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the approval of the commissioner or superintendent of public buildings within such city, and if there be no such office within such city they shall be subject to the approval of the chief of the fire department of such city. Whenever a fire escape attached to any building located within a city, shall, upon inspection by the cominissioner or superintendent of public buildings, or chief of the fire department of such city, be found in an unsafe and dangerous condition, the owner, lessee, proprietor or keeper of said building shall forthwith rebuild or repair same or replace same in safe condition, upon written notice of such commissioner or superintendent. When fire escapes are to be attached to buildings not within the liinits of any city, they shall be subject to the approval of the sheriff of the county in which such building is located. And should such fire escape, through age or otherwise, be or become unsafe or dangerous, the same shall be repaired and placed in safe condition, upon written notice by said sheriff to the person in charge of such building. All fire escapes shall have proper and Construction, safe balconies for each story thereof, surrounded on the sides with wire bank and pipe rail not less than three feet in height with openings from the building to said balconies. Whenever a stair fire escape is to be constructed, the stairway shall where practicable, be of an angle of not more than fifty-five degrees and constructed so as to be placed on a blank wall. The stair fire escape shall be provided with one or more landings in each story, and inclosed on the sides with wire bank and pipe rail not less than three feet in height and running on the same angle as the stairs.

Sec. 3 (as approved March 24, 1903; page 251, Acts of 1903). Number. The number of fire escapes to be attached to any one building as required in this act shall, when the building is located within a city, be determined by the commissioner or superintendent of public buildings within such city, and if there be no such officer in such city, then by the chief of the fire department of such city : Provided, however, That all buildings of nonfireproof construction three or more stories in height used for manufacturing purposes,

shall have not less than one fire escape for every fifty persons or fraction thereof for whom working accommodations are provided above the second story

Sec. 4. All buildings hereafter erected in this state which shall Violation come within the provisions of this law, shall, upon or before their misdemeanor. completion, be provided with fire escapes of the kind and number and in the manner set forth in this law, and any violation of this section shall constitute a misdemeanor on the part of the owner of such building, punishable as provided in section five.

Sec. 5. The owner, proprietor, lessee or manager of a building Penalty. which, under the terms of this act, is required to have one or more tire escapes, who shall neglect or refuse for the period of sixty days after this law takes effect to comply with its provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction, shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than two hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county or city jail not more than three months, or by both fine and imprisonment, and each day shall be deemed a separate offense.

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ACTS OF 1903.

Eramination and licensing of plumbers.

(Page 82.) SECTION 1. Any person, firm or corporation desiring to engage or

Law applies, continue in the business of plumbing or drain laying either as a

where. master plumber or as a journeyman plumber or as a plumbing inspector in any city or town in this State having a population of fifty thousand or more inhabitants shall first comply with the provisions of this act.

Sec. 2. There shall be in every such city or town a board of Board of exexaminers, which shall be known as the board for the examina- aminers. tion of plumbers.

E xa mina SEC. 3. Every person desiring to engage in or work at the busition.

ness of trade of plumbing, except apprentices working with duly licensed plumbers, shall first be examined by and obtain from said board a certificate of his qualification and fitness to carry

on and work at the business or trade of plumbing. Members of

SEC. 4. In all cities or towns provided for in this act said board board.

shall be composed of the following persons :

1st. The chief plumbing inspector of said city or town who shall be chairman ex officio; and who shall serve on the said board without pay.

2nd. One master or employing plumber and one journeyman plumber, each of whom are residents of, and shall have resided in said city or town for at least three years next before their appointment and who shall have been actively engaged at the business or trade of plumbing for not less than five years, which two members shall be appointed by the mayor of said city or town and shall hold their respective offices at the pleasure of the mayor of said city or town, whose compensation shall be fixed by ordinance of said city or town to be paid out of the general revenue

of said city or town. Mayor to ap- Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the mayor of the cities or towns point.

provided for in this act, within thirty days after the provisions of this act shall take effect, to make the appointments therein provided for, and to call a meeting of said board within ten days thereafter for the purpose of organizing said board and to have

the provisions of this act enforced. Duties of SEC. 6. It shall be the duty of the members of said board, when board.

notified by the mayor of said city or town, to meet and organize, adopt rules to carry into effect the provisions of this law, and designate the times and places of meeting for the examination of applicants as to their practical and mechanical knowledge of plumbing, house drainage and plumbing ventilation; and upon satisfactory proof of the qualification and fitness of the applicant, shall so certify to the chief supervisor or inspector of plumbing of said city or town. Said board shall thereupon issue a license to such applicant authorizing him to engage in or work at the business or trade of plumbing or drain laying as a master or

employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber. Secretary. SEC. 7. The board shall elect one of its members secretary, whose

duties shall be to keep a record of the business transactions by the board, and to account for all moneys collected by him, and who shall be required to execute a bond to said city or town in the sum of one thousand ($1,000) dollars, to be approved by the mayor

of said city. Revocation of SEC. 8. The board shall have the power to revoke any license

issued by it upon satisfactory proof that the holder of said license has violated any of the provisions of this act or any city ordinance intended to carry the provisions of this act into effect, or for violation of any rule of said board, and if any such license shall be revoked, the same shall not be reissued within six (6) months thereafter. If any person, firm or corporation be charged with violation of any of the provisions of this act, it shall be the duty of the secretary of the board to serve a copy of said charges in writing on the person, firm or corporation so charged and notify him to appear on a day certain before said board and show cause

why his license should not be revoked. Fees.

SEC. 9. The examination fee for a master or employing plumber shall be two ($2) dollars. The fee for a journeyman plumber shall be two ($2) dollars, which fee shall be paid to the secretary of said board, when the applicant for a license files his application for examination. All fees so paid to the secretary shall be paid by him to the treasurer of said city or town. Any license issued by any such board shall be valid throughout this State, and each license so issued shall be renewed annually upon the payment to the secretary of the board renewing the same a fee of one ($1) dollar and the same may be renewed by any board created by this act,

license.

SEC. 11. Any person, firm or corporation, or the agent or officer Violation. of any such person, firm or corporation, who shall violate, or cause or permit to be violated any of the provisions of this art, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction therefor shall be fined not less than ten ($10) dollars nor more than one hundred ($100) dollars for each offense.

SEC. 13. The provisions of this act all be inoperative until Act operative, adopted by proper ordinance by the city or town to which it relates. when.

Hours of labor in smelters, etc.

(Page 219.) SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, persons or cor- Eight hours poration engaged in smelting, refining or reducing ores, to work a day's work. their employees at sucli labor or industry longer than eight hours in a day of twenty-four hours, and it is hereby declared that eight hours shall constitute a day for all laborers or employees engaged in the kind of labor or industry aforesaid. SEC. 2. Any person or persons or corporation who shall violate

Violation. any of the provisions of the preceding section shall, on (onviction, be fined in a sum not less than twenty-five nor more than five hundred dollars.

Payment of wages of railroad employees-- Monthly pay day.

(Page 220.) SECTION 1. All persons or corporations engaged in operating a Monthly pay railroad or railroad shops in this State shall pay their employees day. once in every thirty days in lawful money of the United States, and at no pay day shall there be withheld more than ten days of the earnings of the employees. Any such operator or employer failing or refusing to pay his employees, their agents, assigns or any one duly authorized to collect such wages as in this section provided shall immediately become liable to such employees, his agent or assigns or any one duly authorized by such employee for an amount double the sum due such employee at the time of such failure or refusal to pay the wages due, to be recovered by civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

Mine regulations-State examining board.

(Page 242.) SECTION 1. A State board of coal mining is hereby created, com- Board of coal posed of three members to be appointed by the governor, one of mining. whom shall be a practical miner, one an expert mining engineer, and who shall, when practicable, be also hoisting engineer and one shall be mine owner. Each member of the board shall serve for a term of two years, or until his successor is appointed and qualified.

SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of said board to make formal inquiry Duties. into and pass upon the practical and technical qualifications and personal fitness of persons seeking certificates of competency as mine managers, mine foremen, assistant mine foremen, mine examers and as hoisting engineers.

SEC. 3. Meetings of the board may be held at any time, and Meetings. they may make such rules and conduct such examinations as in their judgment may seem proper for the purpose of such examninations. Public notice shall be given through the press or otherwise announcing the time and place at which examinations are to be held. The board shall report their action to the commissioners of labor and at least two of the members thereof shall certify to the qualifications of each candidate who has passed such examination.

SEC. 4. Persons coming before the State mining board as can- Applicants didates for appointment as State inspectors of mines must produce for inspectorevidence satisfactory to the board that they are citizens of this ships.

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State, at least thirty years of age; that they have had a practical mining experience of ten years and that they are men of good repute and temperate habits; they must also submit to and satisfactorily pass an examination as to their practical and technical knowledge of mining engineering and mining machinery and appliances, of the proper development and operation of mines, of ventilation in mines, of the nature and properties of mine gases, of the geology of the mineral measures in this State and of the laws

of this State relating to mines. Report.

Sec. 5. At the conclusion of the examination for inspectors the board shall certify to the governor the names of all successful

candidates. Qualifica SEC. 6. Persons coming before the board for certificates of comtions of mine petency as mine managers must produce evidence satisfactory to managers.

the board that they are at least 25 years old, that they have had at least five years practical mining experience, and that they are men of good repute and temperate habits, they must also submit to and satisfactorily pass such examination as to their experience in mines and the management of men, their knowledge of mine machinery and appliances, the use of surveying and other instruments, the properties of mine gases, the principles of ventilation and the specific duties and responsibilities of mine managers, as the board

shall see fit to impose. Mine foremen. SEC. 7. Applicants for mine foremen and assistant mine foremen

shall be at least 25 years of age, shall have had at least five years' practical mining experience, give satisfactory evidence that they are men of good moral character and of known temperate habits. They must also submit to and satisfactorily pass such an examination as to their experience in mines, their knowledge of the properties of mine gases, the principles of ventilation and the specific duties and responsibilities of mine foreman and assistant mine

foremen as the board shall see fit to impose. Mine

SEC. 8. Persons seeking certificates of competency as mine examiners must produce evidence satisfactory to the board that they are at least 25 years of age, and of good repute and temperate habits. They must also submit to and satisfactorily pass an examination as to their experience in mines generating dangerous gases, their practical and technical knowledge of the nature and properties of fire damp, the laws of ventilation, the structure and

uses of the safety lamp. Hoisting en- Sec. 9. Persons seeking certificates of competency as hoisting gineers. engineers must produce evidence satisfactory to the board that

they are at least 21 years of age, that they have had at least two years' experience as firemen or engineer of a hoisting plant, and are of good repute and temperate habits. They must submit and satisfactorily pass an examination as to their experience in handling hoisting machinery, and as to their practical and technical knowledge of the construction, cleaning and care of steam boilers, the care and adjustment of hoisting engines, the management and efficiency of pumps, ropes, and winding apparatus, and their knowledge of the laws of this State in relation to signals and

hoisting and lowering of men at the mines. Certificate SEC. 10. Applicants giving satisfactory evidence of having had without exami- at least five years' continuous experience immediately preceding nation.

the examination in one of the following duties, mine manager, mine foreman, assistant mine foreman, mine examiner, hoisting engineer, as the case may be shall receive a certificate of service, which shall entitle them to continue in the duties of the position they held when said certificate was granted, for a period of two years and no longer : Provided, however, Any such person holding a certificate of service may at any time apply for and receive a certificate of competency in the manner provided in the preceding

sections. Issuing cer- Sec. 11. The certificate provided for in this act shall be issued tificates. under the signatures and seal of the State mining board to all those

who receive a rating above the minimum fixed by the rules of the board, such certificates shall contain the full name, age and place

ners.

other

of birth of the recipient, and the length and nature of his previous service in or about mines.

SEC. 12. The board may exercise its discretion in issuing cer- Certificates tificates of any class, but not without examination, to persons from

States. presenting with proper credentials, certificates issued by competent authority in other States.

SEC. 13. It shall be unlawful for the operator of any mine to Unlicensed employ, or suffer to serve, as mine manager, mine foreman, assist- employees. ant mine foreman, or mine examiner, any person who does not hold a certificate of competency or of service issued by a duly authorized board of examiners of this State: Provided, That whenever any exigency arises by which it is impossible for any operator to secure the immediate services of a certified mine manager, mine foreman, assistant mine foremen, mine examiner as the case may be, he may place any trustworthy and experienced man, subject to the approval of the State mine inspector, to act temporarily for a period not to exceed ten days.

SEC. 14. It shall be unlawful for the operator of any mine to Same subject. employ, or suffer to serve as hoisting engineer of said mine, any person who does not hold a certificate of competency or service isued by a duly authorized board of examiners of this State, to permit any other person to operate his hoisting engine except for the purpose of learning to operate it and then only in the presence of the certificated engineer in charge, and when men are not being hoisted or lowered : Prorided, That whenever any exigency arises by which it is imposible for any operator to secure the immediate services of a certified hoisting engineer, he may place any trustworthy, and experienced man, subject to the approval of the State mine inspectors, in charge of his engines to act as temporary engineer, for a period not to exceed 30 days. SEC. 15. The certificate of any manager, mine foreman, assistant Revocation of

license. mine foreman, hoisting engineer or mine examiner may be cancelled and revoked by the State mining board whenever it shall be established to the satisfaction of said board that the holder thereof has become unworthy of official endorsement, by reason of vio. lation of the law, intemperate habits, manifest incapacity, abuse of authority, or for other causes satisfactory to said board : Provided, That any person against whom charges or complaints are made shall have an opportunity to be heard in his own behalf, and he shall have thirty days' notice in writing of such charges.

SEC. 16. An applicant for any certificate herein provided for, Credentials before being examined, shall register his name with the secretary

of applicants. of the board, and file with him the credentials required by thi act, to-wit: An affidavit as to all matters of fact establishing his right to receive the examination, and a certificate of good character and temperate habits signed by at least ten of the citizens in the place in which he lived. Each candidate, before receiving the examination, shall pay to the secretary of the board the sum of one dollar as an examination fee, and those who pass the examination for which they are entered, before receiving their certificate, shall also pay to the secretary the further sum of two dollars each as a certificate fee. Also persons receiving certificates of service shall pay the sum of two dollars as certificate fee. All such fees shall be duly accounted for by the board and paid into the State treasury at the close of each fiscal year. Sec. 17. The members of the State mining board shall receive

Compensa

tion of board. as compensation for their services the sum of five dollars per day, for a term of not exceeding thirty days in any year, and whatever sums are necessary to reimburse them for such traveling and all necessary expenses as may be incurred in the discharge of their duties. All such salaries and expenses of the said board shall be paid upon vouchers duly sworn by each and approved by the president of the board and by the governor, and the auditor of public accounts is hereby authorized to draw his warrants on the State treasury for the amount thus shown to be clue, payable out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Sec. 18. Any owner, agent, operator or managing officer of any Violations.

Fees.

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