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and that the safety catch or other device is properly attached to the cars before giving the signal to the engineer.

Sec. 339. The cager at the bottom of any shaft shall not attempt Duties of to withdraw the car until the cage comes to rest, and when put- cager. ting the full car on the cage, he must be very careful to see that the springs or catches are properly adjusted so as to keep the car in its proper place before giving the signal to the engineer.

Sec. 340. At every shaft or slope mine in which provision is Headman and made in this act for lowering and hoisting persons, a headman and footman. footman shall be designated by the superintendent or mine foreman, who shall be at their proper places from the time that persons begin to descend until all the persons who may be at the bottom of said shaft or slope, when quitting work, shall be hoisted ; such headman and footman shall personally attend to the signals, and see that the provisions of this act in respect to lowering or hoisting persons in shafts or slopes shall be complied with.

SEC, 341. He (they ) shall not allow any tools to be placed on the Tools not to same cage with men or boys, nor on either cage when persons are be put on cage,

when. being hoisted out of the mine or being lowered into the mine, except when for the purpose of repairing the shaft or machinery therein. The men shall place their tools in cars provided for that purpose, which car, or cars, shall be hoisted or lowered before and after the men shall have been hoisted or lowered. And he (they) shall immediately inform the mine foreman of any violation of this rule.

SEC. 312. He [the footman) shall also see that no driver, or Ascent of other person, ascends the shaft with any horse or mule, unless the borse or mule. said horse or mule is secured in a suitable box, or safely penned, and only the driver in charge of said horse or mule shall accompany it in any case.

SEC. 343. The topman of any slope, or incline plane, shall be Duties of topvery careful to close the safety block, or other device, as soon as the cars have reached the landing, so as to prevent any loose or runaway cars from descending the slope, or incline plane, and in no case shall such safety block, or other device, be withdrawn until the cars are coupled to the rope or chain, and the proper signal given. He shall carefully inspect, daily, all the machinery in and about the check house and the rope used for lowering the coal, and promptly report any defect discovered to the superintendent, and shall use great care in attaching securely the wagons or cars to the rope and carefully lower the same down the incline. He shall ring the alarm bell in case of accident, and when necessary, immediately set free to act the drop logs or safety switch.

SEC. 344. The topman of any shaft shall see that the springs Springs or keeps for the cage to rest upon are kept in good working order, keeps. and when taking the full car off, he must be careful that no coal or other material is allowed to fall down the shaft. Sec. 345. He shall be at his proper place from the time that

Topman to persons begin to descend until all the persons who may be at the be on duty, bottom of said shaft or slope, when quitting work, shall be hoisted. when. Such headman and footman shall personally attend to the signals and see that the provisions of this act in respect to lowering and hoisting persons in shafts or slopes shall be complied with.

Sec. 316. He [the topman) shall not allow any tools to be placed Sending down on the same cage with men or boys, nor on either cage when per- tools. sons are being lowered into the mine, except when for the purpose of repairing the shaft or the machinery therein. The men shall place their tools in cars provided for that purpose, which car or cars shall be lowered before and after the men have been lowered.

Sec. 347. Ile shall also see that no driver, or other person, Descent descends the shaft with any horse or mule unless the said horse or horse or mule. mule is secured in a suitable box or safely penned, and only the driver in charge of said horse or mule shall accompany it in any case.

SEC. 348. If any person shall receive any injury in or about the Accidents. mine and the same shall come within the knowledge of the mine

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foreman, and if he shall be of opinion that the injured person requires medical, or surgical treatment, he shall see that said injured person receives the same, and in case of inability of such injured person to pay therefor the same shall be borne by the county. The mine foreman shall report monthly to the mine inspector of the district, on blanks furnished by said inspector for

that purpose, all accidents resulting in personal injury. Persons Sec. 349. No unauthorized person shall enter the mine without cluded.

permission from the superintendent or mine foreman, Intoxication. SEC. 350. No person in a state of intoxication shall be allowel

to go into or loiter about the mine. Report of in- Sec. 351. All employees shall inform the mine foreman, or his juries to doors, assistant, of the unsafe condition of any working place, hauling etc.

roads or traveling ways, or of damage to doors, brattices or stop

pings, or of obstructions in the air passages when known to them. Blasters. Sec. 352. No person shall be employed to blast coal, rock or slate,

unless the mine foreman is satisfied that such person is qualified

by experience to perform the work with ordinary care. Safety blocks. Sec. 353. The mine superintendent, or mine foreman, shall cause

to be constructed safety blocks, or some other device, for the purpose of preventing cars from falling into the shaft, or running away on slopes or incline planes; and safety switches, drop logs or other device shall be used on all slopes and incline planes; and said safety blocks, safety switches or other device must be

maintained in good working order. Working SEC. 354. Every workman employed in the mine shall examine places. his working place before commencing work, and after any stoppage

of work during the shift, he shall repeat such examination. Walking on Sec. 355. No person shall be allowed to travel on foot to or from car tracks.

his work on any incline plane, dilly or locomotive roads. when

other good roads are provided for that purpose. Defacing no- Sec. 356. Any employee or other person who shall willfully de

face, pull down or destroy any notice board, danger signal, general or special rules or mining laws, shall be prosecuted as provided

for in section two, article twenty-one of this act (sec. 384). Powder in SEC. 357. No powder or high explosive shall be taken into the mines;

mine in greater quantities than required for use in one shift, unless such quantity be less than five pounds, and all powder shall

be carried into the mine in metallic canisters. In tipples. Sec. 358. Powder in quantities exceeding twenty-five pounds, or

other explosives in quantities exceeding ten pounds, shall not be stored in any tipple or any weighing office, nor where workmen have business to visit, and no naked lights shall be used while

weighing and giving out powder. Signal wires. Sec. 359. All persons, except those duly authorized, are forbidden

to meddle or tamper in any way with any electric or signal wires

in or about the mines. Hoisting Sec. 360. No greater pumber of persons shall be hoisted or lowworkmen.

ered at any one time in any shaft than is permitted by the mine inspector, and whenever said number of persons shall arrive at the bottom of the shaft in which persons are regularly hoisted or lowered they shall be furnished with an empty cage and be hoisted, and in cases of emergency, a less number shall be promptly hoisted. Any person or persons crowding or pushing to get on or

off the cages shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. Notice as to SEC. 361. Each workman, when engaged, shall have his attention

directed to the general and special rules by the person employing

him. Polluting air, SEC. 362. Workmen and all other persons are expressly forbid

den to commit any nuisance or throw into, deposit, or leave coals or dirt, stones or other rubbish in the air way or road so as to interfere with, pollute or hinder the air passing into and through

the mine. Key to safe SEC. 363. No one, except a person duly authorized by the mine ty lamps.

foreman, shall have in his possession a key or other instrument for the purpose of unlocking any safety lamp in any mine where locked safety lamps are used.

rules.

etc.

on

cars.

SEC. 364. Every abandoned slope, shaft, air hole or drift shall Abandoned be properly fenced around or across its entrance.

slopes. SEC. 365. No safety lamps shall be intrusted to any person for Safety lamps. use in mines until he has given satisfactory evidence to the mine foreman that he understands the proper use thereof and danger of tampering with the same. Sec. 366. No person shall ride upon or against any loaded car or

Riding cage in any shaft or slope in or about any bituminous coal mine; no person other than the trip runner shall be permitted to ride on empty trips on any slope, incline plane or dilly road, when the speed of the cars exceeds six miles per hour. The transportation of tools in and out of the mine shall be under the direction of the mine foreman.

SEC, 367. No persons other than the drivers or trip runners shall Same subject. be permitted to ride on the full cars.

SEC. 368. In mines where coal dust has accumulated to a danger- Sprinkling ous extent, care shall be exercised to prevent said dust from float- coal dust. ing in the atmosphere by sprinkling it with water, or otherwise, as far as practicable.

Sec. 369. In cutting of clay veins, spars or faults in entries, or Bore holes. other narrow workings going into the solid coal in mines where explosive gases are generated in dangerous quantities, a bore hole shall be kept not less than three feet in advance of the face of the work, or in advance of any shot hole drilled for a blast to be fired therein.

SEC. 370, The engineer placed in charge of an engine whereby Hoisting enpersons are hoisted out of or lowered into any mine shall be a

gineer. sober and competent person and not less than twenty-one years of age.

SEC. 371. When a workman is about to fire a blast he shall be Firing blast. careful to notify all persons who might be endangered thereby, and shall give sufficient alarm so that any person or persons approaching shall be warned of the danger. Sec. 372. In every shaft or slope where persons are hoisted or Topman and

cager. lowered by machinery as provided by this act, a topman and cager shall be appointed by the superintendent or mine foreman. SEC. 373. Whenever a workman shall open a box containing

Opening box

of powder. powder or other explosives, or while in any manner handling the same, he shall first place his lamp not less than five feet from such explosive and in such a position that the air current can not convey sparks to it, and he shall not smoke while handling explosives.

SEC. 374. An accumulation of gas in mines shall not be removed Removing by brushing.

gas. SEC. 375. When gas is ignited by blast or otherwise, the person Gas to be exhaving charge of the place where the said gas is ignited, shall tinguished. immediately extinguish it if possible, and if unable to do so shall immediately notify the mine foreman or his assistant of the fact. Workmen must see that no gas blowers are left burning upon leaving their working places. SEC. 376. All ventilating fans used at mines shall be provided Ventilating

fans. with recording instruments, by which the number of revolutions or the effective ventilating pressure of the fan shall be registered, and the registration with its date for each and every day shall be kept in the office of the mine for future reference for one year from its date. Sec. 377. Where the clothing or wearing apparel of the employ

Wash rooms. ees becomes wet by reason of working in wet places in the mines, it shall be the duty of the operator or superintendent of each mine, at the request in writing of the mine inspector, who shall make such request upon the petition of any five miners of any one mine in the district working in the aforesaid wet places, to provide a suitable building which shall be convenient to the principal entrances of such mine for the use of the persons employed in wet places therein, for the purpose of washing themselves and changing their clothes when entering the mine and returning therefrom. The said building shall be maintained in good order and be prop

erly lighted and heated, and shall be provided with facilities for persons to wash. If any person or persons shall neglect or fail to comply with the provisions of this article [section), or maliciously injure or destroy or cause to be injured or destroyed the said building or any part thereof, or any of the appliances or fittings used for supplying light and heat therein, or doing [do] any act tending to the injury or destruction thereof, he or they shall

be deemed guilty of an offense against this act. Signals. SEC. 378. In all shafts and slopes where persons, coal or other

material are hoisted by machinery the following code of signals
shall be used :

One rap or whistle to hoist coal or other material.
One rap or whistle to stop cage or car when in motion.
Two raps or whistles to lower cage or car.

Three raps or whistles when persons are to be hoisted and for engineer to signal back ready when persons are to be hoisted, after which persons shall get on the cage or car, then one rap shall be given to hoist.

Four raps or whistles to turn on steam to the pumps.

But a variation from the above code of signals may be used by permission of the mine inspector : Prorided, That in any such case

such changed code shall be printed and posted. Entering old SEC. 379. No person or persons shall go into any old shaft or shafts.

abandoned parts of the mine or into any other place which is not in actual course of working without permission from the mine foreman, nor shall they travel to and from their work except by

the traveling way assigned for that purpose. Steam pipes. SEC. 380. No steam pipes through which high pressure steam is

conveyed for the purpose of driving pumps or other machinery shall be permitted on traveling or haulage ways, unless they are encased in asbestos, or some other suitable nonconducting material, or are so placed that the radiation of heat into the atmosphere of the mine will be prevented as far as possible.

Sec. 381. Where a locomotive is used for the purpose of hauling motlves.

coal out of a mine, the tunnel or tunnels through which the locomotive passes shall be properly ventilated and kept free as far as practicable of noxious gases, and a ventilating apparatus shall be provided by the operator to produce such ventilation when deemed

necessary and practicable to do so by the mine inspector. Taking out

Sec. 382. No inexperienced person shall be employed to mine out pillars.

pillars unless in company with one or more experienced miners

and by their consent. Negligence, SEC. 383. Any person or persons whomsoever, who shall intenviolations, etc.

tionally or carelessly injure any shaft, safety lamp, instrument, air course or brattice, or obstruct or throw open air ways, or take matches for any purpose, or pipes or other smokers' articles beyond any station inside of which locked safety lamps are used, or injure any part of the machinery, or open a door in the mine and not close it again immediately, or open any door which opening is forbidden, or disobey any order given in carrying out the provisions of this act, or do any other act whatsoever whereby the lives or the health of persons or the security of the miners or the machinery is endangered, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and may be punished in a manner provided for in this article

[secs. 383 to 385). l'enalty. SEC. 384. The neglect or refusal to perform the duties required

to be performed by any section of this act [secs. 226 to 393] by the parties therein required to perform them, or the violation of any of the provisions or requirements hereof, shall be deemed a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction thereof in the court of quarter sessions of the county wherein the misdemeanor was committed, be punishable by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding six

months, or both, at the discretion of the court. Damages.

SEC. 385. For any injury to person or property occasioned by any violation of this act [secs. 226 to 393), or any failure to comply with its provisions by any owner, operator or superintendent

Itse of loco

of any coal mine or colliery, a right of action shall accrue to the
party injured against said owner or operator for any direct dam-
ages he may have sustained thereby, and in case of loss of life by
reason of such neglect or failure aforesaid, a right of action shall
accrue to the widow and lineal heirs of the person whose life shall
be lost for like recovery of damages for the injury they shall have
sustained.
SEC. 386. In this act (secs. 226 to 393] the term “ coal mine” in-

Definition of

coal mine; cludes the shafts, slopes, adits, drifts or inclined planes connected with excavations penetrating coal stratum or strata, which excavations are ventilated by one general air current or divisions thereof, and connected by one general system of mine railroads over which coal may be delivered to one or more common points outside the mine, when such is operated by one operator. SEC. 387. The term "excavations and workings” includes all

Excavations

and workings ; the excavated parts of a mine, those abandoned as well as the · places actually being worked, also all underground workings and shafts, tunnels and other ways and openings, all such shafts, slopes, tunnels and other openings in the course of being sunk or driven, together with all roads, appliances, machinery and material connected with the same below the surface. SEC. 388. The term “shaft" means a vertical opening through

Shaft; the strata, and which is or may be used for the purpose of ventilation or drainage, or for hoisting men or material, or both, in connection with the mining of coal.

SEC. 389. The term slope" means an incline way or opening Slope ; used for the sime purpose as a shaft.

Sec. 390. The term “operator” means any firm, corporation or Operator ; individual operating any coal mine or part thereof. Sec. 391. The term superintendent” means the person who Superintend

ent; shall have, on behalf of the operator, immediate supervision of one or more mines, SEC. 392. The term “bituminous " coal mine shall include all

Bituminous

mine. (oal mines in the State not now included in the anthracite boundaries. Sec. 393. The provisions of this act [secs. 226 to 393] shall not

Application

of law. apply to any mine employing less than ten persons in any one period of twenty-four hours.

Liability of stockholders of mining companies for debts due

employees.

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(Page 1383.) SECTION 31. The stockholders in any [mining] company formed

Stockholders

liable for wage in pursuance of the provisions of this act shall be jointly and sev

debts. erally liable, in their individual capacities, for all debts contracted by them for work and labor done or materials furnished for the opening, improving and preparing their said lands for mining purposes aforesaid : SEC. 32. Prorided, That the liability of the stock

Liability in

cludes what. holders created by said act, shall extend to and include all debts contracted by them for work and labor done or materials furnished for opening, improving and preparing their lands, for mining purposes, and all debts contracted by the said corporation in their business of mining, selling and conveying to market the minerals on or in their said lands:

Sec. 34. The stockholders of all such companies shall be jointly Limitation. and severally liable, in their individual capacities, for all debts and contracts made by their respective companies, to the amount remaining unpaid on each share of stock held by them respectively; and shall be liable, in like manner, for all debts due to mechanics, workmen and laborers employed by their company : Prorided, noucrer. That no stock holder, director or officer shall be held individually liable for any such debt as aforesaid, unless the same shall have been sued for within one year after the time at which it was contracted.

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