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· WITH CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS AND

VIEWS OF THE MINORITY

(IN TWO VOLUMES: VOL. I)

PRESENTED BY MR. DILLINGHAM
DECEMBER 5, 1910.-Referred to the Committee on Immigration

and ordered to be printed, with illustrations

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION.

Senator WILLIAM P. DILLINGHAM,

Chairman.
Senator HENRY CABOT LODGE.
Senator ASBURY C. LATIMER.
Senator ANSELM J. McLAURIN.b
Senator LE ROY PERCY.C

Representative BENJAMIN P. HOWELL.
Representative WILLIAM S. BENNET.
Representative John L. BURNETT.
Mr. CHARLES P. NEILL.
Mr. JEREMIAH W. JENKS.
Mr. WILLIAM R. WHEELER.

Secretaries:
MORTON E. CRANE. W. W. HUSBAND.

C. S. ATKINSON.

Chief Statistician:
FRED C. CROXTON.

Extract from act of Congress of February 20, 1907, creating and defining the duties of the

Immigration Commission. That a conı mission is hereby created, coneisting of thiee Senators, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and three Members of the House of Representatives, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and three persons to be appointed by the President of the United States. Said commission shall make full inquiry, examination, and investigation, by subcommittee or otherwise, into the subject of immigration. For the purpose of said inquiry, examination, and investigation said commission is authorized to send for persons and papers, make all necessary travel, either in the United States or any foreign country, and, through the chairman of the commission, or any member thereof, to administer oaths and to examine witnesses and papers respecting all matters pertaining to the subject, and to employ necessary clerical and other assistance. Said commission shall report to Congress the conclusions reached by it, and make such recommendations as in its judgment may seem proper. Such sums of money as may be necessary for the said inquiry, examination, and investigation are hereby appropriated and authorized to be paid out of the "immigrant fund” on the certificate of the chairman of said commission, including all expenses of the commissioners, and a reasonable compensation, to be fixed by the President of the United States, for those members of the commission who are not Members of Congress;

a Died February 20, 1908. O Appointed to succeed Mr. Latimer, February 25, 1908. Died December 22, 1909. c Appointed to succeed Mr. McLaurin, March 16, 1910. II

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LIST OF REPORTS OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION.

Volumes 1 and 2. Abstracts of Reports of the Immigration Commission, with Conclusions and Recom

bendstions and Views of the Minority. (These volumes include the Commission's complete reports on the following subjects: Immigration Conditions in Hawaii; Immigration and Insanity; Immipists in Charity Hospitals; Alien Seamen and Stowaways; Contract Labor and Induced and Assisted Immigration; The Greek Padrone System in the United States; Peonage.) (S. Doc. No. 747, 61st

Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 3. Statistical Review of Immigration, 1819–1910-Distribution of Immigrants, 1850-1900. (8. Doc.

No. 756. 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Folume 4. Emigration Conditions in Europe. (8. Doc. No. 748, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 5. Dictionary of Races or Peoples. (S. Doc. No. 662, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volumes and 7. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 1, Bituminous Coal Mining. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong.,

Volumes 8 and 9. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 2, Iron and Steel Manufacturing. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st

Corag., 2d sess.) Volume 10. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 3, Cotton Goods Manufacturing in the North Atlantic States

PL 4, Woolen and Worsted Goods Manufacturing. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 11. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 5, Silk Goods Manufacturing and Dyeing-Pt. 6, Clothing

Vanufacturing—Pt. 7, Collar, Cuff, and Shirt Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d. sess.) Volume 12 immigrants in Industries: Pt. 8, Leather Manufacturing-Pt. 9, Boot and Shoe Manufac

turtagPt. 10, Glove Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 13. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 11, Slaughtering and Meat Packing. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st

Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 14. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 12, Glass Manufacturing-Pt. 13, Agricultural Implement

od Vehicle Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 15. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 14, Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing-Pt. 15, Furniture Man

seturing-Pt. 16, Sugar Refining. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 24 sess.) Volume 16. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 17, Copper Mining and Smelting-Pt. 18, Iron Ore Mining

PL. 19, Anthracite Coal Mining-Pt. 20, 011 Refining. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 17. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 21, Diversified Industries, Vol. I. (8. Doc. No.633, 61st Cong.,

Volume 18. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 21, Diversified Industries, Vol. II-Pt. 22, The Floating Immi

Sant Labor Supply. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 19 and 20. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 23, Summary Report on Immigrants in Manufacturing

and Mining. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 21 and 22. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 24, Recent Immigrants in Agriculture. (S. Doc. No.

613, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volemmes 23-25. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 25, Japanese and Other Immigrant Races in the Pacific

Const and Rocky Mountain States. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 25 and 27. Immigrants in Cities. (8. Doc. No. 338, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume X. Occupations of the First and Second Generations of Immigrants in the United States--Fe

eumdity of Immigrant Women. (S. Doc. No. 282, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 29-33. The Children of Immigrants in Schools. (S. Doc. No. 749, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volumes 34 and 35. Immigrants as Charity Seekers. (S. Doc. No. 665, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 36. Immigration and Crime. (8. Doc. No. 750, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 37, Steerage Conditions-Importation and Harboring of Women for Immoral Purposes-Immi

gint Homes and Aid Societies-Immigrant Banks. (8. Doc. No. 753, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 38. Changes in Bodily Form of Descendants of Immigrants. (S. Doc. No. 208, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 39. Federal Immigration Legislation--Digest of Immigration Decisions-Steerage Legislation,

1819-1908_State Immigration and Alien Laws. (8. Doc. No. 758, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 40. The Immigration Situation in Other Countries: Canada-Australia-New Zealand-Argen

tina-Brazil. (8. Doc. No. 761, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 41. Statements and Recommendations Submitted by Societies and Organizations Interested in

the subject of Immigration. (8. Doc. No. 764, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 12. Index of Reports of the Immigration Commission. (S. Doc. No. 785,61st Cong., 3d sess.)

III

Changes in bodily form of descendants of immigrants.-An abstract of a report of the same title which was prepared for the Commission by Franz Boas, professor of anthropology, Columbia University, New York. A partial report upon the subject (S. Doc. 208, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) was presented to Congress December 16, 1909.

Federal immigration legislation.-An abstract of a report of the same title which was prepared under the direction of the Commission by Frank L. Shaw, special agent.

Steerage legislation, 1819-1908.-An abstract of a report of the same title which was prepared under the direction of the Commission by Glen Edwards, special agent.

The immigration situation in other countries.-An abstract of the Commission's report on the immigration situation in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and Brazil. The complete report on Canada (S. Doc. 469, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) was presented to Congress April 1, 1910. The reports on Australia and New Zealand were prepared under the direction of the Commission by Mary Helen Eagan, and the reports on Argentina and Brazil by Mary Mills West.

The complete reports of the Commission include the following, of which no abstract was made:

Digest of Immigration Decisions.
State Immigration and Alien Laws.

Statements and Recommendations Submitted by Societies and Organizations Interested in the Subject of Immigration.

The first named consists of a digest of the principal judicial decisions and opinions in cases arising under the statutes and treaties relating to the exclusion and deportation of aliens, which was compiled for the Commission by John W. Clifton, special agent. The digest is confined chiefly to decisions rendered by courts of final jurisdiction. The cardinal principles of law involved in the cases adjudicated are presented, for the most part, through brief extracts taken from the opinions delivered.

The report on State immigration and alien laws, which also was compiled by Mr. Clifton, contains the principal legislative enactments of the various States respecting immigration and aliens, including the earlier laws of some of the seaboard States for the regulation of the movement from foreign countries.

The Commission's plan of work did not include formal hearings, and consequently but little testimony, in the ordinary meaning of that term, was taken. However, various societies and organizations were invited by the Commission to submit statements and recommendations relative to the subject under consideration and the invitation was quite generally responded to. These statements and recommendations are published in a separate volume in the Commission's general report.

BRIEF STATEMENT OF THE INVESTIGATIONS OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION, WITH CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS AND VIEWS

OF THE MINORITY.

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