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CHAPTER 110.-Garnishment of wages of public employees.

SECTION 1. The wages and salaries of all officials, clerks and Wages of ememployees of any city, town or county shall be subject to garnish-ployees of

cities, etc., not ment or execution upon any judgment rendered against them : exempt. Provided, Said officials, clerks and employees are not exempt from garnishment or levy under chapter one hundred and seventyeight of the Code of Virginia.

CHAPTER 572.Eremption of wages of minors from garnishment.

SECTION 1. The wages of a minor shall not be liable to garnish- Wages of miment or otherwise liable to the payment of the debts of parents.

nor exempt.

CHAPTER 863.-Bureau of labor and industrial statistics.

SECTION 1. A bureau of labor and industrial statistics of the Bureau estabState of Virginia hereby established.

lished. SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of said bureau to collect, assort, Duties. systematize, and present in annual reports to the governor, to be by him biennially transmitted to the legislature, statistical details relating to all departments of labor, penal institutions, and industrial pursuits in the State, especially in their relation to the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary condition of the laboring classes, and to the permanent prosperity of the productive industries of the State.

Sec. 3 (as amended by chapter 1007, Acts of 1897-98). The gov- Commissioner. ernor shall appoint, by and with the consent of the senate, some suitable person who is identified with the labor interests of the State, who shall be designated commissioner of labor statistics, and who shall, upon the request of the governor, furnish such information as he may require. The term of office for said commissioner shall be two years from date of his appointment, with power of removal by the governor for cause.

SEC. 4 (as amended by chapter 1007, Acts of 1897-98). The com- Powers. missioner shall have power to take and preserve testimony, examine witnesses under oath and administer the same; and in the discharge of his duties may, under proper restrictions, enter any public institution of the State, and any factory, workshop or mine. The commissioner may also furnish and deliver a written or printed list of interrogations to any person, company, or the proper officer of any corporation, and require full and complete answers to be made thereto and returned under oath within thirty days of receipt of said list of questions; and if any person who may be sworn to give testimony shall willfully fail or refuse to answer any legal and proper question propounded to him concerning the subject of such examination, as indicated in the second section of this act, or if any person to whom a written or printed list of such interrogations has been furnished by said commissioner shall neglect or refuse to fully answer and return the same under oath, such person shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof before a court of competent jurisdiction, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars nor less than twenty-five dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding ninety days, or by both fine and imprisonment: Provided, houerer, That nothing in this act shall be construed as permitting the commissioner or any employee of this bureau to make use of any information or statistics gathered from any person, company or corporation for any other than the purposes of this act.

SEC. 5. All State, county, township and city officers are hereby Duty of State directed to furnish said commissioner, upon his request, all sta- officers. tistical information in reference to labor which shall be in their possession as such officers.

Sec. 6. The sum of two thousand dollars per annum is hereby Expenses. appropriated out of any funds in the State treasury not otherwise appropriated, eight hundred dollars of which is to be used as

salary of the said commissioner, and the balance to be used to meet contingent expenses, and so forth.

ACTS OF 1899–1900.

CHAPTER 328.-Safety appliances on railroads-Telltales. Telltales to SECTION 1. Where any railroad track passes under any bridge or be erected. structure not sufficiently high to admit of the safe passage of the

cars upon such railroad tracks, with the servants and employees standing at their posts of duty on said cars, the person or persons, firm or corporation, operating said railroad and running its trains thereon, shall erect and maintain, at proper distance on each side of such bridge or structure, warning signals of approved design, and in general use to warn the servants and employees or those operating such railroads, of the approach to such bridge

or structure, and the failure to erect and maintain such danger Damages. signals shall make those operating such railroads liable in dam

ages for the death or injury of any employee or servant resulting from the insufficient height of such bridge or structure, and no contract, expressed or implied, and no plea of, or defense based upon, the contributory negligence of the servant or employee shall relieve those operating such railroads of the liability hereby imposed. The railroad commissioner is hereby authorized, by general or special regulations or order, to determine or approve the character and location of any danger signal which may be erectel and maintained to comply with the provisions of this act, and any and every such danger signal constructed and located as the railroad commissioner shall so determine and approve shall be deemed within the meaning of this act to be an approved danger signal and erected at the proper distance on each side of such bridge.

ment.

CHAPTER 511.Garnishment of wages of public employees. Wages liable SECTION 1. The wages and salaries of all officials of this State. to garnish - their clerks, and all employees of this State, shall be subject to

garnishment or execution upon any judgment rendered against Proviso. them: Provided, Said officials, clerks, and employees are not er

empt from garnishment or levy under chapter one hundred and seventy-eight of the Code of Virginia.

CHAPTER 1139.—Earnings of married women.

Earnings, SECTION 1. A married woman shall have the right to acquire. etc., separate hold, use, control, and dispose of property, as if she were unmar. property.

ried, and such power of use, control, and disposition shall apply to all property of a married woman heretofore or hereafter acquired : Provided, however, That her husband shall be entitled to curtesy in her real estate when the common law requisites there for exist, and he shall not be deprived thereof by her sole act;

ACTS OF 1901-2.

CHAPTER 322.-Liability of railroad companies for injuries to

employees.

Liability for SECTION 1. Every corporation operating a railroad in this State. negligence of whether such corporation be created under the laws of this State superintendent;

or otherwise, shall be liable in damages for any and all injury sustained by any employee of such corporation as follows: When such injury results from the wrongful act, neglect, or default of an agent or officer of such corporation superior to the employee injured, or of a person employed by such corporation having the right to control or direct the services of such employee injured, or the services of the employee by whom he is injured : and also

when such injury results from the wrongful act, neglect, or de- Person in anfault of a coemployee engaged in another department of labor

other depart

ment, etc. from that of the employee injured, or of a coemployee on another train of cars, or of a coemployee who has charge of any switch, signal point, or locomotive engine, or who is charged with dispatching trains or transmitting telegraphic or telephonic orders. Knowledge by any employee injured of the defective or unsafe character or condition of any machinery, ways, appliances, or structures of such corporation shall not of itself be a bar to recovery for any injury or death caused thereby. When death, Injuries causwhether instantaneous or otherwise, results from any injury to ing death. any employee of such corporation received as aforesaid, the personal representative of such employee shall have a right of action therefor against such corporation, and may recover damages in respect thereof. Any contract or agreement, express or im- Contracts plied, made by any such employee to waive the benefit of this waiving rights. section or any part thereof shall be null and void, and this section shall not be construed to deprive any such employee, or his personal representative, of any right or remedy to which he is now entitled under the laws of this State.

SEC. 2. The rules and principles of law as to contributory negli- Contributory gence, which apply to other cases, shall apply to cases arising negligence. under this act, except in so far as the same are herein modified or changed.

CHAPTER 348.-Eramination and licensing of plumbers. SECTION 1. In all cities in the State of Virginia having a popu- Board of ex lation of more than eight thousand inhabitants there shall be a aminers. board for the examination of plumbers of four members, consisting of one member, to be known as the chief health officer of the city, and one member, to be known as the plumbing inspector of the city; one journeyman plumber, and one master plumber, all of whom shall be residents of the city in which their duties are to be performed, and the plumbing inspector, journeyman, and master plumbers shall be licensed plumbers. The members of said board shall be selected as the councils of the respective cities may determine, and said councils shall also prescribe the terms of office of the several members of such board, and the method of their removal from office. The terms of office of such chief health officers and plumbing inspectors as may be in office when this act shall go into effect shall not be affected hereby, and they shall be constituted members of their respective boards for the term for which they have been elected.

SEC. 2. The persons who compose the first plumbing board un- Organization. der this act shall, within ten days after their appointment, meet in their respective city building, or place designated by the city council, and organize by the selection of one of their number as chairman, and the plumbing inspector shall be secretary of said board. It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep full, true, and correct minutes and records of all licenses issued by it, together with their kinds and dates and the names of persons to whom issued, in books to be provided by such city for that purpose, which books and records shall be in all business hours open for free inspection by all persons.

SEC. 4. The board shall fix stated times and places of meeting, Meetings. which times shall not be less than once in every two weeks, and may be held oftener upon written call of the chairman of the board, and the board shall adopt rules for the examination, at such times and places, of all persons who desire a license to work at the construction or repairing of plumbing within the said city.

SEC. 5. Any person not already licensed as herein provided de- Examinations. siring to work at the business of plumbing in any such city shall make written application to the said board for examination for a license, which examination shall be made at the next meeting of the board, or as soon thereafter as practicable, and said board shall examine said applicant as to his practical knowledge of

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plumbing, house drainage and plumbing, ventilation and sanitation, which examination shall be practical as well as theoretical, and if the applicant has shown himself competent, the plumbing board shall cause its chairman and secretary to execute and de liver to the applicant a license authorizing him to do plumbing

in such city. Renewal SEC. 6. All licenses may be renewed by the board at the dates licenses.

of their expiration. Such renewal licenses shall be granted, without a reexamination, upon a written application of the licensee filed with the board and showing that his purposes and conditions remain unchanged, unless it is made to appear by affidavit before the board that the applicant is no longer competent or entitled to such renewal license, in which event the renewal license shall not be granted until the applicant has undergone the examination

hereinbefore required. Revocation. SEC. 7. All licenses shall be good for one year from their dates,

provided that any license may be revoked by the board at any time upon a hearing upon sufficient written, sworn charges filed with the board, showing the holder of the license to be then incompetent or guilty of a willful breach of the rules, regulations, or requirements of the board, or of the laws or ordinances relating thereto, or of other causes sufficient for the revoking of his license, of which charges and hearing the holder of such license

shall have written notice. License

SEC. 8. It shall be unlawful for any person to do any plumbing quired.

in any such city of this State unless he be licensed as herein

provided. Fees.

Sec. 9. The fee for the original license of a journeyman plumber shall be one dollar. All renewal fees shall be fifty cents. All license fees shall be paid, prior to the execution and delivery of the license, to the treasurer of the city for which the license was

issued. Penalty. SEC. 14. Any person violating any provision of this act or of

any lawful ordinances, or rules and regulations, authorized by this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined not exceeding fifty nor less than five dollars for each and every violation thereof, and if such persons hold a plumber's license, it may, in the discretion of the board, be forfeited, and he shall not be entitled to another plumber's license for the space of one year after such forfeiture is declared against him by the board.

ACTS OF 1902–3-EXTRA SESSION.

CHAPTER 148.Employment offices.
License

SECTION 130. Any person who hires or contracts with laborers, quired.

male or female, to be employed by persons other than himself, shall be deemed to be a labor agent; and no person shall engage in such business without having first obtained a license therefor. Every person who shall without a license conduct business as a labor agent shall pay a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.

SEC. 131. Every person who engages in the business of a labor agent shall pay twenty-five dollars for the purpose of transacting said business ; but before any such license shall be issued, the applicant shall produce a certificate from the corporation court of the city, or the circuit court of the county in which such labor agent proposes to have his office, or of the county in which he proposes to do business, that to the personal knowledge of the judge of such court, or from the information of credible witnesses under oath before such court, the court is satisfied that the applicant is a person of good character and honest demeanor.

CHAPTER 156.—Employment of children-Age limit-Night work. Night work. SECTION 1. No child under the age of fourteen years and over

twelve years of age shall be employed in any manufacturing, mechanical, or mining operations in this Commonwealth to work

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Fee.

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between the hours of six o'clock post-meridian and seven o'clock ante-meridian; and no child under the age of twelve years shall be Age limit. employed in any manufacturing, mechanical, or mining operation in this Commonwealth; and any owner, agent, superintendent, overseer, foreman, or manager of any manufacturing, mechanical, or mining operation who shall knowingly employ, or permit to be employed, in the operation of which he is owner, agent, superintendent, overseer, foreman, or manager any child contrary to the provisions of this act, and any parent or guardian who allows or consents to such employment of his child or ward, shall, upon conviction of such offense, be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars. CHAPTER 187.Trade

marks of trade unions.

SECTION 1. Whenever any person, firm, corporation, or any asso- Unlawful to ciation or union of workingmen has heretofore adopted or used, counterfeit. or shall hereafter adopt or use, any label, trade-mark, term, design, device, or form of advertisement for the purpose of designating, making known, or distinguishing any goods, wares, merchandise, or other product of labor, as having been made, manufactured, produced, prepared, packed or put on sale by such person, firm or corporation, or association or union of workingmen, by a member or members of such association or union, and has filed the same for registry as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to counterfeit or imitate such label, trade-mark, term, design, device or form of advertisement, or to use, sell, offer for sale, or in any way utter or circulate any counterfeit or imitation of any such label, trademark, term, design, device or form of advertisement.

SEC. 2. Whoever counterfeits or imitates any such registered Penalty. label, trade-mark, term, design, device, or form of advertisement, or knowingly and with intent to deceive, sells, offers for sale, or in any way utters or circulates any counterfeit or imitation of any such registered label, trade-mark, term, design, device, or form of advertisement, or knowingly and with intent to deceive, keeps or has in his possession, with the intent that the same shall be sold or disposed of, any goods, wares, merchandise, or other product of labor to which, or on which, any such counterfeit or imitation is printed, painted, stamped or impressed, or knowingly and with intent to deceive, knowingly sells or disposes of any goods, wares, merchandise or other product of labor contained in any box, case, can, or package to which, or on which, any such counterfeit or imitation is attached, affixed, printed, painted, stamped or impressed, or knowingly and with intent to deceive, keeps or has in his possession with intent that the same shall be sold or disposed of, any goods, wares, merchandise, or other product of labor in any box, case, can, or package to which, or on which, any such counterfeit or imitation is attached, affixed, printed, painted, stamped or impressed, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment for not more than three months. All such applications for registry shall be made on forms prescribed by the secretary of the commonwealth, and any person applying to the secretary of the commonwealth for a certificate of registry of any label, trade-mark, term, design, device or form of advertisement, shall furnish to the said secretary a copy, facsimile, or counterpart thereof.

SEC. 3. Every such person, firm, corporation, association or union Label, etc., to that has heretofore adopted or used, or shall hereafter adopt or be filed. use a label, trade-mark, term, design, device, or form of advertisement, as provided in section one of this act, may file the same for registry in the office of the secretary of the commonwealth by leaving six copies, counterparts, or facsimiles thereof with the said secretary, and by filing [t]herewith a sworn application, specifying (1) the name or names of the person, firm, corporation, association or union, on whose behalf such label, trade-mark, term, design, device or form of advertisement shall be filed; (2), the class of merchandise and the description of the goods to which

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