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by a couple of weeks. We had not expected that the volume of requests would make this economically justifiable until perhaps the second year of the service and that it would be implemented later. The network channel is already in operation, and the BLLD is already connected into it. CRL's procedures and format program are already partially developed and presenting no problem. However, it may be another two to three weeks before the system will be fully operational,

For this reason the ('enter will not be ready to accept requests for articles under this service until mid-July. As soon as possible we will send an announcement to all members giving a precise date for beginning the service. ( Requests for journals and other materials from the Center's own collection may of course continue as at present.)

Second, in order to try to insure that the initial volume of requests does not flood the Center, with consequent delays in service, the initial limits of coverage will be as follows:

A. The service will be limited only to full members and associate members offering the Ph.D degree in two or more fields. These are the only member institutions that are yet actually paying an increased membership fee to support this service.

B. Eligible member libraries (see A) may request from the Center articles from any journal in science, technology, and the social sciences with an imprint date of 1970 or later, with the exception of articles appearing in journals dealing primarily with clinical medicine. Clinical medicine is defined as being addressed primarily to the practice of medicine on humans, or to research on medical problems of humans. In general all journals with titles of medical specialties (e.g., urology, enterology, optholmology, surgery, etc.) are regarded as medical titles. Journals in fields basic to medical practice we regard as not being clinical medicine if the field is taught in departments outside medical schools (e.g., psychology, psychiatry, pharmacology, botany, mycology, parasitism, bacteriology, public health, etc.).

( Requests should be submitted only to fill requests for the library's own students and faculty. Requests should not be submitted to fill the needs of researchers and other institutions.

D. Requests should be submitted to fill current research needs. Requests should not be made for photocopies needed merely to fill in missing pages from journals held by the library unless those pages are needed for current research by a student or faculty member.

II. FOR MORE INFORMATION

As mentioned above, detailed information on JAS format and request proce. dures will be sent to you shortly. The Center's staff is devoting a good deal of time to developing this program and we are optimistic that by mid-July we will have an efficient and rapid means of filling your needs for journal articles in the fields of science, technology (except medicine) and the social sciences published from 1970 forward.

The Center will have a suite in the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco during the ALA Conference. You will have to ask the Information Desk at the St. Francis for the number of the suite. It will be listed under the name of Ray Boylan. We will have CRL staff members there ready to discuss JAS and any other aspects of the Center's operation during the following hours:

Sunday, June 29, 2:30 PM to 8:00 PM.; Monday, June 30, 9:00 AM to 7:00 P.M.; Tuesday, July 1, 9:00 A. J. to 7:00 P.M.; and Wednesday, July 2, 9:00 A.M. to 7:00 PM

The staff members who will be in San Francisco are Esther Smith, Acquisi. tions Librarian; Susan Lery, ('írculation Librarian and Ray Boylan, Assistant Director.

If you would like to have meetings in the suite with one or more of these people either during the hours above or afterwards, contact Ray Boylan at the St. Francis. We would especially welcome meetings with librarians from several institutions working at similar jobs to discuss their experiences in using the (enter. Remember that in asking for the suite number, it will be in the name of Ray Boylan. If you are in San Francisco and have a few spare minutes, drop by it only to say hello.

CENTER FOR RESEARCH LIBRARIES TO ESTABLISI '.S. YATIONAL LEDING Lur

FOR JOURNALS

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The availability to our users of backup copies of original documents and by BIOSIS is a concern of long standing. The following announcemen! game en partner hope for obtaining copies of primary journal articles which at pr**ntar: cult to locate. It is reprinted, with permission of the publisher, as it agngtas, in Information.

"With the help of a five-year, $150,000 grant, from the Carnegie (opposite the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) has undertaken an expanded on, tions program for currently published jonrnals. This program is planned **** first step toward the establishment of a comprehensive national lending * system for journals. With some additional support ('RL could add an *** over a five-year period to bring the total number of journal subscriptions to are 13,000 titles. It is not expected that ('RI will be the only lending library it or an ultimately comprehensive system; included as integral elements when National Library of Medicine and probably several other national institut)***

*Simultaneous with the expansion of its own journal holding (RL wil available to its member institutions selected journals from the holding National Lending Library for Science and Technology (NLL), Bantot land. This arrangement with NLL will enable (RL immediately to patibey members with access to sereral thousand more journals than it has a no subscribe to now. It will, at the same time, serve as an expriment de discover whether there is not a large number of journals for which the could adequately serve C.S.. British, and ('anadian users. "Titles frr, **** requested from the list established for borrowing from NLL througt (KI be acquired.

"CRL is a cooperative libraries' library.' whose operating income is prix sur la by annual fees from its member libraries. Founded in 1919 by ten ma jer tit** ties, CRL now has over 100 full and assekiate members, primarllr major in 128 ties but including college, public, special, and governmental libraria Jic**! to be included in the project will be suggested by member libraries (RI acquire both titles to which members are cancelling suhu riptions and be begun titles in which members are interested. Titles in all field will fine except those in medicine and agriculture. The majority of subscripta ! for titles published outside the US, Canada, and Great Britain (aptact Ria 5721 S. Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, IL 60137,"

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THE BRITISH LIBRARY LENDIXG DIVISION

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OVERSEAS PHOTOCOPYING SERVICE (OLTSIDE EUROPE) The British Library Lending Dirision now takes more than 4500 gr cals, and has one of the largest collections of recently published literai . the world, covering science, technology, the social sciences and the huma...

To facilitate the 119e of the library photocopying hertior fur articles in cals, reports and extracts from boks, and, in order to give a quick w !** necesary for orders to be prepaid. This is by means of cups which can be Chaved from us in books of 20). These must be sent attached to morat 1 *** which will be supplied frue. The value of the coux In wt out in the ta shown later in this pamphlet.

For each photocopy required, copies B and C of a request fort. ! ** what is wanted and where it is to be sent, together with the rol 03 Pet of vjen should be sent to t. A separate aquest in quired for at du item

If the deument is available the (upy will be dispatched as quick am : brolable within 36 hour of the request being retired. It to many *.* . * ment, the purplus ones will be returned with the onder. If we canta be photocop We will either the request on to ataotber lange library tl !! which is thought to have ihe document, or return the form and oral conjwms to the wonder.

Copies will be sent outside Europe by air mail.

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Reprinted from flormation, Part 1 New Sures Protec. Pol S 6 4 11 blieber Selebre Asorlate International. Ide 23 East 26th Street, No link

Table 5

REVENUE AND EXPENSE ITEMS FOR ALL TY STATIONS REPORTING, 1974

(In Thousands of Dollars)

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A. REVENUES FROM THE SALE OF STATION TIME
ili pirtwork

Sule of station the bonet OK
Sale of stron time

, ABC. CARS
NB (before lire ce service get!
Date of sto', on late to Otrip

w i th or line u
service harves) ........

Total Tires 4.5
(2) on the wot + (a/tet : 21e Tru ý * dis pants tui t' te

cash disepants to dvertisers art sponzo's, on trof -
mission to agencies, repxe Ltives on tarken)

Sme of station time lu tout106:31 and reg:10: avil o
sponsors. ... .. .

.... **
Sale of station like to local advertisers of spx?Pors'
Total (lines .9..
Total sale of station line (line. 6. 10) ........

| 1,322,215

91%, 17

2,70

8. BROADCAST REVENUES OTHER THAN FROM SALE OF

STATION TIME (etter deduction for trade discounts but before

cash discounts and before commissions)
1. eteryn soparghet je nie in promos, te-
*.38, cilties, 2014

V

i to 10+? , OR
sponsors in connection with l ytat.on time
(a) to not ng and rec;16, les of spots .. 1

D) to lorn! vert. O n n' i . . . .
(2) Other too ostreven ... . ...... ..

Total troutrast revenues, Gehet ta in frontline sules (119

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(but not to sta" e ".) O , yres) ante;

401,020
discounts .... ........ ............."
D. NET BROADCAST REVENUE S (lines 17 minus line 18) V............... pin

19

1

Includes $61,744,260 from barter and trade-out transactions.
3chedule 2 line 6 is included in S-hedule 2 line 7.

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Total payroll is the sum of Schedule 2 lines 2, 6, 7, 17 and 21.

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Stations reporting less than $25,000 in total revenues are a't required to report items in Schedules 1 and 2 but are required to rep rt in nadale 3.

rerefore, totals in Schedules 1 and 2 are somewhat lower than totels in Srnet ile 3.

*

2: Last digits may not add to totals because of rounding.

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COPYRIGHT PROPOSAL

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&** is to btate to come to the Subcommittee at this j Per ! (yright liability, we believe the time is r

swn tbe prrent concerns of the industry with re: BI*.uptaken Lape today. F *! jer the critical issue is not whether cable posao ralber, what kind of copyright liability will be >> betra be for Dörtnal copyright liability for all cal *1*52 linal and distant. Only this type of norm 1... the unfair competitive advantage which cabl a id laut present cable growth; it certainly did n 28.1 2 ! growing from virtually nothing a genera t h are the Senate bill S. 22, in final form, as

som fupra in sprtion 111, including a recon potom Cogwiration that seems to have cable indust way the contederation of copyright by the committe 1981 a nuler of changes in the rules and regul

973:**** Cotimi won which affect cable and are ** * 1 to borradia-ters. In addition the staff of the TL 100% has filed a study on cable which ma ***T atra. *18*1 !ree things into consideration, we believe t

183 and slip degree and that these changes require Winfringe ture and different perspective. While o

pe of the criminzht issue has not waned, we beliere • In an intunity for a compromise proposal

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tamiint any other suggestions for section 111 yet n
* **** Wir potional and the rational for it.
****** ptasid that the proposal is viewed by bros

" I'm sorties of concepts with each part depend
2 3 Syria und we want to imply, that any one par

1.wt the other parts.

of our $1.22tions have a number of advanta: to stop list significantly, it is a simple proposal * 10 m, pl.

fair formulas that, even if equitable, byt, aut infer Lawal signals would be grante D . **** uld be granted a total exemption f

* R ubbe! oo longer be arguments over the 1 de i Drepp of Caspis rights would be relieved o In 14 di Pinrative responsibilities. And the que

o n whild be witled, not in the Congress, . be Sebemittee to give serious attention youe in qual

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Toz Barr Euursts OF SECTION 111 U'NDER BRA !! ****** dhe granted a compulsors li *i' '! r eal iguale now or in the future,

allo ! the Senate propwal granting small ca P

r ild loco retained and expande

MP3 fre would be granted for all 1 *8*1!** tival for cable systems with rereny 1. Was pranum.

(2183)

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTERS

COPYRIGHIT PROPOSAL Introduction

While we hesitate to come to the Subcommittee at this juncture with a new proposal for cable copyright liability, we believe the time is ripe for broadcasters to make known the present concerns of the industry with respect to copyright as it appears to have taken shape today.

For broadcasters the critical issue is not whether cable should be subject to copyright but rather, what kind of copyright liability will be applicable. A strong case can be made for normal copyright liability for all cable retransmission of broadcast signals, local and distant. Only this type of normal copyright liability would eliminate the unfair competitive advantage which cable now enjoys. Normal liability would not prevent cable growth; it certainly did not prevent television broadcasting from growing from virtually nothing a generation ago to what it is today.

We now have the Senate bill S. 22, in final form, as well as several other suggestions for changes in section 111, including a second proposal from the Teleprompter ('orporation that seems to have cable industry support. Since the beginning of the consideration of copyright by the committee early last year, we have also had a number of changes in the rules and regulations of the Federal Communications Commission which affect cable and are pertinent to the copy. right issue and to broadcasters. In addition the staff of the House Subcommittee on Communications has filed a study on cable which makes recommendations in the copyright area.

Taking all of these things into consideration, we believe the copyright situation has changed in some degree and that these changes require broadcasters to view the issues from new and different perspective. While our commitment to a settlement of the copyright issue has not waned, we believe that the new circuni. stances present an opportunity for a compromise proposal that has some distinct advantages over any other suggestions for section 111 set made. On the following pages we set out our proposal and the rational for it.

We want to emphasize that the proposal is viewed by broadcasters as a package, an integrated series of concepts with each part dependent on the other. We cannot say, nor would we want to imply, that any one part of the proposal could be accepted without the other parts,

We believe our suggestions have a number of advantages over anything that has gone before. Most significantly, it is a simple proposal and easily understood. There are no complicated formulas that, even if equitable, would prove expensive and difficut to administer. Local signals would be granted a compulsory license and small systems would be granted a total exemption for all signals presently carried. There would no longer be arguments over the tribunal or its periodic meetings. The Register of (opyrights would be relieved of a great deal of paper. work and administrative responsibilities. And the question of fees could be settled where it should be settled, not in the Congress, but among the parties themselves.

We urge the Subcommittee to give serious attention to the broadcast compromise proposal.

THE Basic ELEMENTS OF SECTION 111 L'NDER BROADCAST PROPOSAL

1. All Cable systems would be granted a compulsory license without any copy. right payment for all local signals, now or in the future.

2. The spirit of the Senate proposal granting small cable systems a reduction in the fees to be paid would be retained and expanded. A compulsory license without any copyright fee would be granted for all present. For-authorized signals, distant and local, for cable systems with revenues of $25,000 or less per quarter or $100,000 or less per annum.

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