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A TREATISE

ON

46657

INTERNATIONAL LAW,

AND

A SHORT EXPLANATION OF THE JURISDICTION AND

DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF

THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNITED STATES.

BY DANIEL GARDNER, ESQ.,

COUNSELLOR AT LAW.

TROY, N. Y.:

FROM THE PRESS OF N. TUTTLE, CCXXV RIVER-STREET.

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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Law, Morals, Ethics and International Law of Antiquity,...... Page 1

CHAPTER II.

A Moral Law of Nations taught by History,

33

CHAPTER III.

The slow progress of Christianity explained, and the effect of re-

ligious and political freedom illustrated by our Republic, 66

PART FIRST.

Moral Law of Nations,..

86

Section 1. General Principles,.,

91

Section 2. Of a Nation,......

95

Section 3. National functions and Government de facto,....

96

A Nation's liability for acts of those in its service,... 101

Section 4. Of purchase of Territory...

102

Section 5. Of the Union of States,..

103

Section 6. Of the Division of States,..

109

Section 7. Of Naturalization,

109

Section 8. Of Colonization,...

113

Section 9. Of Territorial Rights of a Nation,......

115, 157

Section 10. Of the great Lakes, St. Lawrence, and similar waters, 120

Section 11. Of Maritime Curtilage,..

132

Section 12. Of same and freedom of the Seas,

135

Section 13. Unfounded Maritime Pretensions ,

139

British Orders in Council,..

141, 233, 235

Berlin and Milan Decrees,..

Section 14. Right of Search and Marine Monopoly,

148, 224

Section 15. Of Straits and Danish Sound Dues,.

160

Section 16. Navigable Rivers and Straits,

167, 254

Section 17. High Seas,.

168

Section 18. Of Transfer of a Nation's right to same,

171

Section 19. Of a Congress of Nations,...

177

Section 20. Of Ethical Axioms,..

178

Section 21. National Sovereignty,

179

Section 22. Of Peace,...

182

Section 23. Of Ambassadors,

185

Section 24. Of Mediation,.

187

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