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Seats for fe- SEC. 4. In every manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile and male employ- other establishments, in this State, wherein females are employed,

there shall be provided, and conveniently located, seats sufficient to comfortably seat such females; and during such times as such females are not necessarily required by their duties to be

upon their feet, they shall be allowed to occupy the seats provided. Sanitation. SEC. 5. And all establishments, to which this act applies, must

be kept in a clean condition; the sanitary and hygienic regulations shall be such as will not endanger or be injurious to the lives

or health of the employees employed therein. Penalty. SEC. 6. Any person or persons, firm or corporation of any

manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile or other establishments, business or calling, in this State, to which this act applies, who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall be deemei guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction, in any court of competent jurisdiction in this State, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, and in default of payment of such fine shall be imprisoned until such fine and

costs are fully paid. Enforcement. Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the commissioner of labor or his

assistant to enforce the provisions of this act, and to prosecute all violations of the same before any magistrate or court of competent jurisdiction in this State.

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CHAPTER 20.-Mine regulations-Check weighmen. Check weigh- SECTION 1. Where the amount of wages paid to any of the per

sons employed in any manufacturing, mining, or otherwise publie enterprise employing labor, depend upon the amount produced by weight or measure, the persons so employed may, at their own cost, station or appoint at each place appointed for the weighing or measuring of the products of their labor a check weighman or measurer, who shall in all cases be appointed by a majority ballot of the workmen employed at the works where he is appointed

to act as such check weighman or measurer. Mode of pay- SEC. 2. Every corporation, company, or person engaged in the

business of mining coal in this State, where such check weighman is employed by the miners working at such mines, shall furnish such check weighman with a check or number and pay the said check weighman for all coal placed to his check or number same per ton as is paid to the miners. Each of the persons so employed to see the weighing of said coal before entering upon the

discharge of the duties of his employment shall take and subscribe Oath,

an oath before a justice of the peace or a notary public. that he will honestly and impartially do and perform the duties of his employment and do equal and exact justice between employers

and employees to the best of his judgment, skill and ability. Application Sec. 3. This act shall apply to all weights, balances, steelyards, of law. and weighing machines and reasures used in any factory, mine.

mill or otherwise industrial concerns, for determining the wages payable to any person employed according to the mineral or other

wise products produced by them through their labors. Check weigh- SEC. 4. Where the weighman is mutually selected by the consent man not neces- of a majority of the miners working in any mine and the operator sary, when.

or agent of said company, it shall not be considered necessary to employ said check weighman, but at any time that either of the parties to said agreement should become dissatisfied with said weighman they may dismiss him on ten days' notice or the miners may employ a check weighman. Any corporation, company, or person violating any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined for each and every offense not less than ten nor more than two hundred dollars.

It shall be the duty of every court in each county, in which any such coal mine is operated and in which a grand jury is impaneled, to give this act in charge to the grand jury.

CHAPTER 31.—Mine regulations-Inspection, etc., of oil. SECTION 1. Only animal, vegetable or paraffine oil or other oil Illuminating as free from the evolution of smoke as a standard cotton-seed oil. oil, when burned in a miner's torch, shall be used in any open lamp or torch for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State, and kerosene and blackstrap oil, or a mixture of kerosene and blackstrap, shall not be used in miners' torches for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State; except that a mixture of mineral oil (other than blackstrap oil) and vegetable oil can be used upon machinery used as a motive power to haul coal in any mine in this State, and except, further, that a mixture of mineral and vegetable oil can be used for all stationary lights.

SEC. 2. A standard cotton-seed oil shall have the following test : Cotton - seed (1) It shall be free from mineral oils or mineral-oil compounds. oil.

(2) It shall be tested in a glass tube one and one-half inches in diameter by eight inches deep, and the oil shall be at a temperature of sixty degrees Fahrenheit when the test is made, and shall not exceed twenty-four degrees Tagliabue hydrometer.

SEC. 3. If the oil to be tested is below forty-five degrees Fahren- Test. heit temperature, it must be slowly heated until it reaches eightyfive degrees temperature. Should the oil be above forty-five degrees temperature and below sixty-five degrees it must be heated to seventy degrees, when, in either case, it must be well shaken and allowed to cool gradually to a temperature of sixty degrees, when the test must be made.

SEC. 4. In testing the gravity of oil the hydrometer must be, Readings. when possible, read from below, and the last line which appears under the surface of the oil shall be regarded as the true reading.

SEC. 5. Where the oil is tested in difficult circumstances an Allowance. allowance of one-half of one degree may be made for error of parallax.

SEC 6. All oil sold to be used for illuminating purposes in the Branding. mines of this State shall be contained in barrels, casks or packages, branded conspicuously with the name and address of the manufacturer of said oil, the specific gravity of the same and the date of shipment.

Sec. 7. Any person, firm, or corporation, either by themselves or Penalty. an agent or employee, which shall sell or offer for sale for illuminating in any mine, in this State, any oil or any mixture or compound of oils which does not comply with the tests as prescribed in section one of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than twentyfive dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

SEC. 8. And any miner, or employee in any mine, or employee of any mine operator or mine owner, who shall knowingly use or tested oil. permit to be used for illuminating purposes in any mine, in this State, any oil other than that prescribed in section one of this act shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than five dollars "nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every offense; and in default of payment of such fine within twenty days from the day of conviction shall be given a sentence in the county jail for a period of not less than ten nor more than sixty days.

SEC. 9. It shall be the duty of the district mine inspectors wher- Inspectors to ever they have reason to believe that oil is being used, or sold or securē tests. offered for sale, in violation of the provisions of this act, to take samples of the same and have them tested under the direction of the chief mine inspector; and if they are found to be inferior to the quality prescribed by this act, the inspector shall make complaint to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense is committed, who shall forthwith commence proceedings against the offender in any court of competent jurisdiction. Any miner, mine employee, firm, corporation or their agents, who shall refuse to permit the mine inspector to examine his or their oil used for or sold for illuminating purposes in the coal mines, in this State, shall be guilty of a violation of this act, and may be taken before any justice of the peace and fined five dollars or imprisoned in the county jail for ten days for each offense.

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WISCONSIN.

ANNOTATED STATUTES OF 1898.

CHAPTER 41.--Examination and licensing of plumbers.

re

Boards of ex

License

SECTION 959–53. No person, firm or corporation engaged in or quired in cer- working at the business of plumbing in cities of the first, second tain cities.

or third class shall engage in or work at said business, either as a master or employing or as a journeyman plumber, unless licensed so to do in accordance with the provisions of the following three

sections. Applications. Sec. 959–54. Any person desiring to engage in or work at such

business shall apply to the board of public works, where such exist, or the board of health having jurisdiction in the locality where he intends to engage in or work at such business, and shall, at such time and place as may be designated by the board of examiners hereinafter provided for, to whom such application shall be referred, be exanıined as to his qualifications for such business. In the case of a firm or corporation the examination and licensing of any one member of the firm or the manager of the corporation shall be sufficient.

SEC. 959–55. There shall be in every city of the first, second and aminers.

third class having a system of waterworks or sewerage a board of examiners of plumbers consisting of the board of public works, or where such board does not exist, the chairman of the board of health, and in cities having an inspector of plumbing the inspector of plumbing of said city, who shall be a member ex officio of said board, and serve without compensation, and a third member who shall be a practical plumber. Said third member shall be ap pointed by the mayor for the term of one year from the first day of May, and thereafter annually before the first day of May, and who shall serve without compensation : Provided, That if in any city there is no board of public works or inspector of plumbing the board of health shall appoint a second member of said board of examiners who shall be practical plumber and who shall also

serve without compensation. Duty of SEC. 959–56. Said board of examiners shall, as soon as may be board.

after the appointment of the third member thereof, meet and or. ganize by the selection of a chairman, and shall then designate the times and places for the examination of all applicants desiring to engage in or work at the business of plumbing within their city: Said board shall examine said applicants as to their practical knowledge of plumbing, house drainage and plumbing ventilation, and if satisfied of the competency of the applicants shall so certify

to the board of public works, the board of health or inspector of License. plumbing, as the case may be. Said board of examiners shall

thereupon issue a license to such applicant authorizing him to en

gage in or work at the business of plumbing as master or employFees. ing plumber or as a journeyman plumber. The fee for a license

for a master or employing plumber shall be two dollars; for a journeyman plumber, fifty cents. Said licenses shall be renewed annually upon payment of a fee of fifty cents. All moneys accruing from such fees shall be paid into the treasury of the city. In case of the removal of the licensee from the city his license may be renewed by any board having like authority. A license shall entitle the licensee to pursue his occupation in all parts of the State unless the board of the city to which he removes shall object, in

which event said plumber shall be examined by said board. Penalty. SEC. 959–59. Any person violating any provision of either of

* preceding sections shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars for each and every violation thereof, and his license may be revoked by the examining board provided for in section 959–55.

the

CHAPTER 46a.—Bureau of labor and industrial statistics.

Bureau

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SECTION 1021b. The bureau of labor and industrial statistics, heretofore established, is continued. A room or rooms in the cap

tinued. itol shall be set apart for the use thereof, and such printing shall be done for and such supplies furnished the same as may be necessary for the performance of the duties devolved upon the officers thereof.

SEC. 1021c. A commissioner of said bureau shall be appointed by Commissionthe governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, for the term of two years from the first Monday of February in the year of his appointment. Vacancies shall be filled for the unexpired term. Sec. 1021d. The commissioner may appoint a deputy, who, when

Assistants. acting for or instead of the commissioner, shall have equal authority with him. He may also appoint a clerk, a clerk and typewriter operator, a factory inspector, an assistant factory inspector and a clerk and janitor. The factory inspector shall be a resident of Milwaukee, and he and the assistant inspector shall perform their duties under the direction of the commissioner.

SEC. 1021e. Said commissioner shall collect, collate and publish Duties. statistical and other information relating to the manufacturing interests, industrial classes and material resources of the State; he shall especially examine into the relations between labor and capital, the means of escape from, and the protection of life and health in, factories and workshops, the employment of children, the number of hours of labor exacted from them and from women, the educational, sanitary, moral and financial condition of laborers and artisans, the cost of food, fuel, clothing and building material, the causes of strikes and lockouts, and other kindred subjects pertaining to the welfare of the industrial interests and classes.

SEC. 1021f (as amended by chapter 158, Acts of 1899). The Access to faccommissioner (of labor and industrial statistics), his deputy, the tories, etc. factory inspector and the assistant factory inspector may enter any factory, mercantile establishment or workshop in which laborers or women are employed, for the purpose of obtaining facts and statistics, examining the means of escape therefrom in case of fire and the provisions made for the health and safety of operatives or for suitable seats for women therein. If any such officer shall Notice. learn of any violation of or neglect to comply with the law in respect to the employment of children, the hours of labor for them or for women, or in reference to fire escapes or the safety of employees, or such seats for women, he shall give written notice to the owner or occupant of such factory, mercantile establishment or workshop, of such offense or neglect, and if the same is not remedied within thirty days after the service of such notice, such officer shall give the district attorney of the county in which such factory, mercantile establishment or workshop is situated, formal notice of the facts, whereupon that officer shall immediately institute the proper proceedings against the person guilty of such offense or neglect.

SEC. 1021h. Any officer of the bureau may post in any factory or Laws may be workshop examined by him the laws relating to employment of posted. children therein, hours of labor, fire escapes or other matters pertaining to the health and safety of artisans; any person who shall remove or mutilate such laws so posted shall be fined fifty dollars for each offense. Any such officer may order bull wheels, fly Guards for wheels, tumbling rods, elevator wells, stairways, shafting or dan- machinery. gerous machinery of any kind to be inclosed or otherwise guarded so as to protect workmen or others; and any person refusing to obey the written order of such officer to such effect shall be fined fifty dollars for each such refusal. It shall be the duty of such officers to examine freight and passenger elevators and to con- Elevators. demn those found to be defective and unsafe by serving written notice on the person for whom it is being operated or on his agent,

H. Doc. 733, 58-2-80

or by posting such notice on the walls or cab of any elevator found to be in an unsafe condition, the owner of any elevator so condemned, or the person for whom it is being operated, shall, by continuing the use thereof without making such repairs as will place it in a safe condition, be liable, civilly and criminally, for

any physical injury caused by such use, whether such injury reCommunica - sults in the death of the person injured or not. It is also the duty tion with en- of such officers, when in their judgment it may be necessary, to gine room.

see that in every manufacturing establishment, the machinery in which is propelled by steam power, communication, by means of speaking tubes or electric bells, shall be provided between each room in which machinery so operated is placed and the room in which the engineer is stationed. Any person occupying as owner, lessee or manager any manufacturing establishment where machinery so operated is used, or controlling the use of any building or room in which machinery propelled by steam is used, who shall fail to provide such means of communication shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars; but no prosecution shall be commenced for such violation until thirty days after written notice has been given by one of the officers designated in this chapter to such person of the changes necessary to be made to comply with the provisions hereof, nor then, if, in the mean

time, changes have been made in accordance with such notice. Collection of Sec. 1021i. The said commissioner shall have power to prescribe statistics.

blank forms and transmit them to employers, which shall be filled out clearly and completely, under oath, by the persons to whom they are sent, with the facts, statistics and statements asked for, and returned to him within such reasonable time as he may fix. In case any owner or occupant or his agent shall refuse to admit any officer of the said bureau to his workshop or factory he shall forfeit the sum of ten dollars for each and every offense, and if he shall, through his agent or otherwise, neglect, fail or refuse to fill out the said blank forms and verify and return them as required, he shall forfeit the sum of ten dollars for each and every day the said blank may be so delayed beyond the time fixed by the commissioner for their return. The fines authorized by this chapter shall be sued for in the name of the State by the district attorney of the proper county upon complaint of any officer of said

bureau or any citizen, and shall be paid into the school fund. Seal.

SEC. 1021j. There shall be provided a seal of office for the use of

the bureau, and the commissioner or his deputy, for the purpose Powerg. of making any investigation contemplated by this act, shall have

power to administer oaths, take testimony and subpæna witnesses, which witnesses shall receive the same fees as are allowed to persons testifying in circuit courts, to be paid out of the State treas. ury on the certificate of the commissioner or his deputy: Provided, however, That no person subpænaed by the said commissioner or his deputy shall be compelled to go outside of the city or town in

which he resides to testify in behalf of such investigation. Report. Sec. 1021k. The commissioner shall make a report to the gore

ernor within ten days after the expiration of the biennial fiscal

term, which report shall be printed and bound as provided by law. Duty of dis

SEC. 10211. Whenever any officer of the bureau of labor and intrict attorney. dustrial statistics shall give written notice to any district attorney

that any hotel, factory, public building or any other structure in his county is being used without fire escapes, watchmen or other means of safety prescribed by law, including means of communication beween the rooms of manufacturing establishments as pre. scribed in section 1021h, such district attorney shall at once institute the proper proceeding against the offender, and without the aid or presence of any such officer do all that may be necessary to secure a determination of the guilt or innocence of the person complained of; and in case such district attorney shall refuse or neglect so to do any officer of such bureau may file charges against him and demand his removal from office.

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