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lars or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than thirty days.

No criminal prosecution shall be made for any violation of the Notice. provisions of this act until thirty days after notice, in writing, by an officer or inspector of the bureau of labor or some officer or agent of the board of health, of any change necessary to be made to comply with the provisions of this act, has been served upon the owner, manager or officer operating said establishment, and not then, if in the meantime, such changes have been made in accordance with such notification.

CHAPTER 323.-Inspection of factories, etc.
SECTION 1. Every factory, mill, or workshop, mercantile or me-

Water - clos

ets, etc. chanical establishment or other building where eight or more persons are employed, shall be provided within reasonable access, with a sufficient number of water-closets, earth closets, or privies for the reasonable use of the persons employed therein, and whenever male and female persons are employed as aforesaid together, waterclosets, earth closets or privies separate and apart, shall be provided for the use of each sex, and plainly so designated, and no person shall be allowed to use such closet or privy assigned to the other sex. Such closet shall be properly enclosed and ventilated and at all times kept in a clean and good sanitary condition. When the number employed is more than twenty of either sex, there shall be provided an additional closet for such sex up to the number of forty, and above that number in the same ratio. The commissioner of labor or any factory inspector may require such changes in the placing of such closets as he may deem necessary and may require other changes which may serve the best interest of morals and sanitation.

Sec. 2. In factories, mills or workshops, mercantile or mechan- Dressingical establishments or other places where the labor performed by rooms. the operator is of such a character that it becomes desirable or necessary to change the clothing, wholly or in part, before leaving the building at the close of the day's work, separate dressing rooms shall be provided for females whenever so required by the commissioner of labor or any factory inspector. It shall be the duty of every occupant, whether owner or lessee of any such premises used as specified by this act, to make all the changes and additions thereto. In case such changes are made upon the order of the commissioner of labor, or any factory inspector to the lessee of the premises, the lessee may at any time within thirty days after the completion thereof, bring an action against any person or corporation or partnerships having interest in such premises, and may recover such proportion of expenses of making such changes and additions as the court adjudges should justly and equitably be borne by such defendant.

SEC. 3. If in any of the aforesaid places, any process is carried Dust and on, by which dust or fumes is caused, which inay be inhaled by the

fumes. persons employed therein, or if the air should become exhaused sexhausted] or impure, there shall be provided a fan or such other mechanical device, as will substantially carry away all such dust or fumes or other impurities.

SEC. 4. All of the aforesaid places shall be kept clean and free Sanitation. from effluvia arising from any drain, privy or nuisance, shall be ventilated and kept in a sanitary condition. The commissioner of labor or any factory inspector may require such changes or additions to be made in any of the aforesaid places as will promote the best measures of sanitation. SEC. 5. Any owner, lessee or any person or corporation having

Violations. charge of any of the aforesaid buildings or places, who shall violate any of the provisions of this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten (10) dollars and not exceeding one hundred (100) dollars.

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CHAPTER 402.-Employment of children-Female messengers. Girls not to SECTION 1. No female under eighteen years of age shall be embe employed. ployed as a messenger by any telegraph or telephone company,

firm or corporation or by any company, firm, corporation or indi

vidual engaged in similar business. Penalty. SEC. 2. Whoever violates the provisions of this act shall be pun

ished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than two hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than six months.

CHAPTER 434.-Free public employment offices.

Offices estab- SECTION 1. There is hereby created not more than four free lished.

employment offices in the State, to be located in such cities or places as may be selected or named by a commission consisting of the governor, secretary of state and the attorney-general, for the purpose of receiving applications of persons seeking employment, and applications of persons seeking to employ labor. Each such office shall be designated and known as Wisconsin Free Emplos. ment Office. The said offices shall be so located in such parts of the State by said commission as may best serve the inests [inter

ests) of the people of the State. Superintend- SEC. 2. The commissioner of labor and industrial statistics shall ents.

recommend immediately after the passage of this act, and the gorernor shall appoint a superintendent for each of the offices created by section 1 of this act and who shall devote his time to the duties of his office. The tenure of such appointment shall be for two years, unless sooner removed for cause. The salary of each superintendent shall be fixed by said commission, not, however, to exceed twelve hundred dollars per annum, which sum, together with proper amounts for defraying the necessary costs of the equipping, running and maintaining the respective offices, rent for such offices not to exceed five hundred dollars per annum, shall be paid

out of any funds in the State treasury not otherwise appropriatel. Office to be SEC. 3. The superintendent of each such free employment office opened.

shall open an office in such city as shall have been determined by the above commission, and in such locality of said city as both the commissioner of labor and superintendent of said employment office may select, as being most appropriate for the purpose intended : Prorided, That said employment office shall be occupied in conjunction with the bureau of labor and industrial statistics when such bureau has an office in any of said cities, and in case said bureau has no office in any of said cities, then in that case the city council wherein said free employment office is established shall furnish and equip an office for said employment bureau, either in conjunction with a department of said city or separately without cost to the State, such office to be provided with a sufficient num. ber of rooms or apartments to enable him to provide, and he shall so provide, a separate room or apartment for the use of women registering for situations or help. I'pon the outside of each such office, in position and manner to secure the fullest public attention, shall be placed a sign which shall read in the English language, Wisconsin Free Employment Office," and the same shall appear either upon the outside windows or upon signs in such other languages as the location of such office shall render advisable. The superintendent of each such free employment office shall receive and record in books kept for that purpose names of all persons applying for employment or help, designating opposite

the name and address of each applicant, the character of employRegisters. ment or help desired. Separate registers for applicants for eni

ployinent shall be kept, showing the age, sex, nativity, trade or occupation of each applicant, the cause and duration of nonemployment, whether married or single, the number of dependent children, together with such other facts as may be required by the bureau of labor and industrial statistics to be used by said bureau: Provided, That no such special registers shall be open to public inspection at any time, and that such statistical and sociological data as the bureau of labor may require shall be held in confidence by said bureau, and so published as not to reveal the identity of any applicant: And provided. further, That any applicant who shall decline to answer the questions contained in [the] special register shall not thereby forfeit any right to any employment the office might secure.

SEC. 4. Each superintendent shall report on Thursday of each Weekly lists. week to the State bureau of labor and industrial statistics the number of applications for positions and for help received during the preceding week, also those unfilled applications remaining on the books at the beginning of the week. Such lists shall not contain the names or addresses of any applicant, but shall show the number of situations desired and the number of persons wanted at each specified trade or occupation. It shall also show the number and character of the positions secured during the preceding week. Upon receipt of these lists and not later than Saturday of each week, the commissioner of the said bureau of labor and industrial statistics shall cause to be printed a sheet showing separately and in combination the lists received from all such free employment offices; and he shall cause a sufficient number of such sheets to be printed to enable him to mail, and he shall so mail, on Saturday of each week, two of said sheets to each superintendent of a free employment office, one to be filed by said superintendent and one to be conspicuously posted in each such office. A copy of surh sheet shall also be mailed on each Saturday by the commissioner of the State bureau of labor and industrial statistics to the State inspector of factories. It is hereby made the duty of said factory inspector to do all he reasonably can to assist in securing situations for such applicants for work, to secure for the free employment offices the cooperation of the employers of labor in factories, to immediately notify the superintendent of free employment offices of any and all vacancies or opportunities of employment that shall come to his notice.

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of each such superintendent of a Cooperation free employment office to immediately put himself in communica- with employtion with the principal manufacturers, merchants and other employers of labor, and to use all diligence in securing the cooperation of the said employers of labor, with the purposes and objects of such employment offices.

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of each such superintendent to make Annual a report to the State bureau of labor and industrial statistics ports. annually, not later than December first of each year, concerning the work of his office for the year ending October first of the same year, together with a statement of the expenses of the same, and such reports shall be published by the said bureau of labor and industrial statistics annually. Each such superintendent shall also perform such other duties in the collection of statistics of labor, as the commissioners of the bureau of labor and industrial statistics may require. SEC. 7. No fee or compensation shall be charged or received, No fee to be

charged. directly or indirectly, from any person or corporation applying for employment or help through said free employment offices ; and any superintendent or clerk who shall accept, directly or indirectly, any fee or compensation from any applicant, or from his or her representative, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than twentyfive dollars nor more than fifty dollars and imprisoned in the county jail not more than thirty days.

SEC. 8. The term “applicant for employment” as used in this Definition. act shall be construed to mean any person seeking work of any lawful character, and "applicant for help ” shall mean any person or persons seeking help in any legitimate enterprise. Nothing in this act shall be construed to limit the meaning of the term “ work” to manual occupation[s], but it shall include professional service, and any and all other legitimate services.

ers.

reof

Private of. SEC. 9. No person, firm or corporation where a free employfices.

ment office is located shall open, operate or maintain a private employment agency for hire or where a fee is charged to either

applicants for employment or for help, without first having othLicense. tained a license from the secretary of state, for which license

he shall pay one hundred dollars per annum; and no such private agent shall print, publish, or cause to be printed or published, or paint on any sign, window or newspaper publication, a name similar to that of the Wisconsin free employment offices. And any person, firm or corporation violating the provisions of this act, or any part thereof, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction such person, firm or, if a corporation, all the

officers thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars. Removal Sec. 10. Whenever, in the opinion of the commissioner of the superintend- bureau of labor and industrial statistics, the superintendent of

any free employment office is not duly diligent in the performance of his duties he may summon such superintendent to appear before him to show cause why he sliould not be recommended to the governor for removal, and unless such cause is clearly shown the said commissioner may so recommend. In considering such a case, a low percentage of positions secured to applicants for situations and help registered, lack of intelligent interest in the work, or a general inaptitude or inefficiency may be deemed by said commissioner sufficient to recommend a removal. And if, in the opinion of the governor, such lack of efficiency can not be remedied by reproval and discipline, he shall remove such person from office as recommended by said commissioner : Provided. That the governor may at any time remove any superintendent or clerk for cause.

WYOMING.

ent.

CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1.-Rights of labor to be protected. Protective SECTION 22. The rights of labor shall have just protection laws to be

through laws calculated to secure to the laborer proper rewards passed.

for his service and to promote the industrial welfare of the State.

ARTICLE 9.Mine regulations. Omice of in- SECTION 1. There shall be established and maintained the mines to be office of inspector of mines, the duties and salary of which shall established. be prescribed by law. When said office shall be established, the

governor shall, with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint thereto a person proven in the manner provided by law to be

competent and practical, whose term of office shall be two years. Mining to be

SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide by law for the proper regulated.

development, ventilation, drainage and operation of all mines in

this State. Employment SEC. 3. No boy under the age of fourteen years and no woman of women and children.

or girl of any age shall be employed or permitted to be in or about any coal, iron or other dangerous mines for the purpose of employment therein: Prorided, howerer, This provision shall not affect the employment of a boy or female of suitable age in an office or in the performance of clerical work at such mine or

colliery. Right of ac- SEC. 4. For any injury to person or property caused by willful tion for inju- failure to comply with the provisions of this article, or laws ries.

passed in pursuance hereof, a right of action shall accrue to the party injured, for the damage sustained thereby, and in all cases in this state, whenever the death of a person shall be caused by wrongful act, neglect or default, such as would, if death had not ensued, have entitled the party injured to maintain an action to recover damages in respect thereof, the person who, or the corporation which would have been liable, if death

State

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had not ensued, shall be liable to an action for damages notwith-
standing the death of the person injured, and the legislature shall
provide by law at its first session for the manner in which the
right of action in respect thereto shall be enforced.
SEC. 6. There shall be a State geologist, who shall be appointed

geoloby the governor of the State, with the advice and consent of the gist. senate.

said State geologist shall ex officio perform the duties of inspector of mines until otherwise provided by law.

ARTICLE 10.Limitation and waiver of right to damages. SECTION 4. No law shall be enacted limiting the amount of Damages for damages to be recovered for causing the injury or death of any

injuries. person. Any contract or agreement with any employee waiving any right to recover damages for causing the death or injury of any employee shall be void.

ARTICLE 10.-Cooperative associations. SECTION 10. The legislature shall provide by suitable legisla- Incorporation

to be provided tion for the organization of mutual and cooperative associations for. or corporations.

ARTICLE 19.Hours of labor. SECTION 1. Eight (8) hours actual work shall constitute a lawful Eight hours a day's work in all mines, and on all State and municipal works.

day's labor. ARTICLE 19.Employment of aliens on public works. SECTION 1. No person not a citizen of the United States or who Aliens not to has not declared his intention to become such, shall be employed be employed. upon or in connection with any State, county or municipal works or employment.

Sec. 2. The legislature shall, by appropriate legislation, see that Enforcement. the provisions of the foregoing section are enforced.

ARTICLE 19.Boards of arbitration. SECTION 1. The legislature shall establish courts of arbitration, Courts to be whose duty it shall be to hear, and determine all differences, and established. controversies between organizations or associations of laborers, and their employers, which shall be submitted to them in such manner as the legislature may provide. ARTICLE 19.-Contracts of employees waiving right to damages. SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, company or cor

Contracts poration, to require of its servants or employees as a condition of to damages.

waiving right their employment, or otherwise, any contractor agreement, whereby such person[,] company or corporation shall be released or discharged from liability or responsibility, on account of personal injuries received by such servants or employees, while in the service of such person, company or corporation, by reason of the negligence of such person, company or corporation, or the agents or employees thereof, and such contracts shall be absolutely null and void.

REVISED STATUTES—1899.

DIVISION 1.

TITLE 4.Protection of employees as voters. SECTION 319.

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8. No person shall attempt to influence the vote of any elector Attempting to by means of

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