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CONNECTICUT.

GENERAL STATUTES OF 1902.

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CHAPTER 23. — Wages preferred-In insolvency. SECTION 271. All debts due to any laborer or mechanic for personal Wages to wages, from any insolvent debtor whose estate is in settlement, for paid first. any labor performed for him within three months next preceding the commencement of proceedings in insolvency, shall be allowed by the commissioners on his estate, and paid in full by the trustee, to the amount of one hundred dollars, before the general liabilities of such debtor are paid.

CHAPTER 53.- Attachment of wagesCosts. SECTION 774. In any action in which wages only are attached, no costs shall be taxed in favor of the plaintiff

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mand for debt. the court or justice of the peace before which or whom such action is brought, that demand was made upon the defendant for the payment of the claim sued for, not more than thirty days nor less than three days prior to the bringing of such action. SEC. 777. In any action in which, upon the service of process, moneys

Limit of costs. due to the defendant by reason of personal services are attached, the plaintiff shall not recover of the defendant, as costs, a sum exceeding one-half of the amount of damages recovered in the action.

CHAPTER 56. — Attachment of wages-- Assignment of future earnings. SECTION 836. No assignment of future earnings shall be valid against What assignan attaching creditor of the assignor unless made to secure a bona fide

ments valid. debt due at the date of such assignment, the amount of which shall be stated therein as nearly as the same can be ascertained, nor unless the term for which such earnings are assigned shall be definitely limited in the assignment; nor unless such assignment shall be recorded before such attachment in the town clerk's office in the town where the assignor resides, or, if he reside without the State, in the town where the employer resides, and a copy thereof left with the employer from whom the wages are to become due.

CHAPTER 72.-- Wages preferred-In receivershija. Section 1051. Every debt due to any laborer or mechanic for per-Wages to sonal wages, from any corporation or partnership for which a receiver

paid first. shall be appointed, for any labor performed for such corporation or partnership within three months next preceding the service of the application for the appointment of a receiver, shall be paid in full by the receiver, to the amount of one hundred dollars, before the general liabilities of such corporation or partnership are paid.

CHAPTER 79.- Actions for personal injury: SECTION 1119 (as amended by chapter 149, Acts of 1903). No action Limitation. to recover damages for injury to the person or for an injury to personal property caused by negligence, shall be brought but within one year from the date of the injury or neglect complained of.

Sec. 1130. No action to recover damages for an injury to, or for the Notice. death of, any person, or for an injury to personal property, caused by negligence, shall be maintained against any electric, cable, or street railway company, or against any steam railroad company, unless written notice containing a general description of the injury and of the time, place, and cause of its occurrence, as nearly as the same can be ascertained, shall have been given to the defendant within four months after the neglect complained of, unless the action itself is commenced within said period of four months. Such notice may be given to the secretary, or to any agent or executive officer of the company in fault.

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CHAPTER 82.- Intoxication, etc., of employees on railroads. Gross miscon

Section 1144. Every servant of any railroad company who shall, in duct.

consequence of his intoxication, or of any gross or willful misconduct Penalty. or negligence, cause any loss of life, or the breaking of a limb, shall be

imprisoned not more than ten years.
CHAPTER 82.- Employment of children-Certain employments forbidden.

SECTION 1163. Every person who shall exhibit, use, employ, apprenimmoral occupa

tice, give away, let out, or otherwise dispose of any child under the age of twelve years, in or for the vocation, occupation, service or purpose of rope or wire walking, dancing, skating, bicycling, or peddling, or as a gymnast, contortionist, rider, or acrobat, in any place whatever; or for or in any obscene, indecent, orimmoral purpose. exhibition, or practice, whatsoever; orfor orin any business, exhibition, or vocation, injurious to the health, or dangerous to the life or limb of such child, or who shall cause, procure, or encourage any such child to engage therein, shall be fined not more than two hundred and fifty dollars, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. But nothing herein shall prevent the employmentof any such child as a singeror musician, in any church or school, or in learning or teaching the science or practice of music.

etc.

CHAPTER 86.- Abandonment, etc., of locomotives or cars. Abandonment, SECTION 1293. Every person who shall unlawfully, maliciously, and

in violation of his duty or contract, unnecessarily stop, delay, or abandon any locomotive, car, or train of cars, or street railway car, or shall maliciously injure, hinder, or obstruct the use of any locomotive,

car, railroad, or street railway car, or street railway, shall be fined not Penalty.

more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months.

CHAPTER 86.- Intimidation of employees, etc. -- Blacklisting. Intimidation, SECTION 1296. Every person who shall threaten, or use any means

to intimidate any person to compel such person, against his will, todo or abstain from doing any act which such person has a legal right to do, or shall persistently follow such person in a disorderly manner, or

injure, or threaten to injure, his property, with intent to intimidate Penalty.

him, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars, or imprisoned not more than six months.

A conspiracy to intimidate the publishers of a newspaper and compel the discharge of certain employees is within the prohibition of this section. The maintenance of a boycott against the paper and its patrons is, prima facie, a malicious and corrupt effort to commit injury. It is also a crime to seek to injure other workmen by depriving them of their employment. 55 Conn. 46.

To threaten and use means to intimidate a company against its will to abstain from keeping in its employ workmen of its own choice is within the prohibition of

this section. 55 Conn. 70, 71. Preventing em- Sec. 1297. Every person, and every agent or officer of any corporaployee from joining union.

tion who shall coerce or compel, or attempt to coerce or compel, any laborer, mechanic, or other employee in the employ of such person or

corporation, to agree, that as a condition of retaining his position as Penalty. such employee, he will not join any labor organization, shall be fined

not more than two hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not more than

six months, or both. Blacklisting. Sec. 1298. Every employer who shall blacklist an employee with

intent to prevent such employee from procuring other employment shall be fined not more than wo hundred dollars.

CHAPTER 89.--Sunday labor. Trade, manu- SECTION 1369. Every person who shall do any secular business or facture, etc.

labor, except works of necessity or mercy, or keep open any shop, warehouse, or any manufacturing or mechanical establishment, or expose any property for sale, or engage in any sport between twelve

o'clock Saturday night and twelve o'clock Sunday night, shall be Penalty. fined not more than fifty dollars. *

Sec. 1372. No person who conscientiously believes that the seventh Observance of day of the week ought to be observed as the Sabbath, and actually seventh day. refrains from secular business and labor on that day, shall be liable for prosecution for performing secular business and labor on Sunday, provided he disturbs no other person while attending public wor

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CHAPTER 104.- Protection of employees as voters. Section 1700. Every person who shall, at or within sixty days prior Coercion, etc.

by to any electors', town, city, borough, or school meeting, attempt to influence the vote of any operative in his employ by threats of withholding employment from him, or by promises of employment, or who shall dismiss any operative from his employment on account of any vote he may have given at any such meeting, shall be fined not Penalty. less than one hundred dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned not less than six months, nor more than twelve months, or both.

CHAPTER 125.- Height of iriages over railroads. SECTION 2018. The bottom timbers of all bridges constructed over Eighteen feet any railroad track after July ninth, 1869, shall not be less than

required. eighteen feet above the rails, unless the railroad commissioners require a less height and prescribe the same in writing.

CHAPTER 130.- Employment of children during school period. SECTION 2119. Every person who shall employ a child under four- Employment teen years of age during the hours while the school which such child during school

time. should attend is in session, and every person who shall authorize or permit on premises under his control any such child to be so employed, shall be fined not more than twenty dollars for every week in Penalty. which such child is so employed.

SEC. 2120. Every parent or other person, having control of a child, who shall make any false statement concerning the age of such child ments. with intent to deceive the town clerk or registrar of births, marriages, and deaths of any town, or the teacher of any school, or shall instruct a child to make any such false statement, shall be fined not more Penalty. than twenty dollars.

Sec. 2121. The school visitors or the town school committee in every town shall, once or more in every year, examine into the situ- ors. ation of the children employed in all manufacturing establishments, and ascertain whether all the provisions of this chapter are duly observed, and report all violations thereof to the proper prosecuting authority.

CHAPTER 132.- Employment of children-Evening schools. SECTION 2147. No person over fourteen and under sixteen years of Illiterates age, who can not read and write, shall be employed in any town where public evening schools are established unless he can produce every school month of twenty days a certificate from the teacher of an evening school showing that he has attended such school eighteen conserutive evenings in the current school month, and is a regular attendant. Every person who shall employ a child contrary to the provisions of this section shall be fined not more than fifty dollars, and the State board of education shall enforce the provisions of this gertion as provided in section 4707.

CHAPTER 153.- Inspection and regulation of bakeries. SECTION 2569. Every building or room occupied as a bakery shall construction be drained and plumbed in a manner conducive to its healthful and sanitary condition, and constructed with air shafts and windows or ventilating pipes sufficient to insure ventilation, as the factory inspector

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shall direct; no cellar or basement not used as a bakery on the first of August, 1901, shall be used as such, and no cellar, occupied as a bak. ery on or before said date, when once closed, shall be again opened for such use. Every bakery shall be provided with a wash-room and water-closet apart from the bake room and rooms where the manufacturing of such food products is conducted; no water-closet, earth closet, privy, or ash pit, shall be within or communicate directly with a bake shop. Rooms used for the manufacture of flour or meal food shall be at least eight feet in height; the side walls of such rooms shall be plastered or wainscoted, the ceiling plastered or ceiled with lumber or metal, and, if required by the factory inspector, shall be whitewashed at least once in three months; the furniture, utensils, and floor of such room shall be kept in healthful sanitary condition. The manufac

tured flour or meal food products shall be kept in dry, clean, and airy, Sleeping places rooms. The sleeping places for persons employed in a bakery shali

be separate from the rooms where food products are manufactured or stored. After inspection the factory inspector may issue a certificate to the owner or operator of such bakery, that it is conducted in compliance with the provisions of law; but where orders are issued by said inspector to improve the condition of a bakery no such certificate

shall be issued until such orders shall have been complied with. Contagious dis- SEC. 2570. No employer shall permit any person to work in his

bake shop who is affected with pulmonary tuberculosis, scrofulous, or venereal disease, or with a communicable skin affection, and every employer shall maintain himself and his employees in a clean and sanitary condition while engaged in the manufacture, handling, or

sale of euch food products.

to be SEC. 2571. The owner, agent, or lessee of any property used as a complied with.

bakery shall, within thirty days after the service of notice upon him of an order issued by the factory inspector, comply therewith, or cease to use or allow the use of such premises as a bake shop; such notice shall be in writing and may be served upon such owner, agent, or lessee, either personally or by mail, and a notice by registered letter, mailed to the last known address of such owner, agent, or lessee, shall

be sufficient service. Violations. Sec. 2572. Every person who violates any provision of sections 2569,

2570 or 2571, or who fails to comply with an order of the factory inPenalty.

spector, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars for the first offense, not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than ten days for the second offense, and not more than two hundred dollars and imprisoned not more than thirty days for each subsequent offense.

CHAPTER 154.- Employment of children- Elevators. SECTION 2614. No person, partnership, or corporation shall permit or employ a person under the age of sixteen years to have the care, custody, operation, or management of an elevator. Every person, partnership, or corporation violating any provision of this section shall forfeit not more than twenty-five dollars for each offense.

CHAPTER 155.Fire escapes on factories, etc. Fire escapes re- SECTION 2629. If any * * workshop, manufactory, quired, when.

or other building * in which more than twenty persons shall be employed above the first story, shall be more than two stories in height, it shall be provided with at least one fire escape, of iron or other incombustible material, on the outside of said building; unless, in the opinion of the authority inspecting the same, such building is sufficiently supplied with safe and proper means of egress; and if such building shall be more than one hundred and fifty feet in length it shall be provided with one such fire escape for every one hundred and fifty feet, or fractional part thereof exceeding fifty feet, and such fire es

capes shall be conveniently accessible from each story of said building. Owner to pro- SEC. 2630. The owner of every such building shall provide such fire vide.

escapes and means of egress, or cause the same to be provided, and, if he shall neglect to do so for a period of three months after notice from the building inspector or other proper authority, he shall be fined not

Children under sixteen.

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more than five hundred dollars, or imprisoned not more than six Penalty. months, or both.

Sec. 2631. The building inspector of each city, the warden of each Enforcement. borough, or the first selectman of each town not having a building inspector, either by himself or by some proper person appointed by him, shall inspect all the above-named buildings at least once each year between April first and October first, and shall see that the provisions of sections * 2629, and 2630 are complied with; and for such purpose he shall have the right to enter any of said buildings in the daytime, between the hours of nine and five o'clock. Said city, borough, or town shall fix and pay the compensation for all such services.

Chapter 158.-- Employment of minors in barrooms, etc. SECTION 2682. No person having a license under the provisions of Minors not to this title shall employ any minor as bartender, porter, or in any be employed. other capacity, in any saloon where spirituous and intoxicating liquors are kept for sale, and upon such employment the county commissioners shall revoke the license of such person. Every person so licensed employing any minor as aforesaid shall be subject to the penalties of section 2712.

CHAPTER 197.-Profit sharing by corporations. SECTION 3342. Any corporation organized after May thirty-first, 1886, Profit sharing under any general or special law, may, by its board of directors, dis authorized. tribute to the persons employed in its service, or to any of them, such portion of the profits of its business as said board may deem just and proper. Any corporation organized on or prior to May thirtyfirst, 1886, may give to its board of directors the power to make such distribution, by a majority vote of all the stockholders at a meeting warned for the purpose.

CHAPTER 213. -Security for wages of employees on railroads. Section 3696. Every [railroad] company, in making contracts for Company the building of its road, shall require sufficient security from the require security. contractors for the payment for all labor thereafter to be performed in constructing the road by persons in their employ; and the company shall be liable to the laborers employed for labor actually performed on the road, if, within twenty days after the completion of such labor, they shall, in writing, notify its treasurer that they have not been paid by the contractors.

CHAPTER 213.-Safety appliances on railroads-Telltales. Section 3731. Every railroad company shall, if required by the Telltales recommissioners, erect and thereafter maintain suitable bridge guards at quired, when. every bridge over its railroad when the overhead structure is less than eighteen feet in height above the track. Such bridge guards shall be approved by the commissioners, and be erected and adjusted to their satisfaction. Every company refusing or neglecting to comply with the provisions of this section shall forfeit fifty dollars to the state for each month of continuance in such refusal or neglect.

CHAPTER 215. -Sunday labor-Railroads. SECTION 3749. No railroad company shall run any train on any road Sunday trains. operated by it within this State, between sunrise and sunset on Sunday, except from necessity or merey: Provided, That it may run trains carrying the United States mail, and such other trains or classes of Mail, etc. trains as may be authorized by the railroad commissioners on application made to them on the ground that the same are required by the public necessity or for the preservation of freight.

Sec. 3750. No such company shall permit the handling, the loading, Handling or the unloading of freight on any road operated by it, or at any of freight.

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