrasted here with Jehovah.



20 | And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;

21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died:

22 That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.

23 Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.

Chapter 3

1 The nations which were left to prove Israel. 6 By communion with them they commit idolatry. livereth them from Chushan-rishathaim. 12 Ehud from Eglon. 31 Shamgar from the Philistines.

8 Othniel de

OW these are the nations which the Lord left to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the

wars of Canaan; 2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;

3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baal-hermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

5 | And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:

6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the Lord their God, and served Baalim and the groves.


8 (Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushan-rishathaim eight years.

9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

10 And the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim.

11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

iThis word "groves" in the Revised Version is given in its Hebrew form as a proper name “asheroth." The "asherah" signifies a wooden post which stood near the altar and was regarded as the seat of the deity. Here, however, it seems to have the same import as Ashtaroth; see previous note.





And Adoni-bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under


table."-Jud., 1, 7. VOR a time the Israelites pushed forward their con

quests vigorously even without Joshua's aid.

The tribe of Judah had been allotted the southern mountain land, now called Judea; and as Jacob had long before predicted, Judah was a lion's whelp. Hence this portion of Canaan was more fully conquered than any other. Caleb was the leading warrior of Judah, and it was probably he who led his comrades when, even before Joshua's death, they stormed Jerusalem, and conquered for Caleb his promised inheritance of Hebron. Also they overthrew the chief remaining king of the southern mountains, Adoni-bezek of Bezek.

The defeated king was carried to Jerusalem, and there his captors cut off his thumbs and great toes; because he himself had formerly mutilated thus all the little city kings whom he had overcome. He had forced them to gather their food like dogs under his table. Now he confessed the justness of the retribution that had befallen him, he despaired of struggling against the power of the Lord, and he died. Judah was supreme in the south.

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