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JOSHUA XXIII—JOSHUA GROWS OLD

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heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them.

31 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD is among us, because ye have not committed this trespass against the LORD: now ye have delivered the children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.

32 [ And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, and the princes, returned from the children of Reuben, and from the children of Gad, out of the land of Gilead, unto the land of Canaan, to the children of Israel, and brought them word again.

33 And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy the land wherein the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt.

34 And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar Ed': for it shall be a witness between us that the LORD is God.

Chapter 23 1 Joshua's exhortation before his death, 3 by former benefits, 5 by promises, 11 and by threatenings. AND it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given

rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken in

age. 2 And Joshua called for all Israel and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:

3 And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the Lord your God is he that hath fought for you.

4 Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward.

5 And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, as the LORD your God hath promised unto you.

6 Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn aside therefrom to the right hand or to the left;

7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:

8 But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day, 9 For the LORD hath driven out from before you great nations and

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JOSHUA XXIII-ISRAEL WARNED

your God,

strong: but as for you, no man hath been able to stand before

you unto this day.

10 One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

11 Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God.

12 Élse if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you: :

13 Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in - your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the Lord your God hath given you.

14 And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth: and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof.

15 Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the Lord bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

16 When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.

Chapter 24

1 Joshua assembleth thc tribes at Shechem.

2 A brief history of God's benefits from Terah. 14 He reneweth the covenant between them and God. 26 A stone the witne88 of the covenant. 32 Joseph's bones are buried. 33 Eleazar dieth.

29 Joshua's age, death, and burial.

ND Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for

their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.

2 And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood' in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor; and they served other gods.

3 And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac.

The Revised Version says "beyond the River," that is, in the Euphrates valley.

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Joshua Divides the Land

FROM THE SERIES BY JULIC'S SCHNORR, DIED 1872.

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By lot was their inheritance, as the Lord commanded by the hand of Moses.Jos., 14, 2.

OSHUA never wholly conquered Palestine. By his

two great victories he seems to have crushed all open

resistance in the field. The Israelites might march almost at will through the length and breadth of the land. But there were many of the walled cities, especially in the north and along the seacoast, which still held out against him. These he felt could only be reduced by patience, each tribe of Israel beleaguering a few of the weakened towns. Hence the time had come for the division of the land among the various tribes.

Such a division had long ago been commanded by Moses. It was made a solemn ceremony, presided over by Joshua and by Eleazar, the high-priest, the son of Aaron. These two supervised the drawing of lots, not only by each family within the tribes, but even by each individual man. To every Israelite equally the law applied, “by lot was their inheritance." The outlining of the division among the twelve tribes occupies several chapters of the Book of Joshua, and is shown upon the map. When the distribution had been effected, each tribe went forth separately to complete the conquest of its possessions.

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